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The Great Office War HD
The Great Office War HD
Published: 2008/12/10
Channel: BreakPresents
The Great Office War
The Great Office War
Published: 2008/06/16
Channel: BreakPresents
Game of War: Office Army - Strategy MMO
Game of War: Office Army - Strategy MMO
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Game of War: Fire Age
COLD WAR COUNCIL WAR OFFICE (DARTFORD CIVIC CENTRE)
COLD WAR COUNCIL WAR OFFICE (DARTFORD CIVIC CENTRE)
Published: 2017/07/07
Channel: IKS Exploration
Game of War: Office Army
Game of War: Office Army
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Game of War: Fire Age
Charlie Wilson
Charlie Wilson's War (1/9) Movie CLIP - Another Broken Window (2007) HD
Published: 2011/05/27
Channel: Movieclips
THE GREAT NERF WAR!
THE GREAT NERF WAR!
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: OfficeAntics
Military Intelligence Specialists - 1961 United States War Office Educational Documentary
Military Intelligence Specialists - 1961 United States War Office Educational Documentary
Published: 2012/10/08
Channel: wdtvlive42 - Archive Footage
Funny or Die:
Funny or Die: 'Boss Left Out' - NERF on the Job
Published: 2009/11/30
Channel: Hasbro
Office War
Office War
Published: 2007/08/11
Channel: kladblog
Office Wars 2014 Part II
Office Wars 2014 Part II
Published: 2014/01/15
Channel: Gunnar Widowski
The Post-It War Between Two Office Building Ends With Epic Finale
The Post-It War Between Two Office Building Ends With Epic Finale
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: FAILORBIT
Office Warfare - Nerf Gun
Office Warfare - Nerf Gun
Published: 2011/06/01
Channel: FinalCutKing
Nerf War
Nerf War
Published: 2009/04/28
Channel: newlifecc
Game of War: Office Army
Game of War: Office Army
Published: 2015/09/10
Channel: ゲーム・オブ・ウォー
EPIC NERF OFFICE HIDE AND SEEK WITH BENJA & JEROME!! (NERF WAR BATTLE)
EPIC NERF OFFICE HIDE AND SEEK WITH BENJA & JEROME!! (NERF WAR BATTLE)
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: Benja
NERF STAR WARS - OFFICE JEDI
NERF STAR WARS - OFFICE JEDI
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: The Warp Zone
The War Office | Live at Manchester Academy 3 | 25th February, 2017
The War Office | Live at Manchester Academy 3 | 25th February, 2017
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Chloe Woodcock
Epic Office Nerf Battle!
Epic Office Nerf Battle!
Published: 2016/09/22
Channel: Battle Universe!
Hinduja group buys Churchill’s  Old War Office building
Hinduja group buys Churchill’s Old War Office building
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Oneindia Hindi | वनइंडिया हिन्दी
Andy
Andy's Gang War - The Office US
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: The Office US
Full Office War - NERF TTT
Full Office War - NERF TTT
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Node
Hinduja Group acquires London
Hinduja Group acquires London's War Office Building - The News
Published: 2016/03/07
Channel: Mirror Now
THE GREAT NEON NERF WAR!
THE GREAT NEON NERF WAR!
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: OfficeAntics
Kay Stadden was a teleprinter operator at the War Office in London
Kay Stadden was a teleprinter operator at the War Office in London
Published: 2016/01/26
Channel: legaseefilms
War Office Fans Down The Wattie!
War Office Fans Down The Wattie!
Published: 2007/05/17
Channel: iainmfc7
Whitehall Buildings (1968)
Whitehall Buildings (1968)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
SKY GETS KIDNAPPED! (THE GREAT NERF WAR!)
SKY GETS KIDNAPPED! (THE GREAT NERF WAR!)
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Sky Does Minecraft
War Office
War Office
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Gustavo Botero
Museum restores General Douglas MacArthur
Museum restores General Douglas MacArthur's war office
Published: 2016/12/03
Channel: CBS This Morning
"Little Battles vBlog #3" - She Makes War - Office Gigs on the Watercooler War Tour
"Little Battles vBlog #3" - She Makes War - Office Gigs on the Watercooler War Tour
Published: 2012/03/28
Channel: She Makes War
Post-It war: Office workers get creative with coloured notes
Post-It war: Office workers get creative with coloured notes
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: CTV News
Office Nerf War 2012
Office Nerf War 2012
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: Gaia Online
War Office, Lebanon Connecticut, American Revolution
War Office, Lebanon Connecticut, American Revolution
Published: 2012/05/08
Channel: Stephen Shaw
Condom Gun Causes Office War
Condom Gun Causes Office War
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Sam and Niko
Office Nerf Rival War - 2016-07-22 (Craig)
Office Nerf Rival War - 2016-07-22 (Craig)
Published: 2016/07/22
Channel: Nerfman
Pride of Motherwell flute band @ war office 3/8/13
Pride of Motherwell flute band @ war office 3/8/13
Published: 2013/08/08
Channel: Gary Baillie
Good times in the War office
Good times in the War office
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: tony thedj
War Office Railings
War Office Railings
Published: 2017/01/17
Channel: Myles Broomes
[Counter-Strike Source] War Office 30/12/2016 - Pierre Clément Kuchiki
[Counter-Strike Source] War Office 30/12/2016 - Pierre Clément Kuchiki
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Joheskiller
Dynamite At War Office Site (1940)
Dynamite At War Office Site (1940)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Cheeky Monkey Productions Presents...
Cheeky Monkey Productions Presents...' Mak-A-Din ' . Live at the War Office, 29.01.2017
Published: 2017/02/12
Channel: doug wilson
NMTV International Winston Churchill
NMTV International Winston Churchill's war office on sale
Published: 2013/11/15
Channel: nmtvindia
Japanese Behavior circa 1943 OSS Office of Strategic Services, World War II
Japanese Behavior circa 1943 OSS Office of Strategic Services, World War II
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Jeff Quitney
K-Rations: "Food for Fighters" circa 1943 US Office of War Information World War II
K-Rations: "Food for Fighters" circa 1943 US Office of War Information World War II
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: Jeff Quitney
YGE - War (office music video)
YGE - War (office music video)
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Shykell Highsmith
Nerf Rival Office War - Office Chair Nerf - 3/28/2017
Nerf Rival Office War - Office Chair Nerf - 3/28/2017
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Nerfman
RT Life - Nerf War at the Office
RT Life - Nerf War at the Office
Published: 2015/03/21
Channel: Rooster Teeth
pride of motherwell. war office.
pride of motherwell. war office.
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: hooper939
Robots in War: Office Warriors
Robots in War: Office Warriors
Published: 2010/03/14
Channel: Hannah Smyth
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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War Office
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Royal Coat of Arms as used by Her Majesty's Government
Department overview
Formed 1857
Preceding Department
  • Various
Dissolved 1964
Superseding agency
Jurisdiction Government of the United Kingdom
Headquarters War Office building
Whitehall
London
Department executive
Parent Department HM Government
The former War Office building facing Horse Guards Avenue.

