Play Video
1
W3C: The World Wide Web Consortium
W3C: The World Wide Web Consortium
::2011/11/16::
Play Video
2
The World Wide Web Consortium
The World Wide Web Consortium
::2012/11/20::
Play Video
3
Tim Berners-Lee (M.I.T.), father of the World Wide Web...
Tim Berners-Lee (M.I.T.), father of the World Wide Web...
::2006/08/20::
Play Video
4
#FIBEREDUP Interview w/ Harry Halpin of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
#FIBEREDUP Interview w/ Harry Halpin of the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C)
::2014/04/03::
Play Video
5
Richard Ishida (W3C): New Internationalization Developments at the World Wide Web Consortium (MLW 7)
Richard Ishida (W3C): New Internationalization Developments at the World Wide Web Consortium (MLW 7)
::2014/07/28::
Play Video
6
World Wide Web: Ten Year Anniversary (2004)
World Wide Web: Ten Year Anniversary (2004)
::2014/06/25::
Play Video
7
Making the World Wide Web More Usable to a Wider World
Making the World Wide Web More Usable to a Wider World
::2010/12/14::
Play Video
8
Inventor Talks World Wide Web and How it Makes People Powerful
Inventor Talks World Wide Web and How it Makes People Powerful
::2014/03/11::
Play Video
9
World Wide Web Creator Worries About Internet Control
World Wide Web Creator Worries About Internet Control
::2009/10/26::
Play Video
10
WSIS Forum 2011: Mr Slim Amamou
WSIS Forum 2011: Mr Slim Amamou
::2011/05/20::
Play Video
11
Tim Berners-Lee as the inventor of the World Wide Web
Tim Berners-Lee as the inventor of the World Wide Web
::2014/03/21::
Play Video
12
Resource Description Framework
Resource Description Framework
::2014/08/27::
Play Video
13
One Web Two Systems
One Web Two Systems
::2014/07/26::
Play Video
14
Web 2.0 Summit 09:  Tim Berners-Lee and Tim O
Web 2.0 Summit 09: Tim Berners-Lee and Tim O'Reilly, "A Con
::2009/10/24::
Play Video
15
الدرس الرابع شرح الوسوم Bو STRONG وEM
الدرس الرابع شرح الوسوم Bو STRONG وEM
::2013/11/13::
Play Video
16
Tim Berners-Lee talks about how an open Internet is key to driving innovation
Tim Berners-Lee talks about how an open Internet is key to driving innovation
::2011/06/30::
Play Video
17
الدرس السابع كيفية إنشاء رابط المراسلة
الدرس السابع كيفية إنشاء رابط المراسلة
::2013/11/18::
Play Video
18
الدرس الأول تصنيف المواقع  و تعريف بأدوات العمل  و كيفية ثتبيتها دورة HTML5
الدرس الأول تصنيف المواقع و تعريف بأدوات العمل و كيفية ثتبيتها دورة HTML5
::2013/11/09::
Play Video
19
Building html5 apps
Building html5 apps
::2014/06/23::
Play Video
20
الدرس 13 شرح الوسم Select
الدرس 13 شرح الوسم Select
::2013/11/24::
Play Video
21
الدرس 19 التاريخ و الوقت  Date / Time
الدرس 19 التاريخ و الوقت Date / Time
::2013/12/07::
Play Video
22
الدرس الخامس الوصلات التشعبية و التعليقات
الدرس الخامس الوصلات التشعبية و التعليقات
::2013/11/15::
Play Video
23
الدرس التاسع الجداول
الدرس التاسع الجداول
::2013/11/20::
Play Video
24
الدرس22 كيفية جعل محركات البحث تجد موقعي meta
الدرس22 كيفية جعل محركات البحث تجد موقعي meta
::2013/12/18::
Play Video
25
W3C Webinar on LA City Open Data
W3C Webinar on LA City Open Data
::2014/03/27::
Play Video
26
Sir Tim Berners Lee on the Internet
Sir Tim Berners Lee on the Internet
::2013/06/13::
Play Video
27
الدرس 17 شرح الوسم fieldset
الدرس 17 شرح الوسم fieldset
