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History Of Vulture!
History Of Vulture!
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: VariantComics
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Shocker vs. Vulture" Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Shocker vs. Vulture" Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Published: 2017/06/26
Channel: Comicbook.com
Vultures - Photographing the Antiheroes of Our Ecosystems | Exposure
Vultures - Photographing the Antiheroes of Our Ecosystems | Exposure
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: National Geographic
Feeding a Vulture - Vultures: Beauty in the Beast - Natural World - BBC Two
Feeding a Vulture - Vultures: Beauty in the Beast - Natural World - BBC Two
Published: 2014/01/27
Channel: BBC
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING Vignette - The Vulture
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING Vignette - The Vulture
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Sony Pictures Entertainment
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Vulture vs. Spiderman" Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Vulture vs. Spiderman" Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Comicbook.com
Vultures Vs Crow Vs Jackal - Lands of the Monsoon - BBC
Vultures Vs Crow Vs Jackal - Lands of the Monsoon - BBC
Published: 2015/05/15
Channel: BBC Earth
Black Vulture, Gourmet of Corpses | River Fox
Black Vulture, Gourmet of Corpses | River Fox
Published: 2015/08/20
Channel: Nat Geo WILD
Spider-Man Vulture was Much Different in the Original Homecoming Version
Spider-Man Vulture was Much Different in the Original Homecoming Version
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: ComicBookCast2
Vulture Arena - Part 5 | Marvel Contest of Champions Live Stream
Vulture Arena - Part 5 | Marvel Contest of Champions Live Stream
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: ContestChampion
How to Catch a Vulture - with Andrew Ucles
How to Catch a Vulture - with Andrew Ucles
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Andrew Ucles
Vulture Arena - Part 4 | Marvel Contest of Champions Live Stream
Vulture Arena - Part 4 | Marvel Contest of Champions Live Stream
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: ContestChampion
Marvel Comics: The Vulture Explained
Marvel Comics: The Vulture Explained
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: ComicsExplained
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING "Vulture" Trailer + Clip (2017) Michael Keaton Marvel Movie HD
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING "Vulture" Trailer + Clip (2017) Michael Keaton Marvel Movie HD
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: JoBlo Movie Trailers
King Vultures | National Geographic
King Vultures | National Geographic
Published: 2009/02/20
Channel: National Geographic
Spider-Man: Homecoming | Vulture Theme
Spider-Man: Homecoming | Vulture Theme
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: José Carlos
Marvel Contest of Champions: Vulture Crystals x20! 2 Four Stars In A Row!
Marvel Contest of Champions: Vulture Crystals x20! 2 Four Stars In A Row!
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Lex Luther
Spider-Man Homecoming Soundtrack - Vulture Theme
Spider-Man Homecoming Soundtrack - Vulture Theme
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Flash Music
Lego Spiderman Homecoming Box - Power Blaster, Iron Man, Vulture, The Shocker | BeAHeroKids Unboxing
Lego Spiderman Homecoming Box - Power Blaster, Iron Man, Vulture, The Shocker | BeAHeroKids Unboxing
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: BeAHeroKids
Spider man Homecoming “Spiderman vs Vulture Fight“ Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Superhero Movie HD
Spider man Homecoming “Spiderman vs Vulture Fight“ Movie Clip (2017) Tom Holland Superhero Movie HD
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: Furious Trailer
[SHP] 62 ประวัติ Vulture มารู้จักตัวร้ายของ Spider Man Homecoming กันเถอะ!!
[SHP] 62 ประวัติ Vulture มารู้จักตัวร้ายของ Spider Man Homecoming กันเถอะ!!
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: Necross Melphist
Vulture (Spider-Man Homecoming) Early Abilities Overview & Gameplay - Marvel Contest Of Champions
Vulture (Spider-Man Homecoming) Early Abilities Overview & Gameplay - Marvel Contest Of Champions
Published: 2017/07/06
Channel: Seatin Man of Legends
Spectacular Spider-Man (2008) Spider-Man vs Vulture & Enforcers part 2/2
Spectacular Spider-Man (2008) Spider-Man vs Vulture & Enforcers part 2/2
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Jess Maron
Spider-Man vs. The Vulture in 2 Minutes- Marvel TL;DR
Spider-Man vs. The Vulture in 2 Minutes- Marvel TL;DR
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Marvel Entertainment
Turkey Vulture Eating Dead Opossum and Skunk.
Turkey Vulture Eating Dead Opossum and Skunk.
