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Violence escalating in Indonesia
Violence escalating in Indonesia's Papua province
Published: 2012/06/12
Channel: Al Jazeera English
West Papua: Jeremy Corbyn calls for democratic reform in Indonesian province
West Papua: Jeremy Corbyn calls for democratic reform in Indonesian province
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Wimmo Freedom TV
Pyainemo in Raja Ampat, West Papua province, Indonesia.
Pyainemo in Raja Ampat, West Papua province, Indonesia.
Published: 2016/10/08
Channel: Eko Junor
Indonesian official defends policies in West Papua
Indonesian official defends policies in West Papua
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Anak-Anak Pantai Abasi, Manokwari, West Papua Province
Anak-Anak Pantai Abasi, Manokwari, West Papua Province
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: afdillah chudiel
West Papua (province)
West Papua (province)
Published: 2014/12/11
Channel: Audiopedia
Papua (province)
Papua (province)
Published: 2015/12/10
Channel: Audiopedia
West Papua (region)
West Papua (region)
Published: 2016/01/05
Channel: Audiopedia
Song "SAWAINA AITABA" gospel singers from Papua province of West Papua in Indonesia
Song "SAWAINA AITABA" gospel singers from Papua province of West Papua in Indonesia
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: MELANESIANS THE TRUE HEBREW ISRAELITES IN PACIFIC
Dani dancing in Baliem Valley - West Papua , Footage - HD
Dani dancing in Baliem Valley - West Papua , Footage - HD
Published: 2015/06/06
Channel: sarthit medhasith Suksumret
Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia - Best Travel Destination
Raja Ampat Islands, West Papua, Indonesia - Best Travel Destination
Published: 2015/01/02
Channel: Best Travel Destination
Journey to West Papua (The Baliem Valley)
Journey to West Papua (The Baliem Valley)
Published: 2016/08/11
Channel: FlyExpats
WEST PAPUA - INDONESIA
WEST PAPUA - INDONESIA
Published: 2011/12/12
Channel: frozenflames82
The Amazing Beauty of Sorong & Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia
The Amazing Beauty of Sorong & Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia
Published: 2016/06/11
Channel: Pradikta Dwi Anthony
Genocide in West Papua
Genocide in West Papua
Published: 2007/03/14
Channel: auspete
The Dani war,Wamena,West Papua
The Dani war,Wamena,West Papua
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: Tim Knox
West Papua Freedom from Indonesia colonial
West Papua Freedom from Indonesia colonial
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Free West Papua TV
Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia
Raja Ampat, West Papua, Indonesia
Published: 2016/07/23
Channel: Andi Achmad Abdul Aziz
Manokwari city of West Papua
Manokwari city of West Papua
Published: 2010/06/29
Channel: Charles Roring
Snorkeling at Sawinggrai Village,  Raja Ampat - West Papua, Indonesia
Snorkeling at Sawinggrai Village, Raja Ampat - West Papua, Indonesia
Published: 2016/03/08
Channel: emerich simangunsong
PAPUA NEW GUINEA & KALABAHI INDONESIA 1933 TRAVELOGUE  72052e
PAPUA NEW GUINEA & KALABAHI INDONESIA 1933 TRAVELOGUE 72052e
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Anti-independence rally in West Papua
Anti-independence rally in West Papua
Published: 2016/06/06
Channel: Pares L.WENDA
Australia faces link to West Papua torture
Australia faces link to West Papua torture
Published: 2013/10/06
Channel: Bruce Skewes
West Papuan Rebel
West Papuan Rebel
Published: 2013/10/19
Channel: Love Papua
WESTERN PAPUA - džungelski del - Zvone Šeruga travels
WESTERN PAPUA - džungelski del - Zvone Šeruga travels
Published: 2012/07/09
Channel: Zvone Šeruga
The Dani Tribe - West Papua
The Dani Tribe - West Papua
Published: 2014/11/30
Channel: David Udbjorg
Song "Yesus Ipyum" by Melanesians of West Papua, Papua Province, Indonesia
Song "Yesus Ipyum" by Melanesians of West Papua, Papua Province, Indonesia
Published: 2017/08/04
Channel: MELANESIANS THE TRUE HEBREW ISRAELITES IN PACIFIC
Raja Ampat, West Papua ep.1
Raja Ampat, West Papua ep.1
Published: 2015/12/26
Channel: DMexotics
Fascinating Scuba Diving in Raja Ampat - West Papua - Indonesia 2017 - Sony AX 100 / 4K Video
Fascinating Scuba Diving in Raja Ampat - West Papua - Indonesia 2017 - Sony AX 100 / 4K Video
Published: 2017/06/17
Channel: Yann Faure
West Papua,Indonesian
