Play Video
1
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
::2014/06/05::
Play Video
2
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
::2013/11/09::
Play Video
3
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
::2012/01/06::
Play Video
4
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
::2009/03/01::
Play Video
5
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
::2009/11/20::
Play Video
6
New Zealand From Above The West Coast and Northern Island
New Zealand From Above The West Coast and Northern Island
::2015/02/24::
Play Video
7
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
::2012/09/30::
Play Video
8
red deer roar hunting new zealand, west coast, south island 2012
red deer roar hunting new zealand, west coast, south island 2012
::2014/11/04::
Play Video
9
Tahr Hunting West Coast New Zealand Dec 2014
Tahr Hunting West Coast New Zealand Dec 2014
::2015/01/07::
Play Video
10
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
::2011/11/21::
Play Video
11
Jet Boating West Coast New Zealand
Jet Boating West Coast New Zealand
::2014/08/10::
Play Video
12
Deer Hunting West Coast New Zealand
Deer Hunting West Coast New Zealand
::2008/10/09::
Play Video
13
Hokitika - Lake Mahinapua - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Lake Mahinapua - West Coast, New Zealand
::2012/10/31::
Play Video
14
New Zealand
New Zealand's West coast with Hurley's Fly Fishing Adventures...
::2014/01/06::
Play Video
15
Tahr, Deer and Chamois Hunting on the West Coast of NZ
Tahr, Deer and Chamois Hunting on the West Coast of NZ
::2014/08/25::
Play Video
16
fly fishing trip onthe  west coast of the south island New Zealand
fly fishing trip onthe west coast of the south island New Zealand
::2014/07/15::
Play Video
17
Episode 3: The West Coast and Northern South Island - New Zealand From Above
Episode 3: The West Coast and Northern South Island - New Zealand From Above
::2014/11/11::
Play Video
18
Amazing Dronie: Gillespies Beach, West Coast, New Zealand
Amazing Dronie: Gillespies Beach, West Coast, New Zealand
::2014/12/14::
Play Video
19
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
::2012/10/17::
Play Video
20
Bull Tahr Hunting on the West Coast of New Zealand
Bull Tahr Hunting on the West Coast of New Zealand
::2013/06/21::
Play Video
21
New Zealand
New Zealand's West Coast Tahr Hunt
::2014/11/28::
Play Video
22
Torrential Rain hits the West Coast   New Zealand
Torrential Rain hits the West Coast New Zealand
::2014/11/21::
Play Video
23
West coast kayaking New Zealand
West coast kayaking New Zealand
::2012/04/01::
Play Video
24
Okarito Lagoon, West Coast, New Zealand
Okarito Lagoon, West Coast, New Zealand
::2014/01/14::
Play Video
25
Tahr Hunt 2014 New Zealand - West Coast Wilderness
Tahr Hunt 2014 New Zealand - West Coast Wilderness
::2014/07/09::
Play Video
26
Gold Mining West Coast New Zealand, Mobile Rotary gold screen 5 footer Gold recovery plant
Gold Mining West Coast New Zealand, Mobile Rotary gold screen 5 footer Gold recovery plant
::2011/04/04::
Play Video
27
Auckland West Coast Jetski Fishing New Zealand
Auckland West Coast Jetski Fishing New Zealand
::2015/02/20::
Play Video
28
2013 03 23 West Coast Wilderness Trail, New Zealand
2013 03 23 West Coast Wilderness Trail, New Zealand
::2014/03/26::
Play Video
29
