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Luo of Bahr El Ghazal - Wau South Sudan
Luo of Bahr El Ghazal - Wau South Sudan
Published: 2016/09/12
Channel: Kon Apai
Missionary Life in Wau, South Sudan
Missionary Life in Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: cmcneal92
Civilians killed in fighting in South Sudan
Civilians killed in fighting in South Sudan
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: Al Jazeera English
South Sudan plane crashes, all passengers and crew survive
South Sudan plane crashes, all passengers and crew survive
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: CGTN America
Western Bahr el Ghazal state South Sudan  - غرب بحر الغزال
Western Bahr el Ghazal state South Sudan - غرب بحر الغزال
Published: 2014/06/17
Channel: One Love Music Station TV S.Sudan
South Sudan :Sunday praise  in Wau western Bar el ghal
South Sudan :Sunday praise in Wau western Bar el ghal
Published: 2010/09/27
Channel: Alithdit Alith
South Sudan :At least 43 killed in fighting in the northwest
South Sudan :At least 43 killed in fighting in the northwest
Published: 2016/06/28
Channel: CGTN Africa
Aircraft crashes in South Sudan, casualties unknown
Aircraft crashes in South Sudan, casualties unknown
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: New China TV
South sudan war in the capital juba city on 8/7/2016 in the State house (J ONE)
South sudan war in the capital juba city on 8/7/2016 in the State house (J ONE)
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: Cabdi Fitax
South Sudan: Firefighters and medics arrive on site of South Supreme Airlines crash
South Sudan: Firefighters and medics arrive on site of South Supreme Airlines crash
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Ruptly TV
South Sudan Plane Crashes, 44 Passengers Onboard | TV5 News
South Sudan Plane Crashes, 44 Passengers Onboard | TV5 News
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: TV5 News
A South Supreme Airlines Antonov An-26 crash landed at South Sudan
A South Supreme Airlines Antonov An-26 crash landed at South Sudan's Wau airport
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: AIRLIVE net
Operational Readiness Inspection at CHN HMEC in Wau, South Sudan
Operational Readiness Inspection at CHN HMEC in Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2014/12/12
Channel: Flemming Vang Hjorth
South Sudan Wau.wmv
South Sudan Wau.wmv
Published: 2010/11/16
Channel: Iago Muñiz
South Sudan state of emergency covers Gogrial, Tonj, Wau, Aweil states
South Sudan state of emergency covers Gogrial, Tonj, Wau, Aweil states
Published: 2017/07/18
Channel: CGTN Africa
Passenger plane from Juba crash lands at Wau Airport
Passenger plane from Juba crash lands at Wau Airport
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: CGTN Africa
Situation of displaced people in Upper Nile region a “real problem”
Situation of displaced people in Upper Nile region a “real problem”
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: UNMISS VIDEOS
South Sudan: remnants of an Iraqi plane near Wau
South Sudan: remnants of an Iraqi plane near Wau
Published: 2016/02/09
Channel: Amber Nasrulla
Driving Through Wau City 2011 Part 1.wmv
Driving Through Wau City 2011 Part 1.wmv
Published: 2012/02/16
Channel: PTRMAR2011
Genocide has been going on in Wau, South Sudan
Genocide has been going on in Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: TLNS
Plane carrying 44 people crashes at South Sudan airport
Plane carrying 44 people crashes at South Sudan airport
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: CGTN
Number of refugees fleeing the violence in South Sudan is on the rise
Number of refugees fleeing the violence in South Sudan is on the rise
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: CGTN Africa
Collecting Salary Info Ends in Prison of Wau, South Sudan
Collecting Salary Info Ends in Prison of Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2013/07/30
Channel: WageIndicator
S. Sudan: World’s youngest nation faces bleak future
S. Sudan: World’s youngest nation faces bleak future
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: FRANCE 24 English
SPLA - RAGA COUNTY - WAU - South Sudan
SPLA - RAGA COUNTY - WAU - South Sudan
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: South Sudan Online
Salesian Lay Missioner Wau, South Sudan
Salesian Lay Missioner Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: cmcneal92
South Sudan President vows to find perpetrators of recent violence in Wau
South Sudan President vows to find perpetrators of recent violence in Wau
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: CGTN Africa
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of South Sudan
Top 10 Largest Cities or Towns of South Sudan
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: Kaushik Biswas
Nola Cooks: South Sudan, Wau
Nola Cooks: South Sudan, Wau
Published: 2014/09/10
Channel: nolarmade
Conflict in South Sudan continues to hamper efforts to combat famine
Conflict in South Sudan continues to hamper efforts to combat famine
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: CGTN Africa
Video from Wau South Sudan-2.mpg
Video from Wau South Sudan-2.mpg
Published: 2011/12/08
Channel: Wadi Lissa
DVD Dido Binia Wau Nar
DVD Dido Binia Wau Nar
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: Emmanuel John
Thousands of South Sudanese IDPs Take Shelter at Church in Wau
Thousands of South Sudanese IDPs Take Shelter at Church in Wau
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: VOA News
Luo of Bahr El Ghazal - Wau South Sudan - Part Two
Luo of Bahr El Ghazal - Wau South Sudan - Part Two
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Kon Apai
Miracle explosion, in Wau, South Sudan.
Miracle explosion, in Wau, South Sudan.
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: Otekabenjamin
South Sudan Conflict - Civilians displaced in Wau
South Sudan Conflict - Civilians displaced in Wau
Published: 2017/04/12
Channel: AFRICA RENEWAL
UN Security Council delegation visits Wau
UN Security Council delegation visits Wau
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: UNMISS VIDEOS
Watch Footages of Al Salam Wau FC vs Young Stars Torit FC
Watch Footages of Al Salam Wau FC vs Young Stars Torit FC
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Bakhita Radionews
Fula tribe found in South Sudan western Bahr el Ghazal state.
Fula tribe found in South Sudan western Bahr el Ghazal state.
Published: 2014/06/16
Channel: One Love Music Station TV S.Sudan
SPLA ELEPHANT DIV.5 RAGA COUNTY WAU
SPLA ELEPHANT DIV.5 RAGA COUNTY WAU
Published: 2014/04/04
Channel: South Sudan Online
UN condemns recent clashes in Wau, South Sudan
UN condemns recent clashes in Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2016/07/02
Channel: africanews
28062016 UNMISS POC Wau
28062016 UNMISS POC Wau
Published: 2016/06/29
Channel: Francis Butili
Chasing the Needs in South Sudan
Chasing the Needs in South Sudan
Published: 2017/06/19
Channel: Doctors Without Borders / MSF-USA
South Sudan: Helping people find each other after fleeing Wau
South Sudan: Helping people find each other after fleeing Wau
Published: 2016/07/13
Channel: International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
Yaal Wau - Dance tonight (south Sudanese Music)
Yaal Wau - Dance tonight (south Sudanese Music)
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: Yaal Wau
Children of Wau, South Sudan
Children of Wau, South Sudan
Published: 2012/07/28
Channel: Erica Gustafson
Thousands displaced in South Sudan
Thousands displaced in South Sudan's Wau, as rebel, army clashes kill 43
Published: 2016/06/30
Channel: africanews
Don Bosco Wau
Don Bosco Wau
Published: 2016/04/18
Channel: Sebastian Kol
S. Sudan-China: Chinese peacekeeping engineers help upgrade S. Sudan
S. Sudan-China: Chinese peacekeeping engineers help upgrade S. Sudan's Wau Airport
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: CGTN
From Here to Wau. South Sudan.
From Here to Wau. South Sudan.
Published: 2010/12/10
Channel: Irish Jesuit Missions
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Wau
واو
Huts outside Wau, 2008
Huts outside Wau, 2008
Motto: Arabic: واو نار English:(Wau Naar Wau Nuur Wau mayi Nom) Wau is Fire,wau is light,wau shall not sleep
Wau is located in South Sudan
Wau
Wau
Location in South Sudan
Coordinates: 07°42′00″N 28°00′00″E / 7.70000°N 28.00000°E / 7.70000; 28.00000Coordinates: 07°42′00″N 28°00′00″E / 7.70000°N 28.00000°E / 7.70000; 28.00000
Country South Sudan
Region Bahr el Ghazal
State Wau State
County Kwajieno County
Elevation 433 m (1,420 ft)
Population (2014 est.)
 • Total 232,910
Time zone GMT+3

Wau (Arabic: واو Wāw; also Wow or Waw) is a city in northwestern South Sudan, on the western bank of the Jur River, in Wau County, Wau State.[1] It lies approximately 650 kilometres (400 mi) northwest of Juba, the capital and largest city in that country.[2]

History[edit]

The refugee camp at Wau town's Catholic cathedral, where around 8,500 IDPs had found shelter during the 2016–17 Wau clashes.[3]

Wau was initially established as a zariba (fortified base) by slave-traders in the 19th century. During the time of condominium rule, the city became an administrative center

Burr and Collins in 1994 described Wau:[4] as follows:

No one has ever been "at home" in Wau. It is surrounded by a host of disorganized and diverse peoples . . . It was and remains a town belonging to no single ethnic group, deriving its importance only from its position as a commercial and administrative center . . . Located in the midst of the vast Nilotic plain hundreds of miles from nowhere, it was miserable under the best of circumstances . . .

During the Second Sudanese Civil War, it was a garrison town of the Khartoum-based Sudanese Armed Forces, and was the scene of extensive fighting in the spring of 1998. Battles erupted again in the town in the spring of 2007, killing several hundred people.

In 2010 the Ministry of Housing, Physical Planning and Environment (South Sudan) proposed to reshape the city as a giraffe.[5]

In 2016, Wau experienced heavy clashes that displaced much of its Fertit population and led to widespread destruction.[6]

Overview[edit]

The city of Wau is the headquarters of Wau State, in which it lies. It also served as the capital of the erstwhile Western Bahr el Ghazal State, one of the original ten (10) states which constitute the Republic of South Sudan. The city is a culturally, ethnically and linguistically diverse urban center.

Population[edit]

Its residents include peoples of Fertit, Dinka, Luo, and Arab ethnicity.

Its Cathedral of St. Mary (built 1905, before the erection of the former Apostolic Prefecture of Bahr el-Ghazal) is the episcopal see of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Wau, which serves the province's religious majority.

Demographics[edit]

In 2008, Wau was the third-largest city in South Sudan, by population, behind national capital Juba and Malakal, in Upper Nile State. At that time, the estimated population of the city of Wau was about 128,100.[7] In 2011, the city's population was estimated at about 151,320.[8]

Year Population[9]
1973 52,800
1983 58,000
1993 84,000
2010 128,100
2011 151,320

Economy[edit]

Wau cattle market, 2008

Wau is a vibrant economic center by the pauper standards of the newly established Republic of South Sudan. The major contributors to the local economy include:

Transport and infrastructure[edit]

A train travelling towards Wau
  • Wau is the terminus of a narrow gauge branch line of the Sudan Railways. A plan exists, as of 2008, to open a standard gauge line north from Gulu in Uganda to Wau. Through trains from Khartoum to Mombasa would be possible only if one of the lines was regauged.
  • Wau Airport - The airport, (IATA: WUUICAO: HSWW) has a single paved runway which measures 2,500 metres (8,200 ft) in length.
  • The city hosts University of Bahr El-Ghazal and many secondary and primary schools.
  • The Catholic University of South Sudan maintains a campus in the city.[12]
  • Wau Stadium - A soccer stadium in the middle of town
  • The Cathedral in Wau is known as the Largest of former Sudan
  • There are five (5) main roads out of town:
  • Southern National Park - Located about 100 kilometres (62 mi), by road, south of Wau along A44-South

Geography and climate[edit]

Wau has two seasons: a dry season from November to March, and a rainy season the rest of the year, as depicted in the referenced box below:

Climate data for Wau, South Sudan
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 41.1
(106)
42.2
(108)
43.5
(110.3)
42.0
(107.6)
41.5
(106.7)
38.5
(101.3)
36.5
(97.7)
36.7
(98.1)
40.0
(104)
39.2
(102.6)
38.5
(101.3)
39.5
(103.1)
43.5
(110.3)
Average high °C (°F) 35.5
(95.9)
37.1
(98.8)
38.1
(100.6)
37.4
(99.3)
35.3
(95.5)
32.9
(91.2)
31.4
(88.5)
31.4
(88.5)
32.6
(90.7)
33.8
(92.8)
35.2
(95.4)
35.2
(95.4)
34.7
(94.5)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.8
(80.2)
28.5
(83.3)
30.4
(86.7)
30.6
(87.1)
29.3
(84.7)
27.5
(81.5)
26.3
(79.3)
26.2
(79.2)
26.8
(80.2)
27.4
(81.3)
27.4
(81.3)
26.5
(79.7)
27.8
(82)
Average low °C (°F) 19.1
(66.4)
19.9
(67.8)
22.7
(72.9)
23.8
(74.8)
23.2
(73.8)
22.0
(71.6)
21.2
(70.2)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
21.0
(69.8)
19.6
(67.3)
17.9
(64.2)
20.9
(69.6)
Record low °C (°F) 9.3
(48.7)
12.5
(54.5)
14.9
(58.8)
16.5
(61.7)
19.5
(67.1)
17.7
(63.9)
18.0
(64.4)
18.6
(65.5)
17.0
(62.6)
16.4
(61.5)
11.4
(52.5)
10.3
(50.5)
9.3
(48.7)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 1.3
(0.051)
3.6
(0.142)
18.6
(0.732)
68.3
(2.689)
118.8
(4.677)
177.4
(6.984)
176.0
(6.929)
192.3
(7.571)
179.4
(7.063)
123.8
(4.874)
14.9
(0.587)
0.1
(0.004)
1,074.5
(42.303)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 0.2 0.3 3.4 6.3 11.4 12.7 15.9 15.5 23.7 11.2 1.7 0.1 102.4
Average relative humidity (%) 29 26 35 48 62 71 76 77 74 69 48 35 54
Mean monthly sunshine hours 288.3 246.4 229.4 228.0 220.1 204.0 182.9 192.2 204.0 223.2 264.0 294.5 2,777
Mean daily sunshine hours 9.3 8.8 7.4 7.6 7.1 6.8 5.9 6.2 6.8 7.2 8.8 9.5 7.6
Percent possible sunshine 79 74 62 61 60 54 47 50 56 60 75 82 63
Source: NOAA[13]

Notable locals[edit]

Some of the notable people from Wau include

  • Luol Deng - NBA basketball player
  • Longar Yak Jiel - National basketball player
  • Khamis Leyano - South Sudanese footballer and captain
  • Longar Longar - former University of Oklahoma basketball player and NBA D-League player
  • Thon Maker – NBA basketball player
  • Clement Mboro - veteran politician
  • Cardinal Gabriel Zubeir Wako - Retired archbishop of Khartoum archdiocese (Sudan, then including South Sudan)
  • Prof Barri Arkanjelo Wanji - veteran Anya Anya /SPLM/A soldier and long serving politician
  • Alek Wek - World model
  • Joseph Ukel - veteran politician

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fighting in Wau; Red cross calls for civilians to be spared Radio Tamazuj
  2. ^ calculate travel time. "Estimated Road Distance Between Juba And Wau". Travelmath.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  3. ^ "Thousands of South Sudanese IDPs Take Shelter at Wau Church". Voice of America. 13 December 2016. Retrieved 24 January 2017. 
  4. ^ * Burr, J.M. and Collins, R.O. (1994) Requiem for the Sudan: War, Drought and Disaster Relief on the Nile. Westview Press, Boulder, CO, USA, p. 74
  5. ^ A city shaped like a giraffe? Toronto Star, Wed Aug 18 2010, by Maggie Fick, Associated Pres
  6. ^ "President Kiir fires Wau state governor". Sudan Tribune. 24 June 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016. 
  7. ^ "Estimated Population of Sudanese Cities & Towns In 2010". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  8. ^ "Estimated Population of Waw In 2011". Wolframalpha.com. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  9. ^ "Estimated Population of Wau (1973 - 2010)". World-gazetteer.com. Archived from the original on 2012-05-23. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  10. ^ Riungu, Catherine (2011-01-17). "East Africa: Equity Bank Plans Further Expansion in Southern Sudan". The East African (Nairobi). Retrieved 2017-07-06. 
  11. ^ KCB Expands Branch Network In South Sudan[dead link]
  12. ^ Sean, Michael (2010-11-11). "Catholic University Maintains A Campus In Wau". Ncronline.org. Retrieved 2013-04-11. 
  13. ^ "Wau Climate Normals 1961–1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved January 16, 2015. 

Sources and external links[edit]

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