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2017 Heritage Awards: Victoria Gray Adams
2017 Heritage Awards: Victoria Gray Adams
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Mississippi Power
Bob Moses and Victoria Gray Adams: Civil Rights as Theological Drama
Bob Moses and Victoria Gray Adams: Civil Rights as Theological Drama
Published: 2013/02/05
Channel: LivedTheology
Nettsaanett Victoria Gray as Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams)
Nettsaanett Victoria Gray as Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams)
Published: 2009/07/27
Channel: cecilsonya
Nettsaanett Victoria Gray as Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams)
Nettsaanett Victoria Gray as Victoria Jackson Gray (Adams)
Published: 2009/07/27
Channel: cecilsonya
GRAY & ADAMS PROMO VIDEO
GRAY & ADAMS PROMO VIDEO
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Genoa Black
will you remember me victoria gray
will you remember me victoria gray
Published: 2008/06/03
Channel: ilovevictoriagray99
Battle of the Network Stars - Victoria Principal (CBS) vs. Cheryl Tiegs (ABC) | LIVE 5-7-78
Battle of the Network Stars - Victoria Principal (CBS) vs. Cheryl Tiegs (ABC) | LIVE 5-7-78
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Sports Warehouse
Shock ! Trumps Pro Nuke Little D Flips on Rod Adams $ No Agenda Crews
Shock ! Trumps Pro Nuke Little D Flips on Rod Adams $ No Agenda Crews
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: BeautifulGirlByDana
Monrovia Idol Audition 2009 - Victoria Gray (pt1 performance)
Monrovia Idol Audition 2009 - Victoria Gray (pt1 performance)
Published: 2009/08/16
Channel: coolguyonafriday
Maroon 5 - Love Somebody
Maroon 5 - Love Somebody
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Maroon5VEVO
Breakdown Services Interviews Cindy Tolan and Victoria Thomas at the 2016 Artios Awards
Breakdown Services Interviews Cindy Tolan and Victoria Thomas at the 2016 Artios Awards
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Breakdown Services
Debussy, C
Debussy, C'est l'extase langoureuse: Victoria Adams & Francisco Carey
Published: 2015/12/13
Channel: Victoria Adams
Spike et RingMaster Vs Dom Kruger et BG Adams: 23 septembre 2017
Spike et RingMaster Vs Dom Kruger et BG Adams: 23 septembre 2017
Published: 2017/09/26
Channel: stephanelatendresse
2017 Heritage Awards: Lucimarian Tolliver Roberts
2017 Heritage Awards: Lucimarian Tolliver Roberts
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Mississippi Power
2017 Heritage Awards: Lawrence Guyot Jr.
2017 Heritage Awards: Lawrence Guyot Jr.
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Mississippi Power
Nudgee College Touch Football 2017
Nudgee College Touch Football 2017
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Ken Adams
What Was The Freedom Summer?
What Was The Freedom Summer?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Question Out
Standing on My Sisters
Standing on My Sisters' Shoulders (Accessible Preview)
Published: 2017/07/05
Channel: dcmpnad
2017 Heritage Awards: Colonel Lawrence E. Roberts
2017 Heritage Awards: Colonel Lawrence E. Roberts
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Mississippi Power
Brief History of the Royal Family
Brief History of the Royal Family
Published: 2015/09/09
Channel: CGP Grey
Civil War Veterans on Film, ECHOES OF THE BLUE & GRAY, Gettysburg Reunion THE VACANT CHAIR
Civil War Veterans on Film, ECHOES OF THE BLUE & GRAY, Gettysburg Reunion THE VACANT CHAIR
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: InsideKearnyCastle
On Floor at the Convention | Freedom Summer 1964 | MPB
On Floor at the Convention | Freedom Summer 1964 | MPB
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Mississippi Public Broadcasting
Adams Off Grid Solar: It
Adams Off Grid Solar: It's Winter Time! No Sun
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: Adam Kuklych
Victoria Beckham On New Clothing Line, Family And A Spice Girls Reunion | TODAY
Victoria Beckham On New Clothing Line, Family And A Spice Girls Reunion | TODAY
Published: 2017/03/17
Channel: TODAY
73 Questions with Victoria Beckham
73 Questions with Victoria Beckham
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: Vogue
