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The role of the voluntary sector | Dr Eddy Hogg | Think Kent
The role of the voluntary sector | Dr Eddy Hogg | Think Kent
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: University of Kent
Voluntary Sector
Voluntary Sector
Published: 2016/10/22
Channel: Micaela Barlow
Introducing the voluntary sector
Introducing the voluntary sector
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: The OU on YouTube
Government and the voluntary sector
Government and the voluntary sector
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: Institute for Government
The Voluntary Sector in Ireland (Resource Video One)
The Voluntary Sector in Ireland (Resource Video One)
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Catholic Schools Partnership
GC Voluntary Sector 2016 - highlights
GC Voluntary Sector 2016 - highlights
Published: 2016/11/10
Channel: Global Citizenship Voluntary Sector Programme
Voluntary Sector work experience at Northumbria University
Voluntary Sector work experience at Northumbria University
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: Social Sciences and Languages, Northumbria University
How to get a voluntary sector job in tough times (part 1)
How to get a voluntary sector job in tough times (part 1)
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: knowhownonprofit
Voluntary Sector and the NHS
Voluntary Sector and the NHS
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Keith Guppy
How to get a voluntary sector job in tough times (4)
How to get a voluntary sector job in tough times (4)
Published: 2012/03/09
Channel: knowhownonprofit
Voluntary Sector Roadshow Promo
Voluntary Sector Roadshow Promo
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: Community Action: MK
Business Training - Voluntary Sector
Business Training - Voluntary Sector
Published: 2012/01/05
Channel: Norfolk Chamber of Commerce
Investing in the local voluntary sector
Investing in the local voluntary sector
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Hambleton Richmondshire and Whitby CCG
Open Source in the Community and Voluntary Sector
Open Source in the Community and Voluntary Sector
Published: 2006/12/04
Channel: ecomoney
UK Public sector cuts hit the voluntary sector
UK Public sector cuts hit the voluntary sector
Published: 2011/04/04
Channel: PressTVUK
Ward Hadaway Voluntary Sector Entrepreneur of the Year Award 2008
Ward Hadaway Voluntary Sector Entrepreneur of the Year Award 2008
Published: 2008/11/27
Channel: communityfoundation1
Voluntary Sector
Voluntary Sector
Published: 2015/03/05
Channel: Pankaj Butalia
What Is The Voluntary Sector?
What Is The Voluntary Sector?
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Question Out
What is GC Voluntary Sector?
What is GC Voluntary Sector?
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: UCL/UCLU Volunteering Services Unit
GC Voluntary Sector: Voluntary Organisations
GC Voluntary Sector: Voluntary Organisations
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: UCL/UCLU Volunteering Services Unit
6BUS1122 - Accounting & Finance in the Voluntary Sector
6BUS1122 - Accounting & Finance in the Voluntary Sector
Published: 2013/03/16
Channel: HBS Module Options Week
Report Into The Voluntary Sector
Report Into The Voluntary Sector
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: That's Manchester TV
Olivia Darby: UCL alumnus and global citizen (GC Voluntary Sector 2016)
Olivia Darby: UCL alumnus and global citizen (GC Voluntary Sector 2016)
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Uclu Vsu
A Brave New World - The Salford Voluntary Sector
A Brave New World - The Salford Voluntary Sector
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Inspiring Communities Together
Northern Ireland Questions, Voluntary Sector, 28th January 2015
Northern Ireland Questions, Voluntary Sector, 28th January 2015
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: Peter Hain
Falling Up - A short film about the voluntary sector of North Lincolnshire
Falling Up - A short film about the voluntary sector of North Lincolnshire
Published: 2012/02/14
Channel: ltblproductions
Voluntary Sector Awards 2014
Voluntary Sector Awards 2014
Published: 2014/07/04
Channel: CaerphillyCBCTV
