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1
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
::2010/12/26::
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2
Los Indios Warao - Orinoco
Los Indios Warao - Orinoco's Delta(Venezuela)
::2009/07/28::
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3
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
::2010/12/26::
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4
The Waraos Official Movie Trailer
The Waraos Official Movie Trailer
::2012/03/01::
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5
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
::2013/12/09::
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6
INDIAN VILLAGE JOURNEY indígena Warao WARAO tribe
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::2012/08/08::
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7
Parlametrics: Warao
Parlametrics: Warao
::2012/03/23::
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8
Warao Carnavales 2013
Warao Carnavales 2013
::2013/06/02::
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9
WARAO INDIANS   ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
WARAO INDIANS ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
::2008/07/26::
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10
Warao parte II
Warao parte II
::2013/09/27::
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11
Warao vs Kie 6
Warao vs Kie 6
::2014/01/07::
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12
Nicolás Maduro baila con indígenas de la etnia warao en Delta Amacuro
Nicolás Maduro baila con indígenas de la etnia warao en Delta Amacuro
::2013/07/18::
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13
EPD vs Warao
EPD vs Warao
::2014/01/07::
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14
Warao Sabado 07/09/13 Segundo Tema.
Warao Sabado 07/09/13 Segundo Tema.
::2013/09/08::
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15
EPD vs Warao
EPD vs Warao
::2014/01/07::
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16
Warao vs ??? - Sockeye vs ???
Warao vs ??? - Sockeye vs ???
::2014/01/07::
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17
Warao vs Kie 1
Warao vs Kie 1
::2014/01/06::
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18
DIA DEL NIÑO Y NIÑA INDIGENA WARAO
DIA DEL NIÑO Y NIÑA INDIGENA WARAO
::2014/03/17::
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19
EPD vs Warao
EPD vs Warao
::2014/01/07::
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20
EPD vs Warao
EPD vs Warao
::2014/01/07::
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21
IGLESIA EVANGELICA WARAO DE WINAMORENA  Delta Amacuro 24 Oct  2013
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::2013/11/07::
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22
Warao vs Kie 4
Warao vs Kie 4
::2014/01/06::
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23
Venezuela 2 - Orinoco Delta and Warao
Venezuela 2 - Orinoco Delta and Warao
::2010/10/18::
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24
Warao Sabado 07/09/13
Warao Sabado 07/09/13
::2013/09/08::
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25
SAVE OUR PLANET  -  Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
SAVE OUR PLANET - Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
::2010/09/28::
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26
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
::2013/02/18::
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27
Baile "tradicional" warao Puerto de buja
Baile "tradicional" warao Puerto de buja
::2014/03/24::
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28
James Ingham showreel
James Ingham showreel
::2013/02/12::
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29
warao in canoe
warao in canoe
::2007/07/12::
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30
Promocional Fiesta de Fin de Año Warao
Promocional Fiesta de Fin de Año Warao
::2013/11/02::
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31
Expedition Delta Orinoco
Expedition Delta Orinoco
::2008/02/19::
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32
No bite, no Malaria  -  Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
No bite, no Malaria - Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
::2013/01/03::
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33
Bora Clutch English
Bora Clutch English
::2012/05/02::
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34
The Waraos, An ancient culture that refuses to disappear
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::2011/01/14::
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35
VENEZUELA 2006.L
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::2013/05/25::
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36
Avion Channel, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
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::2010/12/26::
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37
Tao "Waraos" - Sueno Muy Criminal ( By : @Wender_navas )
Tao "Waraos" - Sueno Muy Criminal ( By : @Wender_navas )
::2013/05/11::
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38
Rivers Of The World Visits Venezuela
Rivers Of The World Visits Venezuela
::2009/09/08::
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39
Market for the People
Market for the People
::2011/04/27::
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40
South American
South American 'Indians'
::2011/11/04::
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41
Jerome Lewis: Challenges for securing land rights of indigenous people in the Congo Basin
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::2014/03/07::
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42
La Noche - Ronko N.P.I Ft Tao Pai Pai (Los Waraos) Prod: Misa El galactico
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::2013/06/23::
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43
Visiting a tribe of indigenos indians in Venezuela 2009
Visiting a tribe of indigenos indians in Venezuela 2009
::2012/11/09::
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44
Who are Indigenous peoples?
Who are Indigenous peoples?
::2013/10/26::
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45
THE SOLIGA  •  a dying tribe  -  indigenous people  -  INDIA
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::2014/02/24::
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46
Kamayura Nude Native People in Amazon 2013
Kamayura Nude Native People in Amazon 2013
::2013/12/27::
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47
Indigenous People - Amazon 2014
Indigenous People - Amazon 2014
::2014/03/27::
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48
Indigenous Peoples Lead Largest Climate Change Rally in Los Angeles History!
Indigenous Peoples Lead Largest Climate Change Rally in Los Angeles History!
::2013/02/27::
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49
humeda weat
humeda weat
::2011/01/05::
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50
Delicias  - Baby Zoom (Los Waraos) [Delicias "Mixtape"] 2013
Delicias - Baby Zoom (Los Waraos) [Delicias "Mixtape"] 2013
::2013/07/10::
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Warao
A Warao family in their canoe.jpgA Warao family in their canoe
(Photo: Roar Johansen)
Total population
20,000
Regions with significant populations
Venezuela, Guyana, Surinam
Languages
Warao language
Religion
Traditional beliefs

The Warao are an indigenous people inhabiting northeastern Venezuela and western Guyana. Alternate common spellings of Warao are Waroa, Guarauno, Guarao, and Warrau. The term Warao translates as "the boat people," after the Warao's lifelong and intimate connection to the water. Most of the approximately 20,000 Warao inhabit Venezuela's Orinoco Delta region, with smaller numbers in neighboring Guyana and Suriname. They speak an agglutinative language, also called Warao.