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Shawn Woods
Örümcek Adam Eve Dönüş Vulture DEV Sürpriz Yumurta Açma
Örümcek Adam Eve Dönüş Vulture DEV Sürpriz Yumurta Açma
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Oyuncak Abi
Acid, Poop, and Barf: Vultures
Acid, Poop, and Barf: Vultures' Secret Weapons
Published: 2013/08/16
Channel: SciShow
National Geographic Documentary - BEST AFRICAN VULTURES - BBC Discovery Planet Animals
National Geographic Documentary - BEST AFRICAN VULTURES - BBC Discovery Planet Animals
Published: 2015/12/21
Channel: Esta Manly
GTA 5 Online FASHION FRIDAY! (Vulture from Spiderman, Spetsnaz, Cyber Punk & More)
GTA 5 Online FASHION FRIDAY! (Vulture from Spiderman, Spetsnaz, Cyber Punk & More)
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Dat Saintsfan
NEW Spider-Man: Homecoming VULTURE & Crystals | Marvel: Spidey (Contest of Champions)
NEW Spider-Man: Homecoming VULTURE & Crystals | Marvel: Spidey (Contest of Champions)
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: wbangca
SCAVENGER Crystal Opening ( Hunting Vulture ) | Marvel Contest of champions
SCAVENGER Crystal Opening ( Hunting Vulture ) | Marvel Contest of champions
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: JoGL 7
John Mayer - Vultures [HD]
John Mayer - Vultures [HD]
Published: 2010/08/24
Channel: aDOCTORbutWHO
Marvel Legends Vulture BAF Spider-Man Homecoming Movie Michael Keaton Action Figure Toy Review
Marvel Legends Vulture BAF Spider-Man Homecoming Movie Michael Keaton Action Figure Toy Review
Published: 2017/06/04
Channel: ShartimusPrime
Spider man Homecoming "Vulture
Spider man Homecoming "Vulture's Origin" Clip + Trailer (2017) Tom Holland Superhero Movie HD
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Furious Trailer
Spider-Man (Homecoming) Rank Up and Vulture Boss Battle - Marvel Contest Of Champions
Spider-Man (Homecoming) Rank Up and Vulture Boss Battle - Marvel Contest Of Champions
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Seatin Man of Legends
Night Vulture Machete Fight | 7 Days to Die | Let
Night Vulture Machete Fight | 7 Days to Die | Let's Play Gameplay Alpha 16 | S16E08
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Kage848
Marvel Contest of Champions Arena Cutoff - Vulture and Captain America WW2 Round 1 Predictions
Marvel Contest of Champions Arena Cutoff - Vulture and Captain America WW2 Round 1 Predictions
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: craftygrinding
Crocodile Strikes Vulture.
Crocodile Strikes Vulture.
Published: 2016/06/16
Channel: Tekweni
LEGO Marvel Superheroes 2 - New Spider-Man Homecoming Vulture Character Revealed! (SDCC 2017)
LEGO Marvel Superheroes 2 - New Spider-Man Homecoming Vulture Character Revealed! (SDCC 2017)
Published: 2017/07/22
Channel: TheHiddenBlade01
New Vulture Feature Crystal Opening - Marvel Contest of Champions
New Vulture Feature Crystal Opening - Marvel Contest of Champions
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: craftygrinding
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Vulture Unmasked" Trailer (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Spider-Man: Homecoming "Vulture Unmasked" Trailer (2017) Tom Holland Marvel Movie HD
Published: 2017/06/15
Channel: Comicbook.com
Vulture - Victim To The Blade (Full Demo)
Vulture - Victim To The Blade (Full Demo)
Published: 2016/07/08
Channel: MAOT666
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING Movie Clip - Vulture
SPIDER-MAN: HOMECOMING Movie Clip - Vulture's Origin (2017) Marvel Superhero Movie
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: Comicbook.com
Vulture feat. Hooks - Tout Ma Vie (music video by Kevin Shayne)
Vulture feat. Hooks - Tout Ma Vie (music video by Kevin Shayne)
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: KSP Films
Bearded Vulture, 1st Day
Bearded Vulture, 1st Day
Published: 2013/02/16
Channel: krismsan65
Vulture "review" [Elite Dangerous]
Vulture "review" [Elite Dangerous]
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: TheYamiks
JUGANDO! para Vulture de 4 Estrellas | Marvel Contest of Champions
JUGANDO! para Vulture de 4 Estrellas | Marvel Contest of Champions
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: Joctac
[ Vulture 6* ] Full Review : Including Uniform !!
[ Vulture 6* ] Full Review : Including Uniform !!
Published: 2017/07/09
Channel: Marvel Future Fight Review
Marvel Contest of Champions Vulture Spotlight
Marvel Contest of Champions Vulture Spotlight
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Marvel Entertainment
Spectacular Spider-Man (2008) Spider-Man vs Vulture & Enforcers part 1/2
Spectacular Spider-Man (2008) Spider-Man vs Vulture & Enforcers part 1/2
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Jess Maron
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vulture
Eagle beak sideview A.jpg
Griffon vulture or Eurasian griffon, Gyps fulvus, an Old World vulture
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Families

