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The Talk of Vandalia Illinois part 1.mp4
The Talk of Vandalia Illinois part 1.mp4
Published: 2011/11/01
Channel: bayli2003
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Illinois
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Illinois' Oldest Statehouse in Vandalia"
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: WTVP
Vandalia Illinois
Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2010/02/25
Channel: sjohnson167
On the Inside: A Tour of an Illinois prison
On the Inside: A Tour of an Illinois prison's meat plant
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: mtgrouponline
Vandalia 2K15
Vandalia 2K15
Published: 2015/08/30
Channel: Nathan Rodes
Vandalia Illinois
Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2014/06/27
Channel: sirvirtualtours
Vandalia, IL | Building Roof Collapse
Vandalia, IL | Building Roof Collapse
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Effingham Daily News
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Old State Cemetery In Vandalia, Illinois"
Illinois Adventure #1503 "Old State Cemetery In Vandalia, Illinois"
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: WTVP
Vandalia Industrial Building, Vandalia, Illinois
Vandalia Industrial Building, Vandalia, Illinois
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: Mike French
Illinois Interstate 70 Accidents - Vandalia Illinois - Slick Roads
Illinois Interstate 70 Accidents - Vandalia Illinois - Slick Roads
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: It's A Brandon Thing
Flooding in Vandalia, Illinois
Flooding in Vandalia, Illinois
Published: 2013/07/10
Channel: daniel michel
Vandalia IL Kyle and Steven
Vandalia IL Kyle and Steven
Published: 2008/10/27
Channel: jadapmarie
IL RT 40E, RR1, Box 300 Vandalia Illinois
IL RT 40E, RR1, Box 300 Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2014/07/05
Channel: sirvirtualtours
Family Reunion in Vandalia Illinois
Family Reunion in Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2014/01/21
Channel: Dirty D
Mind Control At Vandalia IL Prison 1999 NWO
Mind Control At Vandalia IL Prison 1999 NWO
Published: 2011/12/05
Channel: Arcturus aReaganDesignee
Neil F Clark 1991 Its a Cheatin Vandalia IL
Neil F Clark 1991 Its a Cheatin Vandalia IL
Published: 2011/03/10
Channel: bayli2003
4/19/2013 Vandalia, IL Major River Flooding B-Roll
4/19/2013 Vandalia, IL Major River Flooding B-Roll
Published: 2013/04/20
Channel: StormChasingVideo
205 S Cherry St, Vandalia, IL 62471
205 S Cherry St, Vandalia, IL 62471
Published: 2017/05/27
Channel: Tyler Schmitt
125 E Johnson St, Vandalia, IL 62471
125 E Johnson St, Vandalia, IL 62471
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Tyler Schmitt
EDN VIDEO: Kaskaskia River Flood - Vandalia, IL
EDN VIDEO: Kaskaskia River Flood - Vandalia, IL
Published: 2015/12/29
Channel: Effingham Daily News
Day 18- Vandalia, IL
Day 18- Vandalia, IL
Published: 2009/06/27
Channel: Ed Cheung
135 Randolph St, Vandalia, IL 62471 Real estate listing - Tyler Schmitt
135 Randolph St, Vandalia, IL 62471 Real estate listing - Tyler Schmitt
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Tyler Schmitt
Coal train in Vandalia Illinois
Coal train in Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Salem Train Spotters
Heavy Snow Vandalia, Illinois 02-15-2015
Heavy Snow Vandalia, Illinois 02-15-2015
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: Shae Cohan
Vandalia, IL | A Look Around Vandalia | Habitat for Humanity® | Fayette County, IL
Vandalia, IL | A Look Around Vandalia | Habitat for Humanity® | Fayette County, IL
Published: 2013/10/10
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
"Stop Pretending" Easter 2015 Vandalia Illinois
"Stop Pretending" Easter 2015 Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2015/03/23
Channel: Metro Community Church
Colin Ledbetter Vandalia, IL High School Class of 2014
Colin Ledbetter Vandalia, IL High School Class of 2014
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Steve Ledbetter
Vandalia IL Short Lines Vol.2 Vandalia Railroad
Vandalia IL Short Lines Vol.2 Vandalia Railroad
Published: 2012/07/07
Channel: waltersrailroad
Kaskaskia Dragon  Vandalia, Illinois (filmed by Beverly King)
Kaskaskia Dragon Vandalia, Illinois (filmed by Beverly King)
Published: 2012/12/31
Channel: Carl King
Second Chance Animal Rescue of Vandalia Illinois
Second Chance Animal Rescue of Vandalia Illinois
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: Scott Jenkins
Window Treatments Vandalia IL | 855-598-3344 | Window Coverings Illinois
Window Treatments Vandalia IL | 855-598-3344 | Window Coverings Illinois
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Betty Ross
MS Flight Simulator X - Beechcraft 1900C, Vandalia, Illinois to Saint Louis, Missouri - Feb 6th #1
MS Flight Simulator X - Beechcraft 1900C, Vandalia, Illinois to Saint Louis, Missouri - Feb 6th #1
Published: 2016/02/07
Channel: GFDyfed
Economy Inn - Vandalia in Vandalia IL
Economy Inn - Vandalia in Vandalia IL
Published: 2016/04/05
Channel: Patricia Longnecker
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Association of Lincoln Presenters Convention
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Association of Lincoln Presenters Convention
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
Fatal Van Accident Near Vandalia, IL
Fatal Van Accident Near Vandalia, IL
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: STLMoms
ADS Electric Co - Vandalia, IL
ADS Electric Co - Vandalia, IL
Published: 2010/07/06
Channel: yellowbook
Vaughn Reunion Vandalia, IL 1992
Vaughn Reunion Vandalia, IL 1992
Published: 2009/03/07
Channel: cbrash7743
Vandalia, IL WWII Reenactment (October 12, 2013)
Vandalia, IL WWII Reenactment (October 12, 2013)
Published: 2013/10/13
Channel: DarkVegetaman
State house Vandalia Illinois-hoftv
State house Vandalia Illinois-hoftv
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: HandOverFist TV
Andy Daley, Vandalia, IL
Andy Daley, Vandalia, IL
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: Cheryl Parker
Schaufelberger Law Offices Ltd - Vandalia, IL
Schaufelberger Law Offices Ltd - Vandalia, IL
Published: 2010/06/21
Channel: yellowbook
Vandalia, IL | 2014 Lincoln Heritage Festival | Vintage "Base Ball"
Vandalia, IL | 2014 Lincoln Heritage Festival | Vintage "Base Ball"
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
RR 1 Box 376, Vandalia, IL
RR 1 Box 376, Vandalia, IL
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: Sky View
CSX 8566 & HLCX 8148 Westbound at Vandalia, Illinois 07/04/2015
CSX 8566 & HLCX 8148 Westbound at Vandalia, Illinois 07/04/2015
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: CRSD60I
Vandalia IL | "Abe" Clymer Receives Key to the City of Vandalia
Vandalia IL | "Abe" Clymer Receives Key to the City of Vandalia
Published: 2015/04/19
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
Downtown Vandalia Illinois building demolition torn down
Downtown Vandalia Illinois building demolition torn down
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: Toolauction01
2511 Whitler Lane, Vandalia, IL
2511 Whitler Lane, Vandalia, IL
Published: 2015/09/18
Channel: Sky View
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Lincoln Heritage Festival - Vintage Base Ball
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Lincoln Heritage Festival - Vintage Base Ball
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
1839 N 500th St Vandalia Il
1839 N 500th St Vandalia Il
Published: 2016/10/04
Channel: KristienWest
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Lincoln Heritage Festival - Battery G
Vandalia, IL | 2015 Lincoln Heritage Festival - Battery G
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: MillsDigitalCommLLC
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Vandalia
City
Downtown Vandalia IL 1.jpg
Motto: "Oldest Existing Illinois Capital City"
Location of Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois.
Location of Vandalia in Fayette County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 38°58′5″N 89°6′7″W / 38.96806°N 89.10194°W / 38.96806; -89.10194Coordinates: 38°58′5″N 89°6′7″W / 38.96806°N 89.10194°W / 38.96806; -89.10194
Country United States
State Illinois
County Fayette
Area[1]
 • Total 8.16 sq mi (21.15 km2)
 • Land 8.15 sq mi (21.11 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.04 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 7,042
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 7,054
 • Density 865.63/sq mi (334.21/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP Code(s) 62471
Area code(s) 618
FIPS code 17-77317
Wikimedia Commons Vandalia, Illinois

