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Education Sec. Betsy DeVos speaks at  Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearing
Education Sec. Betsy DeVos speaks at Senate Appropriations Subcommittee hearing
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Mattis, Dunford Testify Before Senate Appropriations Committee - Part 1
Mattis, Dunford Testify Before Senate Appropriations Committee - Part 1
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Bridget Bosch
Opening Remarks Before Senate Appropriations Comm. on Foreign Operations
Opening Remarks Before Senate Appropriations Comm. on Foreign Operations
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: U.S. Department of State
Senate committee applauds NIH funding
Senate committee applauds NIH funding
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Raw Story
Congressional Committees: Crash Course Government and Politics #7
Congressional Committees: Crash Course Government and Politics #7
Published: 2015/03/07
Channel: CrashCourse
Secretary Tillerson testifies before the Senate Appropriations Committee on Foreign Operations
Secretary Tillerson testifies before the Senate Appropriations Committee on Foreign Operations
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Bridget Bosch
WATCH LIVE: Sec. Kelly to testify before Senate Appropriations Committee
WATCH LIVE: Sec. Kelly to testify before Senate Appropriations Committee
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: PBS NewsHour
Sec. Rex Tillerson testifies on State Department budget (6/14/17)
Sec. Rex Tillerson testifies on State Department budget (6/14/17)
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: American Revolution
NASA Proposed FY 13 Budget, Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing, March 28, 2012.
NASA Proposed FY 13 Budget, Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing, March 28, 2012.
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: WordsmithFL
Senate Budget & Appropriations Committee July 19th
Senate Budget & Appropriations Committee July 19th
Published: 2010/07/19
Channel: StatehouseSteps
Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense Hearing: FY15 U.S. Navy Budget Request
Senate Appropriations Subcommittee on Defense Hearing: FY15 U.S. Navy Budget Request
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: SenatorDurbin
Secretary Kerry Testifies Before the Senate Appropriations Committee on Foreign Operations
Secretary Kerry Testifies Before the Senate Appropriations Committee on Foreign Operations
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: U.S. Department of State
Boozman Questions Sec. Kerry at Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing
Boozman Questions Sec. Kerry at Senate Appropriations Committee Hearing
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: BoozmanPressOffice
NASA FY18 Budget Request Review, Senate Appropriations Subcommittee, June 29, 2017
NASA FY18 Budget Request Review, Senate Appropriations Subcommittee, June 29, 2017
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: WordsmithFL
Secretary Kerry Testifies Before Senate Committee on Appropriations
Secretary Kerry Testifies Before Senate Committee on Appropriations
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: U.S. Department of State
NASA Fiscal Year 2014 Proposed Budget, Senate Appropriations Committee, April 25, 2013
NASA Fiscal Year 2014 Proposed Budget, Senate Appropriations Committee, April 25, 2013
Published: 2013/04/25
Channel: WordsmithFL
Tourism Matters: Senate Appropriations Committee 1.26.2017
Tourism Matters: Senate Appropriations Committee 1.26.2017
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Florida Restaurant and Lodging Association
Senate Appropriations Committee 6/28/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 6/28/2010
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations Committee 5/17/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 5/17/2010
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations: WIC, Potato
Senate Appropriations: WIC, Potato
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: Senator Susan Collins
Senate Appropriations Committee 2/2 5/16/2011
Senate Appropriations Committee 2/2 5/16/2011
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: CalChannel-2
Sen. Hughes at Senate Appropriations Committee Education Budget Hearing, part 2
Sen. Hughes at Senate Appropriations Committee Education Budget Hearing, part 2
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: senatorhughes
Rubio discusses the importance of STEM education at Appropriations Committee hearing
Rubio discusses the importance of STEM education at Appropriations Committee hearing
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: SenatorMarcoRubio
Senate Appropriations Committee Part 1 5/24/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee Part 1 5/24/2010
Published: 2015/09/28
Channel: CalChannel-2
