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Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Complete Tour/Review
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Complete Tour/Review
Published: 2016/05/14
Channel: The Elevator Channel
Silver Star Viewliner Bedroom
Silver Star Viewliner Bedroom
Published: 2011/07/15
Channel: Anthony Rinaldi
Lake Shore Limited NEW Viewliner
Lake Shore Limited NEW Viewliner
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: Monica Matos
Rare: Amtrak Delivering New Viewliner Diners "Augusta" & "Atlanta" + Tri-Rail Meet April 2017
Rare: Amtrak Delivering New Viewliner Diners "Augusta" & "Atlanta" + Tri-Rail Meet April 2017
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: Florida Railroading
60-168 Santa Fe & Disneyland VIEWLINER
60-168 Santa Fe & Disneyland VIEWLINER
Published: 2016/06/10
Channel: rickydoodlebug
Tour of a Viewliner Accesible bedroom
Tour of a Viewliner Accesible bedroom
Published: 2009/08/16
Channel: David Jerrido III
Amtrak P098-18 Silver Meteor Repainted Viewliner Sleeper "New River" Phase lll Fayetteville, NC
Amtrak P098-18 Silver Meteor Repainted Viewliner Sleeper "New River" Phase lll Fayetteville, NC
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: SKProductions
Viewliner roomette tour and review
Viewliner roomette tour and review
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: AmtrakFan05
Amtrak Viewliner roomette tour and amenities
Amtrak Viewliner roomette tour and amenities
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: DrGariS
Viewliner Diner on Lake Shore...
Viewliner Diner on Lake Shore...
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Monica Matos
Walkthrough: Amtrak Train Roomette, Viewliner Sleeping Cars
Walkthrough: Amtrak Train Roomette, Viewliner Sleeping Cars
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Geekazine
My 700th Video! Amtrak Silver Meteor with Phase IIIb Viewliner I at NYP
My 700th Video! Amtrak Silver Meteor with Phase IIIb Viewliner I at NYP
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: NJTAmtrakGuy
Review and tour of Amtrak Viewliner Roomette -- video tour of compartment
Review and tour of Amtrak Viewliner Roomette -- video tour of compartment
Published: 2012/01/30
Channel: d1bottch
Viewliner Sleeper on a Northeast Regional & More Awesome Trains from Providence Station
Viewliner Sleeper on a Northeast Regional & More Awesome Trains from Providence Station
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: alex wood
Tour of Amtrak Viewliner sleeping car with Accessible Bedroom, Bedroom, and Roommettes
Tour of Amtrak Viewliner sleeping car with Accessible Bedroom, Bedroom, and Roommettes
Published: 2013/09/24
Channel: RaeTravels
RARE! Amtrak 19 with New View liner II Diner! 7/15/16
RARE! Amtrak 19 with New View liner II Diner! 7/15/16
Published: 2016/07/16
Channel: Washington District Railfan
Amtrak: 2 New CAF Viewliner II Diner Cars on Silver Meteor Train 97 (NYP)
Amtrak: 2 New CAF Viewliner II Diner Cars on Silver Meteor Train 97 (NYP)
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: The [Transport Net]
AMTRAK VIEWLINER TOUR EXPERIENCE A BROKE FORRAIL MOVIE BLOG
AMTRAK VIEWLINER TOUR EXPERIENCE A BROKE FORRAIL MOVIE BLOG
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: BROKE FORRAIL ENTERTAINMENT
Viewliner 8400 Amtrak #48 Lake Shore Limited: Walkthrough
Viewliner 8400 Amtrak #48 Lake Shore Limited: Walkthrough
Published: 2015/07/07
Channel: SciVision
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Sleeper Accommodations
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Sleeper Accommodations
Published: 2010/05/05
Channel: All Aboard Productions
Amtrak Train 79 WAS #609 to #115 Power Change with Viewliner II #61034
Amtrak Train 79 WAS #609 to #115 Power Change with Viewliner II #61034
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Jersey Mike's Rail Videos
A tour of Viewliner Diner 8400
A tour of Viewliner Diner 8400
Published: 2012/05/13
Channel: R36Coach
A Train Odyssey, Part 2: AMTRAK "Cardinal" and Viewliner Tour
A Train Odyssey, Part 2: AMTRAK "Cardinal" and Viewliner Tour
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: youtuuba
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Joe Hancock
Viewliner Diner 68001 on the rear of...
Viewliner Diner 68001 on the rear of...
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Monica Matos
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
Published: 2015/07/01