The War Office[1] was a department of the British Government responsible for the administration of the British Army between 1857 and 1964, when its functions were transferred to the Ministry of Defence.

Until 1855 a number of independent offices and individuals were responsible for various aspects of Army administration. The four most important were the Commander-in-Chief of the Forces, the Secretary at War and the Secretary of State for War. Others who performed specialist functions were the controller of army accounts, the Army Medical Board, the Commissariat Department, the Board of General Officers, the Judge Advocate General of the Armed Forces, the Commissary General of Muster, the Paymaster General and the Home Office (before 1782 the twin secretaries of state).[2]

The name "War Office" is also given to the former home of the department, the War Office building located at the junction of Horse Guards Avenue and Whitehall in central London. During August 2013 it was announced that the former War Office building would be sold on the open market.

History[edit]

The War Office developed from the Council of War, an ad hoc grouping of the King and his senior military commanders which managed the Kingdom of England's frequent wars and campaigns. It was equivalent to the Admiralty, responsible for the Royal Navy, and the (much later) Air Ministry, which oversaw the Royal Air Force. Its foundation has traditionally been ascribed to William Blathwayt, who on his appointment as Secretary at War during 1684 greatly expanded the remit of his office to cover general day-to-day administration of the Army.

The department had several London homes until it settled at Horse Guards in Whitehall during 1722, where it was to remain until 1858. The War Office was then relocated to Cumberland House, Pall Mall for the last half of the 19th century before finally being relocated to a purpose-built accommodation in what is now known as the Old War Office Building.

The management of the War Office was directed initially by the Secretary at War, whose role had originated during the reign of King Charles II of England as the secretary to the Commander-in-Chief of the British Army. The first War Office Secretary at War is usually said to have been William Blathwayt, though he had two predecessors in the job. It was, however, a fairly minor government job which dealt with the minutiae of administration rather than grand strategy. Issues of strategic policy during wartime were managed by the Northern and Southern Departments (the predecessors of today's Foreign Office and Home Office).

From 1704 to 1855, the job of Secretary was possessed by a minister of the second rank, although he was occasionally part of the Cabinet. Many of his responsibilities were transferred to the Secretary of State for War after the creation of that more senior post during 1794 (though the latter was also responsible for Britain's colonies from 1801 and renamed Secretary of State for War and the Colonies, an arrangement which only ceased with the establishment of the Colonial Office during 1854). The job of Secretary at War was merged with that of the Secretary of State for War during 1855 (and was abolished altogether during 1863).

The former War Office building pictured from Whitehall.