New Zealand West Coast striped Marlin Feeding
New Zealand West Coast striped Marlin Feeding
::2013/03/20::
Play Video
30
Game fishing on the west coast of New Zealand
Game fishing on the west coast of New Zealand
::2012/02/21::
Play Video
31
Country calendar west coast New Zealand
Country calendar west coast New Zealand
::2013/01/04::
Play Video
32
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast 2013
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast 2013
::2013/06/14::
Play Video
33
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
::2012/08/15::
Play Video
34
New Zealand surfing west coast one day at cobo
New Zealand surfing west coast one day at cobo
::2012/08/06::
Play Video
35
Hokitika - History and Heritage - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - History and Heritage - West Coast, New Zealand
::2012/10/07::
Play Video
36
New Zealand Canterbury & West Coast Region
New Zealand Canterbury & West Coast Region
::2013/10/25::
Play Video
37
Surfcasting New Zealand - Fishing The Wild West Coast
Surfcasting New Zealand - Fishing The Wild West Coast
::2013/11/08::
Play Video
38
Hokitika - Mountain Biking, Blue Spur tracks - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Mountain Biking, Blue Spur tracks - West Coast, New Zealand
::2012/09/16::
Play Video
39
Mokihinui Mission, West Coast, New Zealand
Mokihinui Mission, West Coast, New Zealand
::2010/01/23::
Play Video
40
Jetboating Maori River - West Coast New Zealand. This is jetboating!
Jetboating Maori River - West Coast New Zealand. This is jetboating!
::2014/07/21::
Play Video
41
Road to Jackson Bay, West Coast New Zealand
Road to Jackson Bay, West Coast New Zealand
::2014/04/13::
Play Video
42
West Coast New Zealand Cycle Trail 2015
West Coast New Zealand Cycle Trail 2015
::2015/01/14::
Play Video
43
UFO sighting leaves West Coast New Zealand man
UFO sighting leaves West Coast New Zealand man 'bug eyed'
::2013/08/08::
Play Video
44
Family fishing in New Zealand. Auckland, Rotorua, West Coast Manukau.
Family fishing in New Zealand. Auckland, Rotorua, West Coast Manukau.
::2012/05/01::
Play Video
45
West Coast Treetop Walk, New Zealand
West Coast Treetop Walk, New Zealand
::2012/12/06::
Play Video
46
Ford Creek ~ Blackball, West Coast, New Zealand
Ford Creek ~ Blackball, West Coast, New Zealand
::2014/01/11::
Play Video
47
New Zealand Surfing Adventures West Coast
New Zealand Surfing Adventures West Coast
::2013/12/11::
Play Video
48
Jetboating the Taramakau river ,west coast , New Zealand
Jetboating the Taramakau river ,west coast , New Zealand
::2014/06/02::
Play Video
49
Jet Boating The Nerger River - Haast - West Coast - New Zealand
Jet Boating The Nerger River - Haast - West Coast - New Zealand
::2012/03/30::
Play Video
50
West Coast of New Zealand South Island
West Coast of New Zealand South Island
::2015/01/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
West Coast
Te Tai Poutini
Region
Map showing location within New Zealand
Country New Zealand
Island South Island
Constituent territorial authorities
Government
 • Type Regional council
 • Body West Coast Regional Council
 • Chair Andrew Robb
Area
 • Total 23,276 km2 (8,987 sq mi)
Population (June 2014 estimate)[1]
 • Total 32,800
 • Density 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Website wcrc.govt.nz

