Play Video
1
A tour of Viewliner Diner 8400
A tour of Viewliner Diner 8400
::2012/05/13::
Play Video
2
Review and tour of Amtrak Viewliner Roomette -- video tour of compartment
Review and tour of Amtrak Viewliner Roomette -- video tour of compartment
::2012/01/30::
Play Video
3
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
4
Silver Star Viewliner Bedroom
Silver Star Viewliner Bedroom
::2011/07/15::
Play Video
5
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Sleeper Accommodations
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom Sleeper Accommodations
::2010/05/04::
Play Video
6
Communicore Weekly - Viewliner with Bob Gurr, Disneyland: The First Quarter Century, Test Track
Communicore Weekly - Viewliner with Bob Gurr, Disneyland: The First Quarter Century, Test Track
::2012/12/18::
Play Video
7
Amtrak Viewliner II High Speed Testing @ Princeton Jct (Cab Car LEADS HHP-8)
Amtrak Viewliner II High Speed Testing @ Princeton Jct (Cab Car LEADS HHP-8)
::2014/08/14::
Play Video
8
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette Sleeper Accommodations on the Silver Meteor #97
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette Sleeper Accommodations on the Silver Meteor #97
::2009/11/24::
Play Video
9
Disneyland Viewliner Ticket Spiel
Disneyland Viewliner Ticket Spiel
::2014/09/15::
Play Video
10
Tour of Amtrak Viewliner sleeping car with Accessible Bedroom, Bedroom, and Roommettes
Tour of Amtrak Viewliner sleeping car with Accessible Bedroom, Bedroom, and Roommettes
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
11
Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper Car
Amtrak Viewliner Sleeper Car
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
12
Tour of our Amtrak Viewliner Roommette
Tour of our Amtrak Viewliner Roommette
::2013/09/24::
Play Video
13
Product Review - Walthers HO Scale Viewliner Sleeper - Amtrak Phase IV
Product Review - Walthers HO Scale Viewliner Sleeper - Amtrak Phase IV
::2013/11/07::
Play Video
14
Action at 30th Street Part 21 -Viewliner Baggage car 61000
Action at 30th Street Part 21 -Viewliner Baggage car 61000
::2014/05/31::
Play Video
15
Tour of a Viewliner Bedroom 6/13/09
Tour of a Viewliner Bedroom 6/13/09
::2009/08/16::
Play Video
16
Product Review: Phase IVb Amtrak Viewliner (Walthers HO Scale)
Product Review: Phase IVb Amtrak Viewliner (Walthers HO Scale)
::2011/12/20::
Play Video
17
Amtrak Xtra 651 w/ Viewliner II
Amtrak Xtra 651 w/ Viewliner II's @ Port Chester
::2014/08/18::
Play Video
18
New Amtrak Viewliner II passenger cars on the move 7/8/2014
New Amtrak Viewliner II passenger cars on the move 7/8/2014
::2014/07/08::
Play Video
19
Heritage Unit, Business Cars, Viewliner, and Great Dome on Amtrak #5
Heritage Unit, Business Cars, Viewliner, and Great Dome on Amtrak #5
::2013/07/28::
Play Video
20
The Amtrak Crescent #20 w/ Viewliner Diner! Mableton,Ga 05-17-2014©
