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Swearing in of Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
Swearing in of Secretary of State Rex Tillerson
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: The White House
LIVE: US Senate to confirm Rex Tillerson as secretary of state
LIVE: US Senate to confirm Rex Tillerson as secretary of state
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Ruptly TV
Secretary Tillerson Delivers Remarks at the United States-Kazakhstan High-Level Conference
Secretary Tillerson Delivers Remarks at the United States-Kazakhstan High-Level Conference
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: U.S. Department of State
United States Secretary of State: Dean Rusk Interview
United States Secretary of State: Dean Rusk Interview
Published: 2012/06/04
Channel: The Film Archives
MAJOR: New Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Speaks to State Department Staff - FNN
MAJOR: New Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Speaks to State Department Staff - FNN
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
United States Secretary of State John Kerry Speaks at MDC
United States Secretary of State John Kerry Speaks at MDC
Published: 2016/04/15
Channel: Miami Dade College
Joint Press Interaction- Visit of Secretary of State of The United States of America to India
Joint Press Interaction- Visit of Secretary of State of The United States of America to India
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Ministry of External Affairs, India
Secretary of State Tillerson Addresses Department of State Employees
Secretary of State Tillerson Addresses Department of State Employees
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Right Side Broadcasting Network
WATCH LIVE: Secretary of State Tillerson joint news conference with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov
WATCH LIVE: Secretary of State Tillerson joint news conference with Russian Foreign Minister Lavrov
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Defense Secretary Mattis And Rex Tillerson Hold News Conference at U.S.-China Dialogue
Defense Secretary Mattis And Rex Tillerson Hold News Conference at U.S.-China Dialogue
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Youtupe Mania
Secretary of State John Kerry at the 2016 J Street Gala
Secretary of State John Kerry at the 2016 J Street Gala
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: J Street
World War III ALERT:  Secretary Of State Rex Tillerson Puts United Nations / N.Korea On Notice
World War III ALERT: Secretary Of State Rex Tillerson Puts United Nations / N.Korea On Notice
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Scott Anthony
Senate Questions Trump Secretary of State Pick Rex Tillerson at Confirmation Hearing
Senate Questions Trump Secretary of State Pick Rex Tillerson at Confirmation Hearing
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Bloomberg Politics
Rex Tillerson Secretary Of State Speech At The State Department. (Full)
Rex Tillerson Secretary Of State Speech At The State Department. (Full)
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
Secretary of State Tillerson Addresses State Department
Secretary of State Tillerson Addresses State Department
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Michael McIntee
WATCH: Secretary of State Tillerson speaks on Qatar, Gulf nation rift
WATCH: Secretary of State Tillerson speaks on Qatar, Gulf nation rift
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: PBS NewsHour
First Up: Foreign Secretary Subhahmanyam Jaishankar To Meet US Secretary Of State
First Up: Foreign Secretary Subhahmanyam Jaishankar To Meet US Secretary Of State
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: India Today
President Obama Nominates John Kerry for Secretary of State
President Obama Nominates John Kerry for Secretary of State
Published: 2012/12/21
Channel: The Obama White House
Protecting the Secretary of State | Secrets of Diplomatic Security
Protecting the Secretary of State | Secrets of Diplomatic Security
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: American Heroes Channel
Rex Tillerson officially sworn in as 69th US secretary of state
Rex Tillerson officially sworn in as 69th US secretary of state
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Global News
Secretary of State, History and Functions of the
Secretary of State, History and Functions of the
Published: 2008/01/30
Channel: LearnMediaOfAmerica
Rex "Drill-Baby-Drill" Tillerson Secretary Of State Confirmation Hearing Part #2
Rex "Drill-Baby-Drill" Tillerson Secretary Of State Confirmation Hearing Part #2
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
Joint Press Interaction: Visit of Secretary of State of the United States of America to India
Joint Press Interaction: Visit of Secretary of State of the United States of America to India
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Ministry of External Affairs, India
SYND 21 1 78 UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE CYRUS VANCE IN TURKEY
SYND 21 1 78 UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE CYRUS VANCE IN TURKEY
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
FULL: Secretary of State Nominee Rex Tillerson Testifies at Confirmation Hearing (1/11/2017)
FULL: Secretary of State Nominee Rex Tillerson Testifies at Confirmation Hearing (1/11/2017)
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: PRESIDENT TRUMP SPEECHES & PRESS CONFERENCE
UNITED STATES countered militarized SOUTH CHINA SEA in high level talks with CHINA
UNITED STATES countered militarized SOUTH CHINA SEA in high level talks with CHINA
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: Hot News
FULL Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Addresses Department of State Employees 2/2/2017
FULL Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Addresses Department of State Employees 2/2/2017
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: President Donald Trump Live Speech & News 2017
Newsy Live - Rex Tillerson Secretary of State confirmation hearing
Newsy Live - Rex Tillerson Secretary of State confirmation hearing
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Newsy
Secretary of State John Kerry on the United States and India
Secretary of State John Kerry on the United States and India
Published: 2014/08/01
Channel: seeprogress
Man on the Land and The Secretary of State
Man on the Land and The Secretary of State
Published: 2011/06/02
Channel: republicusagold
Joint Press Interaction  Visit of Secretary of State of The United States of America to India 30 Aug
Joint Press Interaction Visit of Secretary of State of The United States of America to India 30 Aug
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Ministry of External Affairs, India
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Arrived in Moscow (Russia)
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson Arrived in Moscow (Russia)
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: Youtupe Mania
Annual meeting 2016 United States Secretary of State John Kerry - Nigeria
Annual meeting 2016 United States Secretary of State John Kerry - Nigeria
Published: 2017/02/07
Channel: Cari Bella Germany
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson In a Joint Press availability at Florida International University
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson In a Joint Press availability at Florida International University
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: MILITARY STUFF.!!
"Diplomacy in Action" Closing Remarks from United States Secretary of State, John Kerry
"Diplomacy in Action" Closing Remarks from United States Secretary of State, John Kerry
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: Smithsonian Education
Hillary Clinton Officially Steps Down as Secretary of State
Hillary Clinton Officially Steps Down as Secretary of State
Published: 2013/02/02
Channel: ABC News
LIVE STREAM: Secretary of State Tillerson Statement 6/9/17
LIVE STREAM: Secretary of State Tillerson Statement 6/9/17
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Right Side Broadcasting Network
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton
Secretary of State Hillary Clinton's Historic LGBT Speech - Full Length - High Definition
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: dailyxtra
Body Language: John Kerry, United States Secretary of State
Body Language: John Kerry, United States Secretary of State
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Body Language
What does the Secretary of State do?
What does the Secretary of State do?
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: KimWyman
66th United States Secretary of State Dr. Condoleezza Rice
66th United States Secretary of State Dr. Condoleezza Rice
Published: 2010/06/30
Channel: Zomi LearningCenter
Rex "Drill-Baby-Drill" Tillerson Secretary Of State Confirmation Hearing Part #1
Rex "Drill-Baby-Drill" Tillerson Secretary Of State Confirmation Hearing Part #1
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
Video message by John Kerry, Secretary of State of the United States of America
Video message by John Kerry, Secretary of State of the United States of America
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: Koelnmesse Neuemedien
"Diplomacy in Action" Welcome from United States Secretary of State, John Kerry
"Diplomacy in Action" Welcome from United States Secretary of State, John Kerry
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: Smithsonian Education
LIVE STREAM:  Senate Foreign Relations Committee Votes on Secretary of State Nominee Rex Tillerson
LIVE STREAM: Senate Foreign Relations Committee Votes on Secretary of State Nominee Rex Tillerson
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Golden State Times
Clinton reflects on time as secretary of state
Clinton reflects on time as secretary of state
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: CNN
Extra: Inside Secretary Clinton
Extra: Inside Secretary Clinton's Office
Published: 2010/05/09
Channel: CBS News
John Kerry United States Secretary of State Speech In Japan Today : China N. Korea
John Kerry United States Secretary of State Speech In Japan Today : China N. Korea
Published: 2013/04/15
Channel: Marygreeley1954
SYND 23/02/80 UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE CYRUS VANCE ON MOSCOW OLYMPIC BOYCOTT TOUR
SYND 23/02/80 UNITED STATES SECRETARY OF STATE CYRUS VANCE ON MOSCOW OLYMPIC BOYCOTT TOUR
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
A Conversation with Secretary of State John Kerry
A Conversation with Secretary of State John Kerry
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: United States Institute of Peace
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Secretary of State of the United States of America
Seal of the United States Secretary of State.svg
Seal of the Secretary of State
Flag of the United States Secretary of State.svg
Flag of the Secretary of State
Rex Tillerson official portrait.jpg
Incumbent
Rex Tillerson