Niall Horan - Slow Hands (Lyric Video)
Niall Horan - Slow Hands (Lyric Video)
Published: 2017/05/15
Channel: NiallHoranVEVO
Preacher rebukes Joel Osteen in the middle of Lakewood Church!
Preacher rebukes Joel Osteen in the middle of Lakewood Church!
Published: 2015/01/29
Channel: Repent Houston
Dave Adams Agent Profile 2007 Victoria Avenue, Broadbea...
Dave Adams Agent Profile 2007 Victoria Avenue, Broadbea...
Published: 2012/05/28
Channel: TheVidgrid
Dr. Sandra Adams Interview 2013 - Part 1
Dr. Sandra Adams Interview 2013 - Part 1
Published: 2013/03/30
Channel: Sandra Adams
Seal  -  Kiss From A Rose (Official Music Video 720p HD) + Lyrics
Seal - Kiss From A Rose (Official Music Video 720p HD) + Lyrics
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: JoJoIsTheBestOfAll
Grace - You Don
Grace - You Don't Own Me ft. G-Eazy
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: OfficialGraceVEVO
Robert Parris Moses
Robert Parris Moses
Published: 2017/02/22
Channel: McKenzie Miller
Barluath - Billy Grey
Barluath - Billy Grey
Published: 2014/02/05
Channel: Barluath
How to Create a Modern Short Cut 2016 (Inspired by Clair Underwood Pixie Cut)
How to Create a Modern Short Cut 2016 (Inspired by Clair Underwood Pixie Cut)
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Adam Ciaccia
Andy Grammer - Give Love feat. LunchMoney Lewis (Official Lyric Video)
Andy Grammer - Give Love feat. LunchMoney Lewis (Official Lyric Video)
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: Andy Grammer
Annie Lennox - I Put A Spell On You
Annie Lennox - I Put A Spell On You
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: AnnieLennoxVEVO
73 Questions with Amy Adams
73 Questions with Amy Adams
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Vogue
Bryan Ferry - Slave To Love
Bryan Ferry - Slave To Love
Published: 2010/04/29
Channel: BryanFerryVEVO
Phil Good ‒ I Miss You [Premiere]
Phil Good ‒ I Miss You [Premiere]
Published: 2017/06/29
Channel: Taz Network
VICTORIA POLICE CONSIDER UNMANNED DRONES
VICTORIA POLICE CONSIDER UNMANNED DRONES
Published: 2012/05/18
Channel: VICTORIA COPWATCH
Seal - Kiss from a rose LIVE 2004
Seal - Kiss from a rose LIVE 2004
Published: 2009/03/31
Channel: showsdoseculo
Civil Rights Review
Civil Rights Review
Published: 2013/05/22
Channel: weasels161
Eric Carmen - Hungry Eyes
Eric Carmen - Hungry Eyes
Published: 2014/01/25
Channel: EricCarmnVEVO
Victoria Police Basketball Tournament (Senior Boys A Final) - January 17, 2015
Victoria Police Basketball Tournament (Senior Boys A Final) - January 17, 2015
Published: 2015/01/19
Channel: smustube
Emily And Haley Ferguson Discuss Their Series, "The Twins: Happily Ever After?" | BUILD Series
Emily And Haley Ferguson Discuss Their Series, "The Twins: Happily Ever After?" | BUILD Series
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: BUILD Series
Battle of the Network Stars Swimming - Victoria Principal (CBS) vs. ABC & NBC | LIVE 5-7-78
Battle of the Network Stars Swimming - Victoria Principal (CBS) vs. ABC & NBC | LIVE 5-7-78
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Sports Warehouse
Scott Faulkner / Dom Adams In-Car Mitsubishi Evo 9 Plains Rally 2017 SS1 Gartheiniog
Scott Faulkner / Dom Adams In-Car Mitsubishi Evo 9 Plains Rally 2017 SS1 Gartheiniog
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Scott Faulkner
Queen Victoria
Queen Victoria's Empire Part 16 of 16
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: FreelyGiveTruth2
Ryan Adams - Dear Chicago - Store Vega, Copenhagen, Denmark on August 9th, 2017
Ryan Adams - Dear Chicago - Store Vega, Copenhagen, Denmark on August 9th, 2017
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: niebuhrsongs
WR Visits CIWW Tatanka Vs Concorde Adams
WR Visits CIWW Tatanka Vs Concorde Adams
Published: 2017/05/07
Channel: Wrestling Rampage
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Victoria Gray Adams
Born Victoria Gray Adams
(1926-11-05)November 5, 1926
Hattiesburg, Mississippi, U.S.
Died August 12, 2006(2006-08-12) (aged 79)
Atlanta, Georgia, U.S.
Alma mater Jackson State College
Occupation civil rights activist
Organization Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party
Movement Civil Rights Movement

