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Flying over Midway Park/Washington Park Chicago
Flying over Midway Park/Washington Park Chicago
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: BoldUpload
Chicago Whips 2k15 Washington Park
Chicago Whips 2k15 Washington Park
Published: 2015/07/08
Channel: Wesley Thornton
Washington Park, Chicago, Il
Washington Park, Chicago, Il
Published: 2011/03/04
Channel: Prince Unloaded
CHICAGO Washington Park stunt day every weekend
CHICAGO Washington Park stunt day every weekend
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: MrDONK1975
2 Killed, 2 Wounded In Washington Park Shooting
2 Killed, 2 Wounded In Washington Park Shooting
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: CBS Chicago
Angry Black Women Beat on Guy by Washington Park - Chicago
Angry Black Women Beat on Guy by Washington Park - Chicago
Published: 2015/08/29
Channel: yt74101
Chicago washington park
Chicago washington park
Published: 2011/05/23
Channel: cutlaus20
Washington Park, Olympic Bid 2016
Washington Park, Olympic Bid 2016
Published: 2008/05/08
Channel: adamprahl
Washington Park, Chicago (community area)
Washington Park, Chicago (community area)
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: WikiWikiup
Chicago Park District Nov/Dec
Chicago Park District Nov/Dec '08: Washington Park
Published: 2008/11/18
Channel: Chicago Park District
Inaugural Game "B" Nationals  Piotrowski Park Chicago, ILL
Inaugural Game "B" Nationals Piotrowski Park Chicago, ILL
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: George Bliss
Ghanafest 2017 at Washington Park, Chicago Illinois
Ghanafest 2017 at Washington Park, Chicago Illinois
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: African Christian Network
4914 S Washington Park Ct, Chicago, IL 60615
4914 S Washington Park Ct, Chicago, IL 60615
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: GslowConstruction
Washington Park Chicago Illinois Sunday June 27th 2010
Washington Park Chicago Illinois Sunday June 27th 2010
Published: 2010/06/29
Channel: zooyork2
Chicago
Chicago's Washington Square Park
Published: 2008/12/11
Channel: chicagoparks
Chicago swisherman washington park
Chicago swisherman washington park
Published: 2009/12/08
Channel: SuperBoogie1982
Chicago washington park summer
Chicago washington park summer
Published: 2009/06/17
Channel: SuperBoogie1982
WASHINGTON PARK FUTURE 2
WASHINGTON PARK FUTURE 2
Published: 2011/01/01
Channel: Dominic Alexander
Swoon
Swoon's son wins the American Derby at Washington Park in Chicago, Illinois. HD Stock Footage
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: CriticalPast
Washington Park
Washington Park
Published: 2010/11/09
Channel: cutlaus20
washington park vs keyvn park 2015
washington park vs keyvn park 2015
Published: 2015/09/29
Channel: Darion Da Best In 2K
Park Benefits - Centerville-Washington Park District
Park Benefits - Centerville-Washington Park District
Published: 2011/04/12
Channel: CentWashParkDistrict
Chitown swisherman washington park
Chitown swisherman washington park
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: SuperBoogie1982
Fountain Of Time, Massive Statue In Chicago
Fountain Of Time, Massive Statue In Chicago's Washington Park
Published: 2013/03/29
Channel: ChiTownView
Chaka Khan @ Washington Park  Chicago, IL
Chaka Khan @ Washington Park Chicago, IL
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: Thomas Blue
The Washington Park Consortium: An introduction
The Washington Park Consortium: An introduction
Published: 2009/08/06
Channel: YoChicago
Fuller and Washington Park | Chicago, IL | Repent! Chicago
Fuller and Washington Park | Chicago, IL | Repent! Chicago
Published: 2015/04/27
Channel: Time is Short
WASHINGTON PARK REDSKINS MUM BOWL CHAMPIONSHIP/THATS ME
WASHINGTON PARK REDSKINS MUM BOWL CHAMPIONSHIP/THATS ME
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: RichBoy Mellow
Chicago, Harold Washington park
Chicago, Harold Washington park
Published: 2014/01/05
Channel: aedmic
DJI phantom 3 4k, Chicago - Washington park
DJI phantom 3 4k, Chicago - Washington park
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: nick fatfly
East Chicago,Indiana - Tod Park,Washington Park in the 1950s
East Chicago,Indiana - Tod Park,Washington Park in the 1950s
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: Anthony Diaz
Chicago Park District Hosts Umoja and Ashaki Festivals
Chicago Park District Hosts Umoja and Ashaki Festivals
Published: 2015/02/04
Channel: Chicago Park District
chicago bandit cross washington park
chicago bandit cross washington park
Published: 2007/04/22
Channel: bikelikercom
chicago washington park swisherman
chicago washington park swisherman
Published: 2009/06/23
Channel: SuperBoogie1982
Horses In Washington Park Day Chicago
Horses In Washington Park Day Chicago
Published: 2009/07/29
Channel: ziffsistru
Pharaohs 16inch Softball Chicago Washington Park
Pharaohs 16inch Softball Chicago Washington Park
Published: 2012/05/06
Channel: Cliff Perry
African Family Festival - Washington Park, Chicago - September 3, 2016
African Family Festival - Washington Park, Chicago - September 3, 2016
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: sdmdnyc
"Tru Players" Victory Chant Washington Park 16in. Softball Chicago music by Joe Blow
"Tru Players" Victory Chant Washington Park 16in. Softball Chicago music by Joe Blow
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: kapturedemotionstv
WASHINGTON PARK 2008
WASHINGTON PARK 2008
Published: 2009/03/10
Channel: 29catchup61
Swisherman chitown washington park
Swisherman chitown washington park
Published: 2009/11/17
Channel: SuperBoogie1982
UniverSoul Circus Chicago El 4 de Octubre - 5 de Novienbre en Washington Park
UniverSoul Circus Chicago El 4 de Octubre - 5 de Novienbre en Washington Park
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: UrbanGrindTV
Chicago Park District and CARA Team Up to Host Go Run
Chicago Park District and CARA Team Up to Host Go Run
Published: 2016/07/07
Channel: Chicago Park District
Washington Park, Chicago, Illinois on 3-18-16 Phantom Drone Photography
Washington Park, Chicago, Illinois on 3-18-16 Phantom Drone Photography
Published: 2016/03/19
Channel: Ron Schumann
Washing Park (Chicago) 2010 part 1
Washing Park (Chicago) 2010 part 1
Published: 2010/07/26
Channel: sqeezo26
Chicago Pastor Asks Godfather To Remove George Washington Statue
Chicago Pastor Asks Godfather To Remove George Washington Statue
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: HOPE AND CRINGE
Winter in Chicago-Washington Park
Winter in Chicago-Washington Park
Published: 2010/12/13
Channel: tdubblz
Treme Brass Band, Washington Park, Chicago (6/11/16)
Treme Brass Band, Washington Park, Chicago (6/11/16)
Published: 2016/06/12
Channel: epistrophy123
Around the Block in Washington Park: Windy City Harvest Part 1
Around the Block in Washington Park: Windy City Harvest Part 1
Published: 2016/07/20
Channel: YouAndMeThisMorning
UniverSoul Circus in Chicago Oct 4th - Nov 5th Washington Park Commercial
UniverSoul Circus in Chicago Oct 4th - Nov 5th Washington Park Commercial
Published: 2017/08/05
Channel: UrbanGrindTV
Heatwave, African American Festival of the Arts, Washington Park, Chicago, 9/4/17
Heatwave, African American Festival of the Arts, Washington Park, Chicago, 9/4/17
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: amhowle
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Washington Park
Wasparkpond2.jpg
Washington Park (Chicago park) is located in Greater Chicago
Washington Park (Chicago park)
Location 5531 S. King Dr.,
Chicago, Illinois
Coordinates 41°47′45″N 87°36′40″W / 41.79583°N 87.61111°W / 41.79583; -87.61111Coordinates: 41°47′45″N 87°36′40″W / 41.79583°N 87.61111°W / 41.79583; -87.61111
Area 380 acres (1.5 km2)
Built 1870
Architect Olmsted, Frederick Law; Burnham, Daniel H.
Architectural style Beaux Arts, Art Deco
MPS Chicago Park District MPS
NRHP reference # 04000871[1]
Added to NRHP August 20, 2004

Washington Park (formerly Western Division of South Park, also Park No. 21) is a 372-acre (1.5 km2)[2] park between Cottage Grove Avenue and Martin Luther King Drive, (originally known as "Grand Boulevard") located at 5531 S. Martin Luther King Dr. in the Washington Park community area on the South Side of Chicago in Cook County, Illinois. It was named for President George Washington in 1880.[3] Washington Park is the largest of four Chicago Park District parks named after persons surnamed Washington (the others are Dinah Washington Park, Harold Washington Park and Washington Square Park, Chicago). Located in the park is the DuSable Museum of African American History. This park was the proposed site of the Olympic Stadium and the Olympic swimming venue for Chicago's bid to host the 2016 Summer Olympics. Washington Park was added to the National Register of Historic Places on August 20, 2004.

Formation[edit]

Map of Washington park in the South Side of Chicago
Southdown sheep grazing before they were disallowed circa 1920[4]
Lagoon in Washington Park
Washington Park Conservatory
Washington Park Refectory

Washington Park was conceived by Paul Cornell, a Chicago real estate magnate who had founded the adjoining town of Hyde Park. Cornell had lobbied the Illinois General Assembly to establish the South Park Commission. After his efforts succeeded in 1869, the South Park Board of Commissioners identified more than 1,000 acres (4.0 km2) south of Chicago for a large park and boulevards that would connect it with downtown and the extant West Park System.[5] Originally called South Park, the property was composed of eastern and western divisions, now bearing the names Jackson and Washington Parks and the Midway Plaisance.[6] Cornell hired Frederick Law Olmsted and his partner, Calvert Vaux, to lay out the park in the 1870s. Their blueprints were destroyed in the Great Chicago Fire of 1871.[2]

When Olmsted first examined the property, he saw a field filled with bare trees and decided to maintain its character by creating a meadow surrounded by trees. His plan for the park called for sheep to graze as a means of keeping the grass short. Cornell convinced Olmsted to include sporting areas, although Olmsted wanted a more natural feel to the park, which included a 13-acre (53,000 m2) lake.[7] The Western division was renamed Washington Park in 1881.[6]

Rock garden in Washington Park

Olmsted designed the park to have two broad boulevards cutting through it, making it part of Chicago's boulevard system. From Washington Park, one can take the Midway east to Jackson Park, Garfield Boulevard west to Chicago Midway International Airport, or Drexel Boulevard north to the central city.

Horace William Shaler Cleveland executed the plans within the limitations of the financial setbacks from the fire (including the loss of tax rolls) and the 1873 depression.[2] Olmsted's vision for Washington Park was generally realized.[8] However, since spending for the park was diverted after the Great Chicago Fire in 1871. The loss of financial backing and difficulty in levying taxes after the fire meant that a water park could not be built on the property.[8] From 1897 until the 1930s the park housed an impressive conservatory and ornate sunken garden designed by D. H. Burnham & Co. at 56th Street and Cottage Grove.[9] The Washington Park Conservatory, like those of other city parks such as Humboldt and Douglas Parks, was torn down in the 1930s due to limited resources as a result of the Great Depression. This left Lincoln Park and Garfield Park as Chicago's main Conservatories.[10] One of the earliest improvements was the "South Open Green," a pastoral meadow with grazing sheep, also used as a ball field. Architect Daniel H. Burnham's firm designed the 1880 limestone round stables, the 1881 refectory, and the 1910 administrative headquarters for the South Park Commission. Other early attractions to the park included riding stables, cricket grounds, baseball fields, a toboggan slide, archery ranges, a golf course, bicycle paths, row boats, horseshoe pits, greenhouses, a rose garden, a bandstand, a small zoo featuring six alligators, and a lily pond.[4] The lily pond (pictured left) was a particularly enticing attraction because few had seen such a site.[3] Today, the administrative building houses DuSable Museum of African American History.[6] The park has retained its environmental appeal with continuing visionary support of the Burnham Plan which supported the maintenance of a park system.[11]

History[edit]

Washington Park Lily Pond
General Grant's Tree

On December 6, 1879, former U.S. President Ulysses Grant took part in a tree planting ceremony in the park. A memorial boulder with a plaque (both of which have been removed from the park, along with the tree) commemorated the event.[12] In the 1920s black semiprofessional baseball teams played at Washington Park.[2] George Lott began playing tennis at the park.[13]

At the southeast corner of the park, at 61st and Cottage Grove, Washington Park Racetrack operated between 1883 and 1905. It was one of the largest and grandest horse racetracks of its time. A nine-hole golf course was built in the infield and several of its buildings survive today as part of the Park District. This includes the stables used by Chicago Police at 58th and Cottage Grove. The racetrack closed after Illinois outlawed gambling, and the name was transferred to a second track in Homewood, Illinois. (See the Washington Park Racetrack Wikipedia site for photos and references.)

Washington Park was a site of tension and conflict arising from the demographic changes resulting from the African American expansion into the neighborhood in the period following the First World War.[2] The park has since 1961 hosted the DuSable Museum of African American History, a leader in the promotion of the history, art and culture of African American heritage.[14]

Today[edit]

Washington Park is listed on the National Register of Historic Places as a United States Registered Historic District. Its National Register of Historic Places Multiple Property Submission consisted of 3,670 acres (14.9 km2) containing 15 contributing buildings, 28 contributing structures, and 8 contributing objects.[15] Interesting sights in the Park include the DuSable Museum of African American History and its sculpture garden, the Lorado Taft sculpture Fountain of Time, and an architecturally distinctive National Guard armory.[16] Washington Park is a social center of the South Side and hosts many festivals in the summer, including Chicago's best organized cricket league and the terminus of the Bud Billiken Parade and Picnic. The largest 16" softball league in Chicago is played there on Sundays (called "Sunday's Best Softball League"). There are 34 teams who play on 13 diamonds. There is also a weekday evening league.

2016 Olympic bid[edit]

On September 21, 2006, Mayor Richard M. Daley announced that an Olympic Stadium was being proposed for Washington Park as part of Chicago's bid for the 2016 Summer Olympics (The International Olympic Committee requires cities have a dome with a seating capacity of at least 80,000 in order to be considered as summer Olympics hosts). The stadium would have seated 95,000 initially for the games, and would have been converted to a 10,000-seat below-ground arena for track-and-field and cultural events after the Olympics. The cost was estimated to be at least $300–400 million (USD).[17] The plan replaced the initial dual stadium opening ceremony facility.[18][19][20]

Additional details about the plan included new permanent hockey fields, use of Jones Armory, and new pedestrian juncture between the two halves of the park by tunneling part of Morgan Drive (55th).[21][22] A later December 2008 plan added the olympic swimming venue to the park.[23] The plan faced opposition from those holding the view that Washington Park's listing on the National Register of Historic Places could not have survived the execution of this Olympic plan. In addition to the opposition, the plan faced constraints because of the park's landmark status, which precluded federal money from being used to build a temporary stadium in the park.[21] The decision, in October 2009, to award the 2016 Summer Games to Rio de Janeiro halted these plans.[24]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2009-03-13). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Bachin, Robin (2005). "Washington Park (Park)". The Encyclopedia of Chicago. Chicago Historical Society. Retrieved October 22, 2007. 
  3. ^ a b Graf, John, Chicago's Parks Arcadia Publishing, 2000, p. 84., ISBN 0-7385-0716-4.
  4. ^ a b Graf, John, Chicago's Parks Arcadia Publishing, 2000, p. 86., ISBN 0-7385-0716-4.
  5. ^ Encyclopedia of Chicago Map
  6. ^ a b c Duo Consulting (2006). "Washington Park". Chicago Park District. Retrieved January 2, 2007. 
  7. ^ Miller, Donald (1996). City of the Century: The Epic of Chicago and the Making of America. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster. pp. 288–289. ISBN 978-0-684-83138-1. 
  8. ^ a b Bachrach, Julia Sniderman, Park Districts, Eds. Grossman, James R., Keating, Ann Durkin, and Reiff, Janice L., 2004 The Encyclopedia of Chicago, p. 601. The University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-31015-9
  9. ^ Bachrach, Julia Sniderman, Conservatories, Eds. Grossman, James R., Keating, Ann Durkin, and Reiff, Janice L., 2004 The Encyclopedia of Chicago, p. 199-200. The University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-31015-9
  10. ^ Graf, John, Chicago's Parks Arcadia Publishing, 2000, p. 87., ISBN 0-7385-0716-4.
  11. ^ Stradling, David, Environmentalism, Eds. Grossman, James R., Keating, Ann Durkin, and Reiff, Janice L., 2004 The Encyclopedia of Chicago, p. 278. The University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-31015-9
  12. ^ Graf, John, Chicago's Parks Arcadia Publishing, 2000, p. 85., ISBN 0-7385-0716-4.
  13. ^ Long, John H., Tennis, Eds. Grossman, James R., Keating, Ann Durkin, and Reiff, Janice L., 2004 The Encyclopedia of Chicago, p. 814. The University of Chicago Press, ISBN 0-226-31015-9
  14. ^ "Museum History". DuSable Museum of African American History. Retrieved January 25, 2010. 
  15. ^ "Illinois - Cook County - Historic Districts". National Register of Historic Places. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  16. ^ Bachrach, Julia Sniderman (July 2, 2004). "National Register of Historic Places Registration Form: Washington Park" (PDF). United States Department of the Interior/National Park Service. Retrieved April 1, 2009. 
  17. ^ Hinz, Greg (September 20, 2006). "Daley sets site for Olympic stadium". ChicagoBusiness.com. Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  18. ^ Benjy (September 21, 2006). "New Plan for Olympic Stadium". Chicagoist.com. Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  19. ^ Staff writer (September 20, 2006). "Daley Proposes Olympic Stadium To Be Built". CBS2Chicago.com. Archived from the original on September 30, 2007. Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  20. ^ Kamin, Blair (September 21, 2006). "Washington Park plan looks like a gold medal winner for the city". chicagotribune.com. Retrieved December 27, 2006. 
  21. ^ a b "The proposal for Olympic 2016 facilities in Washington Park on Chicago's Mid-South Side and an historic Olmsted park with Community commentaries". hydepark.org. October 12, 2010. 
  22. ^ For a photographic representation of the plan see Plan maps.
  23. ^ Spielman, Fran (December 12, 2008). "Taxpayers facing more Olympic risk: BIGGER GAMBLE". Chicago Sun-Times. Digital Chicago, Inc. Archived from the original on December 17, 2008. Retrieved December 31, 2008. 
  24. ^ Macur, Juliet (October 2, 2009). "Rio Wins 2016 Olympics in a First for South America". The New York Times. p. A1. Retrieved January 24, 2010. 

External links[edit]

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