since February 1, 2017
United States Department of State
Style Mr. Secretary
Member of Cabinet, National Security Council
Reports to The President
Seat Washington, D.C.
Appointer The President
with Senate advice and consent
Term length Appointed
Constituting instrument 22 U.S.C. § 2651
Precursor United States Secretary of Foreign Affairs
Formation July 27, 1789; 227 years ago (1789-07-27)
First holder John Jay (acting)
Thomas Jefferson
Succession Fourth[1]
Deputy John Sullivan
Salary $205,700 annually[2]  (Executive Schedule I)[3]
Website www.state.gov/secretary/

The Secretary of State is a senior official of the federal government of the United States of America, and as head of the U.S. Department of State, is principally concerned with foreign policy and is considered to be the U.S. government's equivalent of a Minister for Foreign Affairs.[4][5]

The Secretary of State is nominated by the President of the United States and, following a confirmation hearing before the Senate Committee on Foreign Relations, is confirmed by the United States Senate. The Secretary of State, along with the Secretary of the Treasury, Secretary of Defense, and Attorney General, are generally regarded as the four most important Cabinet members because of the importance in their respective departments.[6] Secretary of State is a Level I position in the Executive Schedule and thus earns the salary prescribed for that level (currently $205,700).[3]

The current Secretary of State is former ExxonMobil CEO Rex Tillerson, the 69th person to hold the office since its creation in 1789.

