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Sri Vedanta Desikan
Swamy Desikan.jpg
Swamy Sri Vedanta Desikan as in Kanchipuram with lions on two sides
Religion Hinduism
Philosophy Ramanuja's Vishistadvaita
Born Venkatanathan
1268 CE
Thoopul (Thiruthanka) (present-day Kanchipuram District, Tamil Nadu, India)
Died 1369 CE
Guru Sri Kidambi Appullar alias Sri Aathreya Ramanujachariar
Literary works Sri Sthothra Nidhi, Sri Paduka Sahasram, Rahasya Granthams, Sri Desika Prabandham, Kavyams
Honors Sarvathanthra Swathanthrar, Kavitharkiga Simham, Vedanthachariar
Srimathe Nigamantha Maha Desikaya Namah: (श्रीमते निगमान्त महादेशिकाय नमः)

Sri Vedanta Desikan (Swami Desika, Swami Vedanta Desika, Thoopul Nigamaantha Desikan) (1268–1369)[1] was a Sri Vaishnava guru/philosopher and one of the most brilliant stalwarts of Sri Vaishnavism in the post-Ramanuja period. He was a poet, devotee, philosopher and master-teacher (desikan). He was the disciple of Kidambi Appullar, also known as Aathreya Ramanujachariar, who himself was of a master-disciple lineage that began with Ramanuja.[2] Swami Vedanta Desika is considered to be avatar (incarnation) of the divine bell of Venkateswara of Tirumalai by the Vadakalai sect of Sri Vaishavites.Vedanta Desika belongs to Vishwamitra gotra.[3]


In Sri Vaishnavism, a Thanian is a laudatory dedication in verse composed about an acharya by another acharya who is the subject's pupil and someone whom the subject greatly admired.[citation needed] The Thanian of Desika is:

"rAmAnuja-dayA-pAtraM j~nAna-vairAgya-bhUShaNaM |
shrImad-venkaTa-nAthAryaM vande vedAntadeshikaM || "

This Thanian was composed by brahmatantraswatantra jeeyar of Parakala Mutt on the day of star of Hastham, the star of Varadharaja Perumal of Kanchipuram in the Tamil month of Avani. It is recited before starting Divya Prabandham[4][better source needed] — the works of Alwars – by Vadakalayars. It translates as "I salute the great Venkata Natha also called Vedanta Acharya and Lion among poets and logicians and who was well adorned by both Knowledge and discretion and who well deserved the grace of Athreya Ramanujar who also had the same name."[citation needed]

Vazhi Thirunamam[edit]

Vazhi Thirunamam is a set of salutary verses chanted in temples to mark the closure of the day's Divya Prabandha chanting. They are intended to ensure that these temples and the practices as established by the acharyas and desikans will be followed for ever.[citation needed]

Vazhi Thirunamam is a set of "Salutary Verses" that will be chanted in the Temples at the end, marking the closure of the day's Divya Prabandha Chanting. The Salutary Verses are sung in the Temples to ensure that these temples and the practices as established by the Aacharyas and Sri Ramanuja would be followed for ever. Swamy Desikan's Vazhi Thirunamam is being chanted in most of the Vadakalai Divya Desam all over India. The Vazhi thirunamam with the English Transliteration is as following:

"Vanja Para Samayam Mattra Vandhon Vazhiye

Mannu Pughaz Bhoothooran Manamuhappon Vazhiye

Kanja Thirumangai Ughakka Vandhon Vazhiye

Kaliyanurai Kudi Konda Karuththudayon Vazhiye

Senjol Tamil Maraigal Thelindhu Uraippon Vazhiye

Thirumalai Mal Thirumaniyay Sirakka Vandhon Vazhiye

Thanja Parakadhiyay Thantharulvon Vazhiye

Than Tamil Thoopul Thiruvenkadavan Vazhiye!!!

Nanilamum Than Vaala; Naan maraigal Thaam Vaala

Maanagaril Maaran Marai Vaazha

Gyaniyargal Senniani Ser Thoopul Vedantha Desikane

Innum Oru Nootrandirum!!!

Vazhiyani Thoopul varum Vedathasiriyan

Vazhiyavan Paadhara Vindha Malargal

Vazhiyavan Kodhila Thal Malarai Kondadi Kondirukkum

Theethilla Nallor Thiral!"

The meaning of the Tamil Verses are as following:

"May Your grace live long; for you have changed many unrighteous paths to the righteous path

May Your grace live long; for you have lived a life as pleasing to Sri Ramanujacharya

May Your grace live long; for you have given joy for great men with your service

May Your grace live long; for you have been an embodiment of the words of Thirumangai Alwar

May Your grace live long; for you have presented the Tamil Vedas the Divya Prabandams very clearly

May Your grace live long; for you have proved your incarnation of being the Divine bell of the Lord of Seven Hills

May Your grace live long; for you are blessing us with the path of Salvation

May Your grace live long; for you are the Lord of Seven Hills whom came to elaborate the Tamil Verses"

"May our Swami Desikan live for one more century, for the well-being of the Worlds ( The Earth, the worlds above Earth,

the worlds below Earth and the Eternal world), for the well-being of Vedas, for the sacred text of Nammalvar's

Thiruvaimozhi to present glorious in sacred Sri Rangam; Oh Swami Vedanta Desika, the dusts from your holy feet

are being worn by the great Gyanis to get betterment in their Spiritual life; May You live one more century for our sake!"

"May Your grace live long; the grace of Swami Desikan who was born in Thoopul, who has no equivalent in knowledge; who is our

greatest Philosopher; Long live His Lotus Feet! Long live the sacred men who are divine and pious always meditating and

celebrating the grace of this Aacharya and who are staying away from all sorts of evil deeds and who are always surronded with

the good and sacred deeds!"


  1. ^ College, F.X.C.P.C.T.B. (2001). Hindu God, Christian God : How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries between Religions: How Reason Helps Break Down the Boundaries between Religions. Oxford University Press, USA. p. 55. ISBN 978-0-19-803169-7. Retrieved February 18, 2018. 
  2. ^ Iyyangar, V.R. (1981). Venkatesa and Vedanta Desika Dayasatakam: With Meaning and Commentary by V. Rangaswamy Iyyangar. Rangaswamy Iyyangar. p. 4. Retrieved February 18, 2018. 
  3. ^ Mudumby Narasimhachary (2004). Śrī Vedānta Deśika. Sahitya Akademi. p. 9. 
  4. ^ venkat. "desika_life_history_for children". Sri Vaishnava cyber satsangh. Retrieved February 18, 2018. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]


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