Accipitridae (Aegypiinae)
Cathartidae

Griffon vulture soaring
African hooded vulture (Necrosyrtes monachus), Kruger National Park
Head of a vulture, Mellat Park, Tehran
Some members of both the Old and New World vultures have an unfeathered neck and head, shown as radiating heat in this thermographic image.

A vulture is a scavenging bird of prey. The two types of vultures are the New World vultures, including the Californian and Andean condors, and the Old World vultures, including the birds that are seen scavenging on carcasses of dead animals on African plains. Some traditional Old World vultures (including the bearded vulture) are not closely related to the others, which is why the vultures are to be subdivided into three taxa rather than two. New World vultures are found in North and South America; Old World vultures are found in Europe, Africa, and Asia, meaning that between the two groups, vultures are found on every continent except Australia and Antarctica.

A particular characteristic of many vultures is a bald head, devoid of normal feathers. Although it has been historically believed to help keep the head clean when feeding, the bare skin may play an important role in thermoregulation.[1] Vultures have been observed to hunch their bodies and tuck in their heads in the cold, and open their wings and stretch their necks in the heat.

A group of vultures is called a wake, committee, kettle, venue, or volt.[citation needed] The term kettle refers to vultures in flight, while committee refers to vultures resting in trees.[2] Wake is reserved for a group of vultures that are feeding.[2] The word Geier (taken from the German language) does not have a precise meaning in ornithology; it is occasionally used to refer to a vulture in English, as in some poetry.

Old World vultures[edit]

The Old World vultures found in Africa, Asia, and Europe belong to the family Accipitridae, which also includes eagles, kites, buzzards, and hawks. Old World vultures find carcasses exclusively by sight.

The 16 species in 9 genera are:

New World vultures[edit]

The New World vultures and condors found in warm and temperate areas of the Americas are not closely related to the similar Accipitridae, but belong in the family Cathartidae, which was once considered to be related to the storks. However, recent DNA evidence suggests that they should be included among the Accipitriformes, along with other birds of prey.[citation needed] However, they are still not closely related to the other vultures. Several species have a good sense of smell, unusual for raptors, and are able to smell dead animals from great heights, up to a mile away.

The seven species are:

Feeding[edit]

Vultures rarely attack healthy animals but may kill the wounded or sick. When a carcass has too thick a hide for its beak to open, it waits for a larger scavenger to eat first.[3] Vast numbers have been seen upon battlefields. They gorge themselves when prey is abundant, until their crops bulge, and sit, sleepy or half torpid, to digest their food. These birds do not carry food to their young in their talons but disgorge it from their crops.

