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Los Indios Warao - Orinoco
Los Indios Warao - Orinoco's Delta(Venezuela)
Published: 2009/07/28
Channel: Gian Luigi Concone
Warao girl spinning moriche palm fiber
Warao girl spinning moriche palm fiber
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Marilyn L. Geary
Warao People Thanks Giving Ceremony on Harris Promenade, San Fernando. Trinidad - October 8, 2016
Warao People Thanks Giving Ceremony on Harris Promenade, San Fernando. Trinidad - October 8, 2016
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Hollis Clifton
Indigenous Warao flee Venezuela in search of new life in Brazil
Indigenous Warao flee Venezuela in search of new life in Brazil
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: euronews (in English)
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Palafito in the Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
Warao Project November 2013
Warao Project November 2013
Published: 2013/10/03
Channel: tiojuan
Jungle tribes,  Tribu indigena  Expedition to the warao tribe tribu warao
Jungle tribes, Tribu indigena Expedition to the warao tribe tribu warao
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: ingrid gott
WARAO INDIANS   ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
WARAO INDIANS ADVENTURE ETNIA WARAO DELTA DEL ORINOCO
Published: 2008/07/26
Channel: ingrid gott
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Warao Kids, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
INDIAN VILLAGE JOURNEY indígena Warao WARAO tribe
INDIAN VILLAGE JOURNEY indígena Warao WARAO tribe
Published: 2012/08/08
Channel: anaconda ingrid
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
The Jesus Film - Warao / Guarao / Guarauno / Warrau Language (Venezuela)
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: eyong52
Morichal Largo River - Orinoco Delta - Venezuela - August 2010 (Part I)
Morichal Largo River - Orinoco Delta - Venezuela - August 2010 (Part I)
Published: 2010/09/09
Channel: WorldwideBoris
Warao
Warao
Published: 2013/08/19
Channel: RPCLTV
warao in canoe
warao in canoe
Published: 2007/07/12
Channel: Marilyn L. Geary
Warao: A Curious and Interesting Language Isolate
Warao: A Curious and Interesting Language Isolate
Published: 2016/10/12
Channel: The Polyglot Files
Operation Warao Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Operation Warao Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Orinoco Delta Lodge
Warao MOOC Draft
Warao MOOC Draft
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: Daniela Revollo
Working with Warao Women Artisans
Working with Warao Women Artisans
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: LivingEarthUK
PanAm Podcast with David Biller: Venezuelan Collapse Drives Indigenous Warao to Brazilian Amazon
PanAm Podcast with David Biller: Venezuelan Collapse Drives Indigenous Warao to Brazilian Amazon
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: PanAm Post
Venezuelans fleeing to Brazil
Venezuelans fleeing to Brazil
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: News & Documentary from the Los Angeles Times
Zangeer Zani At Allah Warao Mirjat 1.10.2017
Zangeer Zani At Allah Warao Mirjat 1.10.2017
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: HAKEEM MIRJAT
Los Niños Warao, Rio Orinoco, Venezuela 2011
Los Niños Warao, Rio Orinoco, Venezuela 2011
Published: 2012/01/02
Channel: barnesie15
Mision Warao Cangrejito Abril 2010
Mision Warao Cangrejito Abril 2010
Published: 2011/05/01
Channel: Iglesia De hoy con Cristo
The Waraos Official Movie Trailer
The Waraos Official Movie Trailer
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: Maverick Movies
House in Warao village
House in Warao village
Published: 2012/11/02
Channel: Nathan Payne
Empowering Warao Indigenous Communities
Empowering Warao Indigenous Communities
Published: 2015/06/21
Channel: Daniela Revollo
The Warao
The Warao
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: Howard Fenton
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
Venezuela - delta del Orinoco
Published: 2013/02/18
Channel: ajvhan
Outhouse in Warao village
Outhouse in Warao village
Published: 2012/11/05
Channel: Nathan Payne
Venezuela’s neighboring states struggle with immigrant influx
Venezuela’s neighboring states struggle with immigrant influx
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: CGTN
Parlametrics: Warao
Parlametrics: Warao
Published: 2012/03/23
Channel: TheGlobalJukebox
Venezuela
Venezuela's indigenous warao decamp to uncertain future in brazil
Published: 2017/11/24
Channel: New Donald Trump 2018
Corina
Corina
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: Arawak singer - Topic
Victor Castillo - Karima, Our father in Venezuelan Warao
Victor Castillo - Karima, Our father in Venezuelan Warao
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: VictorCastilloVEVO
Get lucky cover  Guaracha WARAO Monagas
Get lucky cover Guaracha WARAO Monagas
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: paur garcia
Expedition Delta Orinoco
Expedition Delta Orinoco
Published: 2008/02/19
Channel: Arne Flor
SAVE OUR PLANET  -  Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
SAVE OUR PLANET - Sea level rise threatens the Orinoco Delta in Venezuela
Published: 2010/09/28
Channel: NoteworthyNews
Waraos Rebelion
Waraos Rebelion
Published: 2009/11/03
Channel: guitarzion
Balloons in Wakajara
Balloons in Wakajara
Published: 2012/12/12
Channel: Harry W
Opening of sixth world meeting of body art
Opening of sixth world meeting of body art
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
WARAOS PROJECT
WARAOS PROJECT
Published: 2017/11/19
Channel: Hugo Orbe
Obra Indigenista Warao - Misiones Cuadrangulares de Venezuela - DMC
Obra Indigenista Warao - Misiones Cuadrangulares de Venezuela - DMC
Published: 2009/10/10
Channel: dmcvenezuela
RIGHT TO LAND OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF CHACO
RIGHT TO LAND OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF CHACO
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: INDÍGENAS DEL CHACO
Venezuela
Venezuela's opposition calls on the people to defend the constitution
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: euronews (in English)
The Orinoco River Delta, Venezuela HD sound:MONOCAMPERS-3D Funk
The Orinoco River Delta, Venezuela HD sound:MONOCAMPERS-3D Funk
Published: 2014/08/27
Channel: Idirizzo
Ma Sho Ghabraya Duniya Warao Mohnjo Sohno Dastagir Mitho Aahe
Ma Sho Ghabraya Duniya Warao Mohnjo Sohno Dastagir Mitho Aahe
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: altahir channel
Tareng
Tareng
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: Joseph Miguel - Topic
Avion Channel, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Avion Channel, Orinoco Delta, Venezuela
Published: 2010/12/26
Channel: hlavicka1971
Demo Waraos
Demo Waraos
Published: 2009/11/03
Channel: guitarzion
No bite, no Malaria  -  Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
No bite, no Malaria - Life saving anti-malaria mosquiteros for indigenous people in Venezuela
Published: 2013/01/03
Channel: Stephen Baker
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Warao
A Warao family in their canoe.jpg
A Warao family in their canoe.
Total population
(20,000)
Regions with significant populations
Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago
Languages
Warao language
Religion
Traditional beliefs, Christianity