SECDEF Briefs Senate Appropriations Committee
SECDEF Briefs Senate Appropriations Committee's Defense Subcommittee on Budget Request
Published: 2013/06/12
Channel: U.S. Navy
Senate Appropriations Committee 3/1/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 3/1/2010
Published: 2015/10/27
Channel: CalChannel-2
Sen. Moran. Questions Sec. Kerry at Senate Appropriations Hearing on State and Foreign Operations
Sen. Moran. Questions Sec. Kerry at Senate Appropriations Hearing on State and Foreign Operations
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Jerry Moran
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/25/2011
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/25/2011
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations Committee 3/3 8/2/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 3/3 8/2/2010
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: CalChannel-2
Newman SB673 Senate Appropriations Committee May 15, 2017
Newman SB673 Senate Appropriations Committee May 15, 2017
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: California Senate Democrats
Senate Appropriations Committee 12/17/2009
Senate Appropriations Committee 12/17/2009
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: CalChannel-2
Wicker Touts Success of Republican-Led Senate Appropriations Committee
Wicker Touts Success of Republican-Led Senate Appropriations Committee
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: SenatorWicker
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/27/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/27/2010
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: CalChannel-2
Full Committee Markup: FY 2018 Defense & Legislative Branch Appropriations Bill (EventID=106206)
Full Committee Markup: FY 2018 Defense & Legislative Branch Appropriations Bill (EventID=106206)
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: HouseAppropsGOP
Senate Appropriations Committee 7/15/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 7/15/2010
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations Committee 1/3 8/2/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 1/3 8/2/2010
Published: 2015/09/22
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Committee on Appropriations Hearing: NASA
Senate Committee on Appropriations Hearing: NASA's 2015 Budget
Published: 2014/05/02
Channel: Kowch737
Sen. Moran Questions Sec. McHugh During Senate Appropriations Hearing
Sen. Moran Questions Sec. McHugh During Senate Appropriations Hearing
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Jerry Moran
Senate Appropriations Committee 1/2 5/2/2011
Senate Appropriations Committee 1/2 5/2/2011
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: CalChannel-2
Meeting of Senate Appropriations Committee on Mutual Security appropriations. Mar...HD Stock Footage
Meeting of Senate Appropriations Committee on Mutual Security appropriations. Mar...HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/07
Channel: CriticalPast
Senator Kane Appropriations Committee 11-27-12
Senator Kane Appropriations Committee 11-27-12
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: CTSenateRepublicans
Mattis, Dunford Testify Before Senate Appropriations Committee - Part 2
Mattis, Dunford Testify Before Senate Appropriations Committee - Part 2
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Bridget Bosch
Senate Appropriations Committee Vote on Horse Slaughter
Senate Appropriations Committee Vote on Horse Slaughter
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: PEGA Admin
Senate Appropriations Committee 7/6/2009
Senate Appropriations Committee 7/6/2009
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: CalChannel-2
Appropriations Committee - Senate Bill 102 - Bad Bill
Appropriations Committee - Senate Bill 102 - Bad Bill
Published: 2016/12/02
Channel: State Senator Curtis Hertel Jr.
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/27/2009
Senate Appropriations Committee 8/27/2009
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriation Committee Receives Reports On Budget Defence
Senate Appropriation Committee Receives Reports On Budget Defence
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: NTA News
Senate Appropriations Committee Part 1 7/13/2009
Senate Appropriations Committee Part 1 7/13/2009
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations Committee 4/26/2010
Senate Appropriations Committee 4/26/2010
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: CalChannel-2
Senate Appropriations Committee Approves Murkowski Amendment
Senate Appropriations Committee Approves Murkowski Amendment
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: senatormurkowski
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The United States Senate Committee on Appropriations is a standing committee of the United States Senate. It has jurisdiction over all discretionary spending legislation in the Senate.