The Amtrak Crescent #20 w/ Viewliner Diner! Mableton,Ga 05-17-2014©
::2014/05/17::
Play Video
21
Amtrak #2 Sunset Limited with Viewliner 9-3-14
Amtrak #2 Sunset Limited with Viewliner 9-3-14
::2014/09/04::
Play Video
22
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
Amtrak Viewliner Bedroom
::2008/11/10::
Play Video
23
Amtrak Viewliner Inspection Car #10004 on Lake Shore Limited
Amtrak Viewliner Inspection Car #10004 on Lake Shore Limited
::2014/04/22::
Play Video
24
Viewliner II Baggages on Empire Service #234 @ Croton North [4K]
Viewliner II Baggages on Empire Service #234 @ Croton North [4K]
::2014/09/17::
Play Video
25
Amtrak Viewliner Diner and more 8-3-11
Amtrak Viewliner Diner and more 8-3-11
::2011/08/03::
Play Video
26
Amtrak Viewliner Diner 8400 departs NYP
Amtrak Viewliner Diner 8400 departs NYP
::2011/10/07::
Play Video
27
Viewliner Tour - Amtrak Silver Star P091-19
Viewliner Tour - Amtrak Silver Star P091-19
::2009/01/11::
Play Video
28
(RARE: Deadhead Coach/Cafe & Viewliner; Arrival) Amtrak Train #98-Silver Meteor Palatka, FL 1/27/11
(RARE: Deadhead Coach/Cafe & Viewliner; Arrival) Amtrak Train #98-Silver Meteor Palatka, FL 1/27/11
::2011/01/31::
Play Video
29
MUST SEE! Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train @ Stamford with full house
MUST SEE! Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train @ Stamford with full house
::2014/08/18::
Play Video
30
Amtrak Maple Leaf,  Adirondack, Ethan Allen, Lake Shore Limited  w/ Viewliner Diner
Amtrak Maple Leaf, Adirondack, Ethan Allen, Lake Shore Limited w/ Viewliner Diner
::2012/04/15::
Play Video
31
Amtrak ACS-64 Test Extra w/ Viewliner Inspection @ Oak Point Yard
Amtrak ACS-64 Test Extra w/ Viewliner Inspection @ Oak Point Yard
::2014/07/31::
Play Video
32
A review of Walthers HO Amtrak Viewliner
A review of Walthers HO Amtrak Viewliner
::2011/10/17::
Play Video
33
Amtrak Viewliner tour of a standard bedroom
Amtrak Viewliner tour of a standard bedroom
::2009/05/02::
Play Video
34
Disneyland Viewliner with Disney Legend Bob Gurr Interviewed by David Oneal, Extinct Attractons Club
Disneyland Viewliner with Disney Legend Bob Gurr Interviewed by David Oneal, Extinct Attractons Club
::2013/06/08::
Play Video
35
Amtrak 140 MPH Viewliner II Test Train Destroys Princeton JCT
Amtrak 140 MPH Viewliner II Test Train Destroys Princeton JCT
::2014/08/14::
Play Video
36
[HD] Amtrak and Metro-North- Manitou, NY [Lake Shore Limited w/ Viewliner Diner]
[HD] Amtrak and Metro-North- Manitou, NY [Lake Shore Limited w/ Viewliner Diner]
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
37
[HD] Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train (HHP-8 pushes Metroliner Cab Car)
[HD] Amtrak Viewliner II Test Train (HHP-8 pushes Metroliner Cab Car)
::2014/08/15::
Play Video
38
Viewliner II Test Train @ Princeton JCT 8/14/2014 (Full Video)
