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Politics and government of
The Vidhan Sabha (Hindi: विधान सभा) or the Legislative Assembly is the lower house (in states with bicameral) or the sole house (in unicameral states) of the provincial (state) legislature in the different states of India. The same name is also used for the lower house of the legislatures for two of the union territories, Delhi and Puducherry. The upper house in the six states with a bicameral legislature is called the Legislative Council, or Vidhan Parishad. Members of a Vidhan Sabha are direct representatives of the people of the particular state as they are directly elected by an electorate consisting of all adult citizens of that state. Its maximum size as outlined in the Constitution of India is not more than 500 members and not less than 60. However, the size of the Vidhan Sabha can be less than 60 members through an Act of Parliament, such is the case in the states of Goa, Sikkim and Mizoram, [orrisa] The Governor can appoint 1 member to represent the Anglo-Indian community if he or she finds that community to not be adequately represented in the House.
Each Vidhan Sabha is formed for a five-year term after which all seats are up for election. During a State of Emergency, its term may be extended past five years or it may be dissolved. The term of the Legislative Assembly is five years. But it may be dissolved even earlier than five years by the Governor on the request of Chief Minister. The term of the Legislative Assembly may be extended during an Emergency, but not more than six months at a time.It can also be dissolved if a motion of no confidence is passed within it against the majority party or coalition.
To become a member of a Vidhan Sabha, a person must be a citizen of India, not less than 25 years of age. He should be mentally sound and should not be bankrupt. He should also state an affidavit that there are no criminal procedures against him. Speaker of Vidhan Sabha who is responsible for the conduct of business of the body, and also a Deputy Speaker to preside during the Speaker's absence. The Speaker acts as a neutral judge and manages all debates and discussions in the house. Usually he is a member of the stronger political party
A Vidhan Sabha holds equal legislative power with the upper house of state legislature, the Vidhan Parishad ('Legislative Council'), except in the area of money bills in which case the Vidhan Sabha has the ultimate authority.In case of conflict regarding ordinary bills, the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such caases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months(3months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).
A motion of no confidence against the government in the state can only be introduced in the Vidhan Sabha. If it is passed by a majority vote, then the Chief Minister and his Council of Ministers must collectively resign.
A money bill can only be introduced in Vidhan Sabha. After it is passed in the Vidhan Sabha, it is sent to the Vidhan Parishad, where it can be kept for a maximum time of 14 days. Unless a by the Finance Minister of the state in the name of the Governor of that state.
In matters related to ordinary bills,the will of Legislative Assembly prevails and there is no provision of joint sitting. In such cases, Legislative council can delay the legislation by maximum 4 months(3months in first visit and 1 month in the second visit of the bill).
|Vidhan Sabha (Legislative Assembly)||List of constituencies||Location/State Capital|
|Legislative Assembly of Andhra Pradesh||List of constituencies of Andhra Pradesh Vidhan Sabha||Hyderabad|
|Legislative Assembly of Arunachal Pradesh||List of constituencies of Arunachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha||Itanagar|
|Legislative Assembly of Assam||List of constituencies of Assam Vidhan Sabha||Dispur|
|Legislative Assembly of Bihar||List of constituencies of Bihar Vidhan Sabha||Patna|
|Legislative Assembly of Chhattisgarh||List of constituencies of Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha||Raipur|
|Legislative Assembly of Delhi||List of constituencies of Delhi Vidhan Sabha||Delhi|
|Legislative Assembly of Goa||List of constituencies of Goa Vidhan Sabha||Panaji|
|Legislative Assembly of Gujarat||List of constituencies of Gujarat Vidhan Sabha||Gandhinagar|
|Legislative Assembly of Haryana||List of constituencies of Haryana Vidhan Sabha||Chandigarh|
|Legislative Assembly of Himachal Pradesh||List of constituencies of Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha||Shimla|
|Legislative Assembly of Jammu and Kashmir||List of constituencies of Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha||Srinagar|
|Legislative Assembly of Jharkhand||List of constituencies of Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha||Ranchi|
|Legislative Assembly of Karnataka||List of constituencies of Karnataka Vidhan Sabha||Bengaluru|
|Legislative Assembly of Kerala||List of constituencies of Kerala Vidhan Sabha||Thiruvananthapuram|
|Legislative Assembly of Madhya Pradesh||List of constituencies of Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha||Bhopal|
|Legislative Assembly of Maharashtra||List of constituencies of Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha||Mumbai|
|Legislative Assembly of Manipur||List of constituencies of Manipur Vidhan Sabha||Imphal|
|Legislative Assembly of Meghalaya||List of constituencies of Meghalaya Vidhan Sabha||Shillong|
|Legislative Assembly of Mizoram||List of constituencies of Mizoram Vidhan Sabha||Aizawl|
|Legislative Assembly of Nagaland||List of constituencies of Nagaland Vidhan Sabha||Kohima|
|Odisha Legislative Assembly||List of constituencies of Odisha Vidhan Sabha||Bhubaneshwar|
|Legislative Assembly of Punjab||List of constituencies of Punjab Vidhan Sabha||Chandigarh|
|Legislative Assembly of Rajasthan||List of constituencies of Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha||Jaipur|
|Legislative Assembly of Sikkim||List of constituencies of Sikkim Vidhan Sabha||Gangtok|
|Legislative Assembly of Tamil Nadu||List of Assembly constituencies of Tamil Nadu||Chennai|
|Legislative Assembly of Tripura||List of constituencies of Tripura Vidhan Sabha||Agartala|
|Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh||List of constituencies of Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha||Lucknow|
|Legislative Assembly of Uttarakhand||List of constituencies of Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha||Dehradun|
|Legislative Assembly of West Bengal||List of constituencies of West Bengal Vidhan Sabha||Kolkata|
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