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Why I Love the Yamaha Virago
Why I Love the Yamaha Virago
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Srkcycles
will it run, 1986 yamaha virago 1100
will it run, 1986 yamaha virago 1100
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: Mustie1
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Custom Cafe Racer Greg Hageman Inspired
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Custom Cafe Racer Greg Hageman Inspired
Published: 2013/11/06
Channel: The Moto Channel
MaksWerks Review - 1998 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Review
MaksWerks Review - 1998 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Review
Published: 2014/08/31
Channel: MaksWerks
Cafe Racer (Yamaha Virago by Zeus Custom, and by Infelix Custom Garage)
Cafe Racer (Yamaha Virago by Zeus Custom, and by Infelix Custom Garage)
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: RACER TV
Yamaha Virago 125 Bobber project
Yamaha Virago 125 Bobber project
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Nordic Rider
Yamaha virago BOBBER BUILD
Yamaha virago BOBBER BUILD
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: JoGhann
#1 -  Virago - Olympe de Gouges
#1 - Virago - Olympe de Gouges
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Aude GG
1983 Yamaha Virago 500 Start up and Ride
1983 Yamaha Virago 500 Start up and Ride
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Alex Knappenberger
Yamaha Virago 250 Review | Best Beginner Cruiser Motorcycle - LIFE OF BRI
Yamaha Virago 250 Review | Best Beginner Cruiser Motorcycle - LIFE OF BRI
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: LIFE OF BRI
Yamaha Virago XV 535 Custom cruiser, full road review complete
Yamaha Virago XV 535 Custom cruiser, full road review complete
Published: 2009/05/06
Channel: spidiq8
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Cafe Racer R6
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Cafe Racer R6
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: The Moto Channel
1991 XV1100 Yamaha Virago Bobber Build #2
1991 XV1100 Yamaha Virago Bobber Build #2
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Dalton Ivey
Custom Bobber - Yamaha Virago 535 (WRANGLER)
Custom Bobber - Yamaha Virago 535 (WRANGLER)
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Darek Moto 65
Yamaha Virago 535 Sound In HD
Yamaha Virago 535 Sound In HD
Published: 2012/06/17
Channel: Combustion69
Yamaha Virago Bobber Compilation
Yamaha Virago Bobber Compilation
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Garage Legacy
The *Free* Yamaha Virago Starter Bendix Gear Fix Trick!
The *Free* Yamaha Virago Starter Bendix Gear Fix Trick!
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Alex Knappenberger
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Bobber
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Bobber
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Nikola Nikolic
Kansas 250 e Virago 250 - Vale à Pena? # Motovlog Baixo Custom Gopro
Kansas 250 e Virago 250 - Vale à Pena? # Motovlog Baixo Custom Gopro
Published: 2015/04/14
Channel: Baixo Custom
1984 Virago xv1000
1984 Virago xv1000
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Joshua Craycraft
project bobber yamaha virago 535
project bobber yamaha virago 535
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: kulture cars
1982 Yamaha Virago XV920 Cafe Racer R6 XV750
1982 Yamaha Virago XV920 Cafe Racer R6 XV750
Published: 2015/10/24
Channel: The Moto Channel
1985 Yamaha XV1000 Virago
1985 Yamaha XV1000 Virago
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: On Da Go With ReRo
yamaha virago 1100 carb repair and sync
yamaha virago 1100 carb repair and sync