Duties and responsibilities[edit]

The stated duties of the Secretary of State are as follows:[7]

  • "Supervises the United States Foreign Service" and "administers the Department of State"
  • Advises the President on matters relating to U.S. foreign policy including the appointment of diplomatic representatives to other nations and on the acceptance, recall, or dismissal of representatives from other nations
  • "Negotiates, interprets, or terminates treaties and agreements" and "conducts negotiations relating to U.S. foreign affairs"
  • "Personally participates in or directs U.S. representatives to international conferences, organizations, and agencies"
  • Provides information and services to U.S. citizens living or traveling abroad, including providing credentials in the form of passports
  • "Ensures the protection of the U.S. Government to American citizens, property, and interests in foreign countries"
  • "Supervises the administration of the U.S. immigration policy abroad"
  • Communicates issues relating the U.S. foreign policy to Congress and to U.S. citizens
  • "Promotes beneficial economic intercourse between the U.S. and other countries"

The original duties of the Secretary of State include some domestic duties, such as:[citation needed]

  • Receipt, publication, distribution, and preservation of the laws of the United States
  • Preparation, sealing, and recording of the commissions of Presidential appointees
  • Preparation and authentication of copies of records and authentication of copies under the Department's seal
  • Custody of the Great Seal of the United States
  • Custody of the records of the former Secretary of the Continental Congress, except for those of the Treasury and War Departments

Most of the domestic functions of the Department of State have been transferred to other agencies. Those that remain include storage and use of the Great Seal of the United States, performance of protocol functions for the White House, and the drafting of certain proclamations. The Secretary also negotiates with the individual States over the extradition of fugitives to foreign countries.[8] Under Federal Law,[9] the resignation of a President or of a Vice President is only valid if declared in writing, in an instrument delivered to the office of the Secretary of State. Accordingly, the resignations of President Nixon and of Vice-President Spiro Agnew, domestic issues, were formalized in instruments delivered to the Secretary of State, Henry Kissinger.

As the highest-ranking member of the cabinet, the Secretary of State is the third-highest official of the executive branch of the Federal Government of the United States, after the President and Vice President and is fourth in line to succeed the Presidency, coming after the Vice President, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, and the President pro tempore of the Senate. Six Secretaries of State have gone on to be elected President. Others, including John Kerry, William Seward, Henry Clay, William Jennings Bryan and Hillary Clinton have been unsuccessful presidential candidates, either before or after their term of office as Secretary of State. Former Secretaries of State retain the right to add the title "Secretary" to their surnames.[citation needed]

As the head of the United States Foreign Service, the Secretary of State is responsible for management of the diplomatic service of the United States. The foreign service employs about 12,000 people domestically and internationally, and supports 265 United States diplomatic missions around the world, including ambassadors to various nations.[citation needed] The U.S. Secretary of State has the power to remove any foreign diplomat from U.S. soil for any reason.[citation needed]

The nature of the position means that Secretaries of State engage in travel around the world. The record for most countries visited in a secretary's tenure is 112, by Hillary Clinton.[10] Second is Madeleine Albright with 96.[11] The record for most air miles traveled in a secretary's tenure is 1.380 million miles, by John Kerry.[12] Second is Condoleezza Rice's 1.059 million miles and third is Clinton's 956,733 miles.[10]

When there is a vacancy in the office of Secretary of State, the duties are exercised either by another member of the cabinet, or, in more recent times, by a high-ranking official of the State Department until the President appoints, and the United States Senate confirms, a new Secretary.[citation needed]

What are the Qualifications of a Secretary of State? He ought to be a Man of universal Reading in Laws, Governments, History. Our whole terrestrial Universe ought to be summarily comprehended in his Mind.