Linda - Accessing help from the voluntary sector
Linda - Accessing help from the voluntary sector
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: WeAreVisibility
Volunteer Alberta - Working in the Nonprofit/Voluntary Sector
Volunteer Alberta - Working in the Nonprofit/Voluntary Sector
Published: 2010/09/24
Channel: VolunteerAlbertaTube
Judy Turner on the community & voluntary sector
Judy Turner on the community & voluntary sector
Published: 2007/11/01
Channel: wairarapakid
Registration: the voluntary sector and volunteers
Registration: the voluntary sector and volunteers
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: cldstandardscouncil
Building a theory of the voluntary sector: reflections on past policy and practice
Building a theory of the voluntary sector: reflections on past policy and practice
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: SchAdvStudy
MIPR - Enhancing Relationships between Government and the Voluntary Sector
MIPR - Enhancing Relationships between Government and the Voluntary Sector
Published: 2013/06/19
Channel: MIPR umanitoba
Internet Marketing for the Voluntary Sector - Part 2
Internet Marketing for the Voluntary Sector - Part 2
Published: 2012/12/21
Channel: SCVSFilms
Voluntary Sector Management PLV 2015 (Public Safety and Order)
Voluntary Sector Management PLV 2015 (Public Safety and Order)
Published: 2015/03/11
Channel: cyril reyes
Nova Scotia
Nova Scotia's Nonprofit & Voluntary Sector: A Political Perspective
Published: 2016/12/29
Channel: CommunitySectorCouncilNovaScotia
How DSC campaigns for the charity and voluntary sectors
How DSC campaigns for the charity and voluntary sectors
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: DSCOnline
Electroville delivering ICT to the voluntary sector
Electroville delivering ICT to the voluntary sector
Published: 2009/12/01
Channel: Electroville
voluntary sector and commissioning 2870
voluntary sector and commissioning 2870
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: Bev Hepting
GC Voluntary Sector: Participants
GC Voluntary Sector: Participants
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: UCL/UCLU Volunteering Services Unit
Voluntary sector NFI, National Foundation for India
Voluntary sector NFI, National Foundation for India
Published: 2017/03/01
Channel: Pankaj Butalia
Celebrating Fife Voluntary Sector
Celebrating Fife Voluntary Sector
Published: 2011/02/07
Channel: volfife
V&I Debate- Priority Issues for the Voluntary Sector
V&I Debate- Priority Issues for the Voluntary Sector
Published: 2012/03/13
Channel: voscur
GC Voluntary Sector: Mentors
GC Voluntary Sector: Mentors
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: UCL/UCLU Volunteering Services Unit
Internet Marketing for the Voluntary Sector - Part 7
Internet Marketing for the Voluntary Sector - Part 7
Published: 2012/12/21
Channel: SCVSFilms
The voluntary sector perspective - Valerie Michelet
The voluntary sector perspective - Valerie Michelet
Published: 2016/05/01
Channel: BromleyMyLife
Guardian Voluntary Sector - Win a bespoke promotional video made by Scriberia for your charity
Guardian Voluntary Sector - Win a bespoke promotional video made by Scriberia for your charity
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: The Guardian
Sister Olive Cooney  - Woman of the Year in the Voluntary Sector
Sister Olive Cooney - Woman of the Year in the Voluntary Sector
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: ClipStorm video
Democracy & The Voluntary Sector
Democracy & The Voluntary Sector
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: Future Democracy
Voluntary Sector Awards 2013
Voluntary Sector Awards 2013
Published: 2013/07/02
Channel: CaerphillyCBCTV
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The voluntary sector or community sector (also non-profit sector or "not-for-profit" sector) is the duty of social activity undertaken by organizations that are not-for-profit[1] and non-governmental. This sector is also called the third sector,[2] in contrast to the public sector and the private sector. Civic sector or social sector are other terms for the sector, emphasizing its relationship to civil society. Given the diversity of organizations that comprise the sector, Peter Frumkin prefers "non-profit and voluntary sector".[3]