Viewliner II Test Train @ Princeton JCT 8/14/2014 (Full Video)
::2014/08/26::
Play Video
39
Amtrak Lake Shore Limited Reroute with the Viewliner Diner!
Amtrak Lake Shore Limited Reroute with the Viewliner Diner!
::2014/07/04::
Play Video
40
Amtrak #67 with a Viewliner @ Stamford
Amtrak #67 with a Viewliner @ Stamford
::2013/04/10::
Play Video
41
Rare Amtrak with Viewliner Inspection car!
Rare Amtrak with Viewliner Inspection car!
::2014/04/23::
Play Video
42
Kato P42 Amfleet & Viewliner Phase IV
Kato P42 Amfleet & Viewliner Phase IV
::2011/02/11::
Play Video
43
Amtrak Cardinal with Prototype Viewliner Huntington, WV [HD]
Amtrak Cardinal with Prototype Viewliner Huntington, WV [HD]
::2014/01/21::
Play Video
44
30th street action: Viewliner 2
30th street action: Viewliner 2's Acs-64's and more!
::2014/09/02::
Play Video
45
Amtrak Test Xtra @ Stamford with Viewliner Inspection Car!!
Amtrak Test Xtra @ Stamford with Viewliner Inspection Car!!
::2014/09/12::
Play Video
46
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Nighttime Setup
Amtrak Viewliner Roomette - Nighttime Setup
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
47
Amtrak Adirondack Train No. 69 w/ Pacific Bend Sleeper car & Viewliner Sleeper
Amtrak Adirondack Train No. 69 w/ Pacific Bend Sleeper car & Viewliner Sleeper
::2012/08/26::
Play Video
48
Amtrak Cascades F40PH and Viewliner 2300
Amtrak Cascades F40PH and Viewliner 2300
::2014/01/20::
Play Video
49
Amtrak 79 with 156, 406, Great Dome, Viewliner Diner, and More
Amtrak 79 with 156, 406, Great Dome, Viewliner Diner, and More
::2012/07/01::
Play Video
50
tour of the cardinal
tour of the cardinal's viewliner roomette ~ 24jan10
::2010/02/01::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the Amtrak passenger car. For the former Disneyland attraction, see Disneyland Viewliner.
Viewliner
Viewliner on Lake Shore Limited at Yawkey.JPG
Viewliner I #62019 on the Lake Shore Limited in Boston.
Viewliner sleeping car seat.jpg
A seat in a Viewliner I roomette.
Manufacturer Budd Company (prototypes)
Morrison-Knudsen (Viewliner I)
CAF (Viewliner II)
Constructed
  • 1987-1988 (prototypes)
  • 1995-1996 (Viewliner I)
  • 2012-present (Viewliner II)
Entered service 1988–present
Number under construction 130
Number built 53
Number in service 51
Fleet numbers 62000-62049, 10004(Former 2301), 2300, 8400
Capacity 30
Operator Amtrak
Line(s) served Cardinal, Crescent, Lake Shore Limited, Silver Meteor, Silver Star
Specifications
Car body construction Stainless Steel
Car length 85 feet (25.9 m)
Floor height 4 ft (1.2 m)
Platform height 4 ft (1.2 m)
Doors 1 manually operated end door per side
Maximum speed 110 mph (177 km/h) (Prototypes/Viewliner I)
125 mph (201 km/h) (Viewliner II)
Power supply 480v AC 60Hz Head end power
Bogies GSI 70
Braking system(s) Air
Coupling system AAR
Track gauge 4 ft 8 12 in (1,435 mm)