Published: 2016/09/17
Channel: Mustie1
Yamaha Virago
Yamaha Virago
Published: 2017/10/02
Channel: Srkcycles
My custom Yamaha XV750 Virago. Sound + rebuilt + the ride!
My custom Yamaha XV750 Virago. Sound + rebuilt + the ride!
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Nout de Laat
Cafe Racer Build from Start to Finish | 1981 Yamaha XV750 Virago
Cafe Racer Build from Start to Finish | 1981 Yamaha XV750 Virago
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Life On Unleaded
82 Virago 920 Cafe Racer
82 Virago 920 Cafe Racer
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: FILTHYbrowncow
#8 - Virago - Christine de Pisan
#8 - Virago - Christine de Pisan
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Aude GG
Tudo sobre a Virago 250 - Parte 1 - Vale a pena ter uma?
Tudo sobre a Virago 250 - Parte 1 - Vale a pena ter uma?
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Ricardo Jansen
Virago 535  2002
Virago 535 2002
Published: 2017/11/13
Channel: Hebert D.
Lucy Camp - Virago [FULL MIXTAPE]
Lucy Camp - Virago [FULL MIXTAPE]
Published: 2014/12/24
Channel: Lucy Camp
AUDE GG : LE BILAN APRÈS 8 MOIS DE VIRAGO
AUDE GG : LE BILAN APRÈS 8 MOIS DE VIRAGO
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: madmoiZelle
Virago 250 Ronco forte, faixas brancas.
Virago 250 Ronco forte, faixas brancas.
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: Virago NoRaio
Virago 250 - customizada
Virago 250 - customizada
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: ACENDINO
1982 Yamaha 920 Virago Test Drive
1982 Yamaha 920 Virago Test Drive
Published: 2014/06/14
Channel: Tom Brooks
Virago XV750 Box of Rocks Starter Clutch Fix
Virago XV750 Box of Rocks Starter Clutch Fix
Published: 2016/05/11
Channel: Clive Hancy
'92 Virago Carb Sync Ports
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: littlegreenwon
yamaha virago cafe racer cyprus
yamaha virago cafe racer cyprus
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: Demetris Toumbas
YAMAHA XV250 VIRAGO
YAMAHA XV250 VIRAGO
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Motolife
bobber virago 125 son
bobber virago 125 son
Published: 2013/03/07
Channel: youbed Flo
Yamaha Virago 250. Extraer depósito gasolina (2 de 18). Remove the fuel tank (Subtitles English)
Yamaha Virago 250. Extraer depósito gasolina (2 de 18). Remove the fuel tank (Subtitles English)
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: El garaje de Jose Manuel H
yamaha virago 535
yamaha virago 535
Published: 2013/08/10
Channel: hipnopedia TV
Yamaha Virago Carb Disassembly (87-99)
Yamaha Virago Carb Disassembly (87-99)
Published: 2015/09/06
Channel: ShortMag270
Yamaha Virago 250. Cambio de aceite y de retenes de la horquilla, suspensión. (17 de 18).
Yamaha Virago 250. Cambio de aceite y de retenes de la horquilla, suspensión. (17 de 18).
Published: 2016/02/16
Channel: El garaje de Jose Manuel H
Bobber Virago project part1
Bobber Virago project part1
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Royer stéphane
Top Yamaha Virago 250cc teste e avaliação no canal Full Speed Brasil
Top Yamaha Virago 250cc teste e avaliação no canal Full Speed Brasil
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: Full Speed Brasil
Yamaha Virago 1100 oil change
Yamaha Virago 1100 oil change
Published: 2014/10/16
Channel: fourduce111
Virago - Un Instant
Virago - Un Instant
Published: 2010/04/15
Channel: Dingo Tom
YAMAHA Virago 920 CR by Chris Moss Via.CustomFighters
YAMAHA Virago 920 CR by Chris Moss Via.CustomFighters
Published: 2017/11/23
Channel: SOME WONDERFUL
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bronze of a young female warrior in Lombard costume. Francesco Porzio, Monumento alla difesa di Casale, 1897

