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#8 - Virago - Christine de Pisan
#8 - Virago - Christine de Pisan
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Aude GG
will it run, 1986 yamaha virago 1100
will it run, 1986 yamaha virago 1100
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: Mustie1
Cafe Racer (Yamaha Virago by Zeus Custom, and by Infelix Custom Garage)
Cafe Racer (Yamaha Virago by Zeus Custom, and by Infelix Custom Garage)
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: RACER TV
MaksWerks Review - 1998 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Review
MaksWerks Review - 1998 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Review
Published: 2014/08/31
Channel: MaksWerks
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Custom Cafe Racer Greg Hageman Inspired
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Custom Cafe Racer Greg Hageman Inspired
Published: 2013/11/06
Channel: The Moto Channel
1991 XV1100 Yamaha Virago Bobber Build #2
1991 XV1100 Yamaha Virago Bobber Build #2
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Dalton Ivey
#1 -  Virago - Olympe de Gouges
#1 - Virago - Olympe de Gouges
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Aude GG
Yamaha XV 535 (Virago)- Testbericht
Yamaha XV 535 (Virago)- Testbericht
Published: 2014/04/20
Channel: thebikerider
Yamaha Virago 535 Sound In HD
Yamaha Virago 535 Sound In HD
Published: 2012/06/17
Channel: Combustion69
Yamaha Virago 125 Bobber project
Yamaha Virago 125 Bobber project
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: Nordic Rider
Yamaha Virago XV 535 Custom cruiser, full road review complete
Yamaha Virago XV 535 Custom cruiser, full road review complete
Published: 2009/05/06
Channel: spidiq8
Custom Bobber - Yamaha Virago 535 (WRANGLER)
Custom Bobber - Yamaha Virago 535 (WRANGLER)
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Darek Moto 65
Virago Vergaser synchronisieren
Virago Vergaser synchronisieren
Published: 2017/05/30
Channel: Andreas Hamdorf
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Bobber
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Bobber
Published: 2014/04/11
Channel: Nikola Nikolic
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Gdynia  2011
Yamaha XV 750 Virago Gdynia 2011
Published: 2011/04/28
Channel: Robert Mirosław Piórkowski
1984 Virago xv1000
1984 Virago xv1000
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: Joshua Craycraft
82 Virago 920 Cafe Racer
82 Virago 920 Cafe Racer
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: FILTHYbrowncow
1982 Yamaha Virago XV920 Cafe Racer R6 XV750
1982 Yamaha Virago XV920 Cafe Racer R6 XV750
Published: 2015/10/24
Channel: The Moto Channel
Yamaha Virago 535 Custom 02
Yamaha Virago 535 Custom 02
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: sewro21
Yamaha Virago 250 Review | Best Beginner Cruiser Motorcycle - LIFE OF BRI
Yamaha Virago 250 Review | Best Beginner Cruiser Motorcycle - LIFE OF BRI
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: LIFE OF BRI
My custom Yamaha XV750 Virago. Sound + rebuilt + the ride!
My custom Yamaha XV750 Virago. Sound + rebuilt + the ride!
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Nout de Laat
Yamaha Virago 250cc
Yamaha Virago 250cc
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: XzilizX
Cafe Racer Build from Start to Finish | 1981 Yamaha XV750 Virago
Cafe Racer Build from Start to Finish | 1981 Yamaha XV750 Virago
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: Life On Unleaded
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Cafe Racer R6
1982 Yamaha Virago XV750 Cafe Racer R6
Published: 2017/05/01
Channel: The Moto Channel
