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Urban areas in Sweden
Urban areas in Sweden
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: WikiWikiup
Top 10 Cities of Sweden
Top 10 Cities of Sweden
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
UFOs Caught On Camera Over Sweden Urban Areas - Short compilation
UFOs Caught On Camera Over Sweden Urban Areas - Short compilation
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: Ufo Sightings Footage
Urban Geography: Why We Live Where We Do
Urban Geography: Why We Live Where We Do
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Wendover Productions
Certification of Buildings, Urban Areas and Infrastructre
Certification of Buildings, Urban Areas and Infrastructre
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
Barkarby City in Stockholm, Sweden. A New Urbanist City in the Making? (2016)
Barkarby City in Stockholm, Sweden. A New Urbanist City in the Making? (2016)
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Jacob Kimaryo Consultancy
Demographics of Sweden
Demographics of Sweden
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: Audiopedia
urban expoloration in Sweden
urban expoloration in Sweden
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Hypemind
Natural Gas vs  District Heating in Urban Areas
Natural Gas vs District Heating in Urban Areas
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Heat Roadmap Europe
Sweden
Sweden
Published: 2010/07/01
Channel: THEWORLDOFTRAVEL
The Fiskeland area - One of the best areas for angling in Sweden and Norway.
The Fiskeland area - One of the best areas for angling in Sweden and Norway.
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: Dalslands Turist AB
Welcome to the Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas conference
Welcome to the Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas conference
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
Sweden Tours
Sweden Tours
Published: 2014/08/15
Channel: Tours Videos
The Great White Migration | White Flight from all urban areas
The Great White Migration | White Flight from all urban areas
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Apollonian Slumber
Why, and how is Sweden investing in sustainable city development?
Why, and how is Sweden investing in sustainable city development?
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
The project; Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas
The project; Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
Summary and closing of the conference Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas
Summary and closing of the conference Sustainability Certification of Urban Areas
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
Sweden Is Turning Into A Muslim No Go Ghetto
Sweden Is Turning Into A Muslim No Go Ghetto
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: Peggy Sunday
[Wikipedia] List of urban areas in the Nordic countries
[Wikipedia] List of urban areas in the Nordic countries
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: WikiTubia
SWEDEN - Documentary
SWEDEN - Documentary
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: WikiVidi Documentaries
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Swedish Air Force MOST FEARED military fighter aircraft
Published: 2016/04/02
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
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AK47S, ARSON, AND JOURNALISM IN THE SWEDEN NO GO ZONE
Published: 2017/02/28
Channel: Tim Pool
The Best of Sweden - BORGHOLM
The Best of Sweden - BORGHOLM
Published: 2008/10/04
Channel: SwedenTouristTV
Sweden tour 2015 .............. Stockholm.............
Sweden tour 2015 .............. Stockholm.............
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: shams tabriz
1940s SWEDEN & STOCKHOLM TRAVELOGUE LOGGING, MINING 72252
1940s SWEDEN & STOCKHOLM TRAVELOGUE LOGGING, MINING 72252
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Urbex Gothenburg - Unknown tower building
Urbex Gothenburg - Unknown tower building
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Crazy Whales
A Tribute To My Sweden.
A Tribute To My Sweden.
Published: 2010/09/04
Channel: IHateAllReligions
MOST FEARED Aircraft in the Swedish Air Force SAAB Gripen
MOST FEARED Aircraft in the Swedish Air Force SAAB Gripen
Published: 2016/07/29
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
LEED Neighbourhood Development
LEED Neighbourhood Development
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
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Swedish Air Force MOST FEARED military fighter aircraft
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
Swedish Medical Center - Seattle
Swedish Medical Center - Seattle
Published: 2013/05/02
Channel: WebsEdgeHealth
This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water
This Farm of the Future Uses No Soil and 95% Less Water
Published: 2016/07/05
Channel: Stories
The Best of Sweden - Lucia in MALMÖ (the city of ESC 2013)
The Best of Sweden - Lucia in MALMÖ (the city of ESC 2013)
Published: 2009/01/12
Channel: SwedenTouristTV
GapMinder - Population in Urban Areas
GapMinder - Population in Urban Areas
Published: 2007/06/07
Channel: Andy Hudson-Smith
Solna Sweden / Solna Sverige
Solna Sweden / Solna Sverige
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: HERALDRY
SWEDEN TOP 10 CITIES made by TOP10 CHARTS,Travel Sweden | 10 Best Places to Visit in Sweden
SWEDEN TOP 10 CITIES made by TOP10 CHARTS,Travel Sweden | 10 Best Places to Visit in Sweden
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: TOP 10 CHARTS
Swedish Air Force SHOOTS DOWN Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-35 fighter jet in promo video
Swedish Air Force SHOOTS DOWN Russian Air Force Sukhoi Su-35 fighter jet in promo video
Published: 2013/07/28
Channel: ArmedForcesUpdate
स्वीडन अनोखा देश // Sweden unique country || interesting facts about Sweden in Hindi
स्वीडन अनोखा देश // Sweden unique country || interesting facts about Sweden in Hindi
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: Global Myth
45 Facts about Sweden
45 Facts about Sweden
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: 1 Mega Videos Channel
Ostersund Sweden / Östersund Sverige
Ostersund Sweden / Östersund Sverige
Published: 2017/09/22
Channel: HERALDRY
Cooperation in adapting certification systems
Cooperation in adapting certification systems
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: Sweden Green Building Council
URBEX - abandoned factory in Sweden. Urban Exploration 2016
URBEX - abandoned factory in Sweden. Urban Exploration 2016
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Grottfragglarna
10 FACTS ABOUT SWEDEN | GoFacts
10 FACTS ABOUT SWEDEN | GoFacts
Published: 2015/06/23
Channel: GoFacts
Swedish scientists develop sensors to catch terrorists by detecting human waste
Swedish scientists develop sensors to catch terrorists by detecting human waste
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: TomoNews US
Downhill mountainbiking Sweden
Downhill mountainbiking Sweden
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: The DuroBoys
Swedish scientists develop sensors to catch terrorists by detecting human waste
Swedish scientists develop sensors to catch terrorists by detecting human waste
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: News Direct
My URBAN SURVIVAL Pack - A complete GEAR list
My URBAN SURVIVAL Pack - A complete GEAR list
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: survivalmike
Pitea Sweden / Piteå Sverige
Pitea Sweden / Piteå Sverige
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: HERALDRY
Hanstavägen, Skagafjordsgatan, and Kista Alleväg Urban Block in Kista, Stockholm, Sweden
Hanstavägen, Skagafjordsgatan, and Kista Alleväg Urban Block in Kista, Stockholm, Sweden
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: Jacob Kimaryo Consultancy
Bears, Cougars, Badgers Creep Into Urban Areas
Bears, Cougars, Badgers Creep Into Urban Areas
Published: 2010/05/27
Channel: WISN 12 News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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An urban area or tätort (literally: "dense locality") in Sweden has a minimum of 200 inhabitants and may be a city, town or larger village.[1] It is a purely statistical concept, not defined by any municipal or county boundaries.[2][3] Urban areas referred to as cities or towns (Swedish: stad for both terms) for statistical purposes have a minimum of 10,000 inhabitants.[4] In 2010, there were 1,956 urban areas in Sweden, covering 85% of the Swedish population.[3]

