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What Are The Visual Flight Rules?
What Are The Visual Flight Rules?
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: sparky SPARKS
Visual Meteorological Conditions, spiegazione in italiano
Visual Meteorological Conditions, spiegazione in italiano
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: SIMULATION TUTORIAL ITA
Vmc Basics
Vmc Basics
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: PrettyFlyForACFI
Weather below Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) Zorg& Hoop Airport
Weather below Visual Meteorological Conditions (VMC) Zorg& Hoop Airport
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: Faragh M. Djoemai
VFR flight into IMC
VFR flight into IMC
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: The Flying Reporter
VFR into IMC: The Experience
VFR into IMC: The Experience
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
Instrument Flying Techniques 1961 US Air Force Training Film; IFR Take Off & Unusual Attitudes
Instrument Flying Techniques 1961 US Air Force Training Film; IFR Take Off & Unusual Attitudes
Published: 2017/09/16
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Instrument Flying Techniques: Basic Instruments 1961 US Air Force Training Film TF1-5342a 30min
Instrument Flying Techniques: Basic Instruments 1961 US Air Force Training Film TF1-5342a 30min
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: Jeff Quitney
MY 178 Seconds to Live Moment - VFR to IMC!!
MY 178 Seconds to Live Moment - VFR to IMC!!
Published: 2013/12/31
Channel: blkpylut
VFR Into IMC
VFR Into IMC
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
Flying VFR into IMC - a top KILLER of pilots - My close call!
Flying VFR into IMC - a top KILLER of pilots - My close call!
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: FlightChops
Factors that affect Vmc
Factors that affect Vmc
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Zero 2 Hero
Flying  VFR into IMC
Flying VFR into IMC
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: steve9173
Flying in Foul Weather: "To Save a Life" 1957 AOPA Pilot Training Film
Flying in Foul Weather: "To Save a Life" 1957 AOPA Pilot Training Film
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Jeff Quitney
VFR pilot enters IFR conditions  MAYDAY  ATC  records
VFR pilot enters IFR conditions MAYDAY ATC records
Published: 2010/11/20
Channel: Garik skyhawk
Accident Case Study: VFR into IMC
Accident Case Study: VFR into IMC
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Air Safety Institute
VFR private pilot departs into known IMC
VFR private pilot departs into known IMC
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: San Ducklawz
VMC to IMC
VMC to IMC
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: dcmAviation
vmc imc
vmc imc
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: cityaerialscoventry
IFR Training Flight
IFR Training Flight
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: SmittyFlies
Piper Archer III - N699DW - VMC to IMC XCountry
Piper Archer III - N699DW - VMC to IMC XCountry
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Wilson SC
Descending into the Clouds
Descending into the Clouds
Published: 2008/06/05
Channel: ifrpilot
VFR on top descent vmc
VFR on top descent vmc
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: videosonline75
Meteorological conditions prevailing in Norway over Jan-Feb 2015
Meteorological conditions prevailing in Norway over Jan-Feb 2015
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: adil rasheed
In side the colud
In side the colud
Published: 2009/04/21
Channel: Abdullah Tashkandi
First IFR Actual IMC - Scary? Busting the myth
First IFR Actual IMC - Scary? Busting the myth
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: John Visser
Decent into IMC
Decent into IMC
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: mrwhomever
VFR Into IMC   Lessons Learned
VFR Into IMC Lessons Learned
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
Flying a DA42 in ( Instrument meteorological condition IMC ). Ipoh to Subang, Malaysia...
Flying a DA42 in ( Instrument meteorological condition IMC ). Ipoh to Subang, Malaysia...
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: kelvinhenry9
VMC or IMC?
VMC or IMC?
Published: 2010/12/07
Channel: Toshiro Tanikawa
Flying in Instrument Meteorological Conditions - HWD to HAF
Flying in Instrument Meteorological Conditions - HWD to HAF
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: David Trussell
PA28: X-C NIGHT VFR TO IMC (I DON
PA28: X-C NIGHT VFR TO IMC (I DON'T LIKE THIS)
Published: 2013/12/24
Channel: CaptainDoron
20140301 - Bankstown six departure and Richmond ILS-Z approach in IMC
20140301 - Bankstown six departure and Richmond ILS-Z approach in IMC
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: Joe Els
Leesburg to Cape May Day Trip IFR in VMC in a 182
Leesburg to Cape May Day Trip IFR in VMC in a 182
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Brian Danza
PLA Navy Beefs up New Pilot Training in Poor Meteorological Conditions
PLA Navy Beefs up New Pilot Training in Poor Meteorological Conditions
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: CCTV+
IFR into VMC No Music
IFR into VMC No Music
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Jerome Gagner
Cessna 150 VFR crosscountry flight IMC
Cessna 150 VFR crosscountry flight IMC
Published: 2011/12/29
Channel: immelmann_jake
VFR to IMC
VFR to IMC
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: Dérian Morgan
Easton Practice - IFR in Marginal VMC
Easton Practice - IFR in Marginal VMC
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: w chapman
Night IFR(VMC) Flight: KMYF KCRQ KRNM Loop
Night IFR(VMC) Flight: KMYF KCRQ KRNM Loop
Published: 2013/05/27
Channel: chartbundle
VFR into IMC: A Real-life Close Call
VFR into IMC: A Real-life Close Call
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
VMC Flight 1
VMC Flight 1
Published: 2017/06/02
Channel: surf4tv
IFR into VMC
IFR into VMC
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Jerome Gagner
Storm Chasing in a Cessna: Lake Effect Snow Squalls VFR to IMC Risk + Avoidance - Flight VLOG
Storm Chasing in a Cessna: Lake Effect Snow Squalls VFR to IMC Risk + Avoidance - Flight VLOG
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: FlightChops
flight in imc part 2
flight in imc part 2
Published: 2011/05/01
Channel: zulusunshine
MinimumLevel 1080HD
MinimumLevel 1080HD
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: Matt Cope
VFR Into IMC Promo
VFR Into IMC Promo
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
CASA Safety Video -
CASA Safety Video - '178 seconds to live'
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: CASABriefing
VFR into IMC: Tips for Teaching
VFR into IMC: Tips for Teaching
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
IFR flight to Tunica MS in VMC conditions
IFR flight to Tunica MS in VMC conditions
Published: 2008/01/05
Channel: BeechSundowner
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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VFR / VMC visibility requirements in the US

