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New Zealand's West Coast in 4K: Part 1 | DJI Inspire 1 4K
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Orange Media NZ
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Juan Pablo Vásquez Villanueva
The WILD West Coast | NZ Vlog 18
The WILD West Coast | NZ Vlog 18
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: The Path Less Traveled
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
Published: 2013/11/10
Channel: Christine Kobzeff
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
Published: 2012/01/06
Channel: My Guide Network
Copy of The- KUTERE- crossing the Greymouth  Bar,West Coast, New Zealand. (c).
Copy of The- KUTERE- crossing the Greymouth Bar,West Coast, New Zealand. (c).
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Brian Hunter Landscape Artist
West Coast, South Island Road Trip - New Zealand
West Coast, South Island Road Trip - New Zealand
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: sazbott
Flying Over New Zealand
Flying Over New Zealand's West Coast | DJI Phantom 4
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: The Path Less Traveled
2017 Film 12  :  Fly Fishing - Crooked River, West Coast, NZ
2017 Film 12 : Fly Fishing - Crooked River, West Coast, NZ
Published: 2017/11/18
Channel: Back Country Focus - Matt Winter Photography
West Coast New Zealand
West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Sammi Kim
Welcome to the Buller District on the West Coast, New Zealand
Welcome to the Buller District on the West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: West Coast, New Zealand
On the Road 2 with Alex and Ryan: West Coast New Zealand
On the Road 2 with Alex and Ryan: West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2017/08/25
Channel: Adorama
From East to West Coast in New Zealand
From East to West Coast in New Zealand
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: The World is a Circus
Norwest Underworld Adventures   West Coast, New Zealand   ONZAMAP co nz
Norwest Underworld Adventures West Coast, New Zealand ONZAMAP co nz
Published: 2015/03/19
Channel: MustDoNewZealand
Wild West Coast [New Zealand Documentary] | Wild Things
Wild West Coast [New Zealand Documentary] | Wild Things
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Wild Things
New Zealand  - West Coast
New Zealand - West Coast
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Chris Keller
Gold Prospecting the West Coast of the South Island New Zealand
Gold Prospecting the West Coast of the South Island New Zealand
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: john24gold1
West Coast New Zealand Wilderness
West Coast New Zealand Wilderness
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: David Murray
Hokitika - Beach, Arts and Crafts - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Beach, Arts and Crafts - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Hokitika NZ
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
Published: 2009/03/01
Channel: newzealandtraveler
Zuks offroading west coast 2017
Zuks offroading west coast 2017
Published: 2017/04/22
Channel: Calum Mckenzie
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: Hokitika NZ
red deer roar hunting new zealand, west coast, south island 2012
red deer roar hunting new zealand, west coast, south island 2012
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Josh James Kiwi Bushman
Shantytown Hertitage Park – Greymouth, West Coast, New Zealand
Shantytown Hertitage Park – Greymouth, West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: MustDoNewZealand
Small town life West Coast NZ
Small town life West Coast NZ
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: macjaykiwi
West Coast Kayaking, New Zealand
West Coast Kayaking, New Zealand
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Jose de Terán
''GRACE MARY'' crossing the Greymouth Bar .Westcoast New Zealand. (C) BJHunter.
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: Brian Hunter Landscape Artist
The Flooded Greymouth River,Westcoast  NZ  (Copyright, BJHunter.)
The Flooded Greymouth River,Westcoast NZ (Copyright, BJHunter.)
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: Brian Hunter Landscape Artist
Hokitika - History and Heritage V2 - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - History and Heritage V2 - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: Hokitika NZ
Haast Whitebaiting video - West coast New Zealand
Haast Whitebaiting video - West coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Jesse Davidson
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2009/11/21
Channel: Brett Langford
Surfing NZ Westcoast
Surfing NZ Westcoast
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Sammi Kim
shantytown West Coast new zealand
shantytown West Coast new zealand
Published: 2016/03/11
Channel: jades Adventures
West Coast surfing,  South Island NZ (december 2013)
West Coast surfing, South Island NZ (december 2013)
Published: 2014/01/19
Channel: Ethan Pace
New Zealand is a hunting and fishing paradise
New Zealand is a hunting and fishing paradise
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Josh James Kiwi Bushman
The
The ' Resolution II' Crossing The Greymouth Bar,Westcoast,South Island .New Zealand.Copyright.r
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: Brian Hunter Landscape Artist
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: Hokitika NZ
Wings Over West Coast NZ
Wings Over West Coast NZ
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Mark Tingey
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Michael McMillan
Small Jetboating the New river ,West coast, New Zealand
Small Jetboating the New river ,West coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: goatracing610
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
Published: 2011/11/21
Channel: geoffmackley
Jet dinghy testing west coast NZ
Jet dinghy testing west coast NZ
Published: 2014/01/26
Channel: jetlj
moonlight west coast new zealand
moonlight west coast new zealand
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: jades Adventures
Above New Zealand - South Island / West Coast
Above New Zealand - South Island / West Coast
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: Emma Burrows
Surfing west coast New Zealand
Surfing west coast New Zealand
Published: 2007/09/22
Channel: JT White
West Coast , New Zealand !
West Coast , New Zealand !
Published: 2017/02/03
Channel: Johann Kowalski
Pig Hunting West coast New Zealand in Bell 206 Jet Ranger with Precision Helicopters.
Pig Hunting West coast New Zealand in Bell 206 Jet Ranger with Precision Helicopters.
Published: 2014/07/26
Channel: Lilly Newton
West Coast New Zealand
West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: nzwebsites
Okarito Lagoon, West Coast, New Zealand
Okarito Lagoon, West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: Paul Fairbairn
New Zealand, east -west coast
New Zealand, east -west coast
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Andre Vance
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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West Coast
Te Tai Poutini
Region
Map showing location within New Zealand
Coordinates: 42°36′S 171°24′E / 42.6°S 171.4°E / -42.6; 171.4Coordinates: 42°36′S 171°24′E / 42.6°S 171.4°E / -42.6; 171.4
Country New Zealand
Island South Island
Constituent territorial authorities
Government
 • Type Regional council
 • Body West Coast Regional Council
 • Chair Andrew Robb
Area
 • Total 23,276 km2 (8,987 sq mi)
Population (June 2017)[1]
 • Total 32,400
 • Density 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Website wcrc.govt.nz