Vultures are of great value as scavengers, especially in hot regions. Vulture stomach acid is exceptionally corrosive, allowing them to safely digest putrid carcasses infected with botulinum toxin, hog cholera bacteria, and anthrax bacteria that would be lethal to other scavengers.[4] New World vultures often vomit when threatened or approached. Contrary to some accounts, they do not "projectile vomit" on their attacker as a deliberate defense, but it does lighten their stomach load to make take-off easier, and the vomited meal residue may distract a predator, allowing the bird to escape.[5]

New World vultures also urinate straight down their legs; the uric acid kills bacteria accumulated from walking through carcasses, and also acts as evaporative cooling.[6]

Status[edit]

Vultures in south Asia, mainly in India and Nepal, have declined dramatically since the early 1990s.[7] It has been found that this decline was caused by residues of the veterinary drug Diclofenac in animal carcasses.[8] The government of India has taken very late cognizance of this fact and has banned the drug for animals.[9] However, it may take decades for vultures to come back to their earlier population level, if they ever do: without vultures to pick corpses clean, rabies-carrying dogs have multiplied, feeding on the carrion, and age-old practices like the sky burials of the Parsees are coming to an end, permanently reducing the supply of corpses.[10] The same problem is also seen in Nepal where government has taken some late steps to conserve remaining vultures.

A recent study in 2016, reported that "of the 22 vulture species, nine are critically endangered, three are endangered, four are near threatened, and six are least concern".[11]

Uses in slang[edit]

Vulture as a verb can signify circling around something, as a vulture would do. For example, the sentence "Rudy vultured when asking the girl out" implies that Rudy hovered awkwardly around her for an extended period of time before making his move.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ward, J.; McCafferty, D.J.; Houston, D.C.; Ruxton, G.D. (April 2008). "Why do vultures have bald heads? The role of postural adjustment and bare skin areas in thermoregulation". Journal of Thermal Biology. 33 (3): 168–173. doi:10.1016/j.jtherbio.2008.01.002. 
  2. ^ a b Galván, Javier (2014). They Do What? A Cultural Encyclopedia of Extraordinary and Exotic Customs from around the World. Santa Barbara, California: ABC-CLIO. p. 289. ISBN 1610693426. 
  3. ^ "Fast Vulture Facts". WebVulture.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2011. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  4. ^ Caryl, Jim (September 7, 2000). "Re: How come that vultures can resist dangerous toxins when feeding on carcass". MadSci Network. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Turkey Vulture Facts". Turkey Vulture Society. Retrieved 2012-12-01. 
  6. ^ Conger, Cristen. "Why is it a bad idea to scare a vulture?". HowStuffWorks. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  7. ^ Prakash, V.; Pain, D.J.; Cunningham, Arthur A.; Donald, P.F.; Prakash, N.; Verma, A.; Gargi, R.; S. Sivakumar, S. and Rahmani, A.R.; ‘Catastrophic collapse of Indian white-backed Gyps bengalensis and long-billed Gyps indicus vulture populations’; Biological Conservation, 109 (2003), pp. 381-390
  8. ^ Oaks, J. Lindsay; Gilbert, Martin; Virani, Munir Z.; Watson, Richard T.; Meteyer, Carol U.; Rideout, Bruce A.; Shivaprasad, H. L.; Ahmed, Shakeel; Chaudhry, Muhammad Jamshed Iqbal; Arshad, Muhammad; Mahmood, Shahid; Ali, Ahmad; Khan, Aleem Ahmed (February 12, 2004). "Diclofenac residues as the cause of vulture population decline in Pakistan". Nature. 427 (6975): 630–633. PMID 14745453. doi:10.1038/nature02317. 
  9. ^ Prakash, Vibhu; Bishwakarma, Mohan Chandra; Chaudhary, Anand; Cuthbert, Richard; Dave, Ruchi; Kulkarni, Mandar; Kumar, Sashi; Paudel, Khadananda; Ranade, Sachin; Shringarpure, Rohan; Green, Rhys E. (November 7, 2012). "The Population Decline of Gyps Vultures in India and Nepal Has Slowed since Veterinary Use of Diclofenac was Banned". PLOS ONE. 7 (11). doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0049118. Retrieved February 15, 2013. 
  10. ^ van Dooren, Thom (May 2011). "Vultures and their People in India: Equity and Entanglement in a Time of Extinctions". Australian Humanities Review (50). 
  11. ^ Buechley, Evan R.; Şekercioğlu, Çağan H. (2016-06-01). "The avian scavenger crisis: Looming extinctions, trophic cascades, and loss of critical ecosystem functions". Biological Conservation. 198: 220–228. doi:10.1016/j.biocon.2016.04.001. 

External links[edit]

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