The Viewliner is a single-level car type used by Amtrak on most long-distance routes operating east of Chicago. With the exception of a prototype dining car named "Indianapolis", all cars which have been in service so far are sleeping cars and are assigned names that include the word "View." Amtrak expects to begin placing 130 additional cars into service in 2014 including diners, sleepers, baggage-dorms, and baggage cars. [1]

Early design[edit]

One of the prototype sleeping cars at the Wilmington shops in 2012. Note the Phase III paint scheme.

In the 1980s, Amtrak was looking to replace its Heritage Fleet railcars, which had been in service as far back as the 1940s. While new Superliner cars were built starting in 1979, those cars were too tall to run on Amtrak's eastern routes because of clearance issues in and around both New York Pennsylvania Station and Baltimore Pennsylvania Station (see loading gauge and structure gauge).

Working with the Budd Company, Amtrak drafted plans for new single-level sleeping and dining cars that utilized a 'modular' design where the interiors of the cars, especially the sleepers, were built in units separate from the exterior shell. These units contain all fixtures, electrical components, sewage and fresh water handling internally and are then mated with the car exterior shell upon assembly. This approach allows for easier maintenance and reconfiguration through removal and replacement of individual units. Access for this purpose is via a removable hatch on the side of the car, a distinguishing feature of the Viewliner series. Unlike the Superliners, occupants of both bunks in the bedrooms have an outside view. The design of the cars was created by Amtrak's design group, which received input from every department in the company. At the time of their introduction into service, Amtrak planned to assemble a fleet of over a thousand cars during the ten years after their introduction.[2]

The prototype Viewliner cars were assembled at Amtrak's Beech Grove Shops in Beech Grove, Indiana in 1987-1988 from Budd components. Two sleeping cars (2300 and 2301) were built, as was one dining car (8400). These cars were tested on the Capitol Limited beginning in 1988.[3]:133 The prototypes were in regular service until 2002; however, money from the 2009 stimulus package recently funded the restoration of dining car 8400 to service.

In March 2014,[4] prototype sleeper 2301 (which had been renumbered to 62091)[5] was converted into an inspection car[6] named "American View"[7] and given the number 10004. This inspection car has rear-facing seats and a large glass window at the end that allows passengers to observe the tracks.[8] "American View" is used by maintenance crews to visually inspect the tracks for defects and by the Amtrak president and other executives for official purposes.

Production[edit]

Viewliner I[edit]

The first production Viewliners were built in 1995-1996 by Amerail (now Alstom)/Morrison-Knudsen. Amtrak's original intention in the 1980s was to order 500-600 new cars, of which 100 would be sleepers and the rest coaches, diners, and lounges. This would have enabled Amtrak to replace its remaining Heritage Fleet equipment and run trains with solid Viewliner consists.[2] However Amtrak's strained finances led to only 50 sleeping cars being ordered, which contributed to the Budd Company's decision to completely exit the railcar market. The design was transferred to the Amerail/Morrison-Knudsen consortium with delivery finally being completed in 1996 alongside the Bombardier-supplied Superliner II fleet. The Viewliners arrived just in time to retire most of Amtrak's Heritage sleeping cars which were coming under increasing environmental pressure due to their use of non-retention toilets. Throughout the 1990s and 2000s Viewliner sleepers ran on East Coast single-level trains in concert with Amfleet coaches and Heritage diners.[3]:133–134

Viewliner II[edit]

In the 2009 budget, increased funding was provided to allow Amtrak to initially order 130 Viewliner II cars in the form of diners, sleepers, baggage-dorms, and baggage cars with an option to purchase 70 additional cars.[9] On July 23, 2010 Amtrak placed an order worth $298.1 million with CAF USA, a fully owned subsidiary of Construcciones y Auxiliar de Ferrocarriles located in Elmira, New York, for the full order of 130 new cars. According to Amtrak president Joseph Boardman, CAF's capability to construct the entire car at its factory, rather than relying on subcontractors, as well as submitting a lower bid, were the reasons the company won the contract over Alstom, the only other bidder.[10] The 130-car order broke down as follows: 25 sleepers, 25 dining cars, 25 baggage-dorms, and 55 baggage cars.[11] The breakdown was modified in August 2014; 15 bag-dorms were subtracted for 15 full baggage cars. The new breakdown is as follows: 25 sleepers, 25 dining cars, 10 baggage-dorms, and 70 baggage cars.[12]

Each car measures approximately 85' long, 14' high and 10.5' across at the widest point. Capable of moving at speeds of up to 125 mph, the Viewliner II cars will be interoperable with the Viewliner I, Amfleet II (long-distance), Horizon and remaining Heritage cars, as well as all Amtrak electric and diesel road locomotives.

The Sleeping cars include 11 Roomettes, two Bedrooms and one Accessible Bedroom. The interior components of the cars are installed in a modular system. Unlike the Viewliner I design, the Roomettes do not include toilets; passengers will share two restrooms and a shower at one end of the car. The Dining cars seat 46 and include full-service galley kitchens; carts that roll on and off the cars allow for easier stocking via a side door. Bicycle racks have been added to the Baggage cars. Overall, the cars offer passengers modern interiors, improved lighting and more efficient air conditioning and heating systems.

