Commercials WZZM TV 13 1991
Commercials WZZM TV 13 1991
DATE: 2013/07/08::
1980's WZZM Weather Commerical
DATE: 2013/03/24::
Blooper! WZZM Take 5 Shows Hot Bun and it looks like a.... LOL!!!
Blooper! WZZM Take 5 Shows Hot Bun and it looks like a.... LOL!!!
DATE: 2013/08/05::
TONIGHT AT SIX - A Retro Reunion on WZZM 13
TONIGHT AT SIX - A Retro Reunion on WZZM 13
DATE: 2012/05/14::
WZZM Gannett Graphics 2013 - Weather & Graphics Feature
WZZM Gannett Graphics 2013 - Weather & Graphics Feature
DATE: 2013/03/05::
WZZM HD News Open
WZZM HD News Open
DATE: 2011/12/03::
Sam Santiago on WZZM TV13 Grand Rapids MI
Sam Santiago on WZZM TV13 Grand Rapids MI
DATE: 2011/08/24::
WZZM Gannett Graphics 2013 - News Open & Top Stories
WZZM Gannett Graphics 2013 - News Open & Top Stories
DATE: 2013/03/05::
Ray Hummel III WZZM-TV 13
Ray Hummel III WZZM-TV 13
DATE: 2015/01/27::
Dendura on WZZM (ABC) TV
Dendura on WZZM (ABC) TV's "Take Five: Grand Rapids"
DATE: 2007/02/01::
"King of Newygo," WZZM-TV, 1980
"King of Newygo," WZZM-TV, 1980
DATE: 2009/08/17::
CND Shellac on WZZM (ABC) -  Take Five Grand Rapids
CND Shellac on WZZM (ABC) - Take Five Grand Rapids
DATE: 2010/05/05::
WZZM-MI: ObamaCare Forcing Michigan Couple To Pay Yearly Deductible Twice
WZZM-MI: ObamaCare Forcing Michigan Couple To Pay Yearly Deductible Twice
DATE: 2013/10/15::
WZZM 13 Promo Reel_2008
WZZM 13 Promo Reel_2008
DATE: 2008/03/01::
WZZM 13 News On Your Side
WZZM 13 News On Your Side
DATE: 2011/10/20::
Seth Rollins Visit WZZM 13 Take 5
Seth Rollins Visit WZZM 13 Take 5
DATE: 2014/12/21::
GM Grand Rapids Metal Plant  1977 Expansion announcement on WZZM
GM Grand Rapids Metal Plant 1977 Expansion announcement on WZZM
DATE: 2011/06/20::
Wzzm Take 5 interview with AzizaPoggi & Aria Flame (Part 2)
Wzzm Take 5 interview with AzizaPoggi & Aria Flame (Part 2)
DATE: 2014/09/06::
'Old friends' the Jimmy Lont story on WZZM 13 by Avanti Wellness
DATE: 2014/10/30::
Rodney Whitaker, Robin Eubanks and Michael Dease Interview on WZZM-TV
Rodney Whitaker, Robin Eubanks and Michael Dease Interview on WZZM-TV
DATE: 2014/12/13::
WZZM 13 Grand Valley University professor shows how to crack NSA cipher tweet
WZZM 13 Grand Valley University professor shows how to crack NSA cipher tweet
DATE: 2014/05/06::
Team Apex Multisport Charity Spin WZZM 13 Segment
Team Apex Multisport Charity Spin WZZM 13 Segment
DATE: 2015/03/02::
WZZM 13 Morning News Promo
WZZM 13 Morning News Promo
DATE: 2007/09/21::
WZZM 13 Life Is Branding Promo
WZZM 13 Life Is Branding Promo
DATE: 2012/02/22::
Captain's Blog 6-22-2012 WZZM Chromascreen and IT Interns Wanted
DATE: 2012/06/22::
Reclaim Your Brain WZZM 13 - Part 1
Reclaim Your Brain WZZM 13 - Part 1
DATE: 2009/06/29::
Josh Lahusky cooking on WZZM-TV "Take Five Grand Rapids"
Josh Lahusky cooking on WZZM-TV "Take Five Grand Rapids"
DATE: 2012/12/05::
West Michigan Geothermal on WZZM 13 Take Five