The Warao are an indigenous people inhabiting northeastern Venezuela, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, and Suriname. Alternate common spellings of Warao are Waroa, Guarauno, Guarao, and Warrau. The term Warao translates as "the boat people," after the Warao's lifelong and intimate connection to the water. Most of the approximately 20,000 Warao inhabit Venezuela's Orinoco Delta region, with smaller numbers in neighboring Guyana, Trinidad and Tobago, and Suriname. They speak an agglutinative language, Warao.

Lifestyle[edit]

Dwellings[edit]

On the wide Orinoco River and its fertile delta composed of islands and marshes, Warao people inhabit wall-less thatched-roof huts built upon stilts for protection against floods. These houses are usually built on the highest ground to avoid the annual floods. Sometimes a group of houses is built upon a single large platform of trees. The huts each possess a clay cooking pit or oven located in the center, with sleeping hammocks encircling it. Besides the hammocks, the only other furniture sometimes present are wooden stools, sometimes carved in the shapes of animals.

Transportation[edit]

Warao use canoes as their main form of transportation. Other modes, such as walking, are hampered by the hundreds of streams, rivulets, marshes, and high waters created by the Orinoco. Warao babies, toddlers, and small children are famed for their ability to hold tight to their mothers' necks, as well as to paddle. They often learn to swim before they learn to walk.

The Warao use two types of canoes. Bongos, which carry up to 5 people, are built in an arduous process that starts with the search for large trees. When an old bongo is no longer usable, a consensus is reached by the male leaders of each household on which tree is best. At the start of the dry season, they find the tree and kill it. At the end of the dry season, they return to cut it down. It is then hollowed out and flattened with stone tools traded from the mountains (or local shell tools) along with fire.

The other type of canoe is a small, seating only three people, and is used for daily travel to and from food sources.

Diet[edit]

The Warao diet is varied with an emphasis on the products of the delta, mostly fish. By 1500 they had acquired basic horticulture, although many of their daily fruits and vegetables come from the wild orchards of the delta. In July and August, Warao feast on crabs when they come to the delta from the beach. Hunting is generally avoided due to cultural taboos. They occasionally also eat grubs found in the moriche palm tree.

Religion[edit]

The Warao are, according to their own reports, descended from an adventurous heavenly figure — the primordial hunter. This man originally dwelt in a sky world which had men, but was completely devoid of all animals except birds. Hunting these heavenly birds, the founding man used his bow and arrow to strike a bird in mid-air. The bird fell from the sky and eventually hit the heavenly floor. The birds burst through the floor and proceeded through the clouds and towards terrestrial land (Earth) below. The hunter went to the hole in the floor made by the bird and looked through. He saw lush and fertile land (Earth) and resolved to descend to it to partake of its pleasures: beauty, abundant game, fruit, et cetera. The hunter took a long rope of heavenly cotton, tied it to a tree, and threw it through the hole and lowered himself through the clouds to what is now Earth, forsaking his sky world.

The Warao have shamans, who perform music such as rain dances and songs.[1]

First contact with Europeans[edit]

The Warao of eastern Venezuela's Orinoco first had contact with Europeans when, soon after Christopher Columbus reached the Orinoco river delta, Alonso de Ojeda decided to navigate the river upstream. There, in the delta, Ojeda saw the distinctively stilted Warao huts, balanced over the water. Similar architecture in Sinamaica far to the west had been likened to Venice, with its famous canals below and buildings above; this new encounter propagated the name of Venezuela ("little Venice") for the whole land.

Contemporary issues[edit]

The inaccessibility of the Warao's lands make access to health care difficult. Tuberculosis is common.[2]

In the summer of 2008, indigenous leaders and researchers from the University of California, Berkeley issued a report detailing the deaths of 38 Warao in the Delta Amacuro state from a mysterious illness. The disease, which causes "partial paralysis, convulsions and an extreme fear of water"[3] is believed to be a form of rabies transmitted by bats. Upon reaching Caracas to inform the government of the outbreak and request assistance, the leaders and researchers "met with disrespect on every level, as if the deaths of indigenous people are not even worth anything."[3]

Film treatment[edit]

In April 2017, The Museum of Modern Art in New York presented a film by Cuban-Venezuelan director Mario Crespo with a cast of nonprofessional actors. The film presents the difficulty of choosing to stay with the Warao traditions and life or to leave to gain an education among the "Creoles". The film includes a detailed look at Warao culture and life along the river. The film is: "Dauna. Lo que lleva el río (Gone with the River). 2015, Venezuela, in Spanish and Warao languages.

Tourism[edit]

Tourism has come to the Warao which brings relative wealth for some. Several individuals have set up rough and ready tourist accommodation in their own homes. They offer canoe trips (hand and power) to see the wild life of the delta, also a chance to experience their traditional life and culture. These visits can be arranged in the state capital town of Tucupita through one of many travel agents.

Crime[edit]

There is little local crime in the area. However drugs are smuggled down the Orinoco river into the delta for transshipment to the USA. The Venezuelan Navy patrols the main river branches and the river police have stations at key points. The traffic movements of everyone are monitored and recorded. However they are tourist friendly.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dale Alan Olsen Music of the Warao of Venezuela: Song People of the Rain Forest 1996- Page 253 "By contrast, his elderly friend Jaime Zapata, who sang several songs with him during our recording sessions, studied hoarotu shamanism for only three days."
  2. ^ Mendoza, Servelion Victor (2002). "The Orinoco Delta Warao Indians". warao.org. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 
  3. ^ a b Romero, Simon (2008-08-06). "Mystery Disease Kills Dozens in Venezuela". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-08-07. 

References[edit]

  • America in 1492: The World of the Indian Peoples Before the Arrival of Columbus. Edited by Alvin M. Josephy Jr. (Knopf 1992).

External links[edit]

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