Country-specific[edit]

France[edit]

Discourse on the "third sector" began in the 1970s in France as a result of the crisis in the welfare state.[4]

India[edit]

In India this sector is commonly called the "joint sector", and includes the industries run in partnership by the state and Private Sector. In a wider sense the initial investment is made by the state and later the handling is done by the private sector. But here the private sector is responsible to the state when it comes to handling.

Israel[edit]

In Israel this sector is commonly called the "Third Sector", (Hebrew: המגזר השלישי‎‎) and generally refers to non-profit organizations (NPOs) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) with the line between the two quite fine. These organizations generally fill a gap in the existing government or municipal service provision. Examples include United Hatzalah for emergency medical first response, Yad Sarah for free loan of medical equipment, Yad Eliezer for poverty relief efforts, Akim for assistance for the mentally handicapped, and SHALVA for children with special needs.

United Kingdom[edit]

The Cabinet Office of the British government until 2010 had an Office of the Third Sector that defined the "third sector" as "the place between State and (the) private sector."[5] The Conservative/Liberal Democrat Coalition Government renamed the department the Office for Civil Society. The term third sector has now been replaced in Government usage by the term Civil Society or more usually the term Big Society, which was devised by political advisers and which featured prominently in the Conservative Party's 2010 election campaign.

United States[edit]

The U.S. nonprofit sector employed 11 percent of the U.S. workforce in 2015. It contributed around 6 percent of GDP that same year (up 3 percent in 1960). And this does not take into account volunteering—the equivalent of an additional 5-10 million full-time employees (depending on how you count), labor worth hundreds of billions of dollars per year.

Each year, seven out of ten Americans donate to at least one charitable cause. Contributions are from two to 20 times higher in the U.S. than in other countries of comparable wealth and modernity.[6]

Significance to society and the economy[edit]

The presence of a large non-profit sector is sometimes seen as an indicator of a healthy economy in local and national financial measurements.[7] With a growing number of non-profit organizations focused on social services, the environment, education and other unmet needs throughout society, the nonprofit sector is increasingly central to the health and well-being of society.[8] Peter Drucker suggests that the nonprofit sector provides an excellent outlet for a variety of society's labor and skills.[9]

[10]The first two decades of the 20th century were characterized by a public zeal for social reform and social justice known as the Progressive Era.The newly founded National Association of Societies for Organizing Charity had immediate influence during that era. Its extensive field work helped organize new societies and strengthen others. Smaller cities became well-organized, with the South and Northwest particular areas of focus. To permit membership of Canadian societies, the association changed its name in 1912 to the American Association of Societies for Organizing Charity. In 1917, it became the American Association for Organizing Charity. These agencies increasingly were providing direct service to individuals and families. Pauperism, child welfare, juvenile justice, sanitation, tuberculosis, and other health issues were emergent problems for new and existing agencies.The American Red Cross fueled a nationwide fervor for social service. Founded in the United States in 1881, it was reorganized in 1905 to focus on military personnel. With this pivotal decision, the business of organizing charities quickly evolved into the business of social work.


In 1976, Daniel Bell predicted that the third sector would become the predominant sector in society, as the knowledge class overcame the effects of the private sector.[11] This presently holds true in a number of European countries. According to a recent study by Johns Hopkins University, the Netherlands has the largest third sector of 20 countries across Europe.[12] In Ireland the non-profit sector accounts for 8.8% of GDP.[13] In Sweden, the nonprofit sector is attributed with fostering a nationwide social change towards progressive economic, social and cultural policies,[14] while in Italy the third sector is increasingly viewed as a primary employment source for the entire country.[15]

In the United States, approximately 10% of GDP is attributable to the third sector. Donating to private religious organizations remains the most popular American cause, and all religious organizations are entirely privately funded because the government is limited from establishing or prohibiting a religion under the First Amendment.[16]

Sub-sectors[edit]

Although the voluntary, community and not-for-personal-profit sectors are frequently taken to compose the "Third Sector" each of these sectors or sub-sectors have quite different characteristics. The community sector is assumed to comprise volunteers (unpaid) while the voluntary sector are considered (confusingly) to employ staff working for a social or community purpose.[17] In addition however, the not-for-personal-profit sector is also considered to include social firms (such as cooperatives and mutuals) and more recently governmental institutions (such as Housing Associations) that have been spun off from government, although still operating fundamentally as public service delivery organisations. These other types of institutions may be considered to be quasi-private or quasi-public sector rather than stemming from direct community benefit motivations.