West Michigan Geothermal on WZZM 13 Take Five
DATE: 2013/10/21::
WZZM: Code Blue featured on "Made in Michigan" series
WZZM: Code Blue featured on "Made in Michigan" series
DATE: 2013/05/29::
The Illusionist Tom Coverly on ABC TAKE 5 on WZZM 13 TV
The Illusionist Tom Coverly on ABC TAKE 5 on WZZM 13 TV
DATE: 2013/06/04::
WZZM 13 Cell Phone
WZZM 13 Cell Phone
DATE: 2012/01/12::
WZZM 13's Stephanie Webb Guest Hosting on WGRD
DATE: 2012/04/03::
IWW Jimmy John
IWW Jimmy John's Workers Union - WZZM 13 News, deutsche Untertitel
DATE: 2012/06/07::
Yonanas on WZZM
Yonanas on WZZM's "Try It Before You Buy It"
DATE: 2014/07/11::
WZZM Log Rolling
WZZM Log Rolling
DATE: 2014/12/08::
DATE: 2013/03/12::
The WZZM 13 Morning Team
The WZZM 13 Morning Team
DATE: 2011/11/03::
WZZM 13 This Is Home
WZZM 13 This Is Home
DATE: 2013/03/05::
29173 WZZM 2014 01 22 0940 David Porter
29173 WZZM 2014 01 22 0940 David Porter
DATE: 2014/01/23::
WZZM 13 News Intro
WZZM 13 News Intro
DATE: 2007/02/12::
WZZM Take 5 - Caramel Apple Crisp - Sept 2014
WZZM Take 5 - Caramel Apple Crisp - Sept 2014
DATE: 2014/10/07::
Southwest Region Poly Hockey Tournament Preview on WZZM
Southwest Region Poly Hockey Tournament Preview on WZZM
DATE: 2014/11/05::
WZZM 13 interview with Dr. Brundage about Mommy Makeover Procedures
WZZM 13 interview with Dr. Brundage about Mommy Makeover Procedures
DATE: 2010/01/29::
DATE: 2015/03/27::
WZZM 06 25 2013 06 17 50 Devin Schindler affirmative action
WZZM 06 25 2013 06 17 50 Devin Schindler affirmative action
DATE: 2013/07/30::
Susan Evangelista WZZM TV-13 Traffic Reporter
Susan Evangelista WZZM TV-13 Traffic Reporter
DATE: 2011/02/16::
Molly performs "Another Day of Regrets" on WZZM
Molly performs "Another Day of Regrets" on WZZM's Take 5
DATE: 2011/01/28::
WZZM 07 12 2013 05 04 55 Heather Garretson Higgins trial
WZZM 07 12 2013 05 04 55 Heather Garretson Higgins trial
DATE: 2013/07/30::
Sam Santiago at WZZM TV Grand Rapids
Sam Santiago at WZZM TV Grand Rapids
DATE: 2011/09/17::
Elina's Remedies for Vitiligo - WZZM 13
DATE: 2013/06/11::
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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WZZM 2009 Logo.png
Grand Rapids/Muskegon, Michigan
United States
City of license Grand Rapids, Michigan
Branding WZZM 13 (general)
WZZM 13 News (newscasts)
Slogan On Your Side
Channels Digital: 13 (VHF)
Virtual: 13 (PSIP)
Subchannels 13.1 ABC
13.2 AccuWX
13.3 Justice Network
Affiliations ABC
Owner Gannett Company
(Combined Communications Corporation of Oklahoma, Inc.)
First air date November 1, 1962
Call letters' meaning call letters form an ambigram
Former channel number(s) Analog:
13 (UHF, 1962–2009)
39 (UHF, 2002–2009)
Transmitter power 24.5 kW (digital)
Height 324.3 m (1,063 ft)
Facility ID 49713
Transmitter coordinates 43°18′35″N 85°54′45″W / 43.30972°N 85.91250°W / 43.30972; -85.91250
Website www.wzzm13.com

