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1
Live Performance 4
Live Performance 4
::2010/10/05::
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Dam shr b ad
Dam shr b ad
::2013/02/11::
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3
Live Performance 5
Live Performance 5
::2010/10/05::
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4
Ingram Marshall - Fog Tropes II (1982)
Ingram Marshall - Fog Tropes II (1982)
::2009/10/22::
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5
Manufactured Homes For Sale Mount Vernon WA Real Estate $37500 2-Bdrms 1.75-Baths
Manufactured Homes For Sale Mount Vernon WA Real Estate $37500 2-Bdrms 1.75-Baths
::2014/08/21::
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6
Jack Ingram "Biloxi" Showcase Performance
Jack Ingram "Biloxi" Showcase Performance
::2012/05/15::
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7
WABC 77 New York - Dan Ingram - April 10, 1968 (1/2)
WABC 77 New York - Dan Ingram - April 10, 1968 (1/2)
::2012/06/17::
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8
Ingram Wilcox wins Millionaire
Ingram Wilcox wins Millionaire
::2011/07/22::
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9
Wolfedance 2007 Jack Ingram Mustang
Wolfedance 2007 Jack Ingram Mustang
::2007/07/07::
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10
Mark Ingram Sports Science Breakdown
Mark Ingram Sports Science Breakdown
::2010/03/28::
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11
Sport Science: Vernon Davis goes through a tight end gauntlet
Sport Science: Vernon Davis goes through a tight end gauntlet
::2010/10/20::
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12
Saints RB Mark Ingram Training.mov
Saints RB Mark Ingram Training.mov
::2011/05/27::
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13
Longtime Vernon Downs announcer calls last horse race
Longtime Vernon Downs announcer calls last horse race
::2014/04/11::
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14
Marquel Ingram Highlights
Marquel Ingram Highlights
::2012/10/06::
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15
"Jupiter - Bring of Jollity" performed by the Barbara Ingram School for the Arts Symphony Orchestra
"Jupiter - Bring of Jollity" performed by the Barbara Ingram School for the Arts Symphony Orchestra
::2014/06/11::
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16
Bishop Ingram - Boston Hartford NEAC First Episcopal District - 3 points
Bishop Ingram - Boston Hartford NEAC First Episcopal District - 3 points
::2013/10/26::
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17
MOH recipient Robert R. Ingram
MOH recipient Robert R. Ingram
::2009/04/07::
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18
2014 OAC State Tourney 146 Jojo Ingram
2014 OAC State Tourney 146 Jojo Ingram
::2014/03/08::
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19
A FLG Maurepas upload - The Ingram Kingdom aka Ingram Family - Put Your Troubles Behind - Soul Funk
A FLG Maurepas upload - The Ingram Kingdom aka Ingram Family - Put Your Troubles Behind - Soul Funk
::2014/05/12::
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20
Raptor wrangler Dennis Ingram
Raptor wrangler Dennis Ingram
::2014/03/17::
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21
Scherrie Payne & Philip Ingram - Incredible
Scherrie Payne & Philip Ingram - Incredible
::2014/04/17::
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22
The Law Office Of Barbara J. Ingram - Sarasota, FL
The Law Office Of Barbara J. Ingram - Sarasota, FL
::2014/02/20::
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23
Ingram - Just for you
Ingram - Just for you
::2008/10/24::
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24
David Ingram #23 Highlights
David Ingram #23 Highlights
::2012/05/10::
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25
10 18 13 Pope John Vernon Football
10 18 13 Pope John Vernon Football
::2013/10/22::
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26
Walking in the Cheviot Hills - Ingram Hillfort Trail
Walking in the Cheviot Hills - Ingram Hillfort Trail
::2014/01/07::
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27
FOR SALE: #105 2420 Ingram Road, West Kelowna, V4T 1L5
FOR SALE: #105 2420 Ingram Road, West Kelowna, V4T 1L5
::2014/06/23::
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28