Concerns[edit]

There have been long-ranging arguments regarding the financial accountability of the nonprofit sector throughout Western society.[18] There is also ongoing concern whether the nonprofit sector will unequally draw retiring workers from the private sector as the currently large Baby Boomers age.[19] Development of the third sector, it is argued, is linked to restructuring of the welfare state and further globalization of that process through neo-liberal strategies of the Washington consensus.[20]

In a 2013 New York Times op-ed and radio podcast, The Charitable-Industrial Complex, Peter Buffett uses the terms "philanthopic colonialism" and "conscience laundering," and describes his insights into "searching for answers with their right hand to problems that others in the room have created with their left" rather than systemic change.[21][22]

See also[edit]

Examples:

References[edit]

  1. ^ PotÀuček, M. (1999) Not Only the Market: The Role of the Market, Government, and the Civic Sector. Central European University Press. p. 34.
  2. ^ See for example: Evers, Adalbert; Laville, Jean-Louis, eds. (2004). The Third Sector in Europe. Globalization and welfare. Edward Elgar Publishing. ISBN 9781843769774. Retrieved 2014-08-05. 
  3. ^ Frumkin, Peter (2005). On being nonprofit : A conceptual and policy primer (1 ed.). Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press. ISBN 0-674-01835-4. 
  4. ^ Zaleski, Pawel (2008). "Tocqueville on Civilian Society. A Romantic Vision of the Dichotomic Structure of Social Reality". Archiv für Begriffsgeschichte. Felix Meiner Verlag. 50. 
  5. ^ UK definition of third sector
  6. ^ "How Philanthropy Fuels American Success | Excellence in Philanthropy | The Philanthropy Roundtable". www.philanthropyroundtable.org. Retrieved 2016-03-17. 
  7. ^ Verdier, D. (2002) Moving Money: Banking and Finance in the Industrialized World. Cambridge University Press. p. 145.
  8. ^ (2007) "Laban: Volunteering Canterbury - 2007 Awards", June 20, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  9. ^ (2007) "Drucker Wisdom: Leadership and the CEO." The Blake Project. June 26, 2007. Retrieved June 26, 2007.
  10. ^ "Chapter 3: Progressive Era Promotes Growth (1900-1920)." Alliance for Strong Families and Communities. N.p., 2015. Web. 12 June 2017.
  11. ^ Bell, D. (1976) The Coming of Post-Industrial Society: a venture in social forecasting. Basic Books. p. 147.
  12. ^ Evers, A. and Laville, J. (2004) The Third Sector in Europe. Edward Elgar Publishing. p. 150.
  13. ^ Building a caring civil society in Ireland: http://www.2into3.com
  14. ^ Muffels, J. (2001) Solidarity in Health and Social Care in Europe. Springer. p. 90.
  15. ^ Antonelli, G. and De Liso, N. (2004) European Economic Integration and Italian Labour Policies. Ashgate Publishing, Ltd. p. 228.
  16. ^ Christopher Eaton Gunn Third-sector Development: Making Up for the Market (Cornell University Press, 2004) 0801488818, 9780801488818 Partially Accessible Copy on Google Books (accessed July 6, 2009 on Google Book Search)
  17. ^ Volresource
  18. ^ Gettler, L. (2007) "Non-profits can be more accountable," The Age. 5/31/07. Retrieved 6/25/07.
  19. ^ The Conference Board. (2007) "Non-Profit Firms Face Many Challenges and Some Opportunities With Advent of Retirement of Baby-Boom Generation." Earth Times. 5/31/07. Retrieved 6/25/07.
  20. ^ Pawel Zaleski Global Non-governmental Administrative System: Geosociology of the Third Sector, [in:] Gawin, Dariusz & Glinski, Piotr [ed.]: "Civil Society in the Making", IFiS Publishers, Warszawa 2006
  21. ^ Buffett, Peter (2013-07-26). "The Charitable-Industrial Complex". The New York Times. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 
  22. ^ Matt Miller (Director) (2013-11-06). "The Charitable Industrial Complex – Peter Buffett". This...Is Interesting. KCRW 89.9 FM. Retrieved 2014-01-03. 

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