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1
VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
::2013/05/14::
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2
Découverte De Vienne - Isère
Découverte De Vienne - Isère
::2012/06/29::
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3
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
::2012/11/15::
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4
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
::2013/04/06::
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5
AUX COULEURS DU MOYEN AGE en concert à Vienne (Isère)
AUX COULEURS DU MOYEN AGE en concert à Vienne (Isère)
::2013/10/14::
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6
Cancanne 38200 Vienne sur France 3
Cancanne 38200 Vienne sur France 3
::2012/08/21::
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7
Entreprise de maçonnerie à Vienne, Isere, et Rhône.wmv
Entreprise de maçonnerie à Vienne, Isere, et Rhône.wmv
::2011/01/29::
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8
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
::2014/01/25::
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9
Apéro Entrepreneur - juin 2012, à Vienne (Isère)
Apéro Entrepreneur - juin 2012, à Vienne (Isère)
::2012/06/10::
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10
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
::2011/09/16::
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11
Minor Swing django Reinhardt Vienne isère  théâtre antique 9 juillet 2002 full h d h q
Minor Swing django Reinhardt Vienne isère théâtre antique 9 juillet 2002 full h d h q
::2014/01/03::
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12
Massage à domicile - Vienne -- Isere
Massage à domicile - Vienne -- Isere
::2011/05/10::
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13
Ache Caribe DJ Rider  Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
Ache Caribe DJ Rider Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
::2012/07/01::
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14
Domaine De Grange Haute - 38200 Serpaize Vienne - Location de salle - Isère 38
Domaine De Grange Haute - 38200 Serpaize Vienne - Location de salle - Isère 38
::2011/11/29::
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15
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
::2013/10/05::
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16
Achat Vente une Mini Mini  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une Mini Mini Vienne Isère
::2012/12/17::
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17
transmusical de vienne (isere)
transmusical de vienne (isere)
::2009/11/25::
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18
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 ..
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 ..
::2012/08/27::
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19
Feu d
Feu d'artifice 14 juillet à Vienne (Isère)
::2012/07/15::
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20
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L'Agora des Chefs dans le jardin d'Eden du marché de Vienne (38)
::2013/06/27::
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21
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Août 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Août 2012
::2012/08/27::
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22
Feu d
Feu d'artifice Vienne Isère 2013 (Final)
::2013/07/15::
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23
transmusical, orchestre de vienne ( isere )
transmusical, orchestre de vienne ( isere )
::2009/11/25::
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24
La journée bleue, collège Ponsard, Vienne, 38
La journée bleue, collège Ponsard, Vienne, 38
::2013/07/06::
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25
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
::2010/01/11::
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26
vienne 38200
vienne 38200
::2012/02/20::
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27
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) ..Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) ..Aôut 2012
::2012/08/27::
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28
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
::2011/10/19::
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29
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
::2012/08/27::
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30
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
::2012/08/27::
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31
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 .
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 .
::2012/08/27::
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32
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
::2012/05/07::
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33
Sale one Peugeot 807  Vienne  Isère
Sale one Peugeot 807 Vienne Isère
::2012/05/31::
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34
Achat Vente une Citroen C4  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une Citroen C4 Vienne Isère
::2012/03/20::
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35
Sale one BMW 330  Vienne  Isère
Sale one BMW 330 Vienne Isère
::2012/02/10::
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36
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P2 de 33 m² - Terrain de 520 m² - plain pied
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P2 de 33 m² - Terrain de 520 m² - plain pied
::2014/03/21::
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37
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P6 de 140 m² - Terrain de 1090 m²
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P6 de 140 m² - Terrain de 1090 m²
::2013/06/01::
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38
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P6 de 160 m² - Terrain de 2500 m² -
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P6 de 160 m² - Terrain de 2500 m² -
::2014/03/21::
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39
Achat Vente une BMW 330  Vienne  Isère
Achat Vente une BMW 330 Vienne Isère
::2012/02/10::
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40
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T6 de 111 m² -
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T6 de 111 m² -
::2014/03/19::
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41
Sale one Mini Mini  Vienne  Isère
Sale one Mini Mini Vienne Isère
::2012/12/17::
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42
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T2 de 50 m²  - rez de chaussée
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T2 de 50 m² - rez de chaussée
::2014/03/03::
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43
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P5 de 132 m² - Terrain de 914 m² - plain pied
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche VIENNE maison P5 de 132 m² - Terrain de 914 m² - plain pied
::2014/03/01::
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44
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE  - Terrain de 729 m² -
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE - Terrain de 729 m² -
::2014/03/01::
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45
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche de VIENNE maison P5 de 110 m² - Terrain de 1097 m²
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre proche de VIENNE maison P5 de 110 m² - Terrain de 1097 m²
::2014/01/17::
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46
Sale one Smart ForFour  Vienne  Isère
Sale one Smart ForFour Vienne Isère
::2011/10/28::
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47
Sale one Citroen C4  Vienne  Isère
Sale one Citroen C4 Vienne Isère
::2012/03/20::
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48
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T3 de 87 m²
Dpt Isère (38), à vendre VIENNE appartement T3 de 87 m²
::2014/03/07::
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49
L
L'Institution Saint-Charles située à Vienne dans le département de l'Isère (38)
::2013/12/16::
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50
Sale one Volkswagen Passat  Vienne  Isère
Sale one Volkswagen Passat Vienne Isère
::2012/01/20::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vienne
Image-Vienne-Cropped.jpg
Coat of arms of Vienne
Coat of arms
Vienne is located in France
Vienne
Vienne
Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Vienne
Intercommunality Pays Viennois
Government
 • Mayor Jacques Remiller
Area
 • Land1 22.65 km2 (8.75 sq mi)
Population (1999)
 • Population2 29,975
 • Population2 density 1,300/km2 (3,400/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38544 / 38200