The Senate Appropriations Committee is the largest committee in the U.S. Senate, with 31 members in the 115th Congress. Its role is defined by the U.S. Constitution, which requires "appropriations made by law" prior to the expenditure of any money from the Treasury, and is therefore, one of the most powerful committees in the Senate.[1] The committee was first organized on March 6, 1867, when power over appropriations was taken out of the hands of the Finance Committee.[2]

The chairman of the Appropriations Committee has enormous power to bring home special projects (sometimes referred to as "pork barrel spending") for his or her state as well as having the final say on other senators' appropriation requests.[3] For example, in fiscal year 2005 per capita federal spending in Alaska, the home state of then-Chairman Ted Stevens, was $12,000, double the national average. Alaska has 11,772 special earmarked projects for a combined cost of $15,780,623,000. This represents about four percent of the overall spending in the $388 billion Consolidated Appropriations Act of 2005 passed by Congress.[4]

Because of the power of this committee and the fact that senators represent entire states, not just parts of states, it is considered extremely difficult to unseat a member of this committee at an election - especially if he or she is a subcommittee chair, or "Cardinal". Since 1990, four members of this committee have gone on to serve as Senate Majority Leader for at least one session of Congress: Tom Daschle (committee member August 12, 1991 - December 10, 1999; Senate Majority Leader January 3–20, 2001 and June 6, 2001 - January 3, 2003), Bill Frist (committee member April 17, 1995 - December 29, 2002; Senate Majority Leader January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2007), Harry Reid (committee member August 13, 1989 - December 23, 2006; subcommittee chair March 15, 1991 - December 24, 1994 and June 11, 2001 - December 22, 2002; Senate Majority Leader January 3, 2007 - 3 January 2015), Mitch McConnell; Senate Majority Leader January 3, 2015 – Present Day.

The appropriations process[edit]

Former Committee Chairman Robert Byrd (D-WV, far right) shakes hands with Secretary of Defense Robert Gates while Sen. Patrick Leahy (D-VT, center right) and Sen. Tom Harkin (D-IA) look on. The hearing was held to discuss further funding for the War in Iraq.

The federal budget is divided into two main categories: discretionary spending and mandatory spending. Each appropriations subcommittee develops a draft appropriations bill covering each agency under its jurisdiction based on the Congressional Budget Resolution, which is drafted by an analogous Senate Budget committee. Each subcommittee must adhere to the spending limits set by the budget resolution and allocations set by the full Appropriations Committee, though the full Senate may vote to waive those limits if 60 senators vote to do so. The committee also reviews supplemental spending bills (covering unforeseen or emergency expenses not previously budgeted).

Each appropriations bill must be passed by both houses of Congress and signed by the president prior to the start of the federal fiscal year, October 1. If that target is not met, as has been common in recent years, the committee drafts a continuing resolution, which is then approved by Congress and signed by the President to keep the federal government operating until the individual bills are approved.

Members, 115th Congress[edit]

Majority Minority

Source [1]

Subcommittees[edit]

Subcommittee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies John Hoeven (R-ND) Jeff Merkley (D-OR)
Commerce, Justice, Science, and Related Agencies Richard Shelby (R-AL) Jeanne Shaheen (D-NH)
Defense Thad Cochran (R-MS) Dick Durbin (D-IL)
Energy and Water Development Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Financial Services and General Government Shelley Moore Capito (R-WV) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Homeland Security John Boozman (R-AR) Jon Tester (D-MT)
Interior, Environment, and Related Agencies Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Labor, Health and Human Services, Education, and Related Agencies Roy Blunt (R-MO) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Legislative Branch James Lankford (R-OK) Chris Murphy (D-CT)
Military Construction, Veterans Affairs, and Related Agencies Jerry Moran (R-KS) Brian Schatz (D-HI)
State, Foreign Operations, and Related Programs Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Transportation, Housing and Urban Development, and Related Agencies Susan Collins (R-ME) Jack Reed (D-RI)

Source[2]

Committee reorganization during the 110th Congress[edit]

At the outset of the 110th Congress, Chairman Robert Byrd and Chairman Dave Obey, his counterpart on the House Appropriations Committee, developed a committee reorganization plan that provided for common subcommittee structures between both houses, a move that the both chairmen hope will allow Congress to "complete action on each of the government funding on time for the first time since 1994."[5][6] The subcommittees were last overhauled between the 107th and 108th Congresses, after the creation of the Subcommittee on Homeland Security and again during the 109th Congress, when the number of subcommittees was reduced from 13 to 12.