Channel: Matt Culik
Amtrak Silver Meteor Train No. 97 with two new Viewliner diners
Amtrak Silver Meteor Train No. 97 with two new Viewliner diners
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: SuperStarRendon
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: jmharrisjr
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Tour
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Tour
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: Frontier Wiz
Amtrak Viewliner II Special
Amtrak Viewliner II Special
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: Monica Matos
MEGA RARE! Amtrak 173 leads P40DC and Viewliner II Diner
MEGA RARE! Amtrak 173 leads P40DC and Viewliner II Diner
Published: 2017/04/18
Channel: P32AC-DM 231
[NEW] Amtrak Phase lll Viewliner Diner & Private cars on P097 Silver Meteor, Ashland VA
[NEW] Amtrak Phase lll Viewliner Diner & Private cars on P097 Silver Meteor, Ashland VA
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: VCUrailfan15 productions
Amtrak Prototype Viewliner Dining Car
Amtrak Prototype Viewliner Dining Car
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: funwithwillandzach
Riding Amtrak
Riding Amtrak's Crescent Route to New Orleans with a Viewliner Roomette
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Lou's Trains, Travel and Sports
Viewliner II Baggage Cars on Amtrak Silver Meteor [98] @ NYP
Viewliner II Baggage Cars on Amtrak Silver Meteor [98] @ NYP
Published: 2015/02/28
Channel: gregorygrice
New Amtrak Viewliner II passenger cars on the move 7/8/2014
New Amtrak Viewliner II passenger cars on the move 7/8/2014
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: Chessiecat97
MUST SEE! Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train @ Stamford with full house
MUST SEE! Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train @ Stamford with full house
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: TheElectricDiesle
Amtrak viewliner roomette
Amtrak viewliner roomette
Published: 2016/08/26
Channel: ModelingNS
Viewliner II Baggage Cars on the Amtrak Lake Shore Limited
Viewliner II Baggage Cars on the Amtrak Lake Shore Limited
Published: 2015/04/08
Channel: Amtrak706
Amtrak coach seat features on a viewliner train
Amtrak coach seat features on a viewliner train
Published: 2015/12/18
Channel: DrGariS
Amtrak Viewliner II High Speed Testing @ Princeton Jct (Cab Car LEADS HHP-8)
Amtrak Viewliner II High Speed Testing @ Princeton Jct (Cab Car LEADS HHP-8)
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: gregorygrice
Amtrak Extra 520 with 8 New Viewliner II Baggage Cars
Amtrak Extra 520 with 8 New Viewliner II Baggage Cars
Published: 2014/12/21
Channel: CSX2731
Amtrak P092 with New Viewliner "New River"
Amtrak P092 with New Viewliner "New River"
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Trainman#42
Amtrak 48 87 & 94, Viewliner Dining Car 8400 past Dunkirk, NY
Amtrak 48 87 & 94, Viewliner Dining Car 8400 past Dunkirk, NY
Published: 2016/03/12
Channel: PJRESCUE Trains & More
Amtrak
Amtrak's Viewliner 1 phase IIIB paint Prototype Sleeping "New River" Interior Tour!
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: NorthEast Rail Videos
Review: Kato N Amfleet & Viewliner Phase VI 3-Car Set
Review: Kato N Amfleet & Viewliner Phase VI 3-Car Set
Published: 2015/02/26
Channel: Consolidated RailFan
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
Published: 2008/11/10
Channel: roslundb
Viewliner--Disneyland History--1950
Viewliner--Disneyland History--1950's--TMS-532
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: DLDHistory
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Nighttime Setup
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Nighttime Setup
Published: 2013/02/06
Channel: jmharrisjr
Disneyland Viewliner Ticket Spiel
Disneyland Viewliner Ticket Spiel
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: Disney History Institute
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Viewliner
Viewliner on Lake Shore Limited at Yawkey.JPG
Viewliner I #62019 on the Lake Shore Limited in Boston.
Viewliner sleeping car seat.jpg
A seat in a Viewliner I roomette.
Manufacturer Budd Company (prototypes)
Morrison-Knudsen (Viewliner I)
CAF (Viewliner II)
Constructed
  • 1987–1988 (prototypes)
  • 1995–1996 (Viewliner I)
  • 2012–present (Viewliner II)
Entered service 1988–present
Number under construction 130
Number built 130
Number in service 121
Fleet numbers

