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Vienne : un homme fauché par un train alors qu
Vienne : un homme fauché par un train alors qu'il fuyait la police
Published: 2017/11/22
Channel: France 3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
Published: 2012/11/15
Channel: France 3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: Taste From Home
ACTUA DRONE et Théatre Antique de Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Théatre Antique de Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
Quartier - Vienne 38200
Quartier - Vienne 38200
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Quartier Isère
Découverte De Vienne - Isère
Découverte De Vienne - Isère
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: bernard moerman
L
L'Immobilier d'Antoine à Vienne - Isère
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
༺☼♥☼༻Vienne - Isère༺☼♥☼༻
༺☼♥☼༻Vienne - Isère༺☼♥☼༻
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: bernard moerman
Fouilles archéologiques Vienne Isère
Fouilles archéologiques Vienne Isère
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Megasly perso
Ovni 2017 France boule de feux Vienne Isère Rhône-alpes
Ovni 2017 France boule de feux Vienne Isère Rhône-alpes
Published: 2017/12/05
Channel: Malik Bouamara
ACTUA DRONE et EVENEMENT La Passerelle des Chefs - Vienne - Isère
ACTUA DRONE et EVENEMENT La Passerelle des Chefs - Vienne - Isère
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
Visite des 4 CV à Vienne (38)
Visite des 4 CV à Vienne (38)
Published: 2013/02/11
Channel: Thierry Saintagne
Vidéo MALTEZ MACONNERIE - Vienne, Isère (38), Batiment, Maçons - construction et maçonnerie
Vidéo MALTEZ MACONNERIE - Vienne, Isère (38), Batiment, Maçons - construction et maçonnerie
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: INDEXA Vidéo
Visite secrète de Vienne en Isère
Visite secrète de Vienne en Isère
Published: 2018/01/22
Channel: Isère Le Département
ACTUA DRONE et Notre Dame de Pipet - Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Notre Dame de Pipet - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
Classe FLE du Collège Ponsard à Vienne (Isère)
Classe FLE du Collège Ponsard à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Xavier RAUFFET
Vienne: France
Vienne: France's Roman Jewel
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: VantageWorldTravel
ACTUA DRONE et salle de spectacle LE MANEGE - Vienne - Isère
ACTUA DRONE et salle de spectacle LE MANEGE - Vienne - Isère
Published: 2018/01/17
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
Institution scolaire à Vienne dans le département de l
Institution scolaire à Vienne dans le département de l'Isère 38 Groupe Scolaire Saint Charles
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: PJFormation
ACTUA DRONE et Temple d
ACTUA DRONE et Temple d'Auguste et de Livie - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
ACTUA DRONE et INSTITUTION ROBIN à Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et INSTITUTION ROBIN à Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
La gère à vienne Isère
La gère à vienne Isère
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: mecavideos
Le tendence, vienne, Isère, the place to be!
Le tendence, vienne, Isère, the place to be!
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: Mikael HAYAT
ACTUA DRONE et Cathédrale St Maurice de Vienne - Isère
ACTUA DRONE et Cathédrale St Maurice de Vienne - Isère
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
Published: 2011/10/19
Channel: Garcia jean claude
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
Published: 2014/01/25
Channel: France 3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Le gère vienne Isère
Le gère vienne Isère
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: mecavideos
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
Published: 2010/01/11
Channel: urbssenator
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
Published: 2011/09/16
Channel: rigel2011
Hubsan H501s Vienne isere France
Hubsan H501s Vienne isere France
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: idg idg
Maquette2 0 pyramide de Vienne-Isère -France
Maquette2 0 pyramide de Vienne-Isère -France
Published: 2017/01/11
Channel: Air Drone Solution
Danse Vienne 38200
Danse Vienne 38200
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: LaPatience UneVertue
ACTUA DRONE et Musée St Pierre - Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Musée St Pierre - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: ACTUA DRONE - Thierry EYRAUD
CREAM VIENNE ISERE BY NICOLAS BWANGA
CREAM VIENNE ISERE BY NICOLAS BWANGA
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Nicolas Bwanga
Commémoration armistice à Vienne (Isère)
Commémoration armistice à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Dauphiné Libéré
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
Published: 2012/05/07
Channel: ardopanvienne
théatre de Vienne Isère
théatre de Vienne Isère
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: viennetourisme
Achat Vente une Mini Mini  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une Mini Mini Vienne Isère
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: VideoAutomobile
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: christophe markarian
Achat Vente une Citroen C4  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une Citroen C4 Vienne Isère
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: VideoAutomobile
Hubsan H501s Vienne (isere)
Hubsan H501s Vienne (isere)
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: idg idg
pension animalière isère - pension canine - pension féline - Vienne - Bourgoin-Jallieu - Lyon
pension animalière isère - pension canine - pension féline - Vienne - Bourgoin-Jallieu - Lyon
Published: 2015/02/14
Channel: Maggie Désimages
Ache Caribe DJ Rider  Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
Ache Caribe DJ Rider Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2012/07/01
Channel: danielles1889
Achat Vente une BMW 330  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une BMW 330 Vienne Isère
Published: 2012/02/10
Channel: VideoAutomobile
Announcement real estate, luxury property for sale Vienne Isère
Announcement real estate, luxury property for sale Vienne Isère
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: IMMOVITRINE INTERNATIONAL - Immobilier monde
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
VIENNE. ( ISERE ). Musique ENIGMA "Gravity of love "
VIENNE. ( ISERE ). Musique ENIGMA "Gravity of love "
Published: 2014/05/15
Channel: Norbert MOLLIGNIER
Hypnotic Brass Ensemble  - Jazz a Vienne (2014)
Hypnotic Brass Ensemble - Jazz a Vienne (2014)
Published: 2017/11/16
Channel: JazZ of all kind
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2013/10/05
Channel: Philippe Couzon
Apéro Entrepreneur - juin 2012, à Vienne (Isère)
Apéro Entrepreneur - juin 2012, à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2012/06/10
Channel: Philippe Couzon
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vienne
Subprefecture and commune
An aerial view of Vienne
An aerial view of Vienne
Coat of arms of Vienne
Coat of arms
Vienne is located in France
Vienne
Vienne
Location within Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region
Vienne is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Vienne
Vienne
Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Vienne
Canton Vienne-1 and 2
Intercommunality Pays Viennois
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Thierry Kovacs (UMP)
Area1 22.65 km2 (8.75 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 29,077
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 38544 /38200
Elevation 140–404 m (459–1,325 ft)
(avg. 169 m or 554 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vienne (French pronunciation: ​[vjɛn]; Arpitan: Vièna) is a commune in southeastern France, located 32 kilometres (20 mi) south of Lyon, on the river Rhône. It is only the fourth largest city in the Isère department, of which it is a subprefecture, but was a major center of the Roman empire.

