West Champaran district

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West Champaran district
पश्चिमी चंपारण ज़िला,مغربی چمپارن
District of Bihar
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
Location of West Champaran district in Bihar
Country India
State Bihar
Administrative division Tirhut
Headquarters Bettiah
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Paschim Champaran, Valmiki Nagar
 • Assembly seats Valmiki Nagar, Ramnagar, Narkatiaganj, Bagaha, Lauriya, Nautan, Chanpatia, Bettiah, Sikta
Area
 • Total 5,229 km2 (2,019 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 3,922,780
 • Density 750/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 58.06 per cent
 • Sex ratio 906
Major highways NH 28B
Website Official website

West Champaran (Hindi: पश्चिम चंपारण ज़िला, Urdu: مغرِبی چمپارن ضلعMaġribī Čaṃpāraṇ Zilā) is an administrative district in the state of Bihar in India. It is a part of Tirhut Division [1] (Tirhut). The district headquarters are located at Bettiah.

West Champaran is known for its fluid border with Nepal. It is located just 60 km (37 mi) west of Birgunj in Nepal, where people can shop for Chinese, Korean and Japanese goods. Many people visit Nepal to celebrate birthdays and New Year's Eve. Nepal gets good business from this area. Students of Champaran are brilliant and many are officers in Indian government.[citation needed]

Geography[edit]

West Champaran district occupies an area of 5,228 square kilometres (2,019 sq mi),[2] comparatively equivalent to Canada's Amund Ringnes Island.[3]

Flora and fauna[edit]

In 1989 West Champaran district became home to Valmiki National Park, which has an area of 336 km2 (129.7 sq mi).[4] It is also home to two wildlife sanctuaries: Valkimi (adjacent to its namesake national park) and Udaypur Wildlife Sanctuary.[4]

Sub-Divisions[edit]

West Champaran district comprises the following Sub-Divisions: Bettiah, Bagaha, and Narkatiaganj.

Blocks: Bettiah, Sikta, Mainatand, Chanpattia, Bairia, Lauria, Bagaha - 1, Bagaha - 2, Madhubani, Gaunaha, Narkatiaganj, Manjhaulia, Nautan, Jogapatti, Ramnagar, Thakraha, Bhitaha, Piprasi ,Lauriya

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census West Champaran district has a population of 3,922,780,[5] roughly equal to the nation of Liberia[6] or the US state of Oregon.[7] This gives it a ranking of 63rd in India (out of a total of 640).[5] The district has a population density of 750 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,900/sq mi) .[5] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 28.89%.[5] Pashchim Champaran has a sex ratio of 906 females for every 1000 males,[5] and a literacy rate of 58.06%.[5] Muslim education in deoraj (Lauriya block) is 87.12% which is highest in bihar in a particular region.

Connectivity[edit]

The district is well connected by roads and railways to all major cities.

Languages[edit]

Languages include Bhojpuri, a tongue in the Bihari language group with almost 40 000 000 speakers, written in both the Devanagari and Kaithi scripts.[8]

Culture[edit]

The city inherits a very rich culture. It is the birthplace of famous poet Gopal Singh Nepali. Mahatma Gandhi started the Satyagraha movement from here in 1917 along with prominent nationalists Rajendra Prasad, Anugrah Narayan Sinha and Brajkishore Prasad.

Notable personalities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://tirhut-muzaffarpur.bih.nic.in
  2. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Bihar: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1118–1119. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  3. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. Amund Ringnes Island 5,255km2 
  4. ^ a b Indian Ministry of Forests and Environment. "Protected areas: Bihar". Retrieved September 25, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  6. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. Liberia 3,786,764 July 2011 est. 
  7. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. Oregon 3,831,074 
  8. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhojpuri: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 

External links[edit]

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