The present municipality is a result of the latest local government reform in Sweden. In 1974 the municipalities of Räng, Vellinge and Månstorp (all three created through amalgamation of even smaller units in 1952) amalgamated with the former Town of Skanör med Falsterbo to form a new Vellinge Municipality.
There are nine urban areas (also called a tätort, i.e. locality) in Vellinge Municipality. In the table they are listed according to the size of the population as of December 31, 2005. The municipal seat is in bold characters.