The West Coast (Māori: Te Tai Poutini) is a region of New Zealand on the west coast of the South Island, one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. It is administered by the West Coast Regional Council. At the territorial authority level, the region comprises Buller District, Grey District and Westland District. The principal towns are Westport, Greymouth and Hokitika.

Naming[edit]

The name Westland is used by some New Zealanders to refer to the whole of the West Coast, including Grey District, Buller District and Fiordland,[citation needed] and can also refer to the short-lived Westland Province of 1873–76.

Fiordland is on the west coast, but is in the Southland Region rather than the West Coast Region.

Inhabitants of the West Coast are colloquially known as "Coasters".[2][3]

Geography[edit]

A map showing population density in the West Coast Region at the 2006 census

The region reaches from Kahurangi Point in the north to Awarua Point in the south, a distance of 600 km. To the west is the Tasman Sea (which like the Southern Ocean can be very rough, with four-metre swells common), and to the east are the Southern Alps. Much of the land is rugged, with a coastal plain where much of the population resides.

Pancake Rocks, Punakaiki

The land is very scenic, with wild coastlines, mountains and a very high proportion of native bush, much of it native temperate rain forest. It is the only part of New Zealand where significant tracts of lowland forest remain: elsewhere, for instance on the Canterbury Plains and in the Firth of Thames, they have been almost completely destroyed for settlement and agriculture. Scenic areas include the Haast Pass, Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki and the Heaphy Track.

The region has a very high rainfall due to the prevailing northwesterly wind pattern and the location of the Southern Alps, which give rise to heavy orographic precipitation. The rain shadow effect is responsible for the relatively arid climate of the Canterbury Plains on the other side of the Southern Alps.

The region's area is 23,276 km². It is divided into the three districts of Buller, Grey and Westland.

Economy[edit]

Industries on the West Coast include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, and also fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly - the local dairy co-operatives Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping.

The sub-national GDP of the region was estimated at US$779 million in 2003, 1% of national GDP.[4]

History[edit]

Dillmanstown, a gold mining town

The region is home to Māori, who valued it for the greenstone (pounamu) found there in abundance.

The region was only occasionally visited by Europeans until the discovery of gold near the Taramakau River in 1864 by two Māori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. By the end of the year there were an estimated 1800 prospectors, many of them around the Hokitika area, which in 1866 was briefly the most populous settlement in New Zealand.

The region was divided between Nelson Province and Canterbury Province from 1853: in 1873 the Canterbury portion of the region formed its own province, the Westland Province, until the abolition of the provincial system in 1876.

The West Coast Gold Rush between 1864 and 1867 created numerous gold rush towns such as Okarito, which at one time was the largest town on the West Coast but quickly almost vanished as miners moved on. After that time, the population dwindled, but the main towns that still exist had become established.

Following greenstone and gold, the next valuable mineral was coal. Discovered near the Buller River in the mid-1840s, mining began in earnest during the 1860s. By the 1880s coal had become the region’s main industry, with mines throughout the northern half of the region, especially around Westport. Many of these continued in operation until the mid 20th century, and several survive.

Cape Foulwind near Westport

Timber has also long been a major industry, although in recent years there has been an uneasy balance between forestry for wood and forestry for conservation. Much of the region is public land administered by the Department of Conservation and the region has some of the best remaining stands of native forest, along with a wealth of rare wildlife. Ecotourism is now an important industry, and this goes hand in hand with the conservation efforts.

Habitation[edit]

Human[edit]

Knights Point, typical rugged coastline of the West Coast
Typical weather of the West Coast

The region is sparsely populated, especially in the south, with the 2006 census recording 31,326 inhabitants, up from 30,303 in 2001, lower than the 1996 figure. The June 2014 estimated population is 32,800.[1]

There are only four towns with a population over 1,000: Greymouth, Westport, Hokitika and Reefton. During the gold rush days, Hokitika had a population of more than 25,000 with more than 100 pubs. A recreation of an early New Zealand settlement is at Shantytown.

Urban area Population
(June 2014 estimate)[1]
 % of region
Greymouth 9,870 30.1%
Westport 4,110 12.5%
Hokitika 3,610 11%
Reefton 1,030 3.1%

Industries include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly – the local dairy co-operative Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping. Monteith's brewery is in Greymouth. The region had one of the strongest growing regional economies of New Zealand in 2007,[5] though from a rather small base.

The region has been included in the "Top 10 Coastal Drives of the World" by Lonely Planet.[6]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The region has the only New Zealand nesting place of the kotuku (white heron), near Okarito Lagoon, visited by tours from the small farming township of Whataroa. This rare bird appears on the $2 coin.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°36′S 171°24′E / 42.6°S 171.4°E / -42.6; 171.4

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015