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VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
VLOG: Vienne Isere | France
Published: 2013/05/14
Channel: Taste From Home
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
Vienne (Isère) : Triple homicide
Published: 2012/11/15
Channel: France 3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
ACTUA DRONE et Temple d
ACTUA DRONE et Temple d'Auguste et de Livie - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/08/07
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
ACTUA DRONE et EVENEMENT La Passerelle des Chefs - Vienne - Isère
ACTUA DRONE et EVENEMENT La Passerelle des Chefs - Vienne - Isère
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
Classe FLE du Collège Ponsard à Vienne (Isère)
Classe FLE du Collège Ponsard à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Xavier RAUFFET
ACTUA DRONE et Théatre Antique de Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Théatre Antique de Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
Isère: un homme opéré à la place d
Isère: un homme opéré à la place d'un autre, les deux patients vont bien - 12/04
Published: 2013/04/12
Channel: BFMTV
ACTUA DRONE et Notre Dame de Pipet - Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Notre Dame de Pipet - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/07/17
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
JAZZ A VIENNE, LES BARONS DU JAZZ A VIENNE (Isère)
JAZZ A VIENNE, LES BARONS DU JAZZ A VIENNE (Isère)
Published: 2015/06/11
Channel: Markarian Christophe
L
L'Immobilier d'Antoine à Vienne - Isère
Published: 2017/06/28
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
ACTUA DRONE et INSTITUTION ROBIN à Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et INSTITUTION ROBIN à Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
vienne 38200
vienne 38200
Published: 2012/02/20
Channel: zerzer38200
Vienne: France
Vienne: France's Roman Jewel
Published: 2014/09/26
Channel: VantageWorldTravel
Fouilles archéologiques Vienne Isère
Fouilles archéologiques Vienne Isère
Published: 2016/02/15
Channel: Megasly perso
ACTUA DRONE et Musée St Pierre - Vienne - Isère - France
ACTUA DRONE et Musée St Pierre - Vienne - Isère - France
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
La gère à vienne Isère
La gère à vienne Isère
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: mecavideos
ACTUA DRONE et Cathédrale St Maurice de Vienne - Isère
ACTUA DRONE et Cathédrale St Maurice de Vienne - Isère
Published: 2014/05/20
Channel: ACTUA DRONE TitouTheGeek
Institution scolaire à Vienne dans le département de l
Institution scolaire à Vienne dans le département de l'Isère 38 Groupe Scolaire Saint Charles
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: PJFormation
LE TENDANCE à vienne 38 (BEST OF 2010)
LE TENDANCE à vienne 38 (BEST OF 2010)
Published: 2011/05/09
Channel: TENDANCEvienne
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
FETE MEDIEVALE VIENNE (Isère)-LES TEMPLIERS 1312-2012
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: christophe markarian
Le gère vienne Isère
Le gère vienne Isère
Published: 2015/07/16
Channel: mecavideos
Le tendence, vienne, Isère, the place to be!
Le tendence, vienne, Isère, the place to be!
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: Mikael HAYAT
Massage à domicile - Vienne -- Isere
Massage à domicile - Vienne -- Isere
Published: 2011/05/10
Channel: julienp53
Hubsan H501s Vienne isere France
Hubsan H501s Vienne isere France
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: idg idg
transmusical de vienne (isere)
transmusical de vienne (isere)
Published: 2009/11/25
Channel: brunodevienne38
Minor Swing django Reinhardt Vienne isère  théâtre antique 9 juillet 2002 full h d h q
Minor Swing django Reinhardt Vienne isère théâtre antique 9 juillet 2002 full h d h q
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: pascal lindemann
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
[Musique] La Troupadour à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2013/10/05
Channel: Philippe Couzon
théatre de Vienne Isère
théatre de Vienne Isère
Published: 2014/10/08
Channel: viennetourisme
Vidéo MALTEZ MACONNERIE - Vienne, Isère (38), Batiment, Maçons - construction et maçonnerie
Vidéo MALTEZ MACONNERIE - Vienne, Isère (38), Batiment, Maçons - construction et maçonnerie
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: INDEXA Vidéo
La Cave du Temple by Fun & Fine Wine à Vienne (Isère)
La Cave du Temple by Fun & Fine Wine à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Fournet jean-charles
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) ..Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) ..Aôut 2012
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
Kermesse Institution St.Charles Vienne (38) 30.05.15 CP B
Kermesse Institution St.Charles Vienne (38) 30.05.15 CP B
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Yuriy Nesterov
Hubsan H501s Vienne (isere)
Hubsan H501s Vienne (isere)
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: idg idg
Vienne Fitness Club - Salle de sport à Vienne 38 - Musculation - Cours collectifs
Vienne Fitness Club - Salle de sport à Vienne 38 - Musculation - Cours collectifs
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Axe Cube
GP Canoë kayak de Vienne - Isère
GP Canoë kayak de Vienne - Isère
Published: 2015/06/20
Channel: actusport
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
exposition de sculptures à Vienne (Isère) octobre 2011
Published: 2012/05/07
Channel: ardopanvienne
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
Era- Impera + Vienne Isère (France)
Published: 2011/09/16
Channel: rigel2011
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 .
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 .
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
Danse Vienne 38200
Danse Vienne 38200
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: LaPatience UneVertue
Feu d
Feu d'artifice Vienne Isère 2013 (Final)
Published: 2013/07/15
Channel: Megasly perso
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
Municipales à Vienne en Isère : La Voix Est Libre sur France 3 Alpes
Published: 2014/01/25
Channel: France 3 Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Ache Caribe DJ Rider  Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
Ache Caribe DJ Rider Fiesta Latina Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2012/07/01
Channel: danielles1889
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
Commémoration armistice à Vienne (Isère)
Commémoration armistice à Vienne (Isère)
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Dauphiné Libéré
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Août 2012
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Août 2012
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
NEIGE A VIENNE (ISERE) FRANCE
Published: 2010/01/11
Channel: urbssenator
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 ..
Fête médiévale de Vienne (Isère) Aôut 2012 ..
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: Nahima Wabosso
Famille de l
Famille de l'Isère en Syrie : conférence de presse du procureur de Vienne
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: Lyon Capitale Live
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
Manif retraités à Vienne (Isère) du 06 Octobre 2011
Published: 2011/10/19
Channel: Garcia jean claude
VIENNE. ( ISERE ). Musique ENIGMA "Gravity of love "
VIENNE. ( ISERE ). Musique ENIGMA "Gravity of love "
Published: 2014/05/15
Channel: Norbert MOLLIGNIER
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vienne
Commune
An aerial view of Vienne
An aerial view of Vienne
Coat of arms of Vienne
Coat of arms
Vienne is located in France
Vienne
Vienne
Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781Coordinates: 45°31′27″N 4°52′41″E / 45.5242°N 4.8781°E / 45.5242; 4.8781
Country France
Region Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Vienne
Canton Vienne-1 and 2
Intercommunality Pays Viennois
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Thierry Kovacs (UMP)
Area1 22.65 km2 (8.75 sq mi)
Population (2012)2 29,077
 • Density 1,300/km2 (3,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 38544 /38200
Elevation 140–404 m (459–1,325 ft)
(avg. 169 m or 554 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Vienne (French pronunciation: ​[vjɛn]) is a commune in southeastern France, located 32 kilometres (20 mi) south of Lyon, on the river Rhône. It is only the fourth largest city in the Isère department, of which it is a subprefecture, but was a major center of the Roman empire.

