Walikale is home to the largest tin deposits in the Congo and to some very large gold mines, as well. In particular, the Bisie mine is supposed to account for somewhere between 50 and 80% of tin exports from North Kivu. The control of Bisie mine is a main source of contention within the Congolese army, as it provides for upwards of $100,000 a month in taxes for local soldiers, which does not include the individual pits that some commanders control and kickbacks thet get from trading houses.
In Aug 2010, at least 179 women were raped by armed rebels around the small town of Ruvungi in Walikale territory between July 30 and August 2.
In Jul 2012, Walikale Town was taken over by rebel forces of M23 and local malitia Mai Mai Raia Motumboki, who pushed the government forces (FARDC) 30 km out of the town.
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