West Papua,Indonesian
Published: 2017/05/19
Channel: Toko Klontong
UN General Assembly - Indonesia Response to Pacific Nations of supporting Separatist in West Papua
UN General Assembly - Indonesia Response to Pacific Nations of supporting Separatist in West Papua
Published: 2016/09/29
Channel: Indonesia Today
Over 1,000 West Papuan Refugees Granted PNG Citizenship
Over 1,000 West Papuan Refugees Granted PNG Citizenship
Published: 2017/04/13
Channel: EMTV Online
Tensions on the rise in West Papua
Tensions on the rise in West Papua
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: The Economist
SENATOR INDONESIA from WEST PAPUA
SENATOR INDONESIA from WEST PAPUA
Published: 2012/09/05
Channel: Mervin Irian S.Komber
Agats, Irian Jaya,  Asmat region of Papua Province, Indonesia
Agats, Irian Jaya, Asmat region of Papua Province, Indonesia
Published: 2012/12/01
Channel: Roy Williams
West Papua, Baliem Valley
West Papua, Baliem Valley
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Stephen Gollan
West Papua Road To Freedom Conference - Part 3
West Papua Road To Freedom Conference - Part 3
Published: 2012/12/24
Channel: CrazyManDocs
Live Party music from west Papua
Live Party music from west Papua
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: Thomas Dijkman
Gary Juffa. West Papua Day 2015
Gary Juffa. West Papua Day 2015
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Kreative Savages
Raja Ampat & the Bird
Raja Ampat & the Bird's Head Seascape
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: SeaTrek Sailing Adventures
West Papua 4 Black Bass
West Papua 4 Black Bass
Published: 2016/11/23
Channel: Robert Lozinski
WEST PAPUAN REFUGEES IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
WEST PAPUAN REFUGEES IN PAPUA NEW GUINEA
Published: 2012/04/08
Channel: David Fedele
Inside the jungle of Papua
Inside the jungle of Papua
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: MIND
Global Free West Papua Movement
Global Free West Papua Movement
Published: 2013/08/03
Channel: Free Papua
Australia Government and PNG Scare to Help West Papuan 2016
Australia Government and PNG Scare to Help West Papuan 2016
Published: 2016/10/10
Channel: Free West Papua TV
Music Down In My Soul By Youth Choir LPPD Manokwari West Papua Province
Music Down In My Soul By Youth Choir LPPD Manokwari West Papua Province
Published: 2016/02/03
Channel: simson dasnarebo
West Papuan Refugees in PNG
West Papuan Refugees in PNG
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: EMTV Online
West Papua.mp4
West Papua.mp4
Published: 2012/02/02
Channel: Giorgio Curti
A primer on West Papua as international interest rises
A primer on West Papua as international interest rises
Published: 2015/03/06
Channel: ASPICanberra
Violence as West Papuans mark independence call
Violence as West Papuans mark independence call
Published: 2011/12/02
Channel: ABC News (Australia)
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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West Papua
Papua Barat
Special Region
Raja Ampat Islands
Official seal of West Papua
Seal
Motto: Cintaku Negeriku (Indonesian)
(My love, my country)
Location of West Papua
Location of West Papua
Coordinates (Manokwari): 0°52′S 134°5′E / 0.867°S 134.083°E / -0.867; 134.083Coordinates: 0°52′S 134°5′E / 0.867°S 134.083°E / -0.867; 134.083
Country  Indonesia
Capital Manokwari
Largest city Sorong
Government
 • Governor Dominggus Mandacan
 • Vice Governor Mohammad Lakotani
Area
 • Total 140,375.62 km2 (54,199.33 sq mi)
Area rank 5th
Population (2014)
 • Total 877,437
 • Density 6.3/km2 (16/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Ethnic groups Melanesian, Papuan (51.5%), Javanese (14.8%), Bugis (5.3%), Ambonese (4.4%), Butonese (4.1%), Makassar (2.3%), Kei (2.2%), Toraja (1.8%), Minahasa (1.8%), Seram (1.3%), Flores (1%), Sundanese (1%), Batak (1%), Ternate (0.9%), Chinese (0.3%), Gorontaloan (0.2%), Madurese (0.2%), Betawi (0.1%), Bantenese (0.1%), Lampung (0.1%), balinese (0.1%), Sasak (0.1%), Dayak (0.1%), Minangkabau (0.1%), Foreign (0.1%), Others ( Tobelo, ... etc ) (5.5%)
 • Religion Protestantism (53.77%), Islam (38.4%), Roman Catholicism (7.03%), Hinduism (0.11%), Buddhism (0.08%)
 • Languages Indonesian (official)
Time zone EIT (UTC+09)
Vehicle registration PB
HDI Increase 0.612 (Medium)
HDI rank 33rd (2016)
Website PapuaBaratProv.go.id