Vandalia is a town in Fayette County, Illinois, United States, 69 miles (111 km) northeast of St. Louis, on the Kaskaskia River. It served as the state capital of Illinois from 1819 until 1839, when the seat of state government moved to Springfield (which remains the capital today). Vandalia was for years the western terminus of the National Road.

Today, Vandalia is the county seat of Fayette County[3] and the home of the Vandalia State House State Historic Site (1836). The population was 7,042 at the 2010 Census.

History[edit]

Madonna of the Trail statue in front of the Vandalia State House.

Vandalia was founded in 1819 as a new capital city for Illinois.[4] The previous capital, Kaskaskia, was unsuitable because it was under the constant threat of flooding. The townsite was hastily prepared for the 1820 meeting of the Illinois General Assembly.[4]

The history of the name Vandalia is uncertain. Different theories can be found in almost all of the books written about Vandalia over the years. In her book Vandalia: Wilderness Capital of Lincoln's Land, Mary Burtschi tells of a conversation between one of the original surveyors of the town and a Vandalia resident. The surveyor, Colonel Greenup, explained that Van was suggested by one of the men. He recommended this as an abbreviation to the word vanguard meaning the forefront of an advancing movement. Another suggestion was made for the term dalia, derived from the Anglo-Saxon word dale which means a valley between hills. Greenup takes credit in the conversation for connecting the two terms to form the name Vandalia.