Before the arrival of the Roman armies, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges, a Gallic people. Transformed into a Roman colony in 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, Vienne became a major urban center, ideally located along the Rhône, then a major axis of communication.

It was to Vienne in 7 CE that Augustus banished King Herod Archelaus, so the Herodian family may have had land there.[1]

The town later became a Roman provincial capital. Numerous remains of Roman constructions are still visible in modern Vienne. The town was also an important early bishopric in Christian Gaul. Its most famous bishop was Avitus of Vienne. At the Council of Vienne, convened there in October 1311, Pope Clement V abolished the order of the Knights Templar. During the Middle Ages, Vienne was part of the kingdom of Provence, dependent on the Holy Roman Empire, while the opposite bank of the Rhône was French territory, thus making it a strategic position.

Today, the town is a regional commercial and industrial center specializing in the food industry. Tourism is also a major part of the town's economy. Indeed, there are many important historical monuments that draw the crowds, but the annual Jazz à Vienne[2] festival in July also makes it a popular tourist destination.

History[edit]

Vienne's Roman Pyramid at night
The ruins of Vienne's Medieval castle
Saint-Maurice Cathedral
Vienne's city hall
Roman Temple (Temple d'Auguste et de Livie)

Roman Vienne[edit]

The oppidum of the Allobroges became a Roman colony about 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, but the Allobroges managed to expel them; the exiles then founded the colony of Lugdunum (today's Lyon).[3] Herod Archelaus was exiled here in 6 CE.[4] During the early Empire, Vienna (as the Romans called it—not to be confused with today's Vienna) regained all its former privileges as a Roman colony.In 260 Postumus was proclaimed emperor here of a short-lived Gallo-Roman empire. l capital of the Dioecesis Viennensis. In 257 Postumus was proclaimed emperor here of a short-lived Gallo-Roman empire. Vienne became the seat of the vicar of prefects after the creation of regional dioceses (usually dated to 298, but the growing consensus seems to be 313/14). On the bank of the Gère are traces of the ramparts of the old Roman city, and on Mont Pipet (east of the town) are the remains of a Roman theatre, while the ruined thirteenth-century castle there was built on Roman footings. Several ancient aqueducts and traces of Roman roads can still be seen.