Viewliner I: 62000-62049, 10004(Former 2301), 2300, 8400

Viewliner II: 61000-61069, 62500-62524, 68000-68024, 69000-69009
Capacity 30
Operator(s) Amtrak
Line(s) served

Baggage only:Capitol Limited, Carolinian, Empire Builder, Northeast Regional, Palmetto

All types:Cardinal, Crescent, Lake Shore Limited, Silver Meteor, Silver Star
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless Steel
Car length 85 feet (25.9 m)
Floor height 4 ft (1.2 m)
Platform height 4 ft (1.2 m)
Maximum speed 110 mph (177 km/h) (Prototypes/Viewliner I)
125 mph (201 km/h) (Viewliner II)
Power supply 480 V AC 60 Hz Head end power
Bogies GSI 70
Braking system(s) Air
Coupling system AAR
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The Viewliner is a single-level car type used by Amtrak on most long-distance routes operating east of Chicago. Amtrak began placing 130 additional cars into service on March 23, 2015, and took possession of the final 12 baggage cars on November 17, 2015. The 70 new bag cars are used on all Amtrak trains, single-level and bi-level. They replaced almost all of the "Heritage" baggage cars that Amtrak inherited from the freight railroads when it was created in 1971. Other single-level cars still to be delivered include diners, baggage-dorms, and sleepers.[1]

Early design[edit]

One of the prototype sleeping cars at the Wilmington shops in 2012. Note the Phase III paint scheme.

In the 1980s, Amtrak was looking to replace its Heritage Fleet railcars, which had been in service as far back as the 1940s. While new Superliner cars were built starting in 1979, those cars were too tall to run on Amtrak's eastern routes because of clearance issues in and around both New York Pennsylvania Station and Baltimore Pennsylvania Station (see loading gauge and structure gauge).

Working with the Budd Company, Amtrak drafted plans for new single-level sleeping and dining cars that utilized a 'modular' design where the interiors of the cars, especially the sleepers, were built in units separate from the exterior shell. These units contain all fixtures, electrical components, sewage and fresh water handling internally and are then mated with the car exterior shell upon assembly. This approach allows for easier maintenance and reconfiguration through removal and replacement of individual units. Access for this purpose is via a removable hatch on the side of the car, a distinguishing feature of the Viewliner series. Unlike the Superliners, occupants of both bunks in the bedrooms have an outside view. The design of the cars was created by Amtrak's design group, which received input from every department in the company. At the time of their introduction into service, Amtrak planned to assemble a fleet of over a thousand cars during the ten years after their introduction.[2]

The prototype Viewliner cars were assembled at Amtrak's Beech Grove Shops in Beech Grove, Indiana in 1987-1988 from Budd components. Two sleeping cars (2300 and 2301) were built, as was one dining car (8400). These cars were tested on the Capitol Limited beginning in 1988.[3] The prototypes were in regular service until 2002; however, money from the 2009 stimulus package recently funded the restoration of dining car 8400 to service.

In March 2014,[4] prototype sleeper 2301 (which had been renumbered to 62091)[5] was converted into an inspection car[6] named "American View"[7] and given the number 10004. This inspection car has rear-facing seats and a large glass window at the end that allows passengers to observe the tracks.[8] "American View" is used by maintenance crews to visually inspect the tracks for defects and by the Amtrak president and other executives for official purposes.

Production[edit]

Viewliner I[edit]

The first production Viewliners were built in 1995–1996 by Amerail (now Alstom)/Morrison-Knudsen. Amtrak's original intention in the 1980s was to order 500–600 new cars, of which 100 would be sleepers and the rest coaches, diners, and lounges. This would have enabled Amtrak to replace its remaining Heritage Fleet equipment and run trains with solid Viewliner consists.[2] Ultimately, Amtrak awarded a contract for 50 sleeping cars with an option for 227 cars of various types to Morrison-Knudsen, who was also building the new California Cars based on the Superliner design.[9] Morrison-Knudsen unveiled the first Viewliner shell at its Chicago plant on October 26, 1994.[10] After Morrison-Knudsen's bankruptcy, the outstanding orders were completed by Amerail with final delivery in 1996 alongside the California Car fleet. After the first 50 cars was delivered, none of the remaining 177 options were exercised. The 50 Viewliners arrived just in time to retire most of Amtrak's remaining Heritage sleeping cars, which were coming under increasing environmental pressure due to their use of non-retention toilets. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s Viewliner sleepers ran on East Coast single-level trains in concert with Amfleet coaches and Heritage diners.[11]

Viewliner II[edit]

Viewliner II baggage car No. 61010 on the Lake Shore Limited at Springfield, Massachusetts in 2015.