Per the Amtrak Fleet Strategy Plan, released on February 1, 2010, the high number of baggage and baggage/dorm cars are to replace all Heritage Fleet baggage cars in service system-wide. Most of these cars are over sixty years old and cannot be operated above 110 miles per hour (177 km/h). The Viewliner II diners will replace the Heritage Fleet diners currently in use on single-level service. Lastly, the sleepers will augment the existing Viewliner sleeping cars and provide Amtrak with a larger inventory of single-level sleeping cars to allow for a reserve fleet, as well as provide for the rolling stock required for expanded long-distance overnight service in the future.[13]

The first car of this new order, a diner, was scheduled to roll off the assembly line in October 2012.[14] In May, 2014, the first baggage car left the CAF factory to begin testing. It is now expected that the first group of production cars which include a diner, sleeper, baggage, and baggage-dorm will be delivered for testing in the summer of 2014 with revenue service starting in 2015, and delivery of all 130 cars by 2017.[15] These cars also mark the return of Amtrak's Phase 3 paint scheme. [16]

Service[edit]

Viewliner cars are primarily used on Amtrak's long-distance routes in the Eastern US, due to clearance issues in and around both New York Pennsylvania Station and Baltimore Pennsylvania Station that prevent tall cars from clearing the tunnels (see loading gauge and structure gauge). These long-distance routes typically include some segments of track along the Northeast Corridor, but extend north, west or south beyond the Northeast Corridor.[9]

A one-of-a-kind Viewliner dining car, car number 8400, was rebuilt with stimulus funding and restored to revenue service in October 2011. Originally a prototype dining car with experimental trucks built during the Viewliner design phase in the late 1980s, the car was completely rebuilt at Amtrak's Beech Grove shops and currently serves on Lake Shore Limited trains between New York and Chicago. Information learned from building and using this car will be applied to the dining cars included in the new order of Viewliner cars.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Amtrak Previews New Long Distance Cars". Amtrak. Retrieved 4 November 2013. 
  2. ^ a b Borcover, Alfred (December 27, 1987). "Amtrak introduces new sleeper car". The Day. Retrieved 2010-07-25. 
  3. ^ a b Solomon, Brian (2004). Amtrak. Saint Paul, MN: MBI. ISBN 0-760-31765-8. OCLC 56490949. 
  4. ^ Warner, David (1 September 2014). "Amtrak By the Numbers: Updates - Viewliner". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  5. ^ Warner, David (15 July 2014). "Amtrak Rolling Stock Roster - Company Service Cars". Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  6. ^ "American View (AMTK 10004)". 2 April 2014. Retrieved 11 April 2014. 
  7. ^ "American View (AMTK 10004)". 2 April 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  8. ^ "AMTK 10004". 13 August 2014. Retrieved 9 September 2014. 
  9. ^ a b "CAF kicks off Amtrak fleet renewal program". Railway Age  – via HighBeam Research (subscription required). August 1, 2010. Retrieved 2012-12-12. 
  10. ^ "Amtrak's president explains purchase of new equipment during press conference". Trains Magazine. 26 July 2010. Retrieved 27 July 2010. 
  11. ^ "Amtrak Will Buy 130 Passenger Cars for $298.1 Million". Bloomberg Businessweek. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  12. ^ http://mpeagles.com/files/Rail%20News%20for%20August%2011,%202014.pdf
  13. ^ Amtrak Fleet Strategy Plan, available as a PDF download here [1]
  14. ^ "Amtrak orders 130 single-level cars". Trains Magazine. 23 July 2010. Retrieved 24 July 2010. 
  15. ^ http://www.amtrak.com/ccurl/277/464/Amtrak-Previews-New-Long-Distance-Cars-ATK-13-127.pdf
  16. ^ Oct 24, 2013 (2013-10-24). "Coming Soon: New Long Distance Cars |". Blog.amtrak.com. Retrieved 2014-02-02. 
  17. ^ Trains Magazine, January, 2012.

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014