Victoria Jackson Gray Adams (November 5, 1926 – August 12, 2006) was an American civil rights activist from Hattiesburg, Mississippi. She was one of the founding members of the influential Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party.

Early life and education[edit]

Victoria Almeter Jackson (later known as Victoria Adams Grey) was born on November 5, 1926 in a black community called Palmer’s Crossing, which is now a part of Hattiesburg, Mississippi. She was the daughter of Mack and Annie Mae Jackson.[1] Her mother died when she was three years old, and she was then raised by her grandparents. Her grandparents were not reliant upon local white people, and ran their own farm. Thus, Adams grew up with a strong sense of independence.[2] In 1945, she graduated from Depriest Consolidated School. She then attended Wilberforce College in Ohio,[3] (Ladner) but had to quit after one year due to lack of funds for tuition. Her first marriage was with Tony West Gray. They had three children: Georgie Rosewitha Gray, Tony West Gray, Jr., and Cecil Conteen Gray. Gray was stationed in Germany at the time, during the Korean war. They returned to the United States and lived in Maryland, during which time Adams worked as a cosmetics sales representative. The marriage began to decline, and they divorced.[2] She later married Rueben Ernest Adams, Jr. They had one son, Reuben Ernest Adams, III.[1]

Civil rights activist[edit]

Victoria Gray Adams’ involvement in the Civil Rights Movement began in the early 1960s when she convinced her pastor to open up their church to workers of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).[2] In the 1960 elections, Adams trained individuals from her hometown in voter registration. Many African Americans at the time were illiterate, which prevented them from registering, so she taught literacy classes in which she taught individuals to read, write, and understand the Constitution.[4] In 1962, she became field secretary for the SNCC, and led a boycott against Hattiesburg businesses. In 1964, Adams, a teacher, door-to-door saleswoman of cosmetics, and leader of voter education classes, decided to run against Senator John Stennis, the Mississippi Democrat who at the time had been in the Senate for 16 years. She announced that she and others from the tiny Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party, of which she was a founding member, along with Fannie Lou Hamer and Annie Devine, would challenge the power of white segregationist politicians like Stennis. The time had come, she said, to pay attention “to the Negro in Mississippi, who had not even had the leavings from the American political table.” During the Freedom Summer of 1964, Adams helped open the Freedom Schools that pushed for civil rights in Mississippi. She went to the 1964 Democratic National Convention in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The Mississippi Democratic Party had withdrawn support for President Lyndon Johnson because of Johnson's work to pass the Civil Rights Act of 1964, and sent an all-white delegation to the convention. The three women fought to be seated among the delegation, but were unsuccessful. The incident, however, led to racial integration reforms within the party.

Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party[edit]

An issue with the regular Mississippi Democratic Party was that it didn’t represent all the people, something the Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) promised to do. Another difference between the two parties, according to Adams, was that the MFDP’s election process was more evenly open to the entire constituency, whereas the Mississippi Democratic party would often deny constituents entrance into the party. Adams called the MFDP the true Democratic Party and boasted its accomplishment of tearing down the “curtain of fear in Mississippi for African Americans demanding their rights.”