On July 23, 2010, Amtrak ordered 130 Viewliner II cars – 55 baggage cars, 25 dining cars, 25 sleepers, and 25 baggage-dorms – with an option for up to 70 additional cars.[12][13] The five-year order, worth $298.1 million, was placed with CAF USA in Elmira, New York, a fully owned subsidiary of Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles. According to Amtrak president Joseph Boardman, CAF was selected over Alstom, the only other bidder, due to CAF's lower bid and their being able to construct the entire car at their factory, rather than relying on subcontractors.[14] In August 2014, the order was modified by swapping 15 baggage-dorms for 15 baggage cars, changing their totals to 10 and 70, respectively.[15]

The interior of a Viewliner sleeping car bedroom with the lower bed down

The first car from this order, originally scheduled to roll off the assembly line in October 2012,[16] did not leave the CAF factory to begin testing until May 2014. With all 130 cars originally expected to be delivered by the end of 2015,[17] by late 2016 only the baggage cars and one diner were in service, with the remaining cars scheduled for delivery by September 2018.[18] As of June 2017, three Viewliner II diners have entered service, operating on the Silver Meteor and Crescent routes.[citation needed]

Viewliner IIs are delivered in Amtrak's older Phase III paint scheme.[19]

Service[edit]

Viewliner passenger cars are designed for use on Amtrak's long-distance routes in the Eastern US, due to clearance issues in and around both New York Pennsylvania Station and Baltimore Pennsylvania Station that prevent tall bi-level cars from clearing the tunnels (see loading gauge and structure gauge). These long-distance routes typically include some segments of track along the Northeast Corridor, but extend to Chicago on two routes, to Miami on two routes, or south to New Orleans, well beyond the Northeast Corridor.[12]

A one-of-a-kind Viewliner dining car, car number 8400, was rebuilt with stimulus funding and restored to revenue service in October 2011, given the name Indianapolis. Originally a prototype dining car with experimental trucks built during the Viewliner design phase in the late 1980s, the car was completely rebuilt at Amtrak's Beech Grove shops and currently serves on Eastern long distance trains. Information learned from building and using this car was applied to the dining cars included in the new order of Viewliner cars.[20]

Viewliner baggage cars are used on all Superliner and single-level trains which use full baggage cars in the Amtrak system. The first Viewliner Baggage cars went into service on March 23, 2015 on multiple Eastern routes.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak Previews New Long Distance Cars" (PDF). Amtrak. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Borcover, Alfred (December 27, 1987). "Amtrak introduces new sleeper car". The Day. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  3. ^ Solomon 2004, p. 133
  4. ^ Warner, David (1 September 2014). "Amtrak By the Numbers: Updates - Viewliner". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Warner, David (15 July 2014). "Amtrak Rolling Stock Roster - Company Service Cars". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "American View (AMTK 10004)". 2 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "American View (AMTK 10004)". 2 April 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "AMTK 10004". 13 August 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  9. ^ Stephenson, Dick (February 1993). "New Equipment Ordered". Pacific RailNews. No. 351. pp. 45–46. 
  10. ^ "Special Report: First California Cars Delivered". Pacific RailNews. No. 374. January 1995. pp. 77–78. 
  11. ^ Solomon 2004, pp. 133–134
  12. ^ a b William C. Vantuono (July 24, 2010). "CAF kicks off Amtrak fleet renewal program". Railway Age. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  13. ^ "Amtrak Will Buy 130 Passenger Cars for $298.1 Million". Bloomberg Businessweek. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  14. ^ "Amtrak's president explains purchase of new equipment during press conference". Trains Magazine. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  15. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 6, 2014. Retrieved October 5, 2014. 
  16. ^ "Amtrak orders 130 single-level cars". Trains Magazine. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  17. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/ccurl/277/464/Amtrak-Previews-New-Long-Distance-Cars-ATK-13-127.pdf
  18. ^ "Amtrak Ink" (PDF). National Railroad Passenger Corporation. November–December 2016. Retrieved 20 December 2016. 
  19. ^ Oct 24, 2013 (2013-10-24). "Coming Soon: New Long Distance Cars |". Blog.amtrak.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  20. ^ Trains Magazine, January, 2012.

References[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Ingles, David J. (February 1993). "A View of the future? Sleeping well on Amtrak's Viewliner". Trains. Vol. 53 no. 2. 
  • Johnston, Bob (April 1996). "Viewliner beats the odds". Trains. Vol. 56 no. 4. 

External links[edit]

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