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vienne is a commune in south-eastern France, located 32 kilometres (20 mi) south of Lyon, on the river Rhône. It is the second largest city after Grenoble in the Isère department, of which it is a subprefecture. The city's population was of 29,400 as of the 2001 census.

Before the arrival of the Roman armies, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges, a Gallic people. Transformed into a Roman colony in 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, Vienne became a major urban center, ideally located along the Rhône river, then a major axis of communication. The town later became a Roman provincial capital. Numerous remains of Roman constructions are still visible in modern Vienne. The town was also an important early bishopric in Christian Gaul. Its most famous bishop was Avitus of Vienne. At the Council of Vienne, convened there in October 1311, Pope Clement V abolished the order of the Knights Templar. During the Middle Ages, Vienne was part of the kingdom of Provence, dependent on the Holy Roman Empire, while the opposite bank of the Rhône was French territory, thus making it a strategic position.

Today, the town is a regional commercial and industrial center specializing in the food industry. Tourism is also a major part of the town's economy. Indeed, there are many important historical monuments that draw the crowds, but the annual Jazz à Vienne[1] festival in July also makes it a popular tourist destination.

History[edit]

Vienne's Roman Pyramid at night
The ruins of Vienne's Medieval castle
Saint-Maurice Cathedral
Vienne's city hall
Roman Temple (Temple d'Auguste et de Livie)

Roman Vienne[edit]

The oppidum of the Allobroges became a Roman colony about 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, but the Allobroges managed to expel them; the exiles then founded the colony of Lugdunum (today's Lyon). Herod Archelaus was exiled here in 6 CE. During the early Empire, Vienna (as the Romans called it—not to be confused with today's Vienna) regained all its former privileges as a Roman colony. In 257 Postumus was proclaimed emperor here of a short-lived Gallo-Roman empire with its capital at Trier. Later it became a provincial capital of the Dioecesis Viennensis.

