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White House Chief of Staff on President Trump
White House Chief of Staff on President Trump's Phone Call to Family of Fallen Soldier (C-SPAN)
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: C-SPAN
Inside the White House chief of staff
Inside the White House chief of staff's role
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Fox News
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly scolds congresswoman for listening to Trump phone call with…
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly scolds congresswoman for listening to Trump phone call with…
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: CBS News
Why is the job of White House chief of staff so important?
Why is the job of White House chief of staff so important?
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Face The Nation
White House press briefing: Chief of Staff John Kelly on how military deals with soldiers
White House press briefing: Chief of Staff John Kelly on how military deals with soldiers' death
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: ABC News
Reince Priebus out as White House chief of staff
Reince Priebus out as White House chief of staff
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: CBS News
John Kelly EMOTIONAL White House Press Briefing 10/19/17
John Kelly EMOTIONAL White House Press Briefing 10/19/17
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: LIVE ON-AIR NEWS
One Relentless Job | The Presidents
One Relentless Job | The Presidents' Gatekeepers
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: Discovery
Brian Williams At The White House-Rahm Emanuel
Brian Williams At The White House-Rahm Emanuel
Published: 2009/06/03
Channel: Speakmymind02
Who is John Kelly, Trump
Who is John Kelly, Trump's New White House Chief of Staff?
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Bloomberg
White House press briefing with President Donald Trump
White House press briefing with President Donald Trump's chief of staff Gen. John Kelly
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: ABC News
Reince Priebus First Interview After Resigning As White House Chief of Staff for Trump. #Breaking
Reince Priebus First Interview After Resigning As White House Chief of Staff for Trump. #Breaking
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
President Donald Trump names John Kelly next White House chief of staff: ABC Radio
President Donald Trump names John Kelly next White House chief of staff: ABC Radio
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: ABC News
How the White House Chiefs of Staff Define Every Presidency
How the White House Chiefs of Staff Define Every Presidency
Published: 2017/04/20
Channel: BakerInstitute
President Trump and new White House Chief of Staff John Kelly (C-SPAN)
President Trump and new White House Chief of Staff John Kelly (C-SPAN)
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: C-SPAN
White House Chief of Staff Announcement
White House Chief of Staff Announcement
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: The Obama White House
Role of White House Chief of Staff
Role of White House Chief of Staff
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: C-SPAN
White House Chief Of Staff Gen. John Kelly:
White House Chief Of Staff Gen. John Kelly: 'I'm Not Quitting Today' | NBC News
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: NBC News
White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough  (Jan 9, 2017) | Charlie Rose
White House Chief of Staff Denis McDonough (Jan 9, 2017) | Charlie Rose
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: Charlie Rose
Who is White House chief of staff John Kelly?
Who is White House chief of staff John Kelly?
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: CNN
LIVE Chief of Staff Gen John Kelly White House Press Briefing 10/12/17
LIVE Chief of Staff Gen John Kelly White House Press Briefing 10/12/17
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Right Side Broadcasting Network
Gen. John Kelly replaces Reince Priebus as White House chief of staff
Gen. John Kelly replaces Reince Priebus as White House chief of staff
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: CBS News
White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus on President Trump
White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus on President Trump's first 100 days
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: ABC News
Chief Of Staff Job At Donald Trump White House
Chief Of Staff Job At Donald Trump White House 'Like Herding Cats' | The 11th Hour | MSNBC
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: MSNBC
Gen. Kelly makes presence felt on first day at White House
Gen. Kelly makes presence felt on first day at White House
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Fox News
White House chief of Staff John Kelly Gives RARE Press Briefing Take Press for a RIDE!!
White House chief of Staff John Kelly Gives RARE Press Briefing Take Press for a RIDE!!
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Golden State Times
