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New Zealand's West Coast in 4K: Part 1 | DJI Inspire 1 4K
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Orange Media NZ
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
Down The West Coast Of New Zealand
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Juan Pablo Vásquez Villanueva
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
New Zealand: Lake Wanaka to West Coast
Published: 2013/11/10
Channel: Christine Kobzeff
Copy of The- KUTERE- crossing the Greymouth  Bar,West Coast, New Zealand. (c).
Copy of The- KUTERE- crossing the Greymouth Bar,West Coast, New Zealand. (c).
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: nugget hunter
The WILD West Coast | NZ Vlog 18
The WILD West Coast | NZ Vlog 18
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: The Path Less Traveled [Ryan Wilkes]
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
Your Guide to the West Coast - New Zealand
Published: 2012/01/06
Channel: myguidenetwork
West Coast New Zealand
West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Sammi Kim
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
New Zealand - West Coast South Island - Part One
Published: 2009/03/01
Channel: newzealandtraveler
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
UNBELIEVABULL Bull Tahr - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2009/11/21
Channel: Brett Langford
Flying Over New Zealand
Flying Over New Zealand's West Coast | DJI Phantom 4
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: The Path Less Traveled [Ryan Wilkes]
New Zealand - Driving  the West Coast of the South Island
New Zealand - Driving the West Coast of the South Island
Published: 2011/12/15
Channel: Terry Wilson
10 hours of Ocean sounds - West Coast, New Zealand
10 hours of Ocean sounds - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Lawrence O'Grady
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Lake Kaniere - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2012/09/30
Channel: Hokitika NZ
Gold Prospecting the West Coast of the South Island New Zealand
Gold Prospecting the West Coast of the South Island New Zealand
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: john24gold1
The Flooded Greymouth River,Westcoast  NZ  (Copyright, BJHunter.)
The Flooded Greymouth River,Westcoast NZ (Copyright, BJHunter.)
Published: 2017/01/19
Channel: nugget hunter
Hokitika - History and Heritage V2 - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - History and Heritage V2 - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: Hokitika NZ
Wings Over West Coast NZ
Wings Over West Coast NZ
Published: 2015/06/15
Channel: Mark Tingey
Haast Whitebaiting video - West coast New Zealand
Haast Whitebaiting video - West coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/11/20
Channel: Jesse Davidson
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
Flooding West Coast South Island New Zealand
Published: 2011/11/21
Channel: geoffmackley
Shantytown Hertitage Park – Greymouth, West Coast, New Zealand
Shantytown Hertitage Park – Greymouth, West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/04/03
Channel: MustDoNewZealand
Hokitika   West Coast Wilderness Trail, a New Zealand Cycle Trail Great Ride
Hokitika West Coast Wilderness Trail, a New Zealand Cycle Trail Great Ride
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Tourism West Coast
Hokitika - Mountain Biking, Blue Spur tracks - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Mountain Biking, Blue Spur tracks - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2012/09/16
Channel: Hokitika NZ
West Coast Chamois Hunting New Zealand
West Coast Chamois Hunting New Zealand
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: khan adam
Torrential Rain hits the West Coast   New Zealand
Torrential Rain hits the West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2014/11/22
Channel: geoffmackley
West Coast of New Zealand South Island
West Coast of New Zealand South Island
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Eric Lee
The Wild West Coast of Aotearoa New Zealand
The Wild West Coast of Aotearoa New Zealand
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: Josh James Kiwi Bushman
Small town life West Coast NZ
Small town life West Coast NZ
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: macjaykiwi
Surfing NZ Westcoast
Surfing NZ Westcoast
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: Sammi Kim
''GRACE MARY'' crossing the Greymouth Bar .Westcoast New Zealand. (C) BJHunter.
Published: 2016/09/19
Channel: nugget hunter
Mountain Biking West Coast Wilderness Trail, New Zealand
Mountain Biking West Coast Wilderness Trail, New Zealand
Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: Let's Go Mountain Biking
Relaxing Sounds of the Ocean  - Tasman Sea, West Coast New Zealand
Relaxing Sounds of the Ocean - Tasman Sea, West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: Lawrence O'Grady
The
The ' Resolution II' Crossing The Greymouth Bar,Westcoast,South Island .New Zealand.Copyright.r
Published: 2016/08/18
Channel: nugget hunter
The RESOLUTION ll  crossing the Greymouth Bar Westcoast, New Zealand  C BJ Hunter    Copy
The RESOLUTION ll crossing the Greymouth Bar Westcoast, New Zealand C BJ Hunter Copy
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: nugget hunter
Hughes 500 picking up hunters west coast New Zealand.
Hughes 500 picking up hunters west coast New Zealand.
Published: 2014/03/15
Channel: Daniel Mcgregor
West Coast Kayaking, New Zealand
West Coast Kayaking, New Zealand
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Jose de Terán
Treetop Walk at Hokitika, West Coast, New Zealand
Treetop Walk at Hokitika, West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2013/02/20
Channel: Chris Davies
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
Gold Mining Westcoast South Island, New Zealand, westcoast contracting, Dispatch & Garlick Ltd
Published: 2012/08/16
Channel: Michael McMillan
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast  2015
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast 2015
Published: 2015/08/10
Channel: Michael Gibson
Hokitika - Beach, Arts and Crafts - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Beach, Arts and Crafts - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Hokitika NZ
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast 2013
Tahr Hunt New Zealand West Coast 2013
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: Michael Gibson
grey river (westcoast new zealand)
grey river (westcoast new zealand)
Published: 2017/01/06
Channel: buddyray69
West Coast New Zealand
West Coast New Zealand
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: nzwebsites
Tahr, Deer and Chamois Hunting on the West Coast of NZ
Tahr, Deer and Chamois Hunting on the West Coast of NZ
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Clarke Boys Hunting NZ
fly fishing trip onthe  west coast of the south island New Zealand
fly fishing trip onthe west coast of the south island New Zealand
Published: 2014/07/16
Channel: tangledlinesnz
Country calendar west coast New Zealand
Country calendar west coast New Zealand
Published: 2013/01/04
Channel: Cole Stanton
West Coast, South Island Road Trip - New Zealand
West Coast, South Island Road Trip - New Zealand
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: sazbott
West Coast - NZ - Surfcasting for snapper and trevally
West Coast - NZ - Surfcasting for snapper and trevally
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: DIGITAL FISH - Content that catches
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
Hokitika - Pounamu, NZ Jade - West Coast, New Zealand
Published: 2012/10/17
Channel: Hokitika NZ
New Zealand Greymouth
New Zealand Greymouth
Published: 2014/01/24
Channel: Steve Russ
Random westcoast jetboating , New Zealand
Random westcoast jetboating , New Zealand
Published: 2012/03/05
Channel: goatracing610
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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West Coast
Te Tai Poutini
Region
Map showing location within New Zealand
Coordinates: 42°36′S 171°24′E / 42.6°S 171.4°E / -42.6; 171.4Coordinates: 42°36′S 171°24′E / 42.6°S 171.4°E / -42.6; 171.4
Country New Zealand
Island South Island
Constituent territorial authorities
Government
 • Type Regional council
 • Body West Coast Regional Council
 • Chair Andrew Robb
Area
 • Total 23,276 km2 (8,987 sq mi)
Population (June 2016)[1]
 • Total 32,600
 • Density 1.4/km2 (3.6/sq mi)
Website wcrc.govt.nz