WZZM, VHF digital channel 13, is an ABC-affiliated television station located in Grand Rapids, Michigan, United States. The station is owned by the Gannett Company. WZZM maintains studios on 3 Mile Road NW in Walker (with a Grand Rapids address), and its transmitter is located in Grant.

The station's transmitter is about 40 miles (64 km) north of other stations in the Grand Rapids market, and its over-the-air signal is unavailable in the two southwestern tiers of Michigan as a result. Since April 2009, however, WZZM has been available on most cable providers in Southwest Michigan,[1] even though Battle Creek-based WOTV (channel 41) serves as the ABC affiliate for that part of the Grand Rapids market. Until then, viewers outside of the reach of WZZM's signal relied on out-of-market stations from South Bend, Indiana or Lansing to view syndicated programs carried by WZZM.


A local group known as West Michigan Telecasters received a construction permit to operate a television station on VHF channel 9 in 1961.[citation needed] However, later that year, the Federal Communications Commission (FCC) revised the channel positions in the area, resulting in the VHF channel 13 allocation moving from Cadillac to Grand Rapids.[2] WWTV in Cadillac, then on channel 13, was required to move to channel 9 as a result of the action.

WZZM-TV officially signed on the air at 6:30 p.m. on November 1, 1962. The station went off the air just 20 minutes later, after a tube on its transmitter failed; it returned to the air 10 minutes later. The celebratory opening show anchored by news director Jack Hogan. WZZM certainly had humble beginnings; its first broadcasts were from a banquet room-turned studio at the Pantlind Hotel (now the Amway Grand Plaza Hotel). Live broadcasts included This Morning with Bud Lindeman, Shirley's Show and an evening news program, though the station's most notable show is The Bozo Show, which was broadcast on the station for more than 30 years. Bill Merchant was the original Bozo, with Dick Richards as "The Ringmaster"; Richards took over the role of Bozo shortly thereafter.

As a result of the swap with WWTV, WZZM was now short-spaced to WSPD-TV (now WTVG) in Toledo, Ohio. It had to build its transmitter about 40 miles farther north than the other stations in West Michigan and redirect its signal in order to protect WSPD-TV from interference. As a result, WZZM's signal barely reached Kalamazoo and just missed Battle Creek. Southwestern Michigan viewers had to rely on WSJV in Elkhart, Indiana, WXYZ-TV in Detroit, or WLS-TV in Chicago for ABC programming until WUHQ-TV (channel 41, now WOTV) signed on from Battle Creek in 1971. Sometime in late 1964, WZZM-TV signed on a satellite station in Kalamazoo, operating on VHF channel 12.[3]

In August 1971, WZZM opened a multi-million dollar state-of-the-art studio in Walker, with Congressman Gerald Ford presiding over the ceremony. In the following years, WZZM became a formidable force in the Grand Rapids market, gathering high ratings and a reputation as having one of the top newscasts in the West Michigan area.[citation needed]

WZZM's longtime logo, utilized through most of the 1997 until September 2008. In the final years of this logo it was redesigned to feature a glossy finish to match the new ABC 'glass ball' logomark.

In 1978, West Michigan Telecasters sold WZZM to Miami-based Wometco Enterprises. WZZM (95.7 FM) was sold at that time, becoming WZZR. Wometco's stations were sold to Kohlberg Kravis Roberts (KKR) in 1985; KKR subsequently sold the station to Price Communications in 1986. A local investor, Richard Appleton, formed Northstar Television in 1989 and purchased WZZM. Appleton tried to acquire WUHQ in 1991 and turn it into a satellite of WZZM, which would have created a strong combined signal with about 40% overlap. However, the proposed deal fell through at the last minute. Ironically, WUHQ had served as a de facto satellite of WZZM for most of its history; its engineers had to switch to and from WZZM's signal on most occasions before the station was able to acquire a network feed from ABC.

In 1995, the Northstar Television group (WZZM, along with WNAC-TV in Providence, Rhode Island and WAPT-TV in Jackson, Mississippi) was sold to Argyle Television Holdings II. The Gannett Company bought WZZM and sister station WGRZ-TV in Buffalo, New York in January 1997 in a trade deal with Argyle involving WLWT-TV in Cincinnati, Ohio and KOCO-TV in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. This deal was done to resolve cross-ownership issues that stemmed from Gannett's ownership at the time of cable provider Multimedia Cablevision (which it had acquired with its purchase of Multimedia, Inc. in 1995) in the Oklahoma City market as the FCC at the time barred a television station and a cable provider from being owned by the same company in a single market.

