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Los Indios Warao - Orinoco
Los Indios Warao - Orinoco's Delta(Venezuela)
Published: 2009/07/28
Channel: Gian Luigi Concone
Warao People Thanks Giving Ceremony on Harris Promenade, San Fernando. Trinidad - October 8, 2016
Warao People Thanks Giving Ceremony on Harris Promenade, San Fernando. Trinidad - October 8, 2016
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Hollis Clifton
Indigenous Warao flee Venezuela in search of new life in Brazil
Indigenous Warao flee Venezuela in search of new life in Brazil
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: euronews (in English)
INDIAN VILLAGE JOURNEY indígena Warao WARAO tribe
INDIAN VILLAGE JOURNEY indígena Warao WARAO tribe
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: anaconda ingrid
Warao: A Curious and Interesting Language Isolate
Warao: A Curious and Interesting Language Isolate
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: The Polyglot Files
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: eyong52
WARAO INDIANS   ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
WARAO INDIANS ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
Published: 2008/07/26
Channel: ingrid gott
Warao Project November 2013
Warao Project November 2013
Published: 2013/10/03
Channel: tiojuan
warao in canoe
warao in canoe
Published: 2007/07/12
Channel: Marilyn L. Geary
AFRICA 70 -  Let
AFRICA 70 - Let's Start Fela Kuti, Africa 70 & Ginger Baker
Published: 2015/03/08
Channel: caledoniaperu
Empowering Warao Indigenous Communities
Empowering Warao Indigenous Communities
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Daniela Revollo
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
The Waraos, An ancient culture that refuses to disappear
The Waraos, An ancient culture that refuses to disappear
Published: 2011/01/14
Channel: AstrumCorporation
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
warao movie
warao movie
Published: 2014/04/29
Channel: Will Gundlach
humeda weat
humeda weat
Published: 2011/01/05
Channel: anaconda ingrid
Warao Baile
Warao Baile
Published: 2011/05/24
Channel: Josiah K'Okal
Warao girl spinning moriche palm fiber
Warao girl spinning moriche palm fiber
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Marilyn L. Geary
Working with Warao Women Artisans
Working with Warao Women Artisans
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: LivingEarthUK
House in Warao village
House in Warao village
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Nathan Payne
Scavenging for survival in oil-rich Venezuela
Scavenging for survival in oil-rich Venezuela
Published: 2012/04/22
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Warao Carnavales 2013
Warao Carnavales 2013
Published: 2013/06/02
Channel: WaraoOficial
Warao MOOC Draft
Warao MOOC Draft
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Daniela Revollo
The Warao
The Warao
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: Howard Fenton
Operation Warao Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Operation Warao Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Orinoco Delta Lodge
South American
South American 'Indians'
Published: 2011/11/04
Channel: EhnaRivekan
Piaroa shaman
Piaroa shaman
Published: 2008/06/16
Channel: bobbieramone
Demo Waraos
Demo Waraos
Published: 2009/11/03
Channel: guitarzion
Waraos Rebelion
Waraos Rebelion
Published: 2009/11/03
Channel: guitarzion
Expedition Delta Orinoco
Expedition Delta Orinoco
Published: 2008/02/19
Channel: Arne Flor
SAVE OUR PLANET  -  Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
SAVE OUR PLANET - Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: NoteworthyNews
Venezuelans cross to Brazil to flee crisis at home
Venezuelans cross to Brazil to flee crisis at home
Published: 2017/06/13
Channel: AP Archive
Controversal Highway to pass through Banwari Heritage Site - 4/11/2014 - Trinidad & Tobago
Controversal Highway to pass through Banwari Heritage Site - 4/11/2014 - Trinidad & Tobago
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Hollis Clifton
Los Warao Trailer del Documental en español
Los Warao Trailer del Documental en español
Published: 2011/04/05
Channel: AstrumFilms
The Flow of the Tides
The Flow of the Tides
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: Carlo Ferraro
James Ingham showreel
James Ingham showreel
Published: 2013/02/12
Channel: James Ingham
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: ajvhan
Documental Cultura Warao II
Documental Cultura Warao II
Published: 2015/07/22
Channel: Pa' aquí, Pa' allá
Venezuela Facts
Venezuela Facts
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: SuperDuperFacts
Jungle tribes,  Tribu indigena  Expedition to the warao tribe tribu warao
Jungle tribes, Tribu indigena Expedition to the warao tribe tribu warao
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: ingrid gott
No bite, no Malaria  -  Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
No bite, no Malaria - Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
Published: 2013/01/03
Channel: Stephen Baker
Mother_of_the_Forest___The_Sacred.flv
Mother_of_the_Forest___The_Sacred.flv
Published: 2011/08/21
Channel: kenfasano
Parlametrics: Warao
Parlametrics: Warao
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: TheGlobalJukebox
Avion Channel, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Avion Channel, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
Misión Delta Warao, Iglesia El Buen Pastor El Prado, Valencia Venezuela.
Misión Delta Warao, Iglesia El Buen Pastor El Prado, Valencia Venezuela.
Published: 2015/02/25
Channel: Héctor Figueredo
Globalize the Conversation (in 15 languages)
Globalize the Conversation (in 15 languages)
Published: 2016/01/25
Channel: Let's Wise Up - Colin Doyle for President 2016
The Orinoco River Delta, Venezuela HD sound:MONOCAMPERS-3D Funk
The Orinoco River Delta, Venezuela HD sound:MONOCAMPERS-3D Funk
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Idirizzo
masuke
masuke
Published: 2010/06/07
Channel: machan makun
Música Indígena de Venezuela. Sasaría. Etnia Warao
Música Indígena de Venezuela. Sasaría. Etnia Warao
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Carlos Arrieche
Opening of sixth world meeting of body art
Opening of sixth world meeting of body art
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Warao
A Warao family in their canoe.jpgA Warao family in their canoe
(Photo: Roar Johansen)
Total population
(20,000)
Regions with significant populations
Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname
Languages
Warao language
Religion
Traditional beliefs