A virago is a woman who demonstrates exemplary and heroic qualities. The word comes from the Latin word vir, meaning 'man' (cf. virile) to which the suffix -ago is added, a suffix that effectively re-genders the word to be female.

The word virago has almost always had an association with cultural gender transgression. A virago, of whatever excellence, was still identified by her gender. There are recorded instances of viragos (such as Joan of Arc) fighting battles, wearing men's clothing, or receiving the tonsure.[1] The word virago could also be used disparagingly, to imply that a virago was not excellent or heroic, but was instead violating cultural norms. Thus virago joined pejoratives such as termagant,[2] mannish, amazonian and shrew to demean women who acted aggressively or like men.

History[edit]

Historically, the concept of a virago reaches back into antiquity where Hellenistic philosophy asserted that elite and exceptionally heroic men had virtus. Virtus (once again linked to vir, the brave man abiding by society's highest values and ethics as opposed to homo, human being) defined the traits of excellence for a man in ancient Rome (and Greece), including valor and heroism, but also morality and physical strength. Women and non-elite or unheroic men (slaves, servants, craftsmen, merchants) were considered a lesser category, and believed to be less excellent in Roman morality. A woman, however, if exceptional enough could earn the title virago. In doing so, she surpassed the expectations for what was believed possible for her gender, and embodied masculine-like aggression[3] and/or excellence. Virago, then, was a title of respect and admiration. In Christianity, a nun or holy woman who had become equal in divinity to male monks through practiced celibacy, exemplary religious practice and devotion, and intact virginity, was considered to have surpassed the limitations of her femaleness and was called virago.[4][5] Firmicus Maternus describes virago as women who take on a man's character and desire intercourse with women like men.[6]

Standard modern dictionaries define virago as either, in order of definition, (1) a "loud overbearing woman"; a "shrew".[7] or (2) a woman of "great stature, strength, and courage"[8][9] Thus virago continues to be associated with both the naming of a woman who has either (1) a domineering, abrasive and spiteful manner, or (2) has risen above cultural and gender stereotypes to embody a virile heroism; for example, the British Royal Navy christened at least four warships Virago.

Vulgate Bible[edit]

The Vulgate Bible, translated by Jerome and others in the 4th century C.E., was an early Latin translation of the Hebrew Bible Old Testament. In Genesis 2:23, Jerome uses the words Vir for man and Virago for "woman" attempting to reproduce a pun on "male" and "female" (Ish and Ishah) that existed in the Hebrew text.[10][11]

The Vulgate reads:

Dixitque Adam hoc nunc os ex ossibus meis et caro de carne mea haec vocabitur virago quoniam de viro sumpta est.
"And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man."

The Middle English poem Cursor Mundi retains the Latin name for the woman in its otherwise Middle English account of the creation:

Quen sco was broght be-for adam, Virago he gaf her to nam; þar for hight sco virago, ffor maked of the man was sco. (lines 631–34)
"When she was brought before Adam, Virago was the name he gave to her; Therefore she is called Virago, For she was made out of the man."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg. Forgetful of their sex: female sanctity and society, ca. 500-1100. University Of Chicago Press, 2001. Page 50. ISBN 978-0-226-74054-6.
  2. ^ "Virago". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  3. ^ Virginia Blanton. Signs of devotion: the cult of St. Æthelthryth in medieval England, 695-1615 Pennsylvania State Univ Pr (Trd) (April 30, 2007). Page 168. ISBN 978-0-271-02984-9.
  4. ^ Newman, Barbara. From Virile Woman to Woman Christ: Studies in Medieval Religion and Literature. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Page 5. ISBN 978-0-8122-1545-8.
  5. ^ Laurence Lux-Sterritt. Redefining Female Religious Life: French Ursulines And English Ladies in Seventeenth-Century Catholicism. Ashgate Pub Co (January 30, 2006). Page 61. ISBN 978-0-7546-3716-5.
  6. ^ Brooten, Bernadette (1996). Love Between Women: early Christian responses to female homoeroticism. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-226-07591-5. 
  7. ^ {Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged, Copyright (c) 1993 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, first definition of "virago"}
  8. ^ webster.com/dictionary/virago "Virago" Check |url= value (help). Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  9. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/virago
  10. ^ Saint Jerome, Robert Hayward. Saint Jerome's Hebrew questions on Genesis. Oxford University Press, USA (August 10, 1995) Page 113. ISBN 978-0-19-826350-0
  11. ^ Helen Kraus. Gender Issues in Ancient and Reformation Translations of Genesis 1-4. Oxford University Press, USA (December 17, 2011). Page 182. ISBN 978-0-19-960078-6

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ernst Breisach, Caterina Sforza ; A Renaissance virago, Chicago [usw.]: University Press 1967
  • Elizabeth D. Carney,"Olympias and the Image of the Virago" in: Phoenix, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Spring, 1993), pp. 29–55
  • Morris, Richard. Cursor Mundi: A Northumbrian Poem of the XIV Century. London: Oxford UP, 1874. Republished 1961.
  • Barbara Newman. From virile woman to womanChrist: studies in medieval religion and literature. University of Pennsylvania Press (January 1, 1995)
  • Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg. Forgetful of their sex: female sanctity and society, ca. 500-1100. University Of Chicago Press (January 1, 2001)
  • Yenna Wu, The Chinese virago : a literary theme, Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.] : Harvard Univ. Press, 1995

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