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Vulcan Foundry - 1954 (Part One)
Vulcan Foundry - 1954 (Part One)
Published: 2009/12/24
Channel: Newton-le-Willows History
Vulcan Foundry  97 LOCO TV UK ARCHIVE
Vulcan Foundry 97 LOCO TV UK ARCHIVE
Published: 2013/11/17
Channel: nablicman
Vulcan Foundry - 1954 (Part Two)
Vulcan Foundry - 1954 (Part Two)
Published: 2009/12/24
Channel: Newton-le-Willows History
Vulcan Foundry, Part 1
Vulcan Foundry, Part 1
Published: 2008/05/27
Channel: Newton-le-Willows History
Portrait of an Engineer. The Vulcan Foundry (1953)
Portrait of an Engineer. The Vulcan Foundry (1953)
Published: 2013/10/05
Channel: Industrial Archive
Vulcan
Vulcan's Investment Casting Capabilities
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: Vulcan Engineering Co.
Una mirada a la 12L Vulcan Foundry 1949
Una mirada a la 12L Vulcan Foundry 1949
Published: 2012/07/02
Channel: ViktorKamera
Vulcan Engineering - Expertise backed by Experience
Vulcan Engineering - Expertise backed by Experience
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: Vulcan Engineering Co.
New Deltics leave Vulcan foundry (trainz 2012) LOCO TV UK.
New Deltics leave Vulcan foundry (trainz 2012) LOCO TV UK.
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: nablicman
Vulcan Foundry, Part 2
Vulcan Foundry, Part 2
Published: 2008/05/28
Channel: Newton-le-Willows History
End of Day Shift at the Vulcan Foundry
End of Day Shift at the Vulcan Foundry
Published: 2010/01/09
Channel: Brian Clare
Vulcan Foundry - Newton-le-Willows
Vulcan Foundry - Newton-le-Willows
Published: 2008/10/26
Channel: Newton-le-Willows History
40145 12th June 2010 passing Vulcan Foundry
40145 12th June 2010 passing Vulcan Foundry
Published: 2010/06/15
Channel: LINZIBEN
Vulcan Foundry Liberation
Vulcan Foundry Liberation
Published: 2009/08/31
Channel: Sowerbylads
Deltic leaves Vulcan foundry  (Train Simulator 2017) LOCO TV UK
Deltic leaves Vulcan foundry (Train Simulator 2017) LOCO TV UK
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: nablicman
Newton le Willows 9.9.2015 - train ride through the town - Earlestown Vulcan Foundry Parkside
Newton le Willows 9.9.2015 - train ride through the town - Earlestown Vulcan Foundry Parkside
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Robin Harrison
Deltic Deisel Locomotive -- Film 15890
Deltic Deisel Locomotive -- Film 15890
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: HuntleyFilmArchives
Digitally Controlled Action® Manipulator
Digitally Controlled Action® Manipulator
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: Vulcan Engineering Co.
D213 (40013) Andania - First Revenue Service in Preservation
D213 (40013) Andania - First Revenue Service in Preservation
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Banjostrings07 HD
Legends of Tomorrow Heatwave Gun - Nerf mod
Legends of Tomorrow Heatwave Gun - Nerf mod
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Vulcan Foundry
Vulcan
Vulcan's Finest
Published: 2010/11/15
Channel: VulcanVideoFoundry
Demodara railway loop, Sri Lanka
Demodara railway loop, Sri Lanka
Published: 2016/09/02
Channel: Fern Bahn
'Cometh the Hour, Cometh the Tractor '
Published: 2015/01/30
Channel: ecksfilesbonyuk8
Doom PC Vulkan Patch Tested! Fury X vs GTX 1080/ GTX 1070/ GTX 980 Ti And More!
Doom PC Vulkan Patch Tested! Fury X vs GTX 1080/ GTX 1070/ GTX 980 Ti And More!
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: DigitalFoundry
Foxfield Railway -
Foxfield Railway - 'Vulcan' Photo Charter - 19.7.14
Published: 2014/07/19
Channel: acw71000
"Vulcan" On Tour 2014
