Viniyoga is a Sanskrit word that has multiple meanings. Literal meanings include "separation", "detachment", and "leaving", but the common meanings include "employment", "use", and "application". The root yuj means "to join", among other senses, with two prefixes vi and'ni it means the opposite — seperation . In non-Hindu or Western context, viniyoga typically erroneously identifies to the style of hatha yoga as taught by T.K.V. Desikachar. Modern meaning is erroneously, because in the book "The Viniyoga of Yoga" Desikachar wrote "Viniyoga is not a style of yoga, but an approach to utilizing its tools".
When used as a technical term in Hindu religious literature it refers to a short introductory section that gives standard details about the work, such as the sage (ṛṣi) who is said to have originated the work, the meter in which it is to be chanted, the deity (devatā) considered to preside over it, and other technical details of its use.
Indian yoga teacher Tirumalai Krishnamacharya developed this individualized yoga style, which came to be known as Viniyoga. The term viniyoga had been used by T.K.V. Desikachar (son of Krishnamacharya) to identify his approach to utilizing the tools of yoga, in particular his conviction that yoga practice should be adapted to fit the individuality and particular situation of each practitioner.
Viniyoga yoga was just as effective as conventional stretching exercise, and more effective than a self-care book for improving function and pain in patients with chronic low back pain. A 2011 study published online by the Archives of Internal Medicine found that viniyoga was more effective in reducing back pain than using a self-care book. However, viniyoga was no more effective in reducing back pain than stretching classes.
T.K.V. Desikachar had described it thus in May 1983 under the title ‘The Viniyoga of Yoga’: “Yoga is a mystery. It does not mean the same thing to each and everyone. In spite of the vast field it covers curing chronic ailments, extra-sensory perception, etc, hardly anyone is able to define it in simple terms.
This I believe – is what the word viniyoga represents.” 
The first yoga text to outline a step-by-step sequence for developing a complete practice according to Viniyoga, yoga adapted to the needs of the individual. As said by T.K.V. Desikachar in his book (Book#3) The Heart of Yoga - Developing a Personal Practice.
In 2006, T.K.V. Desikachar and his son Kausthub Desikachar, who faced sexual misconduct allegations, formed Krishnamacharya Healing & Yoga Foundation (KHYF), a partnership firm based in India to teach Viniyoga.
In 2015, KHYF registered Viniyoga as a trademark in India under class 44 (medical services). In 2017, KHYF registered Viniyoga as a trademark in European Union under classes 16 (books), 41 (education services), and 44 (medical services).
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