The West Coast (Māori: Te Tai Poutini) is a region of New Zealand on the west coast of the South Island, one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. It is administered by the West Coast Regional Council. At the territorial authority level, the region comprises Buller District, Grey District and Westland District. The principal towns are Westport, Greymouth, and Hokitika.

Naming[edit]

The name Westland is used by some New Zealanders to refer to the whole of the West Coast, including Grey District, Buller District and Fiordland,[citation needed] and can also refer to the short-lived Westland Province of 1873–76.

Fiordland is on the west coast, but is in the Southland Region rather than the West Coast Region.

Inhabitants of the West Coast are colloquially known as "Coasters".[2][3]

Geography[edit]

A map showing population density in the West Coast Region at the 2006 census

The region reaches from Kahurangi Point in the north to Awarua Point in the south, a distance of 600 km. To the west is the Tasman Sea (which like the Southern Ocean can be very rough, with four-metre swells common), and to the east are the Southern Alps. Much of the land is rugged, with a coastal plain where much of the population resides.

Pancake Rocks, Punakaiki

The land is very scenic, with wild coastlines, mountains and a very high proportion of native bush, much of it native temperate rain forest. It is the only part of New Zealand where significant tracts of lowland forest remain: elsewhere, for instance on the Canterbury Plains and in the Firth of Thames, they have been almost completely destroyed for settlement and agriculture. Scenic areas include the Haast Pass, Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers, Jordale Rocks, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki and the Heaphy Track.

The region has a very high rainfall due to the prevailing northwesterly wind pattern and the location of the Southern Alps, which give rise to heavy orographic precipitation. The rain shadow effect is responsible for the relatively arid climate of the Canterbury Plains on the other side of the Southern Alps.

The region's area is 23,276 km2. It is divided into the three districts of Buller, Grey and Westland.

Economy[edit]

Industries on the West Coast include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, and also fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly - the local dairy co-operatives Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping.

The sub-national GDP of the region was estimated at US$779 million in 2003, 1% of national GDP.[4]

History[edit]

Dillmanstown, a gold mining town

The region is home to Māori, who valued it for the greenstone (pounamu) found there in abundance.

The region was only occasionally visited by Europeans until the discovery of gold near the Taramakau River in 1864 by two Māori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. By the end of the year there were an estimated 1800 prospectors, many of them around the Hokitika area, which in 1866 was briefly the most populous settlement in New Zealand.

The region was divided between Nelson Province and Canterbury Province from 1853: in 1873 the Canterbury portion of the region formed its own province, the Westland Province, until the abolition of the provincial system in 1876.

The West Coast Gold Rush between 1864 and 1867 created numerous gold rush towns such as Okarito, which at one time was the largest town on the West Coast but quickly almost vanished as miners moved on. After that time, the population dwindled, but the main towns that still exist had become established.

Following greenstone and gold, the next valuable mineral was coal. Discovered near the Buller River in the mid-1840s, mining began in earnest during the 1860s. By the 1880s coal had become the region’s main industry, with mines throughout the northern half of the region, especially around Westport. Many of these continued in operation until the mid-20th century, and several survive.

Cape Foulwind near Westport

Timber has also long been a major industry, although in recent years there has been an uneasy balance between forestry for wood and forestry for conservation. Much of the region is public land administered by the Department of Conservation and the region has some of the best remaining stands of native forest, along with a wealth of rare wildlife. Ecotourism is now an important industry, and this goes hand in hand with the conservation efforts.

Habitation[edit]

Population[edit]

Knights Point, typical rugged coastline of the West Coast

The region is sparsely populated, especially in the south, with the 2006 census recording 31,326 inhabitants, up from 30,303 in 2001, lower than the 1996 figure. The June 2017d population is 32,400.[1]

There are only four towns with a population over 1,000: Greymouth, Westport, Hokitika and Reefton. During the gold rush days, Hokitika had a population of more than 25,000 with more than 100 pubs. A recreation of an early New Zealand settlement is at Shantytown.

Urban area Population
(June 2017)[1]
 % of region
Greymouth 9,690 29.9%
Westport 3,940 12.2%
Hokitika 3,600 11.1%
Reefton 980 3%
Typical weather of the West Coast

Industries include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly – the local dairy co-operative Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping. Monteith's brewery is in Greymouth. The region had one of the strongest growing regional economies of New Zealand in 2007,[5] though from a rather small base.

The region has been included in the "Top 10 Coastal Drives of the World" by Lonely Planet.[6]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The region has the only New Zealand nesting place of the kotuku (white heron), near Okarito Lagoon, visited by tours from the small farming township of Whataroa. This rare bird appears on the $2 coin.[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2017 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 24 October 2017. Retrieved 24 October 2017. 
  2. ^ West Coast – Regional Information (from 'New Zealand Tourism Online' website)
  3. ^ The West Coast New Zealand (from 'A New Zealand Travel Guide' website)
  4. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
  5. ^ History (from the Buller District Council website)
  6. ^ "West Coast, New Zealand official site: Find activities, accommodation, events". Westcoastnz.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  7. ^ New Zealand Coinage Specifications (from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand website. Accessed 2008-03-26.)

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