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VFR flight into IMC
VFR flight into IMC
Published: 2016/02/06
Channel: The Flying Reporter
Visual Meteorological Conditions, spiegazione in italiano
Visual Meteorological Conditions, spiegazione in italiano
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: SIMULATION TUTORIAL ITA
VFR into IMC: The Experience
VFR into IMC: The Experience
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
Accident Case Study: VFR into IMC
Accident Case Study: VFR into IMC
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Air Safety Institute
Flying in Foul Weather: "To Save a Life" 1957 AOPA Pilot Training Film
Flying in Foul Weather: "To Save a Life" 1957 AOPA Pilot Training Film
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Jeff Quitney
What Are The Visual Flight Rules?
What Are The Visual Flight Rules?
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: sparky SPARKS
Vmc Basics
Vmc Basics
Published: 2013/01/27
Channel: PrettyFlyForACFI
Factors that affect Vmc
Factors that affect Vmc
Published: 2015/05/17
Channel: Zero 2 Hero
CASA Safety Video -
CASA Safety Video - '178 seconds to live'
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: CASABriefing
VFR into IMC: Confess to ATC
VFR into IMC: Confess to ATC
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
Flying VFR into IMC - a top KILLER of pilots - My close call!
Flying VFR into IMC - a top KILLER of pilots - My close call!
Published: 2014/01/29
Channel: FlightChops
VFR Into IMC
VFR Into IMC
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
First IFR Actual IMC - Scary? Busting the myth
First IFR Actual IMC - Scary? Busting the myth
Published: 2011/03/28
Channel: John Visser
Instrument Flying Techniques: Basic Instruments 1961 US Air Force Training Film TF1-5342a 30min
Instrument Flying Techniques: Basic Instruments 1961 US Air Force Training Film TF1-5342a 30min
Published: 2014/10/07
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Flying  VFR into IMC
Flying VFR into IMC
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: steve9173
VMC to IMC
VMC to IMC
Published: 2016/03/06
Channel: dcmAviation
VFR into IMC: Tips for Teaching
VFR into IMC: Tips for Teaching
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
VFR Into IMC   Lessons Learned
VFR Into IMC Lessons Learned
Published: 2014/03/04
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
Prevent Aerodynamic Stalls At Low Altitude - NTSB Safety Alert
Prevent Aerodynamic Stalls At Low Altitude - NTSB Safety Alert
Published: 2013/11/02
Channel: AIRBOYD
MY 178 Seconds to Live Moment - VFR to IMC!!
MY 178 Seconds to Live Moment - VFR to IMC!!
Published: 2013/12/31
Channel: blkpylut
Avoiding Flight into IMC
Avoiding Flight into IMC
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: Rod Machado
VFR on top descent vmc
VFR on top descent vmc
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: videosonline75
Flying in Instrument Meteorological Conditions - HWD to HAF
Flying in Instrument Meteorological Conditions - HWD to HAF
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: David Trussell
Dweling amongst clouds
Dweling amongst clouds
Published: 2012/03/16
Channel: Pablo Romay
Decent into IMC
Decent into IMC
Published: 2017/03/22
Channel: mrwhomever
Instrument Flying Techniques 1961 US Air Force Pilot Training Film
Instrument Flying Techniques 1961 US Air Force Pilot Training Film
Published: 2013/05/01
Channel: Jeff Quitney
vmc imc
vmc imc
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: cityaerialscoventry
VMC Roll Demo
VMC Roll Demo
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: kamy fa
Piper Archer III - N699DW - VMC to IMC XCountry
Piper Archer III - N699DW - VMC to IMC XCountry
Published: 2016/10/11
Channel: Wilson SC
WHP to OXR in N650B (IFR flight plan, VMC)
WHP to OXR in N650B (IFR flight plan, VMC)
Published: 2013/03/31
Channel: LAAV8R
VFR Into IMC Promo
VFR Into IMC Promo
Published: 2013/10/22
Channel: SmartPilotCanada
IFR into VMC
IFR into VMC
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Jerome Gagner
Flying in IMC
Flying in IMC
Published: 2014/08/29
Channel: SACAA
VFR into IMC video - repost
VFR into IMC video - repost
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: MindstarAviation
VMC or IMC?
VMC or IMC?
Published: 2010/12/07
Channel: Toshiro Tanikawa
MinimumLevel 1080HD
MinimumLevel 1080HD
Published: 2015/10/18
Channel: Matt Cope
Weather diversion to Cardiff due to going VFR into IMC.
Weather diversion to Cardiff due to going VFR into IMC.
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: Ben Brown
How to Survive VFR into IMC - Practical Flight Simulator Challenge
How to Survive VFR into IMC - Practical Flight Simulator Challenge
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Friendly Skies Film
IFR flight to Tunica MS in VMC conditions
IFR flight to Tunica MS in VMC conditions
Published: 2008/01/05
Channel: BeechSundowner
VMC into IMC Nashville to Pittsburgh
VMC into IMC Nashville to Pittsburgh
Published: 2016/01/10
Channel: The Paradizos
VFR private pilot departs into known IMC
VFR private pilot departs into known IMC
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: San Ducklawz
AviatorCast 023: The War on VMC into IMC | Real Trainin...
AviatorCast 023: The War on VMC into IMC | Real Trainin...
Published: 2014/06/28
Channel: Angle of Attack
VMC Demo on PA34 Seneca - AP
VMC Demo on PA34 Seneca - AP
Published: 2015/07/10
Channel: José Miguel Gómez Mesa
VFR into IMC: Gotcha Situations
VFR into IMC: Gotcha Situations
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Air Safety Institute
Flying IFR under VMC Pacific Northwest
Flying IFR under VMC Pacific Northwest
Published: 2010/02/17
Channel: pneally2
VFR to IMC
VFR to IMC
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: Dérian Morgan
Multi-Engine Lesson 4 - Vmc Demonstration
Multi-Engine Lesson 4 - Vmc Demonstration
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: 808PostAndProduction
Multi-Engine Rating in 12 Days - Day 5 Part 1 - Full Video with Cockpit and ATC
Multi-Engine Rating in 12 Days - Day 5 Part 1 - Full Video with Cockpit and ATC
Published: 2015/03/04
Channel: Niko's Wings
The VMC Table - Part 3 (Bank and Weight)
The VMC Table - Part 3 (Bank and Weight)
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: PrettyFlyForACFI
VMC to IMC close call, Transponder issue and delays in the circuit - G-BUJO (PA28)
VMC to IMC close call, Transponder issue and delays in the circuit - G-BUJO (PA28)
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: PPL Video Diary
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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VFR / VMC visibility requirements in the US