::2013/12/04::
Play Video
28
FIRST web page viewed by "FIRST" browser via c.1965 modem and terminal
FIRST web page viewed by "FIRST" browser via c.1965 modem and terminal
::2014/03/30::
Play Video
29
infoShare 2013: Alan Bird - The Web is Changing the World. Are you READY?
infoShare 2013: Alan Bird - The Web is Changing the World. Are you READY?
::2013/06/13::
Play Video
30
The Semantic Web in 2022
The Semantic Web in 2022
::2012/12/11::
Play Video
31
الدرس العاشر الخطوط
الدرس العاشر الخطوط
::2013/11/21::
Play Video
32
الدرس 21 شرح تأطير التاريخ number / date
الدرس 21 شرح تأطير التاريخ number / date
::2013/12/13::
Play Video
33
الدرس الثاني عشر النماذج Radio/Checkbox
الدرس الثاني عشر النماذج Radio/Checkbox
::2013/11/23::
Play Video
34
Bully or Bodyguard?  Assessing the Proper Role of the United States in Internet Governance
Bully or Bodyguard? Assessing the Proper Role of the United States in Internet Governance
::2014/04/03::
Play Video
35
الدرس الحادي عشر  النماذج Form
الدرس الحادي عشر النماذج Form
::2013/11/22::
Play Video
36
Network Theory Seminar with Tim Berners-Lee
Network Theory Seminar with Tim Berners-Lee
::2007/12/12::
Play Video
37
الدرس السادس الوصلات التشعبية الداخلية
الدرس السادس الوصلات التشعبية الداخلية
::2013/11/17::
Play Video
38
Mobile website standards
Mobile website standards
::2012/07/18::
Play Video
39
Lifesize Video Conferencing WebRTC Webinar Video
Lifesize Video Conferencing WebRTC Webinar Video
::2013/08/15::
Play Video
40
ISOC 2012 HOF: Tim Berners-Lee
ISOC 2012 HOF: Tim Berners-Lee
::2012/04/24::
Play Video
41
Gov 2.0 Expo 2010:   Tim Berners-Lee, "Open, Linked Data for a Global Community"
Gov 2.0 Expo 2010: Tim Berners-Lee, "Open, Linked Data for a Global Community"
::2010/05/26::
Play Video
42
W3C Validation
W3C Validation
::2011/08/26::
Play Video
43
Introduction to Website Administration
Introduction to Website Administration
::2011/02/16::
Play Video
44
Tim Berners-Lee: The next Web of open, linked data
Tim Berners-Lee: The next Web of open, linked data
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
45
Global Leadership in Innovation and Collaboration Part 3 of 3
Global Leadership in Innovation and Collaboration Part 3 of 3
::2013/12/19::
Play Video
46
Sir Tim Berners-Lee
Sir Tim Berners-Lee
::2013/02/02::
Play Video
47
#IGF09 - Tim Berners-Lee
#IGF09 - Tim Berners-Lee
::2009/11/16::
Play Video
48
xhtml validation
xhtml validation
::2013/08/12::
Play Video
49
W3C Validation Chat
W3C Validation Chat
::2009/06/24::
Play Video
50
Using the Semantic Web to stop Linkspam
Using the Semantic Web to stop Linkspam
::2008/01/16::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from W3C Recommendation)
Jump to: navigation, search
"WWWC" redirects here. For the radio station, see WWWC (AM).
World Wide Web Consortium
W3C Icon.svg
Abbreviation W3C
Motto Leading the Web to Its Full Potential
Formation October 1994
Type Standards organization
Purpose Developing protocols and guidelines that ensure long-term growth for the Web.
Headquarters Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Cambridge, Massachusetts, U.S.
Location
Region served Worldwide
Membership 385 member organizations[2]
Director Tim Berners-Lee
Staff 62
Website www.w3.org

