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7.2 Executive Dept. & Independent Agencies
7.2 Executive Dept. & Independent Agencies
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: TheChairmansReport
Executive Departments Video
Executive Departments Video
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: William Swartz
United States federal executive departments
United States federal executive departments
Published: 2015/10/29
Channel: Audiopedia
How Presidents Govern: Crash Course Government and Politics #14
How Presidents Govern: Crash Course Government and Politics #14
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: CrashCourse
What are the Executive Departments of the U.S. Government?
What are the Executive Departments of the U.S. Government?
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Susan Evans
Cartoon Rap Lyrics for FEDs (Fifteen Executive Departments)
Cartoon Rap Lyrics for FEDs (Fifteen Executive Departments)
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: Dr. M's CivicsTube
Inside the White House: The Cabinet
Inside the White House: The Cabinet
Published: 2009/12/12
Channel: The Obama White House
The Pentagon and the U.S. Department of Defense (documentary)
The Pentagon and the U.S. Department of Defense (documentary)
Published: 2015/11/29
Channel: MAHARBAL5022
Executive Dept and Cabinet wma
Executive Dept and Cabinet wma
Published: 2012/09/24
Channel: Nikki Schubert
The Presidential Cabinet  The Departments of the Executive Branch
The Presidential Cabinet The Departments of the Executive Branch
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Thomas Linz
Executive Branch - Presidential Powers & Structure: Civics State Exam
Executive Branch - Presidential Powers & Structure: Civics State Exam
Published: 2015/12/25
Channel: Mr. Raymond's Civics and Social Studies Academy
Types of Bureaucracies: Crash Course Government and Politics #16
Types of Bureaucracies: Crash Course Government and Politics #16
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: CrashCourse
United States Constitution - Article II - The Executive Department (Audio & Text)
United States Constitution - Article II - The Executive Department (Audio & Text)
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Audio Law Library
Cabinet Departments
Cabinet Departments
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: Rachel Shepherd
Alphabet Agencies of the US Federal Government
Alphabet Agencies of the US Federal Government
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Larry N Maggard
Executive Departments-M2
Executive Departments-M2
Published: 2011/10/18
Channel: wattsr10
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances: Crash Course Government and Politics #3
Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances: Crash Course Government and Politics #3
Published: 2015/02/07
Channel: CrashCourse
The 16 U.S Intelligence Agencies
The 16 U.S Intelligence Agencies
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: TWIN TV PRODUCTIONS
Bureaucracy Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #15
Bureaucracy Basics: Crash Course Government and Politics #15
Published: 2015/05/09
Channel: CrashCourse
Government Made Easy: President
Government Made Easy: President's Cabinet
Published: 2009/08/27
Channel: MiNDTV35
Executive Branch
Executive Branch
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Citizen Genius
Executive Department
Executive Department
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: Seth Mangahas
Federal Departments and Agencies
Federal Departments and Agencies
Published: 2011/05/06
Channel: Geosyntec Consultants
Article VII The Executive Department
Article VII The Executive Department
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Kaitlyn Aguillon
How is power divided in the United States government? - Belinda Stutzman
How is power divided in the United States government? - Belinda Stutzman
Published: 2013/04/12
Channel: TED-Ed
Executive Branch Overview
Executive Branch Overview
Published: 2013/11/12
Channel: Jennifer A. Skitromo
The United States Department of State
The United States Department of State
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: FrequencyCode2222
Cabinet Departments
Cabinet Departments
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: BordwellAndover
The Executive Departments
The Executive Departments
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: Scholar Cation
Article VII The Executive Department
Article VII The Executive Department
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Kaitlyn Aguillon
US Military WORLDS LARGEST m1 Abrams Tank Stockpile
US Military WORLDS LARGEST m1 Abrams Tank Stockpile
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
Presidential Power: Crash Course Government and Politics #11
Presidential Power: Crash Course Government and Politics #11
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: CrashCourse
Independent agencies of the United States government
Independent agencies of the United States government
Published: 2015/10/22
Channel: Audiopedia
United States Department of the Interior
United States Department of the Interior
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: WikiWikiup
Executive Powers & Limitations | Principles of the Constitution
Executive Powers & Limitations | Principles of the Constitution
Published: 2010/12/10
Channel: FreedomProject Media
ONE OF A KIND US Military V-22 Military Helicopter Aircraft flying in Military Exercise
ONE OF A KIND US Military V-22 Military Helicopter Aircraft flying in Military Exercise
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
President Trump with Cabinet Signs Cost Cutting Executive Order
President Trump with Cabinet Signs Cost Cutting Executive Order
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: LIVE SATELLITE NEWS
Article VII (Executive Department)
Article VII (Executive Department)
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Clinton Cadete
Meet Your Federal Government 1946 Young America Films; US Government Structure
Meet Your Federal Government 1946 Young America Films; US Government Structure
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Executive Department
Executive Department
Published: 2016/12/09
Channel: A P
House Republicans put 2 federal departments on the chopping block
House Republicans put 2 federal departments on the chopping block
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: News Zone
Secrets of the FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Food We Eat (2005)
Secrets of the FDA: The Business and Politics Behind the Food We Eat (2005)
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: The Film Archives
PolSci 51 - B  Executive Department
PolSci 51 - B Executive Department
Published: 2012/10/03
Channel: Glorienne Oracoy
US Military VINTAGE MILITARY POWER display at Vintage Aircraft Airshow
US Military VINTAGE MILITARY POWER display at Vintage Aircraft Airshow
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
Trump
Trump's Federal Freeze Dismays Federal Workers
Published: 2017/01/24
Channel: Wochit News
Are there any federal departments you would support consolidating or eliminating?
Are there any federal departments you would support consolidating or eliminating?
Published: 2010/08/10
Channel: forsythgop
US MILITARY POWER IN ACTION with Aircraft Carrier Exercise
US MILITARY POWER IN ACTION with Aircraft Carrier Exercise
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
Bureaus First Cabinet Departments
Bureaus First Cabinet Departments
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: John Henning
Heitkamp Questions Nominees for U.S. Departments of Treasury and Commerce
Heitkamp Questions Nominees for U.S. Departments of Treasury and Commerce
Published: 2017/05/16
Channel: SenatorHeidiHeitkamp
Individualism 46_of_53
Individualism 46_of_53
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Populus Informer
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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"Executive Department" redirects here. For the idea of executive departments in general, see Cabinet (politics).