West Papua (Indonesian: Papua Barat) is a province of Indonesia. It covers the two western peninsulas of the island of New Guinea. Its capital is Manokwari, although the largest city is Sorong, and the 2010 census recorded a population of 760,855;[1] the latest official estimate (as at January 2014) is 877,437.[citation needed]

West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua in February 2003, initially under the name of West Irian Jaya (Indonesian: Irian Jaya Barat); it received its current name in 2007. The province covers the Bird's Head (Doberai) and Bomberai peninsulas and the surrounding islands of Raja Ampat. With a population of 877,437 in 2014,[1] it is the least populous province of Indonesia except for the newly created province of North Kalimantan.

History[edit]

Even after Indonesia's independence in 1945, Papua and Irian Jaya were retained by the Dutch for various reasons. However, Indonesia claimed all of the territory of the former Dutch East Indies, including the Dutch New Guinea holdings, so it invaded Irian Jaya in 1961. It was agreed that by 1969 the UN should oversee a plebiscite of the people of Papua and West Papua, in which they would be given two choices: to remain part of Indonesia or to become an independent nation. This vote was referred to as the 'Act of Free Choice'. However, the vote was in fact conducted by consensus decision-making, or consensus of elders, numbering slightly over 1,000. [a] 1,000 of these men had been selected by the Indonesian military. This body was coerced into unanimously voting to remain part of Indonesia; the territory was named as the province of Irian Jaya, later Papua.

The result of the compromised vote was rejected by Papuan nationalists, who established the Free Papua Movement (OPM). The independence movement for West Papua has continued, primarily through peaceful protest and international pressure, but also guerrilla warfare against Indonesian administration.[5]

Map of West Papua
Sunset, Raja Ampat

West Papua was created from the western portion of Papua province in February 2003, initially under the name of Irian Jaya Barat; it was later renamed Papua Barat (West Papua) on 7 February 2007. In November 2004, an Indonesian court agreed that the split violated Papua's autonomy laws. However, the court ruled that because the new province had already been created, it should remain separate from Papua. The ruling also prohibited the creation of another proposed province, Central Irian Jaya, as that division had not yet been formalised. The split is in line with the general trend of provincial splits that is occurring in all parts of Indonesia in the post-Suharto era. The province changed its name to "West Papua" on 7 February 2007. The new name applies from that date, but a plenary session of the provincial legislative council is required to legalise the change of name, and the government needs to issue an implementing regulation.[6]

Administrative divisions[edit]

In 2000 the areas now forming (since 2003) West Papua province consisted of three regencies (kapubaten) – Manokwari, Sorong and Fakfak. By 2010 the province was administratively divided into ten regencies (kabupaten) and one autonomous city (kota), which together were subdivided into 155 districts (kecamatan) at the 2010 Census.[7] Two new regencies have since been created; all the existing regencies and city are listed below with their populations at the 2010 Census and according to the latest official estimates (for January 2014).

