|West Virginia Republican Party|
|Headquarters||PO Box 2711
Charleston, WV 25330
|National affiliation||Republican Party|
The state party platform is similar to the national platform in that the party medical savings accounts and the patients right to choose medical care, right to bear arms, advocate the parent' right to choose their child's education, and upholding the traditional marriage right to life in opposing same-sex marriage and abortion.
The state party favors the elimination of food tax and provide all families with nine days of free food. The party favors the elimination of the business franchise tax, personal property tax on equipment and machinery. It favors reducing gasoline ta and corporate net tax to the 6% national average. it also favors the Fair Tax Act.
The Republican Party arose in 1854. The Democratic Party was an advocate of slavery and the Republican Party opposed it. There was a lot of turmoil in Virginia with the rise of the Republican Party. When the Civil War reached Western Virginia, there was a rise in violence against those who opposed slavery. In May 1861, people traveled to Richmond, Virginia to vote on succession of the state. Many Republicans had to leave the city because of the threats. Those who fled and others who lived in Western Virginia went to Wheeling to create their own government and began creating a new state, in which they were successful.
The Civil War helped the Republican Party gain recognition in the state. The Civil War in West Virginia often split families apart. The Boggs family lived in Pendleton County and one son was the head of the Confederate County Court while another son was the head of the Union Home guards in the north. Today, the northern party of Pendleton County is still strongly Republican. Republicans in Hampshire and Hardy counties left after the war to form Mineral and Grant counties, which are still primarily Republican. Republicans held the control in the state until the 1870s and the Confederates began voting and holding offices. In the 1870s, the party was so weak that it endorsed a Democratic governor.
Major Nathan Goff Jr. restructured the party. He was able to get the party to raise money and voters and recruit leaders. He led the party until the 1880s. He ran for governor in 1888 and won. The Republicans were the dominant party until the Great Depression. Since the Depression, Democrats have controlled the state.
Arch Moore Jr. was elected the Republican governor in the 1960s. He was able to help the state gain hundreds of mils of interstate highway. In 1985, Moore helped raise money and supervised recovery efforts for the flood of 1985. The state voted for Bush in 2000 and 2004. Betty Ireland was also elected as secretary of state in 2004. In a mostly democratic state, the Republicans have been making efforts to make a difference.
The West Virginia Republican Party holds two of the state's three U.S. House seats.
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