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web (abbreviated WWW or W3).

Founded and currently led by Tim Berners-Lee,[3] the consortium is made up of member organizations which maintain full-time staff for the purpose of working together in the development of standards for the World Wide Web. As of 24 May 2014, the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) has 385 members.[2]

W3C also engages in education and outreach, develops software and serves as an open forum for discussion about the Web.

History[edit]

The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) was founded by Tim Berners-Lee after he left the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN) in October, 1994. It was founded at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Laboratory for Computer Science (MIT/LCS) with support from the European Commission and the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency (DARPA),[3] which had pioneered the Internet and its predecessor ARPANET.

W3C tries to enforce compatibility and agreement among industry members in the adoption of new standards defined by the W3C. Incompatible versions of HTML are offered by different vendors, causing inconsistency in how Web pages are displayed. The consortium tries to get all those vendors to implement a set of core principles and components which are chosen by the consortium.

It was originally intended that CERN host the European branch of W3C; however, CERN wished to focus on particle physics, not information technology. In April 1995 the Institut national de recherche en informatique et en automatique (INRIA) became the European host of W3C, with Keio University becoming the Japanese branch in September 1996. Starting in 1997, W3C created regional offices around the world; as of September 2009, it has eighteen World Offices covering Australia, the Benelux countries (Netherlands, Luxembourg, and Belgium), Brazil, China, Finland, Germany, Austria, Greece, Hong Kong, Hungary, India, Israel, Italy, South Korea, Morocco, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, and the United Kingdom and Ireland.[4]

In October 2012, W3C convened a community of large Web players and publishers to establish a MediaWiki wiki that seeks to documents open Web standards called WebPlatform and WebPlatform Docs.

Specification Maturation[edit]

Sometimes, when a Specification becomes too large, it is split into independent Modules which can mature at their own pace. Subsequent Editions of a Module or Specification are known as Levels, and are denoted by the first integer in the title (e.g. CSS3 = Level 3). Subsequent Revisions on each Level are denoted by an integer following a decimal point (e.g. CSS2.1 = Revision 1).

The W3C Standard Formation Process is defined within the W3C Process Document, outlining Four Maturity Levels that each new Standard or Recommendation must progress through:[5]

Working Draft (WD)[edit]

After enough content has been gathered from Editor Drafts and discussion, it may be published as a Working Draft for review by the community. A WD document is the first form of a standard that is publicly available. Commentary by virtually anyone is accepted, though no promises are made with regard to action on any particular element of said commentary.[5]

At this stage, the standard document may likely have significant differences from its final form. As such, any who implement WD standards should be ready to significantly modify their implementations as the standard matures.[5]

Candidate Recommendation (CR)[edit]

A candidate recommendation is a version of the standard that is more firm than the WD. At this point, the group responsible for the standard is satisfied that the standard does what is needed of it. The purpose of the CR is to elicit aid from the development community as to how implementable the standard is.[5]

The standard document may change further, but at this point, significant features are mostly locked. The design of those features can still change due to feedback from implementors.[5]

Proposed Recommendation (PR)[edit]

A proposed recommendation is the version of the standard that has passed the prior two levels. The users of said standard have had their say, and the implementors of the standard have likewise had a chance at providing input. At this stage, the document has been submitted to the W3C Advisory Council for final approval.[5]

While this step is important, it rarely causes any significant changes to a standard as it passes to the next phase.[5]

Both Candidates and Proposals may enter "Last Call" to signal that any further feedback must be provided expeditiously.

W3C Recommendation (REC)[edit]

This is the most mature stage of development. At this point, the standard has undergone extensive review and testing, under both theoretical and practical conditions. The standard is now endorsed by the W3C as a standard, indicating its readiness for deployment within its problem domain, and encouraging more widespread support among implementors and authors.[5]

Recommendations can sometimes be implemented incorrectly, partially, or not at all, but many standards define two or more levels of conformance that developers must follow if they wish to label their product as W3C-compliant.[5]

Later Revisions (WD)(NOTES)[edit]

A Recommendation may be updated or extended by separately-published, non-technical Errata or Editor Drafts until enough substantial edits accumulate for producing a new edition or level of the Recommendation. Additionally, the W3C publishes various kinds of informative Notes which are to be used as a reference.[5]

Certification[edit]

Unlike the ISOC and other international standards bodies, the W3C does not have a certification program. The W3C has decided, for now, that it is not suitable to start such a program owing to the risk of creating more drawbacks for the community than benefits.[5]

Administration[edit]

The Consortium is jointly administered by the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (CSAIL, located in Stata Center[6]) in the USA, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM) (in Sophia Antipolis, France), Keio University (in Japan) and Beihang University (in China). The W3C also has World Offices in sixteen regions around the world. The W3C Offices work with their regional Web communities to promote W3C technologies in local languages, broaden W3C's geographical base, and encourage international participation in W3C Activities.