During 1855 the Board of Ordnance was abolished as a result of its perceived poor performance during the Crimean War. This powerful independent body, dating from the 15th century, had been directed by the Master-General of the Ordnance, usually a very senior military officer who (unlike the Secretary at War) was often a member of the Cabinet. The disastrous campaigns of the Crimean War resulted in the consolidation of all administrative duties during 1855 as subordinate to the Secretary of State for War, a Cabinet job. He was not, however, solely responsible for the Army; the Commander-in-Chief had a virtually equal degree of responsibility. This was reduced in theory by the reforms introduced by Edward Cardwell during 1870, which subordinated the Commander-in-Chief to the Secretary for War. In practice, however, a huge amount of influence was retained by the exceedingly conservative Commander-in-Chief Field Marshal Prince George, 2nd Duke of Cambridge, who had the job between 1856 and 1895. His resistance to reform caused military efficiency to lag well behind that of Britain's rivals, a problem which became obvious during the Second Boer War.

The situation was only remedied during 1904 when the job of Commander-in-Chief was abolished and replaced with that of the Chief of the General Staff which was replaced by the job of Chief of the Imperial General Staff during 1908. An Army Council was created with a format similar to that of the Board of Admiralty, directed by the Secretary of State for War, and an Imperial General Staff was established to coordinate Army administration.

The management of the War Office was hampered by persistent disputes between the civilian and military parts of the organisation. The government of H. H. Asquith attempted to resolve this during the First World War by appointing Lord Kitchener as Secretary for War, making him the first and only soldier to have the job. However, this was thought unsatisfactory;[citation needed] during his tenure, the Imperial General Staff was virtually dismantled. Its role was replaced effectively by the Committee of Imperial Defence, established during 1902 to discuss wider defence issues.

The War Office decreased greatly in importance after the First World War, a fact illustrated by the drastic reductions of its staff numbers during the inter-war period. On 1 April 1920, it employed 7,434 civilian staff; this had decreased to 3,872 by 1 April 1930. Its responsibilities and funding were also reduced. During 1936, the government of Stanley Baldwin appointed a Minister for Co-ordination of Defence, who was not part of the War Office. When Winston Churchill became Prime Minister during 1940, he bypassed the War Office altogether and appointed himself Minister of Defence (though there was, curiously, no ministry of defence until 1947).

Clement Attlee continued this arrangement when he came to power during 1945 but appointed a separate Minister of Defence for the first time during 1947. During 1964, the present form of the Ministry of Defence was established, unifying the War Office, Admiralty, and Air Ministry.

The records of the War Office are kept by The National Archives with the code WO.

War Office building[edit]

View of the former War Office building looking south along Whitehall.

Between 1906 and its abolition during 1964, the War Office was based in a large neo-Baroque building, completed during 1906, located on Horse Guards Avenue at its junction with Whitehall in central London. It contains about 1,000 rooms across seven floors, linked by 2½ miles of corridors. The construction of the War Office building required five years to complete at what was then a huge cost of more than £1.2 million.

The building is somewhat oddly shaped, forming a trapezium shape in order to maximise the usage of the irregularly shaped plot of land on which it was built. Its four distinctive domes were designed as a decorative means of disguising the building's shape.

After 1964 the building continued to be used by the Ministry of Defence by the name Old War Office.

On 1 June 2007 the building (other than the steps that give access to it) were designated as a protected site for the purposes of Section 128 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005. The effect of the act was to make it a specific criminal offence for a person to trespass into the building.[3]

During August 2013 it was announced that the building would be sold on the open market with the goal of realising offers in excess of £100 million.[4] On 13 December 2014 the Ministry of Defence confirmed that the War Office building would be sold to the Hinduja Group for an undisclosed amount.[5] The building was sold on 1 March 2016 for more than £350 million, on a 250-year lease, to the Hinduja Group and OHL Developments for conversion to a luxury hotel and residential apartments.[6]

War Office departments[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Archives, The National. "Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. National Archives, 1568-2007. Retrieved 2 June 2017. 
  2. ^ Archives, The National. "Records created or inherited by the War Office, Armed Forces, Judge Advocate General, and related bodies". discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk. The National Archives, 1568-2007. Retrieved 2 June 2017.  UKOpenGovernmentLicence.svg This article contains text from this source, which is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0. © Crown copyright
  3. ^ "Home Office Circular 018 / 2007 (Trespass on protected sites - sections 128-131 of the Serious Organised Crime and Police Act 2005)". GOV.UK. Home Office. 22 May 2007. Retrieved 6 August 2017. 
  4. ^ Ben Farmer, War Office for sale as part of cost cutting drive, Sunday Telegraph, 18 August 2013
  5. ^ "Churchill's Old War Office building sold off". BBC News. 13 December 2014. Retrieved 14 December 2014. 
  6. ^ "Ministry of Defence completes sale of old War Office". Ministry of Defence. Retrieved 15 May 2016. 
Attribution

This article contains text from this source http://discovery.nationalarchives.gov.uk/details/r/C259pen-government-licence/version/3/ Open Government Licence v3.0]. © Crown copyright.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 51°30′20″N 0°07′33″W / 51.50556°N 0.12583°W / 51.50556; -0.12583

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