The United States federal executive departments are the primary units of the executive branch of the federal government of the United States, and are analogous to ministries common in parliamentary or semi-presidential systems but, with the United States being a presidential system, led by a head of government separate from the head of state. The executive departments are the administrative arms of the President of the United States. There are currently 15 executive departments.

The heads of the executive departments receive the title of Secretary of their respective department, except for the Attorney-General who is head of the Justice Department (and the Postmaster General who until 1971 was head of the Post Office Department). The heads of the executive departments are appointed by the President and take office after confirmation by the United States Senate, and serve at the pleasure of the President. The heads of departments are members of the Cabinet of the United States, an executive organ that normally acts as an advisory body to the President. In the Opinion Clause (Article II, section 2, clause 1) of the U.S. Constitution, heads of executive departments are referred to as "principal Officer in each of the executive Departments".

The heads of executive departments are included in the line of succession to the President, in the event of a vacancy in the presidency, after the Vice President, the Speaker of the House and the President pro tempore of the Senate.

Current executive departments[edit]

Departments are listed by their present-day name and only departments with past or present cabinet-level status are listed.

Department
Creation
Order of
succession[1]
Notes 2009 Outlays
in billions
of dollars
Employees
State 1789[2] 4 Initially named "Department of Foreign Affairs" 16.39 18,900
Treasury 1789[3] 5 19.56 115,897
Justice 1870[4] 7 Attorney General created in 1789, but had no department until 1870 46.20 113,543
Interior 1849[5] 8 90.00 71,436
Agriculture 1889[6] 9 Elevated to Cabinet level in 1889 134.12 109,832
Commerce 1903[7] 10 Originally named Commerce and Labor; Labor later separated 15.77 43,880[8]
Labor 1913[9] 11 137.97 17,347
Defense 1947[10] 6 Created by the National Security Act of 1947. Initially named "National Military Establishment" 1947-49. Created from a merger of the Department of War and Department of the Navy. 651.16 3,000,000
Health and Human Services 1953[9] 12 Originally the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare; Education later separated 879.20 67,000
Housing and Urban Development 1965[11] 13 40.53 10,600
Transportation 1966[12] 14 73.20 58,622
Energy 1977[13] 15 24.10 109,094
Education 1979[14] 16 45.40 4,487
Veterans Affairs 1989[15] 17 Formerly an independent agency as the Veterans Administration 97.70 235,000
Homeland Security 2003[16] 18 Created by the Homeland Security Act of 2002 40.00 240,000
Total outlays, employees:         2,311.30Bn 4,214,652

Past executive departments[edit]

Department Dates of Operation Notes
Department of War 1789–1947 Split into Department of the Army and Department of the Air Force in the National Security Act of 1947
Post Office Department 1792–1971 Reorganized as quasi-independent agency, United States Postal Service
Department of Commerce and Labor 1903–1913 Divided between Department of Commerce and Department of Labor
Department of the Army 1947–1949 From 1947-1949, these departments were executive departments with non-cabinet level secretaries who reported to the civilian Secretary of Defense with cabinet rank but no department. From 1949 on, they were Military Departments within the Department of Defense[17]
Department of the Navy 1798–1949
Department of the Air Force 1947–1949
Department of Health, Education, and Welfare 1953–1979 Divided between Department of Health and Human Services and Department of Education

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Wilson, Reid (October 20, 2013). "The Presidential order of succession". The Washington Post. ISSN 0190-8286. Retrieved November 10, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Office of the Historian - Milestones - 1776-1783 - Articles of Confederation". History.state.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  3. ^ "History". Treasury.gov. 2012-10-22. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  4. ^ "USDOJ: About DOJ". Justice.gov. 2009-09-30. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  5. ^ "History of Interior". Doi.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  6. ^ http://www.usda.gov/documents/timeline.pdf
  7. ^ "Secretaries | Department of Commerce". Commerce.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  8. ^ "Department of Commerce FY 2009 Budget in Brief". Osec.doc.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  9. ^ a b "The U.S. Department of Labor Historical Timeline - U.S. Department of Labor". Dol.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  10. ^ "About The Department of Defense (DOD)". Defense.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  11. ^ "HUD History/U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD)". Portal.hud.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  12. ^ [1] Archived August 9, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ "Department of Energy Organization Act" (PDF). U.S. Department of the Interior. U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. August 4, 1977. 
  14. ^ "Overview and Mission Statement | U.S. Department of Education". .ed.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  15. ^ Department of Veterans Affairs. "History - VA History - About VA". Va.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  16. ^ "Creation of the Department of Homeland Security | Homeland Security". Dhs.gov. Retrieved 2012-12-29. 
  17. ^ Stewart, Richard W., ed. (2005). "Chapter 24: Peace Becomes Cold War, 1945-1950". American Military History. Army Historical Series. II. United States Army. pp. 531–533. Retrieved 2011-03-23. 

References[edit]

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