In aviation, visual meteorological conditions (or VMC) is an aviation flight category in which visual flight rules (VFR) flight is permitted—that is, conditions in which pilots have sufficient visibility to fly the aircraft maintaining visual separation from terrain and other aircraft. They are the opposite of instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). The boundary criteria between IMC and VMC are known as the VMC minima and are defined by: visibility, cloud ceilings (for takeoffs and landings), and cloud clearances.

The exact requirements vary by type of airspace, whether it is day or night (for countries that permit night VFR), and from country to country. Typical visibility requirements vary from one statute mile to five statute miles (many countries define these in metric units as 1,500 m to 8 km). Typical cloud clearance requirements vary from merely remaining clear of clouds to remaining at least one mile away (1,500 m in some countries) from clouds horizontally and 1,000 feet away from clouds vertically. For instance, in Australia, VMC minima outside controlled airspace are clear of cloud with 5,000 m visibility below 3,000 ft AMSL or 1,000 ft AGL (whichever is higher), and 1,000 ft vertical/1,500 m horizontal separation from cloud above these altitudes or in controlled airspace. Above 10,000 ft, 8,000 m visibility is required to maintain VMC. Air traffic control may also issue a "special VFR" clearance to VFR aircraft, to allow departure from a control zone in less than VMC – this reduces the visibility minimum to 1,600 m.

Generally, VMC requires greater visibility and cloud clearance in controlled airspace than in uncontrolled airspace. In uncontrolled airspace there is less risk of a VFR aircraft colliding with an instrument flight rules (IFR) aircraft emerging from a cloud, so aircraft are permitted to fly closer to clouds. An exception to this rule is class B airspace, in which ATC separates VFR traffic from all other traffic (VFR or IFR), which is why in class B airspace lower cloud clearance is permitted.

UK VFR minima[edit]

Uncontrolled airspace (class F & G)[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1500 m horizontally from cloud, 1000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1500 m horizontally from cloud, 1000 ft vertically from cloud

At or below 3,000 ft:

5 km flight visibility, clear of cloud and in sight of the surface
or, for an aircraft, other than a helicopter, operating at 140 kt or less:
1,500 m flight visibility, clear of cloud and in sight of the surface
For helicopters:
Clear of cloud and in sight of the surface at a speed with is commensurate with the visibility.

[1]

Controlled airspace (classes C to E) By Day[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Alternatively at or below 3,000 and operating at 140kt or less ft:

For fixed-wing aircraft:
Clear of cloud and in sight of surface with a flight visibility of 5000m
For helicopters:
Clear of cloud and in sight of surface with a flight visibility of 1500m

Controlled airspace (classes C to E) By Night[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

[2]

US weather minima[edit]

Class G airspace[edit]

Surface to 1200 feet AGL (Above Ground Level):

Day: 1 statute mile visibility, clear of clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Night: 3 statute miles, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))


1200 feet AGL to 10,000 feet MSL (Mean Sea Level):

Day: 1 statute mile visibility, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Night: 3 statute miles, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))


1200 feet AGL and above 10,000 feet MSL:

Day or Night: 5 statute miles, 1000 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 1 statute mile horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Class E airspace[edit]

At or above 10,000 ft MSL:

5 statute miles visibility, 1 statute mile horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and below clouds

Below 10,000 ft MSL

3 statute miles visibility, 2000 ft horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and 500 ft below clouds

Class C and D airspace[edit]

At any altitude:

3 statute miles visibility, 2,000 ft horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and 500 ft below clouds

Class B airspace[edit]

3 statute miles visibility, clear of clouds

Class A airspace[edit]

VFR flight prohibited in Class A airspace.

You must be instrument rated, have an IFR flight plan, 2-way radios, and a Mode-C Transponder

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http:www.caa.co.uk/cap493
  2. ^ http://www.caa.co.uk/cap493

External links[edit]

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