The Warao are an indigenous people inhabiting northeastern Venezuela and western Guyana. Alternate common spellings of Warao are Waroa, Guarauno, Guarao, and Warrau. The term Warao translates as "the boat people," after the Warao's lifelong and intimate connection to the water. Most of the approximately 20,000 Warao inhabit Venezuela's Orinoco Delta region, with smaller numbers in neighboring Guyana and Suriname. They speak an agglutinative language, Warao.

Lifestyle[edit]

Dwellings[edit]

On the wide Orinoco River and its fertile delta composed of islands and marshes, Warao people inhabit wall-less thatched-roof huts built upon stilts for protection against floods. These houses are usually built on the highest ground to avoid the annual floods. Sometimes a group of houses is built upon a single large platform of trees. The huts each possess a clay cooking pit or oven located in the center, with sleeping hammocks encircling it. Besides the hammocks, the only other furniture sometimes present are wooden stools, sometimes carved in the shapes of animals.

Transportation[edit]

Warao use canoes as their main form of transportation. Other modes, such as walking, are hampered by the hundreds of streams, rivulets, marshes, and high waters created by the Orinoco. Warao babies, toddlers, and small children are famed for their ability to hold tight to their mothers' necks, as well as to paddle. They often learn to swim before they learn to walk.

The Warao use two types of canoes. Bongos, which carry up to 5 people, are built in an arduous process that starts with the search for large trees. When an old bongo is no longer usable, a consensus is reached by the male leaders of each household on which tree is best. At the start of the dry season, they find the tree and kill it. At the end of the dry season, they return to cut it down. It is then hollowed out and flattened with stone tools traded from the mountains (or local shell tools) along with fire.

The other type of canoe is a small, seating only three people, and is used for daily travel to and from food sources.