A key part of the new subcommittee organization was the establishment of a new Subcommittee on Financial Services and General Government, which consolidates funding for the Treasury Department, the United States federal judiciary, and the District of Columbia. These functions were previously handled by two separate Senate subcommittees.

Chairmen and Chairwomen, 1867–present[edit]

Chairman Party State Years
Lot M. Morrill Republican Maine 1867–1869
William P. Fessenden Republican Maine 1869
Lot M. Morrill Republican Maine 1869–1871
Cornelius Cole Republican California 1871–1873
Lot M. Morrill Republican Maine 1873–1876
William Windom Republican Minnesota 1876–1879
Henry G. Davis Democratic West Virginia 1879–1881
William B. Allison Republican Iowa 1881–1893
Francis M. Cockrell Democratic Missouri 1893–1895
William B. Allison Republican Iowa 1895–1908
Eugene Hale Republican Maine 1908–1911
Francis E. Warren Republican Wyoming 1911–1913
Thomas S. Martin Democratic Virginia 1913–1919
Francis E. Warren Republican Wyoming 1919–1929
Wesley L. Jones Republican Washington 1929–1932
Frederick Hale Republican Maine 1932–1933
Carter Glass Democratic Virginia 1933–1946
Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic Tennessee 1946–1947
Styles Bridges Republican New Hampshire 1947–1949
Kenneth D. McKellar Democratic Tennessee 1949–1953
Styles Bridges Republican New Hampshire 1953–1955
Carl Hayden Democratic Arizona 1955–1969
Richard B. Russell Jr. Democratic Georgia 1969–1971
Allen J. Ellender Democratic Louisiana 1971–1972
John L. McClellan Democratic Arkansas 1972–1977
Warren G. Magnuson Democratic Washington 1977–1981
Mark O. Hatfield Republican Oregon 1981–1987
John C. Stennis Democratic Mississippi 1987–1989
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginia 1989–1995
Mark O. Hatfield Republican Oregon 1995–1997
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaska 1997–2001
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginia 2001
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaska 2001
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginia 2001–2003
Theodore F. Stevens Republican Alaska 2003–2005
Thad Cochran Republican Mississippi 2005–2007
Robert C. Byrd Democratic West Virginia 2007–2009
Daniel K. Inouye Democratic Hawaii 2009–2012
Barbara Mikulski Democratic Maryland 2012-2015
Thad Cochran Republican Mississippi 2015–present

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "U.S. Senate: Committee on Appropriations". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2017-01-07. 
  2. ^ "U.S. Senate: Committee on Appropriations". www.senate.gov. Retrieved 2017-02-11. 
^ "Overview of the Committee's role". U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations. Archived from the original on October 13, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2005. 
^ "Creation of the Senate Committee on Appropriations". U.S. Senate Committee on Appropriations. Archived from the original on September 27, 2005. Retrieved October 14, 2005. 
^ Courtney Mabeus. "Buying Leadership". Capital Eye. Retrieved October 14, 2005. 
^ Rosenbaum, David E. (February 9, 2005). "Call it Pork or Necessity, but Alaska Comes Out Far Above the Rest in Spending". New York Times. 
^ "Senate, House Appropriations Set Subcommittee Plans for New Congress". U.S. House Committee on Appropriations. Archived from the original on January 31, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007. 
^ "Senate Appropriations Subcommittee Rosters Set". National Thoroughbred Racing Association. Archived from the original on September 29, 2007. Retrieved January 27, 2007. 
^ "Daniel Inouye Dies". Politico. Retrieved December 18, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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