Play Video
1
Valentina Tereshkova: Seagull in Space (RT Documentary)
Valentina Tereshkova: Seagull in Space (RT Documentary)
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
2
First woman in space - Valentina Tereshkova - true hero who saved my life.
First woman in space - Valentina Tereshkova - true hero who saved my life.
::2013/06/15::
Play Video
3
Entrevista exclusiva con Valentina Tereshkova,  la primera mujer en el espacio
Entrevista exclusiva con Valentina Tereshkova, la primera mujer en el espacio
::2013/06/15::
Play Video
4
The First Woman in Space: Valentina Tereshkova - It Happened in Space #6
The First Woman in Space: Valentina Tereshkova - It Happened in Space #6
::2013/06/20::
Play Video
5
Valentina Tereshkova
Valentina Tereshkova's secret
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
6
The First Woman in Space - Валентина Терешкова
The First Woman in Space - Валентина Терешкова
::2010/12/31::
Play Video
7
Valentina Tereshkova First Woman in Space.
Valentina Tereshkova First Woman in Space.
::2011/06/16::
Play Video
8
Valentina Tereshkova, the First Female Cosmonaut. Archive Footage
Valentina Tereshkova, the First Female Cosmonaut. Archive Footage
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
9
Komputer - Valentina
Komputer - Valentina
::2007/06/26::
Play Video
10
The First Woman in Space: Valentina Tereshkova - It Happened in Space #6
The First Woman in Space: Valentina Tereshkova - It Happened in Space #6
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
11
valentina tereshkova 1972
valentina tereshkova 1972
::2013/09/12::
Play Video
12
Valentina Tereshkova 50th anniversary, Vostok 6, Rare archival footage , June 16, 1963
Valentina Tereshkova 50th anniversary, Vostok 6, Rare archival footage , June 16, 1963
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
13
Valentina Tereshkova - First woman in space II
Valentina Tereshkova - First woman in space II
::2012/12/29::
Play Video
14
I
I'm the happiest person in the world — Tereshkova on participating in the torch relay in Yaroslavl
::2013/10/21::
Play Video
15
Valentina Tereshkova, first woman cosmonaut
Valentina Tereshkova, first woman cosmonaut
::2007/03/06::
Play Video
16
Valentina Tereshkova - First Woman In Space - Visit in Sofia, 1983
Valentina Tereshkova - First Woman In Space - Visit in Sofia, 1983
::2013/06/09::
Play Video
17
Valentina Tereshkova فالينتينا تيريشكوفا  أول امرأة تدور في الفضاء
Valentina Tereshkova فالينتينا تيريشكوفا أول امرأة تدور في الفضاء
::2013/06/18::
Play Video
18
FIRST WOMAN IN SPACE! Putin Awards Valentina Tereshkova!
FIRST WOMAN IN SPACE! Putin Awards Valentina Tereshkova!
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
19
First female cosmonaut in history , Valentina Tereshkova
First female cosmonaut in history , Valentina Tereshkova
::2014/03/20::
Play Video
20
Astronaut Karen Nyberg On the Flight of Valentina Tereshkova | NASA ISS Space Science
Astronaut Karen Nyberg On the Flight of Valentina Tereshkova | NASA ISS Space Science
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
21
Komputer - Valentina Tereshkova (Probe mix)
Komputer - Valentina Tereshkova (Probe mix)
::2012/06/29::
Play Video
22
Valentina Tereshkova
Valentina Tereshkova
::2013/06/15::
Play Video
23
Valentina Tereshkova - Stefano Di Battista
Valentina Tereshkova - Stefano Di Battista
::2012/12/02::
Play Video
24
Russia: Putin awards first woman in space
Russia: Putin awards first woman in space
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
25
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
::2013/05/22::
Play Video
26
Hats off to first woman in space