Gen. Kelly replaces Priebus as White House chief of staff
Gen. Kelly replaces Priebus as White House chief of staff
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: CBS This Morning
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly: "I
White House Chief of Staff John Kelly: "I'm not quitting today." (C-SPAN)
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: C-SPAN
Donald Trump replaces chief of staff in major White House shake-up
Donald Trump replaces chief of staff in major White House shake-up
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Al Jazeera English
Panel on Priebus Out, Kelly in as White House Chief Of Staff. #InsidePolitics #JohnKelly
Panel on Priebus Out, Kelly in as White House Chief Of Staff. #InsidePolitics #JohnKelly
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
Trump replaces White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus
Trump replaces White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: euronews (in English)
President Trump Names DHS Secretary John Kelly to White House Chief of Staff
President Trump Names DHS Secretary John Kelly to White House Chief of Staff
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: Martin Brodel
FULL: John Kelly Stirring Defense of President Trump in Emotional White House Briefing 10/19/17
FULL: John Kelly Stirring Defense of President Trump in Emotional White House Briefing 10/19/17
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: Right Side Broadcasting Network
Ed Rollins: Trump
Ed Rollins: Trump's White House Chief of Staff John Kelly Voted for Hillary Clinton
Published: 2017/09/20
Channel: james hoft
Infowars.com Exclusive: General John Kelly To Be White House Chief Of Staff
Infowars.com Exclusive: General John Kelly To Be White House Chief Of Staff
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: The Alex Jones Channel
Reince Priebus out, John Kelly in as White House chief of staff
Reince Priebus out, John Kelly in as White House chief of staff
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: CBS News
Donald Trump Just FIRED His White House Chief of Staff
Donald Trump Just FIRED His White House Chief of Staff
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: David Seaman
WATCH: Sarah Sanders, John Kelly hold White House news briefing
WATCH: Sarah Sanders, John Kelly hold White House news briefing
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: PBS NewsHour
What Gen. Kelly brings to the White House chief of staff job
What Gen. Kelly brings to the White House chief of staff job
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: CBS This Morning
Chief Of Staff John Kelly Is An
Chief Of Staff John Kelly Is An 'Apolitical' Force In The White House | Morning Joe | MSNBC
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: MSNBC
Gatekeepers: White House Chiefs of Staff
Gatekeepers: White House Chiefs of Staff
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: Harvard Kennedy School's Institute of Politics
Scaramucci calls Priebus a
Scaramucci calls Priebus a 'paranoid schizophrenic'
Published: 2017/07/27
Channel: Fox News
White House Chief Of Staff John Kelly Defends President Donald Trump’s Call To Widow | TODAY
White House Chief Of Staff John Kelly Defends President Donald Trump’s Call To Widow | TODAY
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: TODAY
White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus talks Foxconn development with Charles Benson
White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus talks Foxconn development with Charles Benson
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: TODAY’S TMJ4
Panel Discuss Priebus Out, Gen Kelly in as White House Chief Of Staff. #Priebus #Kelly @AprilDRyan
Panel Discuss Priebus Out, Gen Kelly in as White House Chief Of Staff. #Priebus #Kelly @AprilDRyan
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
Former Clinton White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta One-on-One on Kelly "STUNNED" & North Korea.
Former Clinton White House Chief of Staff Leon Panetta One-on-One on Kelly "STUNNED" & North Korea.
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: Almutaz Bur News Network
Can John Kelly fix the White House staff turmoil?
Can John Kelly fix the White House staff turmoil?
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: CBS News
REINCE PRIEBUS Fired or Resigned AS CHIEF OF STAFF (7/28/17)
REINCE PRIEBUS Fired or Resigned AS CHIEF OF STAFF (7/28/17)
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: SHYDUX MEDIA
General John Kelly Speaks at White House Briefing - October 19, 2017 (Full) | NBC News
General John Kelly Speaks at White House Briefing - October 19, 2017 (Full) | NBC News
Published: 2017/10/19
Channel: NBC News
Kellyanne Conway On Changing White House Chief Of Staff
Kellyanne Conway On Changing White House Chief Of Staff
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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White House Chief of Staff
US-WhiteHouse-Logo.svg
John Kelly official DHS portrait.jpg
Incumbent
John F. Kelly