On the bank of the Gère are traces of the ramparts of the old Roman city, and on Mont Pipet (east of the town) are the remains of a Roman theatre, while the ruined thirteenth-century castle there was built on Roman footings. Several ancient aqueducts and traces of Roman roads can still be seen.

There are two important Roman monuments still standing at Vienne. One is the Early Imperial temple of Augustus and Livia, a rectangular peripteral building of the Corinthian order, erected by the emperor Claudius, which owes its survival, like the Maison Carrée at Nîmes, to being converted to a church soon after the Theodosian decrees and later rededicated as "Notre Dame de Vie." (During the Revolutionary Reign of Terror it was used for the local Festival of Reason.) The Roman monument is the Plan de l'Aiguille, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, from the Roman circus. Many popular theories have been advanced as to the original intent of this structure; there is even a legend of Pontius Pilate making it his tomb.

Christian Vienne[edit]

The provincial capital was an important early seat of a bishop and the legendary first bishop said to have been Crescens, a disciple of Paul. There were Christians here in 177 when the churches of Vienne and Lyon addressed a letter to those of Asia and Phrygia and mention is made of the deacon of Vienne (Eusebius of Caesarea, Church History). The first historical bishop was Verus, who was present at the Council of Arles in 314. About 450 of Vienne's bishops became archbishops (dissolved in 1790) and its archbishops disputed with those of Lyon the title of "Primate of All the Gauls".

Vienne was a target during the Migrations Period: it was taken by the Burgundians in 438, re-taken by the Romans and held for 35 years, by the Franks in 534, sacked by the Lombards in 558, and by the Moors in 737.

Capital of ancient Burgundy[edit]

According to the Roman historian Pliny, Vienne was set up as the capital for Burgundy by Gondioc, king of the Burgundians.

In the Kingdom of Provence[edit]

King Charles II the Bald assigned the district in 869 to Comte Boso of Provence, who in 879 proclaimed himself king of Provence and on his death in 887 was buried in the cathedral church of St Maurice. Vienne then continued to form part of the kingdom of Provence and then of Arles until in 1032, when it reverted to the Holy Roman Empire, but the real rulers were the archbishops of Vienne. Their rights were repeatedly recognized, but they had serious local rivals in the counts of Albon, and later Dauphins of the neighboring countship of the Viennois. In 1349, the reigning Dauphin sold his rights to the Dauphiné of France, but the archbishop stood firm and Vienne was not included in this sale. The archbishops finally surrendered their territorial powers to France in 1449. Gui de Bourgogne, who was archbishop 1090–1119, was pope from 1119 to 1124 as Callixtus II.

Main sights[edit]

There are two outstanding Roman remains: the temple of Augustus and Livia; and the Plan de l'Aiguille or La Pyramide, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, which was associated with the city's Roman circus.

The early Romanesque church of Saint Peter belonged to an ancient Benedictine abbey and was rebuilt in the ninth century, with tall square piers and two ranges of windows in the tall aisles and a notable porch. It is one of France's oldest Christian buildings dating from the 5th century laid-out in the form of a basilica and having a large and well constructed nave. It also boasts a beautiful Romanesque tower and a magnificently sculptured South portal containing a splendid statue of Saint Peter. Today, the building houses a lapidary museum that holds a Junon head and the beautiful statue of Tutela, the city's protective divinity.

The Gothic former cathedral of St Maurice was built between 1052 and 1533. It is a basilica, with three aisles, but no apse or transepts. It is 315 feet (96 m) in length, 118 feet (36 m) wide and 89 feet (27 m) in height. The most striking portion is the west front, which rises majestically from a terrace overhanging the Rhône. Its sculptural decoration was badly damaged by the Protestants in 1562 during the Wars of Religion.

The Romanesque church of St André en Bas was the church of a second Benedictine monastery, and became the chapel of the earlier kings of Provence. It was rebuilt in 1152, in the later Romanesque style.

Gallery[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

Sources and references[edit]

External links[edit]

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