"Vulcan" On Tour 2014
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: Daniel Cramp
Deltics the clips Vol 13 (Re miixed) LOCO TV UK
Deltics the clips Vol 13 (Re miixed) LOCO TV UK
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: nablicman
WD Austerity 90711 at Keighley and Worth Valley Railway Autumn Gala 2015
WD Austerity 90711 at Keighley and Worth Valley Railway Autumn Gala 2015
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Whitemoorkid
Smoking CoCo
Smoking CoCo
Published: 2015/01/11
Channel: ecksfilesbonyuk8
War Department (WD) Austerity 2-8-0 90733 @ Keighley and Worth Valley Railway
War Department (WD) Austerity 2-8-0 90733 @ Keighley and Worth Valley Railway
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Ermintrude Jay
27.8.2012: BRYTYJSKA FABRYKA LOKOMOTYW VULCAN
27.8.2012: BRYTYJSKA FABRYKA LOKOMOTYW VULCAN
Published: 2012/08/27
Channel: KOLEJWIZJA
Fox® FV30 Variable Speed Stand Grinder
Fox® FV30 Variable Speed Stand Grinder
Published: 2014/04/17
Channel: Vulcan Engineering Co.
HPS Class 4-6-0 departs Jullundur Station, India 1978
HPS Class 4-6-0 departs Jullundur Station, India 1978
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: steam2music
East Lancashire Railway 11.1.2014 - English Electric Day Class 37 40 50 55
East Lancashire Railway 11.1.2014 - English Electric Day Class 37 40 50 55
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: Robin Harrison
East Lancashire Railway 7.11.2015 - English Electric Theme Day EE
East Lancashire Railway 7.11.2015 - English Electric Theme Day EE
Published: 2015/11/07
Channel: Robin Harrison
LMS Class 3F Jinty 0-6-0 No.47406, A Day in the Life.wmv
LMS Class 3F Jinty 0-6-0 No.47406, A Day in the Life.wmv
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Allen Reed
Half an Hour at (157) - Newton le Willows 3.12.2015 - class 142 150 175 390 Stoneblower
Half an Hour at (157) - Newton le Willows 3.12.2015 - class 142 150 175 390 Stoneblower
Published: 2015/12/03
Channel: Robin Harrison
Doom Vulkan: Insane 4K Titan X Frame-Rates
Doom Vulkan: Insane 4K Titan X Frame-Rates
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: DigitalFoundry
5820 & 90733 at HAWORTH 21st May 2017
5820 & 90733 at HAWORTH 21st May 2017
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: Michael Hill
Ride behind Class 31 31270 - Peak Rail - 23/07/16
Ride behind Class 31 31270 - Peak Rail - 23/07/16
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: ThePicturedrome
Deltic 9005 - on the ECML - 1973
Deltic 9005 - on the ECML - 1973
Published: 2007/01/12
Channel: tomnook111
Vulcan at Beamish
Vulcan at Beamish
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: SteamboatWilley
TO RENT: 2 Bed at Vulcan Works: £850 pcm.
TO RENT: 2 Bed at Vulcan Works: £850 pcm.
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: O'Connor Bowden Estate Agents
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The Midland Railex - Model Railway Exhibition - 2016 - 4K
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A Day At The South Devon Railway
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Severn Valley Railway - May 20th - 2017 - 4K
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Great Central Railway - May 6th - 2017 - 4K
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20130911 & 20140405 FRANCE LIMOGES 140C38
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Vulcan Foundry Ltd
Ltd
Industry Engineering
Fate Taken over
Successor English Electric
Founded 1832
Defunct 1962
Headquarters Newton-le-Willows, Merseyside
Products Locomotive manufacture
Engine manufacture

