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Short History of the Visuddhi Magga  at DSMC
Short History of the Visuddhi Magga at DSMC
Published: 2013/11/08
Channel: Bhante Vimalaramsi
Path of Purification
Path of Purification
Published: 2013/03/04
Channel: Yuttadhammo Bhikkhu
Visuddhimagga Class by Dr Mhem Tin Mon Opening Day 1  22 12 2011
Visuddhimagga Class by Dr Mhem Tin Mon Opening Day 1 22 12 2011
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: Aung Naing
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 10 (1/2) - Ashin Wannita
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 10 (1/2) - Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: LokaChantha
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 1
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Ven Adicca
Samadhi and Jhana in Theravada Buddhism Part 3
Samadhi and Jhana in Theravada Buddhism Part 3
Published: 2013/10/17
Channel: MettaDharma
visuddhimagga 1
visuddhimagga 1
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Weheragala Arana
visuddhimagga 3
visuddhimagga 3
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Weheragala Arana
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 10 (2/2) - Ashin Wannita
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 10 (2/2) - Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/04/14
Channel: LokaChantha
visuddhimagga 5
visuddhimagga 5
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Weheragala Arana
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-12 제20장 도와 도 아님에 대한 지와 견에 의한 청정 3
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-12 제20장 도와 도 아님에 대한 지와 견에 의한 청정 3
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: . 초기불전연구원
July 30, 2016 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
July 30, 2016 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2016/07/31
Channel: Dhammaclass
visuddhimagga 4
visuddhimagga 4
Published: 2016/03/17
Channel: Weheragala Arana
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 3
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 3
Published: 2016/01/24
Channel: Ven Adicca
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 9 (1/2) by Ashin Wannita
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 9 (1/2) by Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: LokaChantha
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 8
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: Ven Adicca
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 6
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 6
Published: 2016/02/13
Channel: Ven Adicca
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-14 제20장 도와 도 아님에 대한 지와 견에 의한 청정 5
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-14 제20장 도와 도 아님에 대한 지와 견에 의한 청정 5
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: . 초기불전연구원
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - 2nd Day
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Ven Adicca
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 9
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: Ven Adicca
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 5
Ashin Adicca - Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 5
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: Ven Adicca
29-Oct-2016, Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
29-Oct-2016, Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2016/10/30
Channel: Dhammaclass
Dec 28, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (9) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Dec 28, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (9) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: Dhammaclass
May 10, 2015 Visuddhimagga (17) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
May 10, 2015 Visuddhimagga (17) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: Dhammaclass
December 24, 2016 Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
December 24, 2016 Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2016/12/25
Channel: Dhammaclass
Apr 05, 2015 Visuddhimagga (14) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Apr 05, 2015 Visuddhimagga (14) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/04/06
Channel: Dhammaclass
Nov 15, 2008 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Nov 15, 2008 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Dhammaclass
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 10
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Ven Adicca
Sept 24,2016, Visuddhimagga Class by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Sept 24,2016, Visuddhimagga Class by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Dhammaclass
Metta Sutta Bhavana - Sydney Meditation retreat 2016 - part 6
Metta Sutta Bhavana - Sydney Meditation retreat 2016 - part 6
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: English Dhamma Talks
15-Oct-2016,  Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
15-Oct-2016, Visuddhimagga by Dhammananda Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2016/10/16
Channel: Dhammaclass
Nov 04, 2012 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Nov 04, 2012 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Dhammaclass
May 24, 2015 Visuddhimagga (18 end) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
May 24, 2015 Visuddhimagga (18 end) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: Dhammaclass
Dec 07, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (6) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Dec 07, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (6) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/12/08
Channel: Dhammaclass
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 9 (2/2) by Ashin Wannita
Introduction to Visuddhimagga - Part 9 (2/2) by Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/04/06
Channel: LokaChantha
Nov 29, 2008 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS
Nov 29, 2008 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Dhammaclass
Nov 23, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (4) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Nov 23, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (4) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/11/24
Channel: Dhammaclass
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 7
Published: 2016/02/20
Channel: Ven Adicca
Nov 16, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (3) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Nov 16, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (3) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/11/17
Channel: Dhammaclass
Jan 04, 2015 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (10) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Jan 04, 2015 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (10) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/01/05
Channel: Dhammaclass
Jan 24, 2009 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Jan 24, 2009 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Dhammaclass
Visuddhimagga Study Part-8 (29-Mar-2014) (1/2) by Ashin Wannita
Visuddhimagga Study Part-8 (29-Mar-2014) (1/2) by Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: LokaChantha
Feb 01, 2015 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (13) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Feb 01, 2015 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (13) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: Dhammaclass
Jan 18, 2015  Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (11) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Jan 18, 2015 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (11) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Dhammaclass
Ashin Adicca
Ashin Adicca's Visuddhimagga Lecture - Day 11
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Ven Adicca
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-1 청정도론 개관1(계품과 정품을 중심으로)|
청정도론(Visuddhimagga) IV-1 청정도론 개관1(계품과 정품을 중심으로)|
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: . 초기불전연구원
Visuddhimagga Study Part-8 (29-Mar-2014) (2/2) by Ashin Wannita
Visuddhimagga Study Part-8 (29-Mar-2014) (2/2) by Ashin Wannita
Published: 2014/03/30
Channel: LokaChantha
Dec 16, 2012 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Dec 16, 2012 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Dhammaclass
Feb 07, 2009 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Feb 07, 2009 Visuddhimagga by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Dhammaclass
Dec 21, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (8) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Dec 21, 2014 Visuddhimagga - Dhutanga (8) by Venerable Sayadaw U Jotalankara at TDS Dhamma Class
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: Dhammaclass
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Visuddhimagga (Pali; English The Path of Purification), is the 'great treatise' on Theravada Buddhist doctrine written by Buddhaghosa approximately in the 5th Century in Sri Lanka. It is a comprehensive manual condensing and systematizing the theoretical and practical teachings of Gautama Buddha as they were understood by the elders of the Mahavihara Monastery in Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka. It is described as "the hub of a complete and coherent method of exegesis of the Tipitaka, using the ‘Abhidhamma method' as it is called. And it sets out detailed practical instructions for developing purification of mind." (Bhikkhu Nyanamoli 2011 p. xxvii.) It is considered the most important Theravada text outside of the Tipitaka canon of scriptures.[1][2]