Diet[edit]

The Warao diet is varied with an emphasis on the products of the delta, mostly fish. By 1500 they had acquired basic horticulture, although many of their daily fruits and vegetables come from the wild orchards of the delta. In July and August, Warao feast on crabs when they come to the delta from the beach. Hunting is generally avoided due to cultural taboos. They occasionally also eat grubs found in the moriche palm tree.

Religion[edit]

The Warao are, according to their own reports, descended from an adventurous heavenly figure — the primordial hunter. This man originally dwelt in a sky world which had men, but was completely devoid of all animals except birds. Hunting these heavenly birds, the founding man used his bow and arrow to strike a bird in mid-air. The bird fell from the sky and eventually hit the heavenly floor. The birds burst through the floor and proceeded through the clouds and towards terrestrial land (Earth) below. The hunter went to the hole in the floor made by the bird and looked through. He saw lush and fertile land (Earth) and resolved to descend to it to partake of its pleasures: beauty, abundant game, fruit, et cetera. The hunter took a long rope of heavenly cotton, tied it to a tree, and threw it through the hole and lowered himself through the clouds to what is now Earth, forsaking his sky world.

The Warao have shamans, who perform music such as rain dances and songs.[1]

First contact with Europeans[edit]

The Warao of eastern Venezuela's Orinoco first had contact with Europeans when, soon after Christopher Columbus reached the Orinoco river delta, Alonso de Ojeda decided to navigate the river upstream. There, in the delta, Ojeda saw the distinctively stilted Warao huts, balanced over the water. Similar architecture in Sinamaica far to the west had been likened to Venice, with its famous canals below and buildings above; this new encounter propagated the name of Venezuela ("little Venice") for the whole land.

Contemporary issues[edit]

The inaccessibility of the Warao's lands make access to health care difficult. Tuberculosis is common.[2]

In the summer of 2008, indigenous leaders and researchers from the University of California, Berkeley issued a report detailing the deaths of 38 Warao in the Delta Amacuro state from a mysterious illness. The disease, which causes "partial paralysis, convulsions and an extreme fear of water"[3] is believed to be a form of rabies transmitted by bats. Upon reaching Caracas to inform the government of the outbreak and request assistance, the leaders and researchers "met with disrespect on every level, as if the deaths of indigenous people are not even worth anything."[3]

Film treatment[edit]

In April 2017, The Museum of Modern Art in New York presented a film by Cuban-Venezuelan director Mario Crespo with a cast of nonprofessional actors. The film presents the difficulty of choosing to stay with the Warao traditions and life or to leave to gain an education among the "Creoles". The film includes a detailed look at Warao culture and life along the river. The film is: "Dauna. Lo que lleva el río (Gone with the River). 2015, Venezuela, in Spanish and Warao languages.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism has come to the Warao which brings relative wealth for some. Several individuals have set up rough and ready tourist accommodation in their own homes. They offer canoe trips (hand and power) to see the wild life of the delta, also a chance to experience their traditional life and culture. These visits can be arranged in the state capital town of Tucupita through one of many travel agents.

Crime[edit]

There is little local crime in the area. However drugs are smuggled down the Orinoco river into the delta for transshipment to the USA. The Venezuelan Navy patrols the main river branches and the river police have stations at key points. The traffic movements of everyone are monitored and recorded. However they are tourist friendly.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dale Alan Olsen Music of the Warao of Venezuela: Song People of the Rain Forest 1996- Page 253 "By contrast, his elderly friend Jaime Zapata, who sang several songs with him during our recording sessions, studied hoarotu shamanism for only three days."
  2. ^ Mendoza, Servelion Victor (2002). "The Orinoco Delta Warao Indians". warao.org. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ a b Romero, Simon (2008-08-06). "Mystery Disease Kills Dozens in Venezuela". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 

References[edit]

  • America in 1492: The World of the Indian Peoples Before the Arrival of Columbus. Edited by Alvin M. Josephy Jr. (Knopf 1992).

External links[edit]

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