The Vulcan Foundry Limited was a British locomotive builder sited at Newton-le-Willows, Lancashire.

History[edit]

It was originally opened in 1832 as Charles Tayleur and Company to produce girders for bridges, switches and crossings, and other ironwork following the opening of the Liverpool and Manchester Railway. Because of the distance from the locomotive works in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, it seemed preferable to build and support them locally.[1] In 1832, Robert Stephenson became a partner for a few years. The company had become The Vulcan Foundry Company in 1847 and acquired limited liability in 1864. From the beginning of 1898, the name changed again to The Vulcan Foundry Limited, dropping the word 'company.'

Vulcan Halt[edit]

The site had its own railway station, Vulcan Halt, on the former Warrington and Newton Railway line from Earlestown to Warrington Bank Quay. The halt was opened on 1 November 1916[2] by the London and North Western Railway, and closed on 12 June 1965.[3]

Steam locomotives[edit]

Chinese KF7 in the National Railway Museum in York
Vulcan Foundry works plate No. 3977 of 1926 on LMS Fowler Class 3F No. 47406 in 2012

Details of the earliest locomotives are not precisely known despite an "official" list apparently concocted in the 1890s which contains a lot of guesswork and invention, with many quite fictitious locomotives, for the period before 1845. This list claims that the first two locomotives were 0-4-0 Tayleur and Stephenson built in 1833 for "Mr Hargreaves, Bolton", but this seems unlikely.[4][5] The earliest authenticated products were 0-4-0 Titan and Orion, similar to Stephenson's design, and delivered in September and October 1834 to the Liverpool & Manchester Railway. Other early orders came from the Leicester and Swannington Railway and there were also some 4-2-0s for America which were among the first British 'bogie' locomotives.

From 1835 the company was selling to Belgium, France, and in 1836 to Austria and Russia, the beginnings of an export trade which was maintained throughout the life of the company. The company's locomotives had a strong Stephenson influence, many during the following decade being of the "long boiler" design. In 1852 the first locomotives ever to run in India were supplied to the Great Indian Peninsula Railway.

A number of Fairlie locomotives were built, including Taliesin for the Ffestiniog Railway and Josephine one of the NZR E class (1872). During 1870 the company supplied the first locos to run in Japan, and a flangeless 0-4-0T for a steelworks in Tredegar which was still using angle rails. A number of Matthew Kirtley's double-framed goods engines were also produced for the Midland Railway. The healthy export trade continued, particularly to India and South America, and continued after World War I.

Following the formation of the London, Midland and Scottish Railway in 1923 some very large orders were received, including over a hundred LMS Fowler Class 3F 0-6-0T engines and seventy-five LMS Compound 4-4-0 locomotives.

The most notable design manufactured for an overseas railway during this period was the large 4-8-4 built for the Chinese National Railways in 1934-35. These fine locomotives were equipped with a mechanical stoker and six of them were fitted with booster engines on the tender, providing an extra 7670 lbs tractive effort. Of the 24 exported, one returned to the UK and is preserved at the National Railway Museum in York.[6]

Through the 'thirties the company survived the trade recessions with the aid of more orders from India, some from Tanganyika and Argentina, and a large order in 1934 from the LMS for 4-6-0 "Black Fives" and 2-8-0 Stanier-designed locomotives.

During 1953-54 the company built sixty J Class 2-8-0 locomotives for Victorian Railways, Australia.

World War II[edit]

From 1939 the works was mostly concerned with the war effort, becoming involved in the development and production of the Matilda tank. From 1943 large orders were received from the Ministry of Supply for locomotives, 390 Austerity 2-8-0s and fifty Austerity 0-6-0 saddle tanks.

In 1944 the Vulcan Foundry acquired Robert Stephenson and Hawthorns and in 1945 received an order for 120 "Liberation" 2-8-0 locomotives for UNRRA in Europe.