The *Free* Yamaha Virago Starter Bendix Gear Fix Trick!
The *Free* Yamaha Virago Starter Bendix Gear Fix Trick!
Published: 2016/07/28
Channel: Alex Knappenberger
AUDE GG : LE BILAN APRÈS 8 MOIS DE VIRAGO
AUDE GG : LE BILAN APRÈS 8 MOIS DE VIRAGO
Published: 2017/09/06
Channel: madmoiZelle
'92 Virago Carb Sync Ports
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: littlegreenwon
project bobber yamaha virago 535
project bobber yamaha virago 535
Published: 2015/11/11
Channel: kulture cars
Yamaha Virago 750 - Pełen przelot i Pomiar decybeli & Walkaround
Yamaha Virago 750 - Pełen przelot i Pomiar decybeli & Walkaround
Published: 2015/06/10
Channel: Pit Stop MV
virago XV 250 wymiana oleju
virago XV 250 wymiana oleju
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Adam Qharon
Yamaha Virago xv535 | Deneme / Sürüş / Hissiyat | Moto lu Vlog lu
Yamaha Virago xv535 | Deneme / Sürüş / Hissiyat | Moto lu Vlog lu
Published: 2016/06/27
Channel: Soner Şahinbaş
1994 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Carb Syncronization
1994 Yamaha Virago XV1100 Carb Syncronization
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Aaron Spencer
Yamaha Virago Bobber Compilation
Yamaha Virago Bobber Compilation
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: Garage Legacy
Yamaha VIRAGO XV750
Yamaha VIRAGO XV750
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Motolife
1983 Yamaha Virago 500 Start up and Ride
1983 Yamaha Virago 500 Start up and Ride
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: Alex Knappenberger
Tudo sobre a Virago 250 - Parte 1 - Vale a pena ter uma?
Tudo sobre a Virago 250 - Parte 1 - Vale a pena ter uma?
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: Ricardo Jansen
#4 - Virago - Helen Keller
#4 - Virago - Helen Keller
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Aude GG
1997 Yamaha Virago 750cc
1997 Yamaha Virago 750cc
Published: 2010/05/09
Channel: Andy Corman
08/08/16 VESTIDA PRA MATAR, VIRAGO PRONTA
08/08/16 VESTIDA PRA MATAR, VIRAGO PRONTA
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: Pscycles Kustom
Virago - Un Instant
Virago - Un Instant
Published: 2010/04/15
Channel: Dingo Tom
Yamaha XV400 Virago рассказ
Yamaha XV400 Virago рассказ
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Иван Зенкевич PRO автомобили
1100 Virago 1991 bobber
1100 Virago 1991 bobber
Published: 2016/07/30
Channel: L'empereur X
Обзор мопеда Irbis Virago 110 Alpha
Обзор мопеда Irbis Virago 110 Alpha
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Андрей Скутерец
Virago 250 - customizada
Virago 250 - customizada
Published: 2017/06/03
Channel: Emerson Henrique Dos Anjos Acendino
Yamaha Virago XV 500 Cafe racer Build, Part 31 - Head Light Fix
Yamaha Virago XV 500 Cafe racer Build, Part 31 - Head Light Fix
Published: 2017/09/21
Channel: MackieBass
MOTOCICLETA YAMAHA TIPO VIRAGO 535 cc MODIFICADA 1998
MOTOCICLETA YAMAHA TIPO VIRAGO 535 cc MODIFICADA 1998
Published: 2010/05/20
Channel: CORVUMMC
Equalizando a Yamaha Virago 535 em casa
Equalizando a Yamaha Virago 535 em casa
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Gilmar Dessaune
1991 Yamaha Virago 1100
1991 Yamaha Virago 1100
Published: 2012/03/15
Channel: Matt Elsberry
yamaha virago XV 750 84
yamaha virago XV 750 84' custom cafe racer first motorcycle project
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: benny psikuta
Lidzbark TV: VIII Zlot Miłośników Yamahy Virago
Lidzbark TV: VIII Zlot Miłośników Yamahy Virago
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: TV Lidzbark.pl
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bronze of a young female warrior in Lombard costume. Francesco Porzio, Monumento alla difesa di Casale, 1897