Urban area is a common English translation of the Swedish term tätort. The official term in English used by Statistics Sweden is, however, "locality" (Swedish: ort). It could be compared with "census-designated places" in the United States.

History[edit]

Until the beginning of the 20th century, only the towns/cities were regarded as urban areas. The built-up area and the municipal entity were normally almost congruent. Urbanization and industrialization created, however, many new settlements without formal city status. New suburbs grew up just outside city limits, being de facto urban but de jure rural. This was of course a statistical problem. The census of 1910 introduced the concept of "densely populated localities in the countryside". The term tätort (literally "dense place") was introduced in 1930. The municipal amalgamations placed more and more rural areas within city municipalities, which was the other side of the same problem. The administrative boundaries were in fact not suitable for defining rural and urban populations. From 1950 rural and urban areas had to be separated even within city limits, as, e.g., the huge wilderness around Kiruna had been declared a "city" in 1948. From 1965 only "non-administrative localities" are counted, independently of municipal and county borders. In 1971 "city" was abolished as a type of municipality.

Terminology[edit]

Map of Sweden showing all urban areas (cities and towns) with a population of more than 20,000.

Urban areas in the meaning of tätort are defined independently on the division into counties and municipalities, and are defined solely according to population density. In practice, most references in Sweden are to municipalities, not specifically to towns or cities, which complicates international comparisons. Most municipalities contain many localities (up to 26 in Kristianstad Municipality), but some localities are, on the other hand, multimunicipal. Stockholm urban area is spread over 11 municipalities.

When comparing the population of different cities, the urban area (tätort) population is to prefer ahead of the population of the municipality. The population of, e.g., Stockholm should be accounted as about 1.2 million rather than the approximately 800,000 of the municipality, and Lund rather about 75,000 than about 110,000.

Swedish definitions[edit]

Terms used for statistical purposes[edit]

  • Tätort (English: urban area, or locality) is the central concept used in statistics. The definition is agreed upon in the Nordic countries:[2] An urban area is any village, town or city with a population of at least 200, for which the contiguous built-up area meet the criterion that houses are not more than 200 meters apart when discounting rivers, parks, roads, etc.[1] – without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries.[2] Delimitation of localities are made by Statistics Sweden every five years.[4]
  • Småort (English: smaller locality) is a rural locality with 50–199 inhabitants in a contiguous built-up area with no more than 150 meters between houses. The concept is rarely used outside the field of statistics, where it is used for settlements just below the limit defined for tätort.[5]
  • Centralort (English: central locality) is mostly used in the meaning municipal seat or municipal center of service, commerce and administration for an area.

Popular and traditional terms[edit]

  • Storstad (English: metropolitan area, literally "large city") is a term usually reserved for Sweden's three largest cities: Stockholm, Gothenburg and Malmö. Statistics Sweden uses the term metropolitan area (Swedish: storstadsområde) for these three cities and their immediate surroundings and municipalities.[6]
  • Stad (English: town or city) is in a context of statistics restricted to urban areas with a population greater than 10,000.[4] Judicially, the term stad has been obsolete since 1971, and is now mostly used describing localities which used to be chartered towns. The statistical category "large town" used by Statistics Sweden include municipalities with more than 90,000 inhabitants within a 30 km radius from the municipality centre.[7] There is also a category medelstor stad "middle large town".
  • Köping (English: market town) was also abolished as an official term in 1971 in governmental and statistical contexts, and is only rarely kept in use by laymen, although it has survived as part of the names of several smaller towns. The meaning was a locality with an intermediary legal status below that of a town.
  • Municipalsamhälle (English: municipal community) was a term in use between 1875 and 1971, but it is no longer used outside of historical contexts. In 1863, Sweden was divided into 2,500 municipalities, whereof 89 were towns, 8 were market towns (köpingar) and the rest rural municipalities ("landskommuner"). A "municipalsamhälle" was an administrative centre for one or several rural municipalities, with special regulations and privileges in common with towns. The term became obsolete in 1971 when the different types of municipalities were abandoned and a standard form for all municipalities was introduced.
  • Samhälle (English: community) is a common concept used by for urban areas that are intermediary in size between a town and a village. The term "samhälle" is also used in Swedish to denote "society", "community" or "state". (Compare: Gemeinschaft and Gesellschaft.) A samhälle does not necessarily meet the criteria for the current tätort – or even småort concept.
  • By (English: village and hamlet) is a traditional term but may in colloquial use refer to a suburb or town of considerable size. If at all used in the context of statistics, it must be assumed that the size of a by is smaller than that of a småort. (NB! Not to be confused with the same word in Danish and Norwegian, where it means town, while a village is called landsby.)

Seasonal areas and suburbs[edit]

  • Fritidshusområde (English: seasonal area) is in statistical context an area with less than 50 permanent inhabitants but at least 50 houses (in practice: weekend cottages/summer houses) meeting the criterion that they are not more than 150 metres apart. About a third of Sweden's "second homes" are located in such areas. The term belongs also to everyday usage, although less strictly defined.
  • Förstad and förort (English: suburb) are much used terms with a somewhat negative connotation.

Statistics[edit]

Delimitation of localities are made by Statistics Sweden every five years.[4] The number of urban areas in Sweden increased by 56 to 1,956 in 2010. A total of 8,016,000 – 85 per cent – of the Swedish population lived in an urban area; occupying only 1,3 per cent of Sweden's total land area, and the most populous urban area is Stockholm at 1,4 million people.[3][8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Localities 2010: Population, age and gender" (PDF) (in Swedish and English). Statistics Sweden. p. 21. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c "Nationalencyklopedin - Tätort". Nationalencyklopedin. Retrieved 21 July 2014. Translation: 'a for the Nordic countries shared statistical definition of built-up area with at least 200 residents, not more than 200 m between each other (without regard to the ward, municipal or county boundaries)' 
  3. ^ a b c "Fortsatt stor ökning av befolkning i tätorter". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 21 July 2014. Definitionen av en tätort är i korthet att den skall bestå av sammanhängande bebyggelse med högst 200 meter mellan husen och ha minst 200 invånare. Ingen hänsyn tas till kommun- eller länsgränser 
  4. ^ a b c d Statistics Sweden. Be 16 SM 9601, Tätorter 1995, p. 2: "Towns (localities with more than 10,000 inhabitants)".
  5. ^ "Smaller localities 2010" (PDF) (in Swedish and English). Statistics Sweden. p. 81. Retrieved 21 July 2014. A smaller locality consists of a group of buildings not more than 150 met res apart from each other and has 50 – 199 inhabitants. 
  6. ^ Statistics Sweden. Population in the metropolitan areas on Dec. 31, 2002 and 2003, SCB Befolkningsstatistik del 1-2, 2003. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  7. ^ Statistics Sweden.Press release, Household budget survey (HBS), 2006-06-01 Nr 2006:079A. Retrieved 2 December 2007.
  8. ^ "Stor andel unga i mindre tätorter". Statistics Sweden. Retrieved 21 July 2014. 

External links[edit]

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