There are two important Roman monuments still standing at Vienne. One is the Early Imperial temple of Augustus and Livia, a rectangular peripteral building of the Corinthian order, erected by the emperor Claudius, which owes its survival, like the Maison Carrée at Nîmes, to being converted to a church soon after the Theodosian decrees and later rededicated as "Notre Dame de Vie." (During the Revolutionary Reign of Terror it was used for the local Festival of Reason.) The other is the Plan de l'Aiguille, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, from the Roman circus. Many popular theories[examples needed] have been advanced as to the original intent of this structure; there is even a legend[citation needed] of Pontius Pilate making it his tomb.

Christian Vienne[edit]

The provincial capital was an important early seat of a bishop and the legendary first bishop said to have been Crescens, a disciple of Paul. There were Christians here in 177 when the churches of Vienne and Lyon addressed a letter to those of Asia and Phrygia and mention is made of the deacon of Vienne[3] (Eusebius of Caesarea, Church History). The first historical bishop was Verus, who was present at the Council of Arles (314). About 450, Vienne's bishops became archbishops.[3] Vienne's archbishops and those of Lyon disputed the title of "Primate of All the Gauls"[3] based on the dates of founding of the cities compared to the dates of founding of the bishoprics. Vienne's archbishopric was suppressed in 1790[3] during the revolution and officially terminated 11 years later by the Concordat of 1801.

Burgundian Vienne[edit]

Vienne was a target during the Migration Period: it was taken by the Kingdom of the Burgundians in 438, but re-taken by the Romans and held until 461. In 534 the Merovingian-led Franks captured Vienne. It was then sacked by the Lombards in 558, and later by the Moors in 737.[3] When Francia's king divided Frankish Burgundia into three parts in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun, Vienne became part of Middle Francia.

In the Kingdom of Provence[edit]

King Charles II the Bald assigned the district in 869 to Comte Boso of Provence, who in 879 proclaimed himself king of Provence and on his death in 887 was buried in the cathedral church of St. Maurice.[3] Vienne then continued as capital of the Dauphiné Vienne of the Kingdom of Provence, from 882 of the Kingdom of West Francia and from 933 of the Kingdom of Arles until in 1032, when it reverted to the Holy Roman Empire, but the real rulers were the archbishops of Vienne. Their rights were repeatedly recognized, but they had serious local rivals in the counts of Albon, and later Dauphins of the neighboring countship of the Viennois. In 1349, the reigning Dauphin sold his rights to the Dauphiné to France, but the archbishop stood firm and Vienne was not included in this sale. The archbishops finally surrendered their territorial powers to France in 1449.[3] Gui de Bourgogne, who was archbishop 1090–1119, was pope from 1119 to 1124 as Callixtus II.

The Council of Vienne was the fifteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church that met between 1311 and 1312 in Vienne. Its principal act was to withdraw papal support for the Knights Templar[3] on the instigation of Philip IV of France.

France[edit]

The archbishops did not give up their rights over it to France till 1449, when it first became French. Vienne was sacked in 1562 by the Protestants under the baron des Adrets, and was held for the Ligue 1590–95, when it was taken in the name of Henri IV by Montmorency. The fortifications were demolished between 1589 and 1636. [3]

Main sights[edit]

The two outstanding Roman remains in Vienne are the temple of Augustus and Livia, and the Plan de l'Aiguille or Pyramide, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, which was associated with the city's Roman circus.

The early Romanesque church of Saint Peter belonged to an ancient Benedictine abbey and was rebuilt in the ninth century, with tall square piers and two ranges of windows in the tall aisles and a notable porch. It is one of France's oldest Christian buildings dating from the 5th century laid-out in the form of a basilica and having a large and well constructed nave. It also boasts a beautiful Romanesque tower and a magnificently sculptured South portal containing a splendid statue of Saint Peter. Today, the building houses a lapidary museum that holds a Junon head and the beautiful statue of Tutela, the city's protective divinity.

The Gothic former cathedral of St Maurice was built between 1052 and 1533. It is a basilica, with three aisles and an apse, but no ambulatory or transepts. It is 315 feet (96 m) in length, 118 feet (36 m) wide and 89 feet (27 m) in height. The most striking portion is the west front, which rises majestically from a terrace overhanging the Rhône. Its sculptural decoration was badly damaged by the Protestants in 1562 during the Wars of Religion.

The Romanesque church of St André en Bas was the church of a second Benedictine monastery, and became the chapel of the earlier kings of Provence. It was rebuilt in 1152, in the later Romanesque style.

Gallery[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Josephus, Antiquities, Book 17, Ch 13 (344)
  2. ^ Jazz à Vienne.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vienne (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 
  4. ^ Josephus, Wars of the Jews (book 2, chapter 7, verse 3).

External links[edit]


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