In the 1990s, WZZM made an array of changes with the new millennium looming. The station purchased new news vehicles, a new tape format (Beta SP) was introduced to digitize all media, a new radar receiver and new weather cameras were added across the state; it also built a new set, coinciding with the introduction of a new logo. In early spring of 2006, WZZM finalized a major station overhaul, complete with a new logo, graphics, and promotional campaign.

In late September 2006, WZZM announced on-air through a series of commercials that the morning newscast (with Derek Francis, Lauren Stanton and Hally Vogel) moved into first place in viewership, according to Nielsen.[citation needed]

On September 14, 2006, WZZM broadcast its first local program in high definition, the special Great Lakes Adventure.[4] Lee Van Ameyde and Juliet Dragos hosted the special about Sleeping Bear Dunes, Mackinac Island, Mackinac Bridge, as well as Michigan's wine country, and charter boats. In 2007, WZZM launced three websites co-developed with Gannett's Michigan newspapers: MichiganMoms.com (now MomsLikeMe.com), MichiganSmartShopper.com, and MyMitten.com.

Digital television[edit]

Digital channels[edit]

The station's digital channel is multiplexed:

Channel Video Aspect PSIP Short Name Programming[5]
13.1 720p 16:9 WZZM 13 Main WZZM programming / ABC
13.2 480i 4:3 WX 13 On Target Weather Network
13.3 480i 4:3 Justice Justice Network

In 2005, WZZM launched its second digital subchannel as a weather channel called the "13 On Target Weather Network"; the channel is carried on Comcast and Charter Communications cable systems in West Michigan on channel 247 and is streamed online on the station's website. In January, 2015, WZZM launched its third digital subchannel carrying Justice Network, which is carried on Comcast channel 297 and Charter Communications channel 181 in West Michigan.[6]

Analog-to-digital conversion[edit]

WZZM shut down its analog signal, over VHF channel 13, on June 12, 2009, as part of the federally mandated transition from analog to digital television.[7] The station's digital signal relocated from its pre-transition UHF channel 39 to VHF channel 13.


WZZM carries ABC's entire programming lineup, including the Litton's Weekend Adventure block (which is syndicated almost exclusively to ABC stations) on Saturday mornings, which provides most of the station's required E/I content. Syndicated programs airing on WZZM include Who Wants to Be a Millionaire, The Closer, The Insider and Entertainment Tonight. The former two are distributed by Disney-ABC. The latter two are distributed by CBS Television Distribution. Theater 13 is the umbrella title for movies that are broadcast by the station. WZZM is one of the first stations in Michigan to produce and broadcast local commercials and station promotions in high definition. It is also the first station to air segments such as its popular high school sports franchise 13 On Your Sidelines in high definition.

WZZM produces a weekly health news program, Healthy You, which debuted on June 24, 2007. The program airs on Sunday mornings at 11:00 a.m., and is hosted by weekend anchor and health reporter Valerie Lego. In September 2008, a repeat of that week's program began airing on Saturdays at 7:30 p.m.[8]

Take Five & Company[edit]

Take Five & Company (originally named Take Five Grand Rapids) is a live talk and entertainment show that airs weekdays at 9:00 a.m. (it originally aired at 5:00 p.m. from its debut in early 2004 until September 2005, when it moved to 4:30 p.m.). The program is hosted by Catherine Behrendt and Stephanie Webb. On August 25, 2008, the program's title was revised to Take Five and Company, expanded from a half-hour to one hour and moved to 9:00 a.m. (displacing Live with Regis and Kelly, which had held that timeslot on WZZM for more than 20 years; Live was then moved to WWMT).[9]

The program utilizes some of the same soft news features that were included on the 5:30 Edition newscast in the 1990s, such as movie reviews and cooking segments. Segments featured on the series include "Rescue My Home", which is similar to Extreme Makeover: Home Edition and occurs several times a year, in which a local homeowner is chosen to have a room in their house undergo a makeover. In early 2005, there was an "Extreme Mini-Makeover" feature, similar to Extreme Makeover. In addition to a week's worth of segments about the project, WZZM airs primetime "Rescue My Home" specials. In addition to segments about gardening, cooking, parenting and healthy lifestyle tips, movies, restaurants, money management and auto maintenance, the show features celebrity interviews and performances by local and national music artists visiting Grand Rapids. In 2008, Take Five began a new monthly segment, called the "Take Five Book Club", which provides picks of certain books and includes a discussion about the book on the first Monday of the month; the segment lends itself to a partnership with the Book Nook & Java Shop in Montague.