Lifestyle[edit]

Dwellings[edit]

On the wide Orinoco River and its fertile delta composed of islands and marshes, Warao people inhabit wall-less thatched-roof huts built upon stilts for protection against floods. These houses are usually built on the highest ground to avoid the annual floods. Sometimes a group of houses is built upon a single large platform of trees. The huts each possess a clay cooking pit or oven located in the center, with sleeping hammocks encircling it. Besides the hammocks, the only other furniture sometimes present are wooden stools, sometimes carved in the shapes of animals.

Transportation[edit]

Warao use canoes as their main form of transportation. Other modes, such as walking, are hampered by the hundreds of streams, rivulets, marshes, and high waters created by the Orinoco. Warao babies, toddlers, and small children are famed for their ability to hold tight to their mothers' necks, as well as to paddle. They often learn to swim before they learn to walk.

The Warao use two types of canoes. Bongos, which carry up to 50 people, are built in an arduous process that starts with the search for large trees. When an old bongo is no longer usable, a consensus is reached by the male leaders of each household on which tree is best. At the start of the dry season, they find the tree and kill it. At the end of the dry season, they return to cut it down. It is then hollowed out and flattened with stone tools traded from the mountains (or local shell tools) along with fire.

The other type of canoe is a small, seating only three people, and is used for daily travel to and from food sources.

Diet[edit]

The Warao diet is varied with an emphasis on the products of the delta, mostly fish. By 1500 they had acquired basic horticulture, although many of their daily fruits and vegetables come from the wild orchards of the delta. In July and August, Warao feast on crabs when they come to the delta from the beach. Hunting is generally avoided due to cultural taboos.

Religion[edit]

The Warao are, according to their own reports, descended from an adventurous heavenly figure — the primordial hunter. This man originally dwelt in a sky world which had men, but was completely devoid of all animals except birds. Hunting these heavenly birds, the founding man used his bow and arrow to strike a bird in mid-air. The bird fell from the sky and eventually hit the heavenly floor. The birds burst through the floor and proceeded through the clouds and towards terrestrial land (Earth) below. The hunter went to the hole in the floor made by the bird and looked through. He saw lush and fertile land (Venezuela) and resolved to descend to it to partake of its pleasures: beauty, abundant game, fruit, et cetera. The hunter took a long rope of heavenly cotton, tied it to a tree, and threw it through the hole and lowered himself through the clouds to what is now Venezuela, forsaking his sky world.

The Warao have shamans, who perform music such as rain dances and songs.[1]

First contact with Europeans[edit]

The Warao of eastern Venezuela's Orinoco first had contact with Europeans when, soon after Christopher Columbus reached the Orinoco river delta, Alonso de Ojeda decided to navigate the river upstream. There, in the delta, Ojeda saw the distinctively stilted Warao huts, balanced over the water. Similar architecture in Sinamaica far to the west had been likened to Venice, with its famous canals below and buildings above; this new encounter propagated the name of Venezuela ("little Venice") for the whole land. The Warao are credited with introducing hammocks and ope.

Contemporary issues[edit]

The inaccessibility of the Warao's lands make access to health care difficult. Tuberculosis is common.[2]

In the summer of 2008, indigenous leaders and researchers from the University of California, Berkeley issued a report detailing the deaths of 38 Warao in the Delta Amacuro state from a mysterious illness. The disease, which causes "partial paralysis, convulsions and an extreme fear of water"[3] is believed to be a form of rabies transmitted by bats. Upon reaching Caracas to inform the government of the outbreak and request assistance, the leaders and researchers "met with disrespect on every level, as if the deaths of indigenous people are not even worth anything."[3]

Tourism[edit]

Tourism has come to the Warao which brings relative wealth for some. Several individuals have set up rough and ready tourist accommodation in their own homes. They offer canoe trips (hand and power) to see the wild life of the delta, also a chance to experience their traditional life and culture. These visits can be arranged in the state capital town of Tucupita through one of many travel agents.

Crime[edit]

There is little local crime in the area. However drugs are smuggled down the Orinoco river into the delta for transshipment to the USA. The Venezuelan Navy patrols the main river branches and the river police have stations at key points. The traffic movements of everyone are monitored and recorded. However they are tourist friendly.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dale Alan Olsen Music of the Warao of Venezuela: Song People of the Rain Forest 1996- Page 253 "By contrast, his elderly friend Jaime Zapata, who sang several songs with him during our recording sessions, studied hoarotu shamanism for only three days."
  2. ^ Mendoza, Servelion Victor (2002). "The Orinoco Delta Warao Indians". warao.org. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ a b Romero, Simon (2008-08-06). "Mystery Disease Kills Dozens in Venezuela". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 

References[edit]

  • America in 1492: The World of the Indian Peoples Before the Arrival of Columbus. Edited by Alvin M. Josephy Jr. (Knopf 1992).

External links[edit]

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