In aviation, visual meteorological conditions (or VMC) is an aviation flight category in which visual flight rules (VFR) flight is permitted—that is, conditions in which pilots have sufficient visibility to fly the aircraft maintaining visual separation from terrain and other aircraft. They are the opposite of instrument meteorological conditions (IMC). The boundary criteria between IMC and VMC are known as the VMC minima and are defined by: visibility, cloud ceilings (for takeoffs and landings), and cloud clearances.

The exact requirements vary by type of airspace, whether it is day or night (for countries that permit night VFR), and from country to country. Typical visibility requirements vary from one statute mile to five statute miles (many countries define these in metric units as 1,500 m to 8 km). Typical cloud clearance requirements vary from merely remaining clear of clouds to remaining at least one mile away (1,500 m in some countries) from clouds horizontally and 1,000 feet away from clouds vertically. For instance, in Australia, VMC minima outside controlled airspace are clear of cloud with 5,000 m visibility below 3,000 ft AMSL or 1,000 ft AGL (whichever is higher), and 1,000 ft vertical/1,500 m horizontal separation from cloud above these altitudes or in controlled airspace. Above 10,000 ft, 8,000 m visibility is required to maintain VMC. Air traffic control may also issue a "special VFR" clearance to VFR aircraft, to allow departure from a control zone in less than VMC – this reduces the visibility minimum to 1,600 m.

Generally, VMC requires greater visibility and cloud clearance in controlled airspace than in uncontrolled airspace. In uncontrolled airspace there is less risk of a VFR aircraft colliding with an instrument flight rules (IFR) aircraft emerging from a cloud, so aircraft are permitted to fly closer to clouds. An exception to this rule is class B airspace, in which ATC separates VFR traffic from all other traffic (VFR or IFR), which is why in class B airspace lower cloud clearance is permitted.

UK VFR minima[edit]

Uncontrolled airspace (class F & G)[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1500 m horizontally from cloud, 1000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1500 m horizontally from cloud, 1000 ft vertically from cloud

At or below 3,000 ft:

5 km flight visibility, clear of cloud and in sight of the surface
or, for an aircraft, other than a helicopter, operating at 140 kt or less:
1,500 m flight visibility, clear of cloud and in sight of the surface
For helicopters:
Clear of cloud and in sight of the surface at a speed with is commensurate with the visibility.

[1]

Controlled airspace (classes C to E) By Day[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Alternatively at or below 3,000 and operating at 140kt or less ft:

For fixed-wing aircraft:
Clear of cloud and in sight of surface with a flight visibility of 5000m
For helicopters:
Clear of cloud and in sight of surface with a flight visibility of 1500m

Controlled airspace (classes C to E) By Night[edit]

At and above FL 100:

8 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

Below FL 100:

5 km flight visibility, 1,500 m horizontally from cloud, 1,000 ft vertically from cloud

[2]

US weather minima[edit]

Class G airspace[edit]

Surface to 1200 feet AGL (Above Ground Level):

Day: 1 statute mile visibility, clear of clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Night: 3 statute miles, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))


1200 feet AGL to 10,000 feet MSL (Mean Sea Level):

Day: 1 statute mile visibility, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Night: 3 statute miles, 500 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 2000 feet horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))


1200 feet AGL and above 10,000 feet MSL:

Day or Night: 5 statute miles, 1000 feet below, 1000 feet above, and 1 statute mile horizontally from clouds (except as provided for in §91.155, paragraph (b))

Class E airspace[edit]

At or above 10,000 ft MSL:

5 statute miles visibility, 1 statute mile horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and below clouds

Below 10,000 ft MSL

3 statute miles visibility, 2000 ft horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and 500 ft below clouds

Class C and D airspace[edit]

At any altitude:

3 statute miles visibility, 2,000 ft horizontally from clouds, 1,000 ft above and 500 ft below clouds

Class B airspace[edit]

3 statute miles visibility, clear of clouds

Class A airspace[edit]

VFR flight prohibited in Class A airspace.

You must be instrument rated, have an IFR flight plan, 2-way radios, and a Mode-C Transponder

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http:www.caa.co.uk/cap493
  2. ^ http://www.caa.co.uk/cap493

External links[edit]

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