When Adams ran for the MFDP in 1964, one of the main issues she planned on focusing on during the campaign was education for citizens in the state. She also stated that “Unemployment, automation, inadequate housing, health care, education, and rural development are the real issues in Mississippi, not ‘states rights’ or ‘federal encroachment.’”[5]

Adams also referred to Fannie Lou Hammer as an inspiration to the movement itself. Adams states that Hammer was a critical figure in inspiring other leaders of the movement. Adams described Hammer’s courage of giving up her job while registering future voters.

The same three women (Adams, Fannie Lou Hamer, and Annie Devine) were honored congressional guests in 1968, and were seated on the floor of the U.S. House of Representatives. Adams moved to Thailand with her second husband and worked on behalf of African-American U.S. servicemen for several years.

Adams said she learned in 1964 that there were two kinds of people in grass-roots politics, “those who are in the movement and those who have the movement in them.” “The movement is in me”, she said, “and I know it always will be.”

Adams also noted that people made a discovery while in Atlantic City. People realized there was a way out of the lives they had been living in for so long. She explained that the way out of that life would be through “the execution of the vote” and getting representation. In an interview with the Virginia Organizing Project, she says, “We were going in the face of the Mississippi Democratic Party, which included some of the most powerful members of the U.S. Congress, to demand that we be recognized to have representation at the Democratic National Convention.”

Adams recalled 1964 as a very proud moment of her life. The Mississippi Freedom Democratic Party (MFDP) recognized that the convention wasn’t helping with their representation problems. The convention presented the MFDP with “meaningless” compromises at which Adams proudly didn’t accept. She also said that one of the most significant lessons learned from the 1964 convention was that when people are presented with the resources such as education, people are able to organize around an issue in order to create change.

Founding of Council of Federated Organizations[edit]

Adams also founded the Council of Federated Organization (COFO). COFO was a coalition of all the freedom organizations working during the Civil Rights Movement. COFO was the main organization responsible for leading all the other umbrella organizations. Adams states the umbrella organizations, which include but are not limited to the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, didn’t have enough resources to invest into the Civil Rights Movement. COFO combined all the resources from the organizations and was able to generate large successes. One of its biggest successes was taking 68 people to the Democratic National Convention.

Adams has received many awards for her courageous work. Two of the most noticeable include, the Martin Luther King, Jr. Community Service Award and the Fannie Lou Hammer Humanitarian Award.

Her first marriage, to Tony Gray, produced three children – Georgie, Tony Jr. (who died in 1997) and Cecil – and ended in divorce in 1964. Other survivors include her second husband, Reuben Earnest Adams Jr. (to whom she had been married for 40 years) and their son, Reuben III; a brother, Glodies Jackson; and eight grandchildren.

Adams died at her son Cecil's home in Baltimore on August 12, 2006, of cancer, aged 79.

On September 9, 2006, a memorial service was held in her memory in a Methodist church near her hometown, Hattiesburg, Mississippi.

Her papers are at the McCain Library and Archives at the University of Southern Mississippi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Collection Title: Adams (Victoria Gray) Papers". McCain Library Archives. The University of Southern Mississippi. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  2. ^ a b c Crawford, Vicki (2007). ""Be Ye Doers of the Word, Not Just Hearers Only": Faith and Politics in the Life of Victoria Gray Adams". Cross Currents: 170–179, 307. 
  3. ^ Ladner, Joyce (Nov–Dec 2006). "Victoria Gray Adams: Steel Magnolia". Crisis. 
  4. ^ Edelman, Marian Wright. "Victoria Gray Adams: A Great Fallen Oak". Children's Defense Fund. Retrieved 16 May 2015. 
  5. ^ "Adams, Victoria Gray, 1926-2006". Civil Rights Digital Library. Digital Library of Georgia. 

External links[edit]

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