Hats off to first woman in space
::2008/06/16::
Play Video
27
Valentina Tereshkova
Valentina Tereshkova
::2014/02/07::
Play Video
28
Valentina Tereshkova
Valentina Tereshkova
::2014/04/08::
Play Video
29
A primeira mulher a ir ao espaço - Valentina Tereshkova
A primeira mulher a ir ao espaço - Valentina Tereshkova
::2013/06/15::
Play Video
30
Valentina Tereshkova, Première femme dans l
Valentina Tereshkova, Première femme dans l'espace - Téléjournal
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
31
Valentina
Valentina
::2012/03/07::
Play Video
32
Interview with first woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova
Interview with first woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova
::2008/06/18::
Play Video
33
Valentina Tereskova
Valentina Tereskova
::2012/11/16::
Play Video
34
Valentina Tereshkova Stratford 1963
Valentina Tereshkova Stratford 1963
::2014/01/03::
Play Video
35
Valentina Tereshkova - first woman in space
Valentina Tereshkova - first woman in space
::2012/08/03::
Play Video
36
16 giugno 1963 Valentina Tereshkova la prima donna nello spazio
16 giugno 1963 Valentina Tereshkova la prima donna nello spazio
::2013/06/16::
Play Video
37
MSNBC Headlines - Hasan Rowhani, Valentina Tereshkova, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
MSNBC Headlines - Hasan Rowhani, Valentina Tereshkova, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
::2013/06/15::
Play Video
38
Valentina Tereshkova
Valentina Tereshkova
::2011/01/08::
Play Video
39
Valentina Tereshkova - Vostok 6 (Music: D
Valentina Tereshkova - Vostok 6 (Music: D'Arcangelo - "Diagram VII - 80's Mix")
::2010/01/04::
Play Video
40
Валентина Терешкова. "Мисс Вселенная"
Валентина Терешкова. "Мисс Вселенная"
::2013/03/06::
Play Video
41
VALENTINA TERESHKOVA GAME
VALENTINA TERESHKOVA GAME
::2013/11/24::
Play Video
42
Valentina Tereshkova 1976
Valentina Tereshkova 1976
::2013/09/02::
Play Video
43
Valentina Tereshkova (from Designing Women)
Valentina Tereshkova (from Designing Women)
::2014/02/24::
Play Video
44
ВАЛЕНТИНА ТЕРЕШКОВА - Valentina Tereshkova
ВАЛЕНТИНА ТЕРЕШКОВА - Valentina Tereshkova
::2011/10/11::
Play Video
45
Stone Oak Cosmonaut:  Cosmonaut No.6 (Valentina Tereshkova)
Stone Oak Cosmonaut: Cosmonaut No.6 (Valentina Tereshkova)
::2009/08/29::
Play Video
46
Falling Star - Valentina Tereshkova - Kurt Swinghammer - Vostok 6
Falling Star - Valentina Tereshkova - Kurt Swinghammer - Vostok 6
::2011/08/02::
Play Video
47
Valentina Tereshkova - First woman in space (Music clip)
Valentina Tereshkova - First woman in space (Music clip)
::2012/12/29::
Play Video
48
VALENTINA TERESHKOVA
VALENTINA TERESHKOVA
::2014/01/03::
Play Video
49
Isabel Parra "Ayúdame, Valentina"
Isabel Parra "Ayúdame, Valentina"
::2012/07/24::
Play Video
50
Klaus Lux - Valentina Tereshkova
Klaus Lux - Valentina Tereshkova
::2011/05/05::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Valentina Tereshkova
RIAN archive 612748 Valentina Tereshkova.jpg
Tereshkova in 1969
Valentina Tereshkova Signature.svg
Soviet cosmonaut
The first woman in space
Nationality Soviet Union
Russian
Born (1937-03-06) 6 March 1937 (age 77)
Bolshoye Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, Yaroslavl Oblast, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
Other names Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova
Other occupation Pilot
Rank Major General, Soviet Air Force
Time in space 2 days, 23hrs, and 12mins
Selection Female Group
Missions Vostok 6
Mission insignia Vostok5-6patch.png
Awards Hero of the Soviet Union Orden of Honour.png Orden of Friendship.png

Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova (Russian: Валенти́на Влади́мировна Терешко́ва; born 6 March 1937) is a retired Soviet cosmonaut and engineer, and the first woman to have flown in space, having been selected from more than four hundred applicants and five finalists to pilot Vostok 6 on 16 June 1963. In order to join the Cosmonaut Corps, Tereshkova was only honorarily inducted into the Soviet Air Force and thus she also became the first civilian to fly in space.[1]

Before her recruitment as a cosmonaut, Tereshkova was a textile factory assembly worker and an amateur skydiver. After the dissolution of the first group of female cosmonauts in 1969, she became a prominent member of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, holding various political offices. She remained politically active following the collapse of the Soviet Union and is still revered as a heroine in post-Soviet Russia.

In 2013 she offered to go on a one-way trip to Mars if the opportunity arose.[2] At the opening ceremony of the 2014 Winter Olympics she was a flag-carrier of the Olympic flag.

Early life[edit]

Tereshkova was born in the village Maslennikovo, Tutayevsky District, Yaroslavl Oblast, in central Russia. Her parents had migrated from Belarus.[3] Tereshkova's father was a tractor driver and her mother worked in a textile plant. Tereshkova began school in 1945 at the age of eight, but left school in 1953 and continued her education by correspondence courses.[4] She became interested in parachuting from a young age, and trained in skydiving at the local Aeroclub, making her first jump at age 22 on 21 May 1959; at the time, she was employed as a textile worker in a local factory. It was her expertise in skydiving that led to her selection as a cosmonaut. In 1961 she became the secretary of the local Komsomol (Young Communist League) and later joined the Communist Party of the Soviet Union.

Career in the Soviet space program[edit]

Cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Valery Bykovsky among children

After the flight of Yuri Gagarin in 1961, Sergey Korolyov, the chief Soviet rocket engineer, came up with the idea of putting a woman in space. On 16 February 1962, Valentina Tereshkova was selected to join the female cosmonaut corps. Out of more than four hundred applicants, five were selected: Tatyana Kuznetsova, Irina Solovyova, Zhanna Yorkina, Valentina Ponomaryova, and Tereshkova. Qualifications included that they be parachutists under 30 years of age, under 170 cm (5 feet 7 inches) tall, and under 70 kg (154 lbs.) in weight.

Tereshkova was considered a particularly worthy candidate, partly due to her "proletarian" background, and because her father, tank leader sergeant Vladimir Tereshkov, was a war hero. He died in the Finnish Winter War during World War II in the Lemetti area in Finnish Karelia when Tereshkova was two years old. After her mission she was asked how the Soviet Union should thank her for her service to the country. Tereshkova asked that the government search for, and publish, the location where her father was killed in action. This was done, and a monument now stands at the site in Lemetti—now on the Russian side of the border. Tereshkova has since visited Finland several times.

Training included weightless flights, isolation tests, centrifuge tests, rocket theory, spacecraft engineering, 120 parachute jumps and pilot training in MiG-15UTI jet fighters. The group spent several months in intensive training, concluding with examinations in November 1962, after which four remaining candidates were commissioned Junior Lieutenants in the Soviet Air Force. Tereshkova, Solovyova and Ponomaryova were the leading candidates, and a joint mission profile was developed that would see two women launched into space, on solo Vostok flights on consecutive days in March or April 1963.

Cosmonauts Andriyan Nikolayev and Valentina Tereshkova on a Hungarian stamp.

Originally it was intended that Tereshkova would launch first in Vostok 5 while Ponomaryova would follow her into orbit in Vostok 6. However, this flight plan was altered in March 1963. Vostok 5 would now carry a male cosmonaut Valery Bykovsky flying the joint mission with a woman aboard Vostok 6 in June 1963. The State Space Commission nominated Tereshkova to pilot Vostok 6 at their meeting on 21 May and this was confirmed by Nikita Khrushchev himself. Tereshkova was exactly ten years younger than the youngest Mercury Seven astronaut, Gordon Cooper.

After watching the successful launch of Vostok 5 on 14 June, Tereshkova began final preparations for her own flight. She was 26 at the time. On the morning of 16 June 1963, Tereshkova and her back-up Solovyova were both dressed in spacesuits and taken to the launch pad by bus. After completing her communication and life support checks, she was sealed inside the Vostok. After a two-hour countdown, Vostok 6 launched faultlessly, and Tereshkova became the first woman in space. Her call sign in this flight was Chaika (English: Seagull; Russian: Ча́йка), later commemorated as the name of an asteroid, 1671 Chaika.