News operation[edit]

Former WZZM 13 News newscast open.

WZZM presently broadcasts 31 hours of locally produced newscasts each week (with four and half hours on weekdays and three hours each on Saturdays and Sundays). The station maintains partnerships with two co-owned newspapers in the market, the Grand Haven Tribune and The Daily News in Greenville, to provide weather forecasts. Chief meteorologist George Lessens writes a weekly column for Advance Newspapers, which includes the forecast for the upcoming week, as of February 2006; it originally had a review of the previous week's weather conditions.

For most of its history starting in 1969, the station's newscasts were branded as Eyewitness News until the late 1990s, when it was retitled to the current WZZM 13 News. In 1971, WZZM became the first station in the West Michigan to use a weather radar, which was upgraded in 1974 to a computerized color version. In 1993, WZZM debuted a half-hour news program called 5:30 Edition; the program included soft news features, in addition to news headlines. Many of its feature segments were phased out and the program became a standard newscast by 1997. WZZM started expanded coverage of high school football in 1995 with the debut of the weekly seasonal highlight program Friday Night Football; a few years later, the program was renamed to 13 On Your Sidelines.

On June 7, 2009, the station suspended its weekend morning newscasts (which debuted in 2006), due to economic conditions;[10] on March 5, 2011, WZZM resumed the Saturday and Sunday morning newscasts after a two-year absence, airing for two hours from 6 to 8 a.m. on both days.[11]

In late 2009, WZZM became the third television station in West Michigan to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in widescreen standard definition (WWMT was the last major station in West Michigan with 4:3 standard definition newscasts until April 16, 2011, when it became the second station in the market to upgrade to full high definition newscasts). In June 2010, WZZM rehired Brent Ashcroft, who had left the station twelve years prior to become sports director at Fox affiliate WXMI (channel 17). On December 3, 2011, WZZM became the fourth and final television station in West Michigan to begin broadcasting its local newscasts in high definition.

WZZM-TV and its closest rival, WOOD-TV, along with WXMI, focus their newscasts on the northern half of the market (Grand Rapids and Muskegon) with a secondary focus on Kalamazoo and Battle Creek.

On September 8, 2014; WZZM began airing news at 5 p.m. WZZM now has local news from 5-6:30 p.m.


On Target Forecast[edit]

WZZM's team of meteorologists compares the accuracy of the previous day's forecast in comparison to the actual weather of the current day for its "On Target Forecast". If the day's weather is accurate to the previous day's forecasted prediction, a graphic is displayed showing an arrow shooting and hitting a bullseye. If the temperature was only a degree or two off from the prediction, it is called a "Very Close" forecast. If the forecasted temperature was 3 to 5 degrees off or if the forecast was inaccurate in its prediction of sunlight or precipitation, it is called a "Close" forecast. If the forecast is more incorrect than that, it is called a "Try Again," and the arrow shoots past the target completely.

WZZM's weather radar is often branded as "13 X-RAD 3D", utilizing data from National Weather Service Doppler radars to produce a 3D radar image. My 13 On Target Weather is a customizable e-mail and website service powered by myweather.net, which features headlines, weather conditions and severe weather warnings.


The WZZM 13 Weatherball.

The original weatherball was perched on top of the Michigan National Bank building in downtown Grand Rapids, and was constructed in 1967. The colors it displayed were representative of the forthcoming weather pattern. A poem was written about the weatherball's colors:

Weatherball red, warmer weather ahead.
Weatherball blue, cooler weather in view.
Weatherball green, no change foreseen.
Colors blinking bright, rain or snow in sight.

However, due to questions about its stability, it was removed in 1987, after 20 years of existence. WZZM located the weatherball, which had resided in a Kalamazoo junkyard since its removal, and purchased it in 1999. In 2002, plans were announced to refurbish the stainless steel ball, and add new neon lights. The weatherball was perched on a 100-foot (30 m) monopole, and was lit on May 7, 2003. It is visible from both Interstate 96 and U.S. Highway 131, the two major freeways in the area.