John Adams[13]

Line of succession[edit]

The line of succession for the Secretary of State is as follows:[14]

  1. Deputy Secretary of State
  2. Deputy Secretary of State for Management and Resources
  3. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
  4. Under Secretary of State for Management
  5. Remaining Under Secretaries of State (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
    2. Under Secretary of State for Public Diplomacy and Public Affairs
    3. Under Secretary of State for Civilian Security, Democracy, and Human Rights
    4. Under Secretary of State for Economic Growth, Energy, and the Environment
  6. Assistant Secretaries of States for regional bureaus (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. Assistant Secretary of State for East Asian and Pacific Affairs
    2. Assistant Secretary of State for African Affairs
    3. Assistant Secretary of State for European and Eurasian Affairs
    4. Assistant Secretary of State for South and Central Asian Affairs
    5. Assistant Secretary of State for Near Eastern Affairs
    6. Assistant Secretary of State for International Organization Affairs
    7. Assistant Secretary of State for Western Hemisphere Affairs
  7. Other Officers (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
    2. Assistant Secretary of State for International Security and Nonproliferation
    3. Assistant Secretary of State for International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs
    4. Assistant Secretary of State for Administration
    5. Assistant Secretary of State for Population, Refugees, and Migration
    6. Legal Adviser of the Department of State
    7. Coordinator for International Information Programs
    8. Assistant Secretary of State for Educational and Cultural Affairs
    9. Assistant Secretary of State for Legislative Affairs
    10. Assistant Secretary of State for Diplomatic Security
    11. Assistant Secretary of State for Economic and Business Affairs
    12. Assistant Secretary of State for Intelligence and Research
    13. Assistant Secretary of State for Consular Affairs
    14. Assistant Secretary of State for Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor
    15. Assistant Secretary of State for Arms Control, Verification, and Compliance
    16. Director General of the Foreign Service
    17. Assistant Secretary of State for Public Affairs
    18. Assistant Secretary of State for Conflict and Stabilization Operations
    19. Assistant Secretary of State for Political-Military Affairs
    20. Coordinator for Counterterrorism
  8. United States Ambassador to the United Nations (New York)
  9. Deputy United States Ambassador to the United Nations (New York)
  10. Remaining U.S. representatives to the United Nations (New York) (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. Alternative United States Representative to the United Nations for Special Political Affairs
    2. United States Representative to the United Nations for UN Management and Reform
    3. United States Representative on the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations
  11. the following Chiefs of Missions (in the following order)
    1. United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom
    2. United States Ambassador to Canada
    3. United States Ambassador to Australia
    4. United States Ambassador to Mexico
    5. United States Ambassador to Japan
    6. United States Ambassador to India
  12. Other officers (following in the order they took the oath of office)
    1. United States Ambassadors at Large
    2. Counselor of the United States Department of State
    3. Special Representatives of the President
  13. Remaining Chiefs of Missions (following in the order they took the oath of office)

List of Secretaries of State[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 19 - Vacancy in offices of both President and Vice President; officers eligible to act". Cornell Law School. 
  2. ^ "Pay & Leave: Salaries & Wages". Salary Table No. 2015-EX. United States Office of Personnel Management. January 1, 2015. Retrieved January 4, 2016. 
  3. ^ a b 5 U.S.C. § 5312.
  4. ^ "Heads of State, Heads of Government, Ministers for Foreign Affairs", Protocol and Liaison Service, United Nations. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  5. ^ NATO Member Countries, NATO. Retrieved November 2, 2012.
  6. ^ Cabinets and Counselors: The President and the Executive Branch (1997). Congressional Quarterly. p. 87.
  7. ^ "Duties of the Secretary of State". U.S. Department of State. Retrieved 2017-02-01. 
  8. ^ "Duties of the Secretary of State of the United States". www.state.gov. United States Department of State. January 20, 2009. Retrieved March 28, 2010. 
  9. ^ "3 U.S. Code § 20 - Resignation or refusal of office". 
  10. ^ a b Mark Landler (January 4, 2013). "Scare Adds to Fears That Clinton's Work Has Taken Toll". The New York Times. 
  11. ^ Lee, Matthew (June 28, 2012). "Frequent flier Hillary Clinton hits 100-country mark". Detroit Free Press. Associated Press. [dead link]
  12. ^ Associated Press (April 6, 2016). "Kerry breaks record for miles traveled by secretary of state". Fox News. 
  13. ^ Ford, Worthington C., ed. (1927). Statesman and Friend: Correspondence of John Adams with Benjamin Waterhouse, 1784–1822. Boston, MA: Little, Brown, and Company. p. 57. 
  14. ^ "Providing an Order of Succession Within the Department of State". Federal Register. 2002-01-11. Retrieved 2016-10-30. 

External links[edit]

United States order of precedence (ceremonial)
Preceded by
Ambassadors from the United States
(while at their posts)
Order of Precedence of the United States
as Secretary of State
Succeeded by
Ambassadors to the United States
(in order of tenure)
Preceded by
Otherwise Barack Obama
as Former President
Succeeded by
Otherwise António Guterres
as Secretary-General of the United Nations
United States presidential line of succession
Preceded by
President pro tempore of the Senate
Orrin Hatch
4th in line Succeeded by
Secretary of the Treasury
Steve Mnuchin

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