The Visuddhimagga′s structure is based on the Ratha-vinita Sutta ("Relay Chariots Discourse," MN 24), which describes the progression from the purity of discipline to the final destination of nibbana in seven steps.[3]

Summary[edit]

It is composed of three sections, which discuss: 1) Sīla (ethics or discipline); 2) Samādhi (meditative concentration); 3) Pañña (understanding or wisdom).

  • The first section (part 1) explains the rules of discipline, and the method for finding a correct temple to practice, or how to meet a good teacher.
  • The second section (part 2) describes samatha's practice, object by object (see Kammatthana for the list of the forty traditional objects). It mentions different stages of concentration.
  • The third section (part 3-7) is a description of the five skandhas (aggregates), ayatanas, the Four Noble Truths, dependent origination (Pratitya-samutpada), and the practice of vipassana through the development of wisdom. It emphasizes different forms of knowledge emerging because of the practice. This part shows a great analytical effort specific to Buddhist philosophy.

Seven Stages of Purification[edit]

This comparison between practice and "seven relay chariots" points at the goal. Each purity is needed to attain the next. They are often referred to as the "Seven Stages of Purification" (satta-visuddhi):[4]

  1. Purification of Conduct (sīla-visuddhi)
  2. Purification of Mind (citta-visuddhi)
  3. Purification of View (ditthi-visuddhi)
  4. Purification by Overcoming Doubt (kankha-vitarana-visuddhi)
  5. Purification by Knowledge and Vision of What Is Path and Not Path (maggamagga-ñanadassana-visuddhi)
  6. Purification by Knowledge and Vision of the Course of Practice (patipada-ñanadassana-visuddhi)
    1. Knowledge of contemplation of rise and fall (udayabbayanupassana-nana)
    2. Knowledge of contemplation of dissolution (bhanganupassana-nana)
    3. Knowledge of appearance as terror (bhayatupatthana-nana)
    4. Knowledge of contemplation of danger (adinavanupassana-nana)
    5. Knowledge of contemplation of dispassion (nibbidanupassana-nana)
    6. Knowledge of desire for deliverance (muncitukamyata-nana)
    7. Knowledge of contemplation of reflection (patisankhanupassana-nana)
    8. Knowledge of equanimity about formations (sankharupekka-nana)
    9. Conformity knowledge (anuloma-nana)
  7. Purification by Knowledge and Vision (ñanadassana-visuddhi)
    1. Change of lineage
    2. The first path and fruit
    3. The second path and fruit
    4. The third path and fruit
    5. The fourth path and fruit

The "Purification by Knowledge and Vision" is the culmination of the practice, in four stages leading to liberation and Nirvana.