Shortly after the reintroduction of the WZZM 13 Weatherball, a contest was held where viewers submitted video recordings of songs to coincide with its meanings. The winner chosen had their song appear on a new commercial that aired to inform viewers on the significance of the colors. The winners were Dale Ray Schumaker and Allison Rae Schumaker of Holland with their jingle, "Know Before You Go". "DJ Dale" Schumaker and Allison Rae Schumaker are prominent hit songwriters.

On June 5, 2008, the Weatherball was struck by lightning for the first time in its history. The lightning scrambled the electronic components of the Weatherball, causing it to glow in a rainbow of colors, resulting in it having to be turned off temporarily for repairs. The station also has a costumed character mascot of the Weatherball named "Blinkie". A similar weatherball is also located on the Citizen's Bank building in Flint. Gannett-owned ABC affiliate KXTV in Sacramento, California also owns a weather beacon.

Weather Chaser[edit]

The Weather Chaser

The Weather Chaser was introduced in 2001; it was a mobile version of the in-studio weather office capable of live broadcasts from anywhere in the broadcast area. During severe weather, the meteorologist using the Chaser was able to track and report storm conditions on location. It has not been mentioned on-air in recent months. It was spotted being used in August 2006 as a live shot vehicle at the Unity Christian Music Festival in Muskegon, Michigan.

The Weather Chaser (seen in the above photo) has since been transformed back into a live truck; a new Weather Chaser was introduced in 2011 and is an SUV, and was used on May 12, 2011 in Grand Haven, Michigan at Mary A. White Elementary School during a visit by chief meteorologist George Lessens to help the students launch a weather balloon.

Weather Deck[edit]

The "Weather Deck" is a deck set up outside of the station's Walker studios for use during weather forecasts on WZZM's newscasts (and is similar to such outdoor weather setups seen on other Gannett-owned stations). Most weather reports are done outside, except during weather conditions that make it unsafe for the meteorologist to go outside, such as during severe weather. The weather deck was introduced in 1999; from 1995 to 1999, the evening meteorologist reported from the station's parking lot. In the spring of 2009, WZZM stopped using the Weather Deck during its newscasts as lighting for the deck became too expensive for the station to maintain. Instead, these weather reports are done from inside the main news studio. The noon newscast occasionally features a "Weather Deck Guest" live interview segment. Regular weather segments resumed from the Weather Deck at some point during 2010.


Over the years, WZZM has received numerous awards for journalistic excellence. Some of these include:

  • Emmy Award – "Sickle Cell Anemia: Paradox of Neglect, Station Award" in 1971.[12]
  • Michigan Associated Press – "Sickle Cell Anemia: Paradox of Neglect, Best Documentary" in 1971.[13]
  • United Press International's "Michigan News Station of the Year" from 1980 to 1985.
  • Michigan Association of Broadcasters' "Best Newscast" and "Best Coverage of Spot News" awards in 1998
  • Michigan Association of Broadcasters' "Station of the Year" award in 2002.
  • Michigan Television News Photographers Association "Station of the Year" award in 2002.

Notable former staff[edit]


  1. ^ WZZM Expands Cable Coverage in SW Michigan, TVNewsCheck, April 14, 2009.
  2. ^ "Final orders add vhf to three markets." Broadcasting, August 7, 1961, pg. 55. [1]
  3. ^ "For the Record" Broadcasting, August 17, 1964, pg. 98. [2]
  4. ^ WZZM 13 to Air HD Special on Great Lakes, WZZM, August 22, 2006.
  5. ^ RabbitEars TV Query for WZZM
  6. ^ Justice Network announcement on WZZM web site, WZZM, January 23, 2015.
  7. ^ List of Digital Full-Power Stations
  8. ^ Healthy You
  9. ^ [3]
  10. ^ A message to our WZZM Weekend Morning News Viewers, WZZM, June 7, 2009.
  11. ^ WZZM (Channel 13) brings back its weekend morning news show, mlive.com, March 5, 2011.
  12. ^ I, John L. Bailey, have photos of the statuette awarded by the Academy of Television Arts and Sciences and the certificate with my name imprinted. The statuette itself is displayed by WZZM.
  13. ^ I, John L. Bailey, have a copy of the certificate awarded by the Michigan Association of Broadcasters.
  14. ^ Bill Seidman, Ex-FDIC Chairman, Dead, Huffington Post, May 13, 2009.

External links[edit]

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