W3C has a relatively small staff team, around 50–60 worldwide recently (as of 2010).[7] The CEO of W3C as of Dec. 2010 is Jeffrey Jaffe,[8] former CTO of Novell. The majority of standardization work is done by external experts in W3C's various working groups.

Membership[edit]

The domain w3.org attracted at least 11 million visitors annually by 2008 according to a Compete.com study.[9]

The Consortium is governed by its membership. The list of members is available to the public.[2] Members include businesses, nonprofit organizations, universities, governmental entities, and individuals.[10]

Membership requirements are transparent except for one requirement. An application for membership must be reviewed and approved by W3C. Many guidelines and requirements are stated in detail, but there is no final guideline about the process or standards by which membership might be finally approved or denied.[11]

The cost of membership is given on a sliding scale, depending on the character of the organization applying and the country in which it is located.[12] Countries are categorized by the World Bank's most recent grouping by GNI ("Gross National Income") per capita.[13]

Criticism[edit]

In 2012 and 2013, W3C started considering adding DRM-specific Encrypted Media Extensions (EME) to HTML5, which was criticised as being against the openness, interoperability and vendor-neutrality that distinguished websites built using only W3C standards from those requiring proprietary plug-ins like Flash.[14][15][16][17][18]

Standards[edit]

W3C/IETF Standards (over Internet protocol suite):

References[edit]

  1. ^ "W3C Invites Chinese Web Developers, Industry, Academia to Assume Greater Role in Global Web Innovation". W3.org. 2013-01-20. Retrieved 2013-11-30. 
  2. ^ a b c "World Wide Web Consortium – current Members". World Wide Web Consortium. 29 March 2012. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 
  3. ^ a b W3C (September 2009). "World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) About the Consortium". Retrieved 8 September 2009. 
  4. ^ Jacobs, Ian (June 2009). "W3C Offices". Retrieved 14 September 2009. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "World Wide Web Consortium | Development Process". W3.org. 2005-04-12. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  6. ^ USA (2006-10-31). "W3C Contact". W3.org. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  7. ^ "W3C people list". W3.org. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  8. ^ "W3C pulls former Novell CTO for CEO spot". Itworld.com. 2010-03-08. Retrieved 2012-04-03. 
  9. ^ "W3C attracts 11m visitors online yearly". Siteanalytics.compete.com. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  10. ^ W3C (2010). "Membership FAQ – W3C". Retrieved 7 August 2010. 
  11. ^ Jacobs, Ian (2008). "Join W3C". Retrieved 14 September 2008. 
  12. ^ W3C Membership Fee Calculator
  13. ^ "World Bank Country Classification". Web.worldbank.org. Retrieved 3 July 2010. 
  14. ^ Cory Doctorow (2013-03-12). "What I wish Tim Berners-Lee understood about DRM". Technology blog at guardian.co.uk. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  15. ^ Glyn Moody (2013-02-13). "BBC Attacks the Open Web, GNU/Linux in Danger". Open Enterprise blog at ComputerworldUK.com. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-03-20. 
  16. ^ Scott Gilbertson (2013-02-12). "DRM for the Web? Say It Ain’t So". Webmonkey. Condé Nast. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-03-21. 
  17. ^ "Tell W3C: We don't want the Hollyweb". Defective by Design. Free Software Foundation. March 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-04-06. Retrieved 2013-03-25. 
  18. ^ Danny O'Brien (October 2013). "Lowering Your Standards: DRM and the Future of the W3C". Electronic Frontier Foundation. Retrieved 2013-10-03. 

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014