Before the arrival of the Roman armies, Vienne was the capital city of the Allobroges, a Gallic people. Transformed into a Roman colony in 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, Vienne became a major urban center, ideally located along the Rhône, then a major axis of communication. It was to Vienne in 7 CE that Augustus banished King Herod Archelaus, so the Herodian family may have had land there.[1] The town later became a Roman provincial capital. Numerous remains of Roman constructions are still visible in modern Vienne. The town was also an important early bishopric in Christian Gaul. Its most famous bishop was Avitus of Vienne. At the Council of Vienne, convened there in October 1311, Pope Clement V abolished the order of the Knights Templar. During the Middle Ages, Vienne was part of the kingdom of Provence, dependent on the Holy Roman Empire, while the opposite bank of the Rhône was French territory, thus making it a strategic position.

Today, the town is a regional commercial and industrial center specializing in the food industry. Tourism is also a major part of the town's economy. Indeed, there are many important historical monuments that draw the crowds, but the annual Jazz à Vienne[2] festival in July also makes it a popular tourist destination.

History[edit]

Vienne's Roman Pyramid at night
The ruins of Vienne's Medieval castle
Saint-Maurice Cathedral
Vienne's city hall
Roman Temple (Temple d'Auguste et de Livie)

Roman Vienne[edit]

The oppidum of the Allobroges became a Roman colony about 47 BCE under Julius Caesar, but the Allobroges managed to expel them; the exiles then founded the colony of Lugdunum (today's Lyon).[3] Herod Archelaus was exiled here in 6 CE. During the early Empire, Vienna (as the Romans called it—not to be confused with today's Vienna) regained all its former privileges as a Roman colony. Later it became a provincial capital of the Dioecesis Viennensis. In 257 Postumus was proclaimed emperor here of a short-lived Gallo-Roman empire. The town served as his short-lived provincial empire for a few years.[3]

On the bank of the Gère are traces of the ramparts of the old Roman city, and on Mont Pipet (east of the town) are the remains of a Roman theatre, while the ruined thirteenth-century castle there was built on Roman footings. Several ancient aqueducts and traces of Roman roads can still be seen.