The emphasis in this system is on understanding the three marks of existence, dukkha, anatta, anicca. This emphasis is recognizable in the value that is given to vipassana over samatha, especially in the contemporary vipassana movement.

Siddhis[edit]

According to scholars, the Visuddhimagga is one of the extremely rare texts within the enormous literatures of various forms of Jainism, Buddhism, and Hinduism to give explicit details about how spiritual masters were thought to actually manifest supernormal abilities.[5] Abilities such as flying through the air, walking through solid obstructions, diving into the ground, walking on water and so forth are performed by changing one element, such as earth, into another element, such as air.[6] The individual must master kasina meditation before this is possible.[7] Dipa Ma, who trained via the Visuddhimagga, was said to demonstrate these abilities.[8]

Non-Theravada influences[edit]

Kalupahana notes that the Visuddhimagga contains "some metaphysical speculations, such as those of the Sarvastivadins, the Sautrantikas, and even the Yogacarins".[9] Kalupahana comments:

Buddhaghosa was careful in introducing any new ideas into the Mahavihara tradition in a way that was too obvious. There seems to be no doubt that the Visuddhimagga and the commentaries are a testimony to the abilities of a great harmonizer who blended old and new ideas without arousing suspicion in the minds of those who were scrutinizing his work.[10]

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

Printed Pali editions[edit]

English translations[edit]

Other translations[edit]

  • Der Weg zur Reinheit, Nyanatiloka & Verlag Christiani (trans.), Konstanz, 1952 (German)
  • Sinhala Visuddhimargaya, Pandita Matara Sri Dharmavamsa Sthavira, Matara, Sri Lanka, 1953 (Sinhalese)
  • Le chemin de la pureté, Christian Maës, Fayard 2002 (Français), ISBN 978-2213607658
  • Il sentiero della purificazione, Antonella Serena Comba, Lulu.com 2010, seconda edizione (Italiano)
  • คัมภีร์วิสุทธิมรรค (Khamphi Wisutthimak), Somdej Phra Buddhacarya (Ard Asabhamahathera), sixth edition. Bangkok: Mahachulalongkornrajvidyalaya University, B.E. 2548 (2005). ISBN 974-91641-5-6

Other sources[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ See, for instance, Kheminda Thera, in Ehara et al. 1995 p. xliii: "The Visuddhimagga is a household word in all Theravāda lands. No scholar of Buddhism whether of Theravāda or of Mahāyāna is unacquainted with it."
  2. ^ Biographical article Britannica – June 14th, 2017 "...According to the various traditions of Buddhism, there have been buddhas in the past and there will be buddhas in the future. Some forms of Buddhism hold that there is only one buddha for each historical age; others hold that all beings will eventually become buddhas because they possess the buddha nature (tathagatagarbha)..."
  3. ^ See Thanissaro (1999) for a translation of the Ratha-vinita Sutta. See the various Visuddhimagga printings listed below to see the manner in which this sutta is explicitly integrated into the work.
  4. ^ Gunaratana 1994, p. 143-174.
  5. ^ Jacobsen, edited by Knut A. (2011). Yoga Powers. Leiden: Brill. p. 93. ISBN 9789004212145. 
  6. ^ Jacobsen, edited by Knut A. (2011). Yoga Powers. Leiden: Brill. pp. 83–86. ISBN 9789004212145. 
  7. ^ Jacobsen, edited by Knut A. (2011). Yoga Powers. Leiden: Brill. pp. 83–86. ISBN 9789004212145. 
  8. ^ Schmidt, Amy (2005). Dipa Ma. Windhorse Publications Ltd. p. Chapter 9 At Home in Strange Realms. 
  9. ^ Kalupahana 1994, p. 206.
  10. ^ Kalupahana 1994, p. 207-208.
  11. ^ Stede, W. (October 1951). "The Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosācariya by Henry Clarke Warren; Dharmananda Kosambi". The Journal of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain and Ireland (3/4): 210–211. JSTOR 25222520. 
  12. ^ Stede, D. A. L. (1953). "Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosācariya by Henry Clarke Warren; Dharmananda Kosambi". Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. 15 (2): 415. doi:10.1017/s0041977x00111346. JSTOR 608574. 
  13. ^ Edgerton, Franklin (January 1952). "Visuddhimagga of Buddhaghosācariya by Henry Clarke Warren; Dharmananda Kosambi". Philosophy East and West. 1 (4): 84–85. doi:10.2307/1397003. JSTOR 1397003. 

External links[edit]

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