A virago is a woman who demonstrates exemplary and heroic qualities. The word comes from the Latin word vir, meaning 'man' (cf. virile) to which the suffix -ago is added, a suffix that effectively re-genders the word to be female.

The word virago has almost always had an association with cultural gender transgression. A virago, of whatever excellence, was still identified by her gender. There are recorded instances of viragos (such as Joan of Arc) fighting battles, wearing men's clothing, or receiving the tonsure.[1] The word virago could also be used disparagingly, to imply that a virago was not excellent or heroic, but was instead violating cultural norms. Thus virago joined pejoratives such as termagant,[2] mannish, amazonian and shrew to demean women who acted aggressively or like men.

History[edit]

Historically, the concept of a virago reaches back into antiquity where Hellenistic philosophy asserted that elite and exceptionally heroic men had virtus. Virtus (once again linked to vir, the brave man abiding by society's highest values and ethics as opposed to homo, human being) defined the traits of excellence for a man in ancient Rome (and Greece), including valor and heroism, but also morality and physical strength. Women and non-elite or unheroic men (slaves, servants, craftsmen, merchants) were considered a lesser category, and believed to be less excellent in Roman morality. A woman, however, if exceptional enough could earn the title virago. In doing so, she surpassed the expectations for what was believed possible for her gender, and embodied masculine-like aggression[3] and/or excellence. Virago, then, was a title of respect and admiration. In Christianity, a nun or holy woman who had become equal in divinity to male monks through practiced celibacy, exemplary religious practice and devotion, and intact virginity, was considered to have surpassed the limitations of her femaleness and was called virago.[4][5] Firmicus Maternus describes virago as women who take on a man's character and desire intercourse with women like men.[6]

Standard modern dictionaries define virago as either, in order of definition, (1) a "loud overbearing woman"; a "shrew".[7] or (2) a woman of "great stature, strength, and courage"[8][9] Thus virago continues to be associated with both the naming of a woman who has either (1) a domineering, abrasive and spiteful manner, or (2) has risen above cultural and gender stereotypes to embody a virile heroism; for example, the British Royal Navy christened at least four warships Virago.

Vulgate Bible[edit]

The Vulgate Bible, translated by Jerome and others in the 4th century C.E., was an early Latin translation of the Hebrew Bible Old Testament. In Genesis 2:23, Jerome uses the words Vir for man and Virago for "woman" attempting to reproduce a pun on "male" and "female" (Ish and Ishah) that existed in the Hebrew text.[10][11]

The Vulgate reads:

Dixitque Adam hoc nunc os ex ossibus meis et caro de carne mea haec vocabitur virago quoniam de viro sumpta est.
"And Adam said: This now is bone of my bones, and flesh of my flesh; she shall be called woman, because she was taken out of man."

The Middle English poem Cursor Mundi retains the Latin name for the woman in its otherwise Middle English account of the creation:

Quen sco was broght be-for adam, Virago he gaf her to nam; þar for hight sco virago, ffor maked of the man was sco. (lines 631–34)
"When she was brought before Adam, Virago was the name he gave to her; Therefore she is called Virago, For she was made out of the man."

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg. Forgetful of their sex: female sanctity and society, ca. 500-1100. University Of Chicago Press, 2001. Page 50. ISBN 978-0-226-74054-6.
  2. ^ "Virago". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  3. ^ Virginia Blanton. Signs of devotion: the cult of St. Æthelthryth in medieval England, 695-1615 Pennsylvania State Univ Pr (Trd) (April 30, 2007). Page 168. ISBN 978-0-271-02984-9.
  4. ^ Newman, Barbara. From Virile Woman to Woman Christ: Studies in Medieval Religion and Literature. University of Pennsylvania Press, 1995. Page 5. ISBN 978-0-8122-1545-8.
  5. ^ Laurence Lux-Sterritt. Redefining Female Religious Life: French Ursulines And English Ladies in Seventeenth-Century Catholicism. Ashgate Pub Co (January 30, 2006). Page 61. ISBN 978-0-7546-3716-5.
  6. ^ Brooten, Bernadette (1996). Love Between Women: early Christian responses to female homoeroticism. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. p. 135. ISBN 0-226-07591-5. 
  7. ^ {Merriam-Webster's Third New International Dictionary of the English Language Unabridged, Copyright (c) 1993 Merriam-Webster, Incorporated, first definition of "virago"}
  8. ^ webster.com/dictionary/virago "Virago" Check |url= value (help). Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2011-11-25. 
  9. ^ http://www.answers.com/topic/virago
  10. ^ Saint Jerome, Robert Hayward. Saint Jerome's Hebrew questions on Genesis. Oxford University Press, USA (August 10, 1995) Page 113. ISBN 978-0-19-826350-0
  11. ^ Helen Kraus. Gender Issues in Ancient and Reformation Translations of Genesis 1-4. Oxford University Press, USA (December 17, 2011). Page 182. ISBN 978-0-19-960078-6

Bibliography[edit]

  • Ernst Breisach, Caterina Sforza ; A Renaissance virago, Chicago [usw.]: University Press 1967
  • Elizabeth D. Carney,"Olympias and the Image of the Virago" in: Phoenix, Vol. 47, No. 1 (Spring, 1993), pp. 29–55
  • Morris, Richard. Cursor Mundi: A Northumbrian Poem of the XIV Century. London: Oxford UP, 1874. Republished 1961.
  • Barbara Newman. From virile woman to womanChrist: studies in medieval religion and literature. University of Pennsylvania Press (January 1, 1995)
  • Jane Tibbetts Schulenburg. Forgetful of their sex: female sanctity and society, ca. 500-1100. University Of Chicago Press (January 1, 2001)
  • Yenna Wu, The Chinese virago : a literary theme, Cambridge, Mass. [u.a.] : Harvard Univ. Press, 1995

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