There are two important Roman monuments still standing at Vienne. One is the Early Imperial temple of Augustus and Livia, a rectangular peripteral building of the Corinthian order, erected by the emperor Claudius, which owes its survival, like the Maison Carrée at Nîmes, to being converted to a church soon after the Theodosian decrees and later rededicated as "Notre Dame de Vie." (During the Revolutionary Reign of Terror it was used for the local Festival of Reason.) The Roman monument is the Plan de l'Aiguille, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, from the Roman circus. Many popular theories[examples needed] have been advanced as to the original intent of this structure; there is even a legend[citation needed] of Pontius Pilate making it his tomb.

Christian Vienne[edit]

The provincial capital was an important early seat of a bishop and the legendary first bishop said to have been Crescens, a disciple of Paul. There were Christians here in 177 when the churches of Vienne and Lyon addressed a letter to those of Asia and Phrygia and mention is made of the deacon of Vienne[3] (Eusebius of Caesarea, Church History). The first historical bishop was Verus, who was present at the Council of Arles in 314. About 450, Vienne's bishops became archbishops.[3] Vienne's archbishops and those of Lyon disputed the title of "Primate of All the Gauls"[3] based on the dates of founding of the cities compared to the dates of founding of the bishoprics. Vienne's archbishopric was suppressed in 1790[3] during the revolution and officially terminated 11 years later by the Concordat of 1801.

Burgundian Vienne[edit]

Vienne was a target during the Migration Period: it was taken by the Kingdom of the Burgundians in 438, but re-taken by the Romans and held for 35 years. Roman rule ended permanently in 534 when the Merovingian-led Franks captured Vienne. It was then sacked by the Lombards in 558, and later by the Moors in 737.[3] When Francia's king divided Frankish Burgundia into three parts in 843 by the Treaty of Verdun, Vienne became part of Middle Francia.

In the Kingdom of Provence[edit]

King Charles II the Bald assigned the district in 869 to Comte Boso of Provence, who in 879 proclaimed himself king of Provence and on his death in 887 was buried in the cathedral church of St. Maurice.[3] Vienne then continued as capital of the Dauphiné Vienne of the Kingdom of Provence, from 882 of the Kingdom of West Francia and from 933 of the Kingdom of Arles until in 1032, when it reverted to the Holy Roman Empire,but the real rulers were the archbishops of Vienne. Their rights were repeatedly recognized, but they had serious local rivals in the counts of Albon, and later Dauphins of the neighboring countship of the Viennois. In 1349, the reigning Dauphin sold his rights to the Dauphiné to France, but the archbishop stood firm and Vienne was not included in this sale. The archbishops finally surrendered their territorial powers to France in 1449.[3] Gui de Bourgogne, who was archbishop 1090–1119, was pope from 1119 to 1124 as Callixtus II.

The Council of Vienne was the fifteenth Ecumenical Council of the Roman Catholic Church that met between 1311 and 1312 in Vienne. Its principal act was to withdraw papal support for the Knights Templar[3] on the instigation of Philip IV of France.

France[edit]

The archbishops did not give up their rights over it to France till 1449, when it first became French. Vienne was sacked in 1562 by the Protestants under the baron des Adrets, and was held for the Ligue 1590–95, when it was taken in the name of Henri IV by Montmorency. The fortifications were demolished between 1589 and 1636. [3]

Main sights[edit]

The two outstanding Roman remains in Vienne are the temple of Augustus and Livia, and the Plan de l'Aiguille or Pyramide, a truncated pyramid resting on a portico with four arches, which was associated with the city's Roman circus.

The early Romanesque church of Saint Peter belonged to an ancient Benedictine abbey and was rebuilt in the ninth century, with tall square piers and two ranges of windows in the tall aisles and a notable porch. It is one of France's oldest Christian buildings dating from the 5th century laid-out in the form of a basilica and having a large and well constructed nave. It also boasts a beautiful Romanesque tower and a magnificently sculptured South portal containing a splendid statue of Saint Peter. Today, the building houses a lapidary museum that holds a Junon head and the beautiful statue of Tutela, the city's protective divinity.

The Gothic former cathedral of St Maurice was built between 1052 and 1533. It is a basilica, with three aisles and an apse, but no ambulatory or transepts. It is 315 feet (96 m) in length, 118 feet (36 m) wide and 89 feet (27 m) in height. The most striking portion is the west front, which rises majestically from a terrace overhanging the Rhône. Its sculptural decoration was badly damaged by the Protestants in 1562 during the Wars of Religion.

The Romanesque church of St André en Bas was the church of a second Benedictine monastery, and became the chapel of the earlier kings of Provence. It was rebuilt in 1152, in the later Romanesque style.

Gallery[edit]

Twin cities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Josephus, Antiquities, Book 17, Ch 13 (344)
  2. ^ Jazz à Vienne.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Wikisource-logo.svg Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Vienne (town)". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]


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