Another possible source of the name is the Vandalia colony, a failed attempt to establish a fourteenth colony in part of what is now West Virginia and Ohio. The Vandalia colony was named in honor of Queen Charlotte, who claimed descent from the Wendish tribe of Obodrites, also called the Vandals.

Another theory put forth is that Vandalia was named by those who located the state capital in the town; according to the story, they mistakenly thought the Vandals were a brave Native American tribe, rather than of Germanic origins.[5][6]

The law under which Vandalia was founded included a provision that the capital would not be moved for twenty years.[7] Even before the end of this period, the population center of the state had shifted far north of Vandalia.[8] In 1837, the General Assembly voted to move the capital to Springfield.[8]

On November 21, 1915, the Liberty Bell passed through Vandalia on its nationwide tour, while being returned to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania from the Panama-Pacific International Exposition in San Francisco.[5][9]

In the early 1960s the sociologist Joseph Lyford examined the social structure of Vandalia in a book-length study that revealed the essentially corporatist nature of decision-making in the city; this work was recently revisited by the Economist newspaper. [10]

Population trends[edit]

In 1900, 2,665 people lived in Vandalia; in 1910, 2,974; and in 1940, 5,288. The population was 6,975 at the 2000 census.

Education[edit]

Vandalia is home to the Okaw Valley Area Vocational Center, which trains high school students in vocational trades. It also serves vocational students from nearby high schools such as those in Greenville and Mulberry Grove. The building trades class at the center each year purchases property in Vandalia, builds a house, and sells the improved property. They have sold 33 homes constructed by students.[11]

Geography[edit]

Vandalia is located at 38°58′5″N 89°6′7″W / 38.96806°N 89.10194°W / 38.96806; -89.10194 (38.568077, -89.101995).[12]

According to the 2010 census, Vandalia has a total area of 8.116 square miles (21.02 km2), of which 8.1 square miles (20.98 km2) (or 99.8%) is land and 0.016 square miles (0.04 km2) (or 0.2%) is water.[13]

Vandalia is situated on Interstate 70, U.S. Route 40 (the National Road) and U.S. Route 51.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 419
1860 1,145 173.3%
1870 1,771 54.7%
1880 2,056 16.1%
1890 2,144 4.3%
1900 2,665 24.3%
1910 2,974 11.6%
1920 3,316 11.5%
1930 4,342 30.9%
1940 5,288 21.8%
1950 5,471 3.5%
1960 5,537 1.2%
1970 5,160 −6.8%
1980 5,338 3.4%
1990 6,114 14.5%
2000 6,975 14.1%
2010 7,042 1.0%
Est. 2016 7,054 [2] 0.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 6,975 people, 2,344 households, and 1,425 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,231.3 people per square mile (475.8/km²). There were 2,543 housing units at an average density of 448.9 per square mile (173.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 95.57% White, 2.01% African American, 0.13% Native American, 0.30% Asian, 0.50% from other races, and 0.49% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.71% of the population.

There were 2,344 households out of which 28.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.3% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.2% were non-families. 35.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.25 and the average family size was 2.90.

In the city, the population was spread out with 18.3% under the age of 18, 12.4% from 18 to 24, 34.3% from 25 to 44, 17.9% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females there were 134.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 144.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $30,857, and the median income for a family was $39,762. Males had a median income of $27,342 versus $19,109 for females. The per capita income for the city was $14,918. About 8.9% of families and 15.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 21.4% of those under age 18 and 13.8% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Vandalia is governed using the mayor council system. The council consists of eight members elected from one of four wards with each ward electing two members. The mayor along with the city clerk and treasurer are elected in a citywide vote.[citation needed]

Notable people[edit]

In fiction and popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 30, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ a b "Vandalia, Illinois History". Vandalia, Illinois. City of Vandalia. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  5. ^ a b Allan H. Keith, Historical Stories: About Greenville and Bond County, IL. Consulted on August 15, 2007.
  6. ^ Allen, John W. (January 11, 1963). "Place Names Have Colorful History". The Southeast Missourian. p. 6. Retrieved 27 April 2015. 
  7. ^ "Springfield's Long Nine". the New York Times. 1 December 1900. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  8. ^ a b Power, John Carroll (1876). History of the early settlers of Sangamon County, Illinois : centennial record. Springfield, Illinois: Edwin A. Wilson & Co. p. 46. Retrieved 10 July 2015. 
  9. ^ "Liberty Bell Attracts Crowd in Greenville During 1915 Stop". Greenville Advocate. July 3, 2007. 
  10. ^ "The view from Vandalia: A half century on, a much-studied small city has lessons to teach". The Economist. December 22, 2012. 
  11. ^ "BUILDING TRADES CLASS BUILDS 33RD HOME". WGEL. May 21, 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-14. 
  12. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  13. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-12-27. 
  14. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  16. ^ https://scholar.google.com/scholar_case?case=11476101964234248941&hl=en&as_sdt=6&as_vis=1&oi=scholarr

External links[edit]

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