The West Coast (Māori: Te Tai Poutini) is a region of New Zealand on the west coast of the South Island, one of the more remote and most sparsely populated areas of the country. It is administered by the West Coast Regional Council. At the territorial authority level, the region comprises Buller District, Grey District and Westland District. The principal towns are Westport, Greymouth, and Hokitika.

Naming[edit]

The name Westland is used by some New Zealanders to refer to the whole of the West Coast, including Grey District, Buller District and Fiordland,[citation needed] and can also refer to the short-lived Westland Province of 1873–76.

Fiordland is on the west coast, but is in the Southland Region rather than the West Coast Region.

Inhabitants of the West Coast are colloquially known as "Coasters".[2][3]

Geography[edit]

A map showing population density in the West Coast Region at the 2006 census

The region reaches from Kahurangi Point in the north to Awarua Point in the south, a distance of 600 km. To the west is the Tasman Sea (which like the Southern Ocean can be very rough, with four-metre swells common), and to the east are the Southern Alps. Much of the land is rugged, with a coastal plain where much of the population resides.

Pancake Rocks, Punakaiki

The land is very scenic, with wild coastlines, mountains and a very high proportion of native bush, much of it native temperate rain forest. It is the only part of New Zealand where significant tracts of lowland forest remain: elsewhere, for instance on the Canterbury Plains and in the Firth of Thames, they have been almost completely destroyed for settlement and agriculture. Scenic areas include the Haast Pass, Fox and Franz Josef Glaciers, the Pancake Rocks at Punakaiki and the Heaphy Track.