since July 31, 2017
Executive Office of the President
White House Office
Reports to The President
Appointer The President
Formation 1946 (Assistant to the President)
1961 (White House Chief of Staff)
First holder John R. Steelman
Website The White House

The White House Chief of Staff has traditionally been the highest-ranking employee of the White House. The chief of staff's position is a modern successor to the earlier role of the president's private secretary. The role was formalized as the Assistant to the President in 1946 and acquired its current name in 1961.

The Chief of Staff is appointed by and serves at the pleasure of the President; it does not require Senate confirmation.

John F. Kelly is the current Chief of Staff, succeeding Reince Priebus on July 31, 2017.[1]

History[edit]

The duties of the White House chief of staff vary greatly from one administration to another and, in fact, there is no legal requirement that the president even fill the position. However, since at least 1979, all presidents have found the need for a chief of staff, who typically oversees the actions of the White House staff, manages the president's schedule, and decides who is allowed to meet with the president. Because of these duties, the chief of staff has at various times been labeled "The Gatekeeper", or "the power behind the throne".[citation needed]

Originally, the duties now performed by the chief of staff belonged to the president's private secretary and were fulfilled by crucial confidants and advisers such as George B. Cortelyou, Joseph Tumulty, and Louis McHenry Howe to Presidents Theodore Roosevelt, Woodrow Wilson, and Franklin Roosevelt, respectively.[2] The private secretary served as the president's de facto chief aide in a role that combined personal and professional assignments of highly delicate and demanding natures, requiring great skill and discretion.[3] The job of gatekeeper and overseeing the president's schedule was separately delegated to the appointments secretary, as with FDR's aide Edwin "Pa" Watson.

From 1933 to 1939, as he greatly expanded the scope of the federal government's policies and powers in response to the Great Depression, Roosevelt relied on his "Brain Trust" of top advisers. Although working directly for the president, they were often appointed to vacant positions in agencies and departments, from whence they drew their salaries since the White House lacked statutory or budgetary authority to create new staff positions. It was not until 1939, during Franklin D. Roosevelt's second term in office, that the foundations of the modern White House staff were created using a formal structure. Roosevelt was able to get Congress to approve the creation of the Executive Office of the President, which would report directly to the president.

In 1946, in response to the rapid growth of the U.S. government's executive branch, the position of "Assistant to the President of the United States" was established. Charged with the affairs of the White House, it was the immediate predecessor to the modern chief of staff. It was in 1953, under Republican President Dwight D. Eisenhower, that the president's preeminent assistant was designated the "White House Chief of Staff".

Assistant to the president became a rank generally shared by the chief of staff with such senior aides as deputy chiefs of staff, the White House counsel, the White House press secretary, and others. This new system did not catch on immediately. Democrats Kennedy and Johnson still relied on their appointments secretaries instead, and it was not until the Nixon administration that the chief of staff took over maintenance of the President's schedule. This concentration of power in the Nixon and Ford White House (whose last chief of staff was Dick Cheney) led presidential candidate Jimmy Carter to campaign in 1976 with the promise that he would not appoint a chief of staff. And indeed, for the first two and a half years of his presidency, he appointed no one to the post.[4][5]

The average tenure for a White House chief of staff is a little more than 18 months.[6] John R. Steelman, under Harry S. Truman, was the last chief of staff to serve for an entire presidential administration. (Andrew Card and Denis McDonough each served at least one entire presidential term of office under Presidents George W. Bush and Barack Obama, respectively). Steelman also holds the record for longest-serving chief of staff (six years). Most White House chiefs of staff are former politicians, and many continue their political careers in other senior roles. Lyndon Johnson's chief of staff W. Marvin Watson became postmaster general later in LBJ's term. Richard Nixon's Chief of Staff Alexander Haig became secretary of state under Ronald Reagan. Cheney later became a Congressman for Wyoming, secretary of defense under George H. W. Bush and vice president in the George W. Bush administration. Donald Rumsfeld was another chief of staff for Ford and subsequently served as secretary of defense both in the Ford administration and decades later, also in the George W. Bