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West Champaran district
District of Bihar
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Tirhut
Headquarters Bettiah
Tehsils 19
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Paschim Champaran, Valmiki Nagar
 • Assembly seats Valmiki Nagar, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Bagaha, Lauriya, Nautan, Chanpatia, Bettiah, Sikta
Area
 • Total 5,229 km2 (2,019 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,922,780
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 58.06 per cent
 • Sex ratio 906
Major highways NH 28B
Website Official website

West Champaran is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India, located just 60 km (37 mi) west of Birgunj. It is a part of Tirhut Division[1] (Tirhut). The district headquarters are located in Bettiah. The district is known for its fluid border with Nepal.

Geography[edit]

West Champaran district occupies an area of 5,228 square kilometres (2,019 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Amund Ringnes Island.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989 West Champaran district became home to Valmiki National Park, which has an area of 336 km2 (129.7 sq mi). It is also home to two wildlife sanctuaries: Valmiki (adjacent to its namesake national park) and Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary.[4] Fauna include the Bengal tiger.[5][6]

Sub-Divisions[edit]

West Champaran district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Bettiah, Bagaha, and Narkatiaganj.

Blocks: Bettiah, Sikta, Mainatand, Chanpattia, Bairia, Lauria, Bagaha - 1, Bagaha - 2, Madhubani, Gaunaha, Narkatiaganj, Manjhaulia, Nautan, Jogapatti, Ramnagar, Thakraha, Bhitaha, Piprasi

Demographics[edit]

Religions in West (Pashchim) District [7]
Religion Percent
Hindus
77.44%
Muslims
21.98%
Not Stated
0.24%
Christian
0.22%
Others
0.05%
Buddhist
0.03%
Sikh
0.02%
Jain
0.01%

According to the 2011 census West Champaran district has a population of 3,922,780,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[9] or the US state of Oregon.[10] This gives it a ranking of 63rd in India (out of a total of 640).[8] The district has a population density of 950 inhabitants per square kilometre (2,500/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.89%.[8] Pashchim Champaran has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 58.06%.[8] Muslim education in [DEORAJ]is 87.12% which is highest in Bihar in a particular region.[citation needed]

Connectivity[edit]

The district is well connected by roads and railways to all major cities.

Languages[edit]

Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[11]

Culture[edit]

The city inherits a very rich culture. It is the birthplace of famous poet Gopal Singh Nepali. Mahatma Gandhi started the Champaran Satyagraha movement from here in 1917 along with prominent nationalists Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Brajkishore Prasad.

Notable personalities[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ http://tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Amund Ringnes Island 5,255km2 
  4. ^ Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Archived from the original on August 23, 2011. Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  5. ^ Jhala, Y. V.; Gopal, R.; Qureshi, Q., eds. (2008), Status of the Tigers, Co-predators, and Prey in India (PDF), TR 08/001, National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India, New Delhi; Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun, archived from the original (PDF) on 2 June 2013 
  6. ^ Jhala, Y. V., Qureshi, Q., Sinha, P. R. (Eds.) (2011). Status of tigers, co-predators and prey in India, 2010. National Tiger Conservation Authority, Govt. of India, New Delhi, and Wildlife Institute of India, Dehradun. TR 2011/003 pp-302
  7. ^ "Pashchim Champaran Religion-wise Data 2011". Census 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2018. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est. 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  11. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

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