Ingram Park and the Civil Rights Movement
Ingram Park and the Civil Rights Movement
::2010/03/03::
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29
128 Badin Lake Circle New London, NC 28127  Presented by Ramona Ingram
128 Badin Lake Circle New London, NC 28127 Presented by Ramona Ingram
::2014/03/23::
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30
The National Flag League Video #2 Melvin Ingram Drew Brees
The National Flag League Video #2 Melvin Ingram Drew Brees
::2012/10/08::
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31
One Life to Live June 16 1978 CD 92 Part 2
One Life to Live June 16 1978 CD 92 Part 2
::2014/06/16::
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32
Justin Ingram
Justin Ingram's best man speech for Belews
::2014/03/29::
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33
Dolly Ingram - Bolton
Dolly Ingram - Bolton's Spicy Chicken & Fish
::2012/09/05::
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34
Mark Ingram Autographed Football - JSA
Mark Ingram Autographed Football - JSA
::2012/12/13::
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35
FOR SALE: 405 Longspoon Drive, Vernon, V1H 2K2
FOR SALE: 405 Longspoon Drive, Vernon, V1H 2K2
::2014/06/23::
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36
ingram drive
ingram drive
::2012/05/07::
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37
Saints 2011 Draft Pick Mark Ingram, Gets Emotional Message from Jailed dad
Saints 2011 Draft Pick Mark Ingram, Gets Emotional Message from Jailed dad
::2011/04/30::
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38
Quincy Ingram Highlights 2010-2011
Quincy Ingram Highlights 2010-2011
::2011/05/18::
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39
'H. Vernon' by Christopher Reid
::2013/10/14::
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40
922 Pinehaven Drive New London, NC 28127  Presented by Ramona Ingram
922 Pinehaven Drive New London, NC 28127 Presented by Ramona Ingram
::2014/03/24::
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41
Mount Vernon New York Police Department Training Videos c.1968
Mount Vernon New York Police Department Training Videos c.1968
::2013/01/27::
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42
Conference Championship- Vernon Davis & Frank Gore- Road to the Super Bowl- Giants 49ers Madden 13
Conference Championship- Vernon Davis & Frank Gore- Road to the Super Bowl- Giants 49ers Madden 13
::2012/01/29::
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43
Johnny Ingram-Your Precious Love
Johnny Ingram-Your Precious Love
::2013/04/25::
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44
RAPID FIRE-Alyssa Rivera tackles Olivier Vernon
RAPID FIRE-Alyssa Rivera tackles Olivier Vernon
::2012/12/05::
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45
Please Come Home For Christmas ~ The DooWoper {Michael Ingram}
Please Come Home For Christmas ~ The DooWoper {Michael Ingram}
::2013/12/13::
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46
Homes for Sale - 1617 W Cumberland St Philadelphia PA 19132 - Cindy Ingram
Homes for Sale - 1617 W Cumberland St Philadelphia PA 19132 - Cindy Ingram
::2013/10/17::
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47
Chip Ingram - Building Below the Water Line, (short clip)
Chip Ingram - Building Below the Water Line, (short clip)
::2012/08/18::
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Chip Ingram - Building Below the Water Line, part 1. [James 3:13-18]
Chip Ingram - Building Below the Water Line, part 1. [James 3:13-18]
::2012/08/18::
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Shad Ingram, DDS  - VIP Dream Smiles
Shad Ingram, DDS - VIP Dream Smiles
::2012/07/06::
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Chip Ingram - Warning When Changing part 2 [II Cor 3:5]
Chip Ingram - Warning When Changing part 2 [II Cor 3:5]
::2012/08/09::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vernon Martin Ingram
Born (1924-05-19)19 May 1924
Breslau, Germany
Died 17 August 2006(2006-08-17) (aged 82)
Boston, Massachusetts
Residence Germany, United Kingdom, United States
Nationality German
Fields Biologist
Institutions MIT
Alma mater University of London
Doctoral advisor Fred Barrow
Notable awards William Allan Award (1967)
Spouse Elizabeth Ingram
Children Peter, Jennifer