Name Area (km2) Population
Census 2010
Population
2014 estimate
Capital Number of
Districts
HDI[8]
2014 estimate
Sorong (city) 656.64 190,625 219,958 Sorong 6 0.757 (High)
Fakfak Regency 11,036.48 66,828 77,112 Fakfak 9 0.647 (Medium)
Kaimana Regency 16,241.84 46,249 53,366 Kaimana 7 0.610 (Medium)
Manokwari Regency 11,674.76 187,726 216,614 Manokwari 29 0.693 (Medium)
Manokwari Selatan Regency
(South Manokwari)
2,812.44 18,564 * Ransiki 0.553 (Low)
Maybrat Regency 5,461.69 33,081 38,067 Kumurkek 11 0.553 (Low)
Pegunungan Arfak Regency
(Arfak Mountains)
2,773.74 23,877 * Anggi 0.536 (Low)
Raja Ampat Regency 8,034.44 42,507 49,048 Waisai 17 0.608 (Medium)
Sorong Regency 7,415.29 70,619 81,486 Aimas 18 0.612 (Medium)
Sorong Selatan Regency
(South Sorong)
3,946.94 37,900 43,898 Teminabuan 14 0.582 (Low)
Tambrauw Regency[9] 5,179.65 6,144 7,028 Fef 7 0.494 (Low)
Teluk Bintuni Regency
(Bintuni Bay)
20,840.83 52,422 60,489 Bintuni 24 0.604 (Medium)
Teluk Wondama Regency
(Wondama Bay)
3,959.53 26,321 30,371 Rasiei 13 0.562 (Low)
* The areas and 2014 population of Arfak Mountains and South Manokwari Regencies are included in the figures for Manokwari Regency, from which they were removed.

Subsequent to the 2010 Census, two new regencies – South Manokwari Regency (Manokwari Selantan) and Arfak Mountains Regency (Pegunungan Arfak) – were created from parts of the Manokwari Regency, while 4 districts of Manokwari Regency were added to Tambrauw Regency. The 2010 Census figures quoted above for all four of these regencies relate to their area as established in 2010.

On 25 October 2013 the Indonesian House of Representatives (DPR) began reviewing draft laws on the establishment of 57 prospective regencies/cities (and 8 new provinces).[10] This included a new province of Southwest Papua to be created out of the existing West Papua province, together with eight new regencies and one city to be formed within the existing West Papua Province – Malamoy and Maibratsau (both taken from Sorong Regency), North Raja Ampat and South Raja Ampat (both from Raja Ampat Regency), Raja Maskona (from Teluk Bintuni Regency), Okas (from Fakfak Regency), West Manokwari (from Manokwari Regency) and Imeo (from South Sorong Regency), while the new city is Manokwari (from Manokwari Regency).

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1971 192,146 —    
1980 283,493 +47.5%
1990 385,509 +36.0%
2000 571,107 +48.1%
2010 760,422 +33.1%
Source: Statistics Indonesia 2010. West Papua part of Papua Province until 2004

Religion

Religion in West Papua (2010 census)[11]
Religion Percent
Protestantism
  
53.77%
Islam
  
38.40%
Roman Catholicism
  
7.03%
Not Asked
  
0.56%
Hinduism
  
0.11%
Buddhism
  
0.08%
Not Stated
  
0.04%
Confucianism
  
0.01%
Others
  
0%

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Different sources cite various figures, including 1,022,[2] 1,025[3] or 1,026.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2010/08/23/population-growth-%E2%80%98good-papua%E2%80%99.html
  2. ^ Brad Simpson, ed. (9 July 2004). "Indonesia's 1969 Takeover of West Papua Not by "Free Choice"". National Security Archive. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  3. ^ "Breaking Free From Betrayal". New International. 5 November 1999. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  4. ^ Richard Samuelson. "About West Papua". International Parliamentarians for West Papua. Retrieved 2013-01-17. 
  5. ^ Li-ann Thio (2006), "International law and secession in the Asia and Pacific regions", in Marcelo G. Kohen, Secession: International Law Perspectives, Cambridge University Press 
  6. ^ "Papuan province changes name from West Irian Jaya to West Papua". Radio New Zealand International. 7 February 2007. Retrieved 27 December 2008. 
  7. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  8. ^ Indeks-Pembangunan-Manusia-2014
  9. ^ Undang-Undang Nomor 56 Tahun 2008 tentang Pembentukan Kabupaten Tambrauw di Provinsi Papua Barat (Law Number 56 of 2008 regarding the Formation of Tambrauw Regency in West Papua Province). In Indonesian.
  10. ^ Jakarta Post, 14 November 2013
  11. ^ "Population by Region and Religion in Indonesia". BPS. 2010. 

Bibliography

External links[edit]

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