The region has a very high rainfall due to the prevailing northwesterly wind pattern and the location of the Southern Alps, which give rise to heavy orographic precipitation. The rain shadow effect is responsible for the relatively arid climate of the Canterbury Plains on the other side of the Southern Alps.

The region's area is 23,276 km2. It is divided into the three districts of Buller, Grey and Westland.

Economy[edit]

Industries on the West Coast include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, and also fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly - the local dairy co-operatives Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping.

The sub-national GDP of the region was estimated at US$779 million in 2003, 1% of national GDP.[4]

History[edit]

Dillmanstown, a gold mining town

The region is home to Māori, who valued it for the greenstone (pounamu) found there in abundance.

The region was only occasionally visited by Europeans until the discovery of gold near the Taramakau River in 1864 by two Māori, Ihaia Tainui and Haimona Taukau. By the end of the year there were an estimated 1800 prospectors, many of them around the Hokitika area, which in 1866 was briefly the most populous settlement in New Zealand.

The region was divided between Nelson Province and Canterbury Province from 1853: in 1873 the Canterbury portion of the region formed its own province, the Westland Province, until the abolition of the provincial system in 1876.

The West Coast Gold Rush between 1864 and 1867 created numerous gold rush towns such as Okarito, which at one time was the largest town on the West Coast but quickly almost vanished as miners moved on. After that time, the population dwindled, but the main towns that still exist had become established.

Following greenstone and gold, the next valuable mineral was coal. Discovered near the Buller River in the mid-1840s, mining began in earnest during the 1860s. By the 1880s coal had become the region’s main industry, with mines throughout the northern half of the region, especially around Westport. Many of these continued in operation until the mid-20th century, and several survive.

Cape Foulwind near Westport

Timber has also long been a major industry, although in recent years there has been an uneasy balance between forestry for wood and forestry for conservation. Much of the region is public land administered by the Department of Conservation and the region has some of the best remaining stands of native forest, along with a wealth of rare wildlife. Ecotourism is now an important industry, and this goes hand in hand with the conservation efforts.

Habitation[edit]

Population[edit]

Knights Point, typical rugged coastline of the West Coast

The region is sparsely populated, especially in the south, with the 2006 census recording 31,326 inhabitants, up from 30,303 in 2001, lower than the 1996 figure. The June 2016d population is 32,600.[1]

There are only four towns with a population over 1,000: Greymouth, Westport, Hokitika and Reefton. During the gold rush days, Hokitika had a population of more than 25,000 with more than 100 pubs. A recreation of an early New Zealand settlement is at Shantytown.

Urban area Population
(June 2016)[1]
 % of region
Greymouth 9,750 29.9%
Westport 3,970 12.2%
Hokitika 3,600 11%
Reefton 990 3%
Typical weather of the West Coast

Industries include mining for coal and alluvial gold, forestry and wood processing, fishing (including whitebaiting), tourism and farming. Dairy farming has grown strongly – the local dairy co-operative Westland Milk Products remained independent when most others merged to form Fonterra in 2001. Other industries are the manufacturing and sales of greenstone jewellery, sphagnum moss gathering and stone-collection for garden landscaping. Monteith's brewery is in Greymouth. The region had one of the strongest growing regional economies of New Zealand in 2007,[5] though from a rather small base.

The region has been included in the "Top 10 Coastal Drives of the World" by Lonely Planet.[6]

Flora and fauna[edit]

The region has the only New Zealand nesting place of the kotuku (white heron), near Okarito Lagoon, visited by tours from the small farming township of Whataroa. This rare bird appears on the $2 coin.[7]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Subnational Population Estimates: At 30 June 2016 (provisional)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016.  For urban areas, "Subnational population estimates (UA, AU), by age and sex, at 30 June 1996, 2001, 2006-16 (2017 boundary)". Statistics New Zealand. 21 October 2016. Retrieved 21 October 2016. 
  2. ^ West Coast – Regional Information (from 'New Zealand Tourism Online' website)
  3. ^ The West Coast New Zealand (from 'A New Zealand Travel Guide' website)
  4. ^ "Regional Gross Domestic Product". Statistics New Zealand. 2007. Retrieved 18 February 2010. 
  5. ^ History (from the Buller District Council website)
  6. ^ "West Coast, New Zealand official site: Find activities, accommodation, events". Westcoastnz.com. Retrieved 2012-10-16. 
  7. ^ New Zealand Coinage Specifications (from the Reserve Bank of New Zealand website. Accessed 2008-03-26.)

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