Vernon Martin Ingram, Ph.D., FRS (19 May 1924 — 17 August 2006) was a German American professor of biology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Biography[edit]

Ingram was born in Breslau, Lower Silesia. When he was 14, he and his family left Nazi Germany because of their opposition to Nazism and settled in England.

During the Second World War, Ingram worked at a chemical factory producing drugs for the war effort and at night studied at Birkbeck College at the University of London. He received a bachelor's degree in chemistry in 1945 and a PhD in organic chemistry in 1949.

After receiving his doctorate, Ingram worked at postdoctoral appointments at the Rockefeller Institute and Yale University. At Rockefeller, he worked with Moses Kunitz on crystallizing proteins. While at Yale, he studied peptide chemistry with Joseph Fruton. In 1952, Ingram returned to England and started working at the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge, studying protein chemistry.

In 1956, Ingram, John A. Hunt, and Antony O. W. Stretton determined that the change in the hemoglobin molecule in sickle cell disease and trait was the substitution of the glutamic acid in position 6 of the β-chain of the normal protein by valine. Ingram used electrophoresis and chromatography to show that the amino acid sequence of normal human and sickle cell anemia hemoglobins differed due to a single substituted amino acid residue. Much of this work was done with the support of Max Perutz and Francis Crick. Ingram won the William Allan Award from the American Society of Human Genetics in 1967.

This was the first time a researcher demonstrated that a single amino acid exchange in a protein can cause a disease or disorder. As a result, Vernon Ingram is sometimes referred to as "The father of Molecular Medicine." [1]

Ingram joined the MIT faculty in 1958, intending to stay for only one year. He found that he enjoyed it there so much that he stayed on. While at MIT, Ingram collaborated with Paul Marks of Columbia University on hemoglobin research. He was also interested in embryonic hemoglobin and how it differed from that of adults.

By the 1980s, Ingram became interested in neuroscience and especially Alzheimer's Disease. His interest was sparked by the work his second wife, Elizabeth (Beth), was doing with mentally retarded people in the Boston area. She had heard that Down syndrome was a disease of the neurofilaments; this turned out not to be the cause, but it was noted that people with Down syndrome did develop Alzheimer's Disease by the time they were 40.

After retirement, Ingram continued his research, maintaining a small laboratory at MIT. He and his wife, Beth, were housemasters of Ashdown House at MIT for 16 years. Asteroid 6285 Ingram is named in their honor. [2] He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2002. [3]

Ingram died in Boston, Massachusetts, on August 17, 2006 of injuries stemming from a fall.

See also[edit]

Selected publications[edit]

  • Ingram, V.M. (1956). "A Specific Chemical Difference between Globins of Normal and Sickle-cell Anemia Hemoglobins". Nature 178 (4537): 792–794. doi:10.1038/178792a0. PMID 13369537. 
  • Ingram,, V.M. (1957). "Gene Mutations in Human Hemoglobin: The Chemical Difference between Normal and Sickle Hemoglobin". Nature 180 (4581): 326–328. doi:10.1038/180326a0. PMID 13464827. 
  • Hunt, J.A.; V.M. Ingram (1958). "Abnormal Human Haemoglobins. II. The Chymotryptic Digestion of the Trypsin-resistant Core of Haemoglobins A and S". Biochimica et Biophysica Acta 28 (3): 46–549. doi:10.1016/0006-3002(58)90517-1. PMID 13560405. 
  • Blanchard, B.J.; A. Chen, C. Kelly, K. Stafford, B. Stockwell & V.M. Ingram (2004). "Novel Compounds eliminate the Neurotoxicity of the Alzheimer Aβ Peptide". Abstr. Massachusetts Alzheimer’s Disease Research Center, Annual meeting. 
  • Ingram, V.M.; B.J. Blanchard, A. Chen, C. Kelly, K. Stafford & B. Stockwell (2004). "Blocking the Initial Molecular Mechanism of Alzheimer’s Disease". Abstr. International Congress on Alzheimer’s Disease, Philadelphia. 
  • Ingram, V.M. (2004). "The Role of Alzheimer Aβ Peptides in Ion Transport across Cell Membranes, in Subcellular Biochemistry: Alzheimer’s Disease". In eds. Harris, R., Fahrenholz, F. Cellular and Molecular Aspects of Amyloid. London: Kluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers. 
  • Colby, D.W.; P. Garg, G. Chao, J. Webster, A. Messer, V.M. Ingram and K.D. Wittrup (17 September 2004). "Development of a Human Variable Light Chain Domain Intracellular Antibody against Huntingtin via Yeast Surface Display". J. Mol. Biol. 342 (3): 901–12. doi:10.1016/j.jmb.2004.07.054. PMID 15342245. 
  • Webster, J.M.; D.W. Colby, V.M. Ingram, K.D. Wittrup and A. Messer (November 2004). "Enhanced anti-Huntington's Disease Intrabodies". Abstract Soc. Neurosci. 

Inaugural Article: Efficient reversal of Alzheimer's disease fibril formation and elimination of neurotoxicity by a small molecule Barbara J. Blanchard, Albert Chen, Leslie M. Rozeboom, Kate A. Stafford, Peter Weigele, and Vernon M. Ingram PNAS 2004 101: 14326-14332

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2002 National Academy Fellows". Genome Biology. 2002-05-02. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  2. ^ Darren J. Clarke (2002-07-17). "Surprise! High-flying Tribute for Ingrams". MIT News Office. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 
  3. ^ "Three Faculty Named to NAS". MIT News Office. 2002-05-15. Retrieved 2006-10-25. 

External links[edit]

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