|Editor||Timothy M. Gray|
|Frequency||Weekly and Daily|
1905 (New York City)
1933 (Los Angeles)
1998 (New York)
|Company||Penske Business Media|
|Based in||Los Angeles, California|
Variety is a weekly American entertainment-trade magazine owned by Penske Media Corporation. It was founded by Sime Silverman in New York in 1905 as a weekly; in 1933 it added Daily Variety, based in Los Angeles, to cover the motion-picture industry; in 1998 it brought out Daily Variety Gotham, based in New York. Variety.com is a paid site of news, reviews, archives, box office results, credits database, production charts and calendar, with content dating back to 1914. The last daily printed edition was put out on March 19, 2013.
Variety has been published since December 16, 1905, when it was launched by Sime Silverman as a weekly periodical covering vaudeville with its headquarters in New York City. In 1933, Sime Silverman launched Daily Variety, based in Hollywood.
Sime Silverman had passed on the editorship of the Weekly Variety to Abel Green as his replacement in 1931; he remained as publisher until his death in 1933 soon after launching the Daily. His son Sidne Silverman (1901–1950), known as "Skigie", succeeded him as publisher of both publications. Both Sidne and his wife, stage actress Marie Saxon (1905–1942), died of tuberculosis. Their only son Syd Silverman, born 1932, was the sole heir to what was then Variety Inc. Young Syd's legal guardian Harold Erichs oversaw Variety Inc. until 1956. After that date Syd Silverman was publisher of both the Weekly Variety in New York and the Daily Variety in Hollywood, until the sale of both papers in 1987 to the Cahners Corp. In L.A. the Daily was edited by Tom Pryor from 1959 until 1988.
For twenty years its editor-in-chief was Peter Bart, originally only of the weekly New York edition, with Michael Silverman (Syd's son) running the Daily in Hollywood. Bart had worked previously at Paramount Pictures and The New York Times. In April 2009, Bart moved to the position of "vice president and editorial director", characterised online as "Boffo No More: Bart Up and Out at Variety". The current editor is Timothy M. Gray.
In October 2012, Reed Business Information, the periodical's owner, (formerly known as Reed-Elsevier, which had been parent to Cahner's Corp. in the United States) sold the publication  to Penske Media Corporation bought Variety from Reed Elsevier. PMC is the owner of Nikki Finke's Deadline.com, which since the 2007–2008 Writers Guild of America strike has been considered Variety's largest competitor in online showbiz news. On October 10, 2012, Jay Penske said the paywall will come down, the print will stay and that he will invest more into Variety's digital platform in a townhall.
However, the last daily print edition was put out on March 19, 2013; a print weekly and the online publication remain.
Paid circulation in 2011 was 61,144, including Daily Variety, weekly Variety, and Variety.com, representing 41,554 individuals, some of whom subscribe to more than one of these.
The Variety Foundation focuses on charitable causes in the entertainment industry, and facilitates the raising and donating of funds to these charities via the "Power Of" franchise and various other projects. Its Power of Youth is an initiative that celebrates top young talent and their involvement with philanthropic and humanitarian causes. The event, now in its fourth year, is an invitation-only afternoon full of fun and festivities, with live performances, interactive games, activities, food, photo opportunities and a special presentation.
2010 honorees include Justin Bieber, David Henrie, Victoria Justice, Shailene Woodley and Bow Wow. Past Variety's Power of Youth supporters/honorees include: AnnaLynne McCord, Corbin Bleu, Keke Palmer, Jesse McCartney, Abigail Breslin, The Jonas Brothers, Miranda Cosgrove, Hilary Duff, Dakota Fanning, Selena Gomez, Taylor Lautner, Miley Cyrus and many more.
A Power of Women event honors a select group of women in entertainment who have made a significant difference to their chosen causes. A 'Power of Comedy is an annual stand-up comedy and improv show that benefits the Noreen Fraser Foundation, an organization focused on funding women's cancer research and early detection for the prevention of women's cancer. Variety plans to add a Power of Music event to their philanthropic events in 2012.
For much of its existence, Variety's writers and columnists have used a jargon called slanguage or varietyese (a form of headlinese) that refers especially to the movie industry, and has largely been adopted and imitated by other writers in the industry. Such terms as "boffo box-office biz", "sitcom", "sex appeal", "payola", and even "striptease" are attributed to the influence of the magazine, although its attempt to popularize "infobahn" as a synonym for "information superhighway" never caught on. Its most famous headline was from October 1929, when the stock market crashed: "Wall St. Lays An Egg". Another favorite, "Sticks nix hick pix", was made popular—although the movie-prop version renders it as "Stix nix hix pix!" in Yankee Doodle Dandy (1942), Michael Curtiz's musical-biographical film about George M. Cohan starring James Cagney; translated, it means that rural audiences were not attending rural-themed films. Television series are referred to as "skeins", and heads of companies or corporate teams are called "toppers". In addition, more-common English words and phrases are shortened; "audience members" becomes simply "auds", "performance" becomes "perf", and "network" becomes "net", for example.
A significant portion of the publication's revenue comes during the movie-award season leading up to the Academy Awards. During this time, large numbers of colorful, full-page "For Your Consideration" advertisements inflate the size of Variety to double or triple its usual page count. These advertisements are the studios' attempt to reach other Hollywood professionals who will be voting in the many awards given out in the early part of the year.
In late 2008, Variety moved its Los Angeles offices to 5900 Wilshire, a 31-story office building on Wilshire Boulevard in the heart of the Miracle Mile area. The building was dubbed the Variety Building because a red, illuminated "Variety" sign graced the top north and south sides of the building. T
This is the short list of English-language periodicals with 10,000 or more film reviews reprinted in book form:
Film reviews in Variety continued after the dates of the last reprints.
The complete text of approximately 100,000 entertainment-related obituaries (1905–1986) were reprinted as Variety Obituaries, an 11-volume set, including alphabetical index. Four additional bi-annual reprints were published (for 1987–1994) before the reprint series was discontinued.
In 2009, Variety launched a chart showcasing the top performing film trailers ahead of theatrical release in partnership with media measurement firm Visible Measures.
|Look up Appendix:Words from Variety in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|
Here you can share your comments or contribute with more information, content, resources or links about this topic.