From right to left: Nikita Khrushchev, Valentina Tereshkova, Pavel Popovich and Yury Gagarin at the Lenin Mausoleum, during a celebration honoring the Soviet cosmonauts, 1963

Although Tereshkova experienced nausea and physical discomfort for much of the flight,[5] she orbited the earth 48 times and spent almost three days in space. With a single flight, she logged more flight time than the combined times of all American astronauts who had flown before that date. Tereshkova also maintained a flight log and took photographs of the horizon, which were later used to identify aerosol layers within the atmosphere.

Vostok 6 was the final Vostok flight and was launched two days after Vostok 5 which carried Valery Bykovsky into a similar orbit for five days, landing three hours after Tereshkova. The two vessels approached each other within 5 kilometers (3.1 mi) at one point, and Tereshkova communicated with Bykovsky and with Khrushchev by radio.

Even though there were plans for further flights by women, it took 19 years until the second woman, Svetlana Savitskaya, flew into space. None of the other four in Tereshkova's early group flew, and in October 1969 the pioneering female cosmonaut group was dissolved.

Education[edit]

Tereshkova, skiing, 1964

After her flight, Tereshkova studied at the Zhukovsky Air Force Academy and graduated with distinction as a cosmonaut engineer. In 1977 she earned a doctorate in engineering.

Prominence in Soviet politics[edit]

Due to her prominence Tereshkova was chosen for several political positions: from 1966 to 1974 she was a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union, from 1974 to 1989 a member of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet, and from 1969 to 1991 she was in the Central Committee of the Communist Party. In 1997 she was retired from the Russian Air Force and the cosmonaut corps by presidential order.

Beyond her recognized political offices within the Soviet Union, Tereshkova also became a well known representative of the Soviet Union abroad. She was made a member of the World Peace Council in 1966, a member of the Yaroslavl Soviet in 1967, a member of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in 1966–1970 and 1970–1974, and was elected to the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet in 1974. She was also the Soviet representative to the UN Conference for the International Women's Year in Mexico City in 1975. She also led the Soviet delegation to the World Conference on Women in Copenhagen and played a critical role in shaping the socialist women's global agenda for peace. She attained the rank of deputy to the Supreme Soviet, membership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Central Committee, Vice President of the International Woman’s Democratic Federation and President of the Soviet-Algerian Friendship Society.

She was decorated with the Hero of the Soviet Union medal, the USSR's highest award. She was also awarded the Order of Lenin, Order of the October Revolution, numerous other medals, and foreign orders including the Karl Marx Order, United Nations Gold Medal of Peace and the Simba International Women’s Movement Award. She was also bestowed a title of the Hero of Socialist Labor of Czechoslovakia, Hero of Labor of Vietnam, and Hero of Mongolia. In 1990 she received an honorary doctorate from the University of Edinburgh. Tereshkova crater on the far side of the Moon was named after her.

Tereshkova in 1970

After the collapse of the Soviet Union, Tereshkova lost her political office but none of her prestige. To this day, she is revered as a heroine, and to some her importance in Russian space history is only surpassed by Yuri Gagarin and Alexey Leonov. In 2011, she was elected to the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian legislature, where she continues to serve.[6]

Tereshkova's life and spaceflight were first examined (in the west) in the 1975 book: It Is I, Sea Gull; Valentina Tereshkova, the first woman in space by Mitchel R. Sharpe[7] and then again in greater detail of her life and spaceflight in the 2007 book Into That Silent Sea by Colin Burgess and Francis French, including interviews with Tereshkova and her colleagues.