The war had left India's railways in a parlous state and in 1947, with foreign aid, embarked on a massive rebuilding plan. The Vulcan Foundry benefited from orders for XE, XD, and YD 2-8-2s; and ten WG 2-8-2s sub-contracted from the North British Locomotive Company, but the writing was on the wall for all British manufacturers. Not only was the competition fierce from other countries, but India had developed the ability to build its own locomotives.

Diesel and electric locomotives[edit]

The company had experience of both diesel and electric locomotives, having built thirty-one so-called "Crocodile" 2600 hp 1,500V DC electric banking locomotives in 1929 for India.[7] India's National Railway Museum in New Delhi exhibits an electric locomotive from the Vulcan foundry.

In 1931, the company supplied the first experimental diesel shunter to the London, Midland and Scottish Railway. In 1936 Vulcan, a diesel-mechanical 0-6-0 shunter with a Vulcan-Frichs 6-cylinder 275 hp (205 kW) diesel engine was loaned to the LMS; and was then used by the War Department, which numbered it 75 (later 70075). Following the end of World War II, it found industrial use in Yugoslavia.

In 1938 ten diesel railcars were ordered by New Zealand Railways, the NZR RM class (Vulcan). They were supplied in 1940, although one was lost at sea to enemy action. In 1948 it supplied 10 Class 15 Diesel Electric shunters to Malayan Railways, as well as 20 Class 20 Diesel Electric locomotives for the same company nine years later.

The works has produced many locomotives for both domestic and foreign railways. It was a major supplier of diesel-electrics to British Railways notably the Class 55 Deltic. The works also developed a prototype gas turbine locomotive, the British Rail GT3.

In 1957 the business became part of the English Electric group.

Although the works still produced diesel engines under name Ruston Paxman Diesels Limited, which had been moved from Lincoln, locomotive manufacture finished in 1970.[citation needed] Output was mainly for marine and stationary applications, but the company was the supplier of choice for British Rail Engineering for locos built at Doncaster and Crewe.

Vulcan
Roman god of fire, metalworking and the forge

Sale and closure[edit]

The factory passed through various hands as English Electric was bought by GEC, which in turn became GEC Alsthom then Alstom, and finally as part of MAN B&W Diesel in 2000. At the end of 2002 the works closed. It was then an industrial estate (appropriately called "Vulcan Industrial Estate"). The site is just north of Winwick Junction where the line to Newton-le-Willows branches off to the west from the West Coast Main Line. All the (ex) factory buildings on the site were totally demolished in October 2007, and now there is not one brick standing upon another to show that Vulcan Foundry was ever there, but the workers cottages, known as "Vulcan Village", still survive at the southern corner of the site. As of early 2010 work has started on the construction of 630 homes on the levelled site by the developer St Modwen.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Gudgin, D.S.E. (1976). Vulcan Foundry Locomotives 1832–1956. Truro: Bradford Barton. p. 6. ISBN 0-85153-215-2. 
  2. ^ Quicks Chronology
  3. ^ Railway Magazine - Sept 1965 - p543
  4. ^ Stephenson Locomotive Society Journal Nov/Dec 1997 pp226-230
  5. ^ Railway Archive No 18 (2008) pp69-70
  6. ^ O.S.Nock. The British Steam Locomotive, Volume 2 from 1925 to 1965. London. 1966. p123-7
  7. ^ Vulcan Foundry Locomotives, p. 49
  8. ^ "£100 mil. Urban Village development to go ahead on former factory site" (Press release). St. Modwen Properties. 5 July 2007. Retrieved 28 September 2011. 
  • Lowe, J.W., (1989) British Steam Locomotive Builders, Guild Publishing
  • The Vulcan Foundry Limited (2003) [1955]. Vulcan Steam Locomotives. P&D Riley. ISBN 1-874712-65-4. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°26′27″N 2°37′43″W / 53.44083°N 2.62857°W / 53.44083; -2.62857

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