Tereshkova was invited to Prime Minister Vladimir Putin's residence in Novo-Ogaryovo for the celebration of her 70th birthday. While there she said that she would like to fly to Mars, even if it meant that it was a one way trip.[8]

On 5 April 2008, she became a torchbearer of the 2008 Summer Olympics torch relay in Saint Petersburg, Russia.[9]

She received the Eduard Rhein Ring of Honor from the German Eduard Rhein Foundation in 2007.[10][11]

Personal life[edit]

After the Vostok 6 flight a rumour began circulating that she would marry Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004), the only bachelor cosmonaut to have flown. Nikolayev and Tereshkova married on 3 November 1963 at the Moscow Wedding Palace with Khrushchev himself presiding at the wedding party together with top government and space programme leaders.

On 8 June 1964, she gave birth to their daughter Elena Andrianovna Nikolaeva-Tereshkova,[12] who became a doctor and was the first person to have both a mother and father who had travelled into space. She and Nikolayev divorced in 1982. Her second husband, the orthopaedist Yuliy G. Shaposhnikov, died in 1999.

The wedding ceremony of pilot-cosmonauts Valentina Tereshkova and Andriyan Nikolayev, 3 November 1963.

Honours and awards[edit]

Tereshkova at the Heureka science centre, in Finland, 2002
Valentina Tereshkova and Neil Armstrong, 1970
Tereshkova visiting the Lvov confectionary, 1967
Valentina Tereshkova among delegates of the 24th CPSU congress, 1971
Valentina Tereshkova and NASA astronaut Catherine Coleman at the Gagarin Cosmonaut Training Center in December 2010.
Tereshkova receives the Order of Friendship from Russian President Dmitry Medvedev on 12 April 2011 at the Moscow Kremlin.
This article incorporates information from the equivalent article on the Russian Wikipedia.
Russian
  • Order of Alexander Nevsky (2013) [13]
  • Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
    • 2nd class (6 March 2007) – for outstanding contribution to the development of domestic space
    • 3rd class (6 March 1997) – for services to the state and the great personal contribution to the development of domestic space
  • Order of Honour (10 June 2003) – for outstanding contribution to the development and strengthening of international scientific, cultural and social ties
  • Order of Friendship (12 April 2011) – for outstanding contribution to the development of national manned space flight and long-term fruitful public activity
  • Russian Federation State Prize for outstanding achievements in the field of humanitarian action in 2008 (4 June 2009)
  • Certificates of appreciation from the Government of the Russian Federation;
    • 16 June 2008, – for long-term fruitful state and public activities, considerable personal contribution to the development of manned space flight and in connection with the 45th anniversary of spaceflight
    • 12 June 2003, – for large contribution to the development of manned space flight
    • 3 March 1997) – for the contribution to the development of space, the strengthening of international scientific and cultural ties and years of diligent work
Soviet
Other awards – Warsaw Pact
Other awards
Scientific, social and religious organizations
  • Gold Medal, Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR
  • Gold Medal of the British Society for interplanetary communications "For achievements in space exploration" (February 1964)
  • Gold Medal of the "Cosmos" (FAI)
  • Award Galambera Astronautics
  • Gold Medal of Peace Joliot-Curie (France, 1964)
  • Order "Wind Rose" International Committee of the National Aeronautics and Space Missions
  • "Golden mimosa" of the Italian Union of Women (1963)
  • Sign of the Komsomol "For active in the League" (1963)
  • Gold Medal Exhibition of Economic Achievements (28 June 1963)
  • Honour of DOSAAF (1 July 1963)
  • Order of St. Euphrosyne, Grand Duchess of Moscow, 2nd class (2008)
Honorary Citizenships

Kaluga, Yaroslavl (Russia), Karaganda, Baikonur (Leninsk, Kazakhstan, 1977), Gyumri (Leninakan, Armenia, 1965), Vitebsk (Belarus, 1975), Montreux (Switzerland), Drancy (France), Montgomery (UK), Polizzi Generosa (Italy), Darkhan (Mongolia, 1965), Sofia, Burgas, Petrich, Stara Zagora, Pleven, Varna (Bulgaria, 1963), Bratislava (Slovakia, 1963)

Recognition

Various locations and monuments have been named after Valentina Tereshkova:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License

Mashpedia enables any individual or company to promote their own Youtube-hosted videos or Youtube Channels, offering a simple and effective plan to get them in front of our engaged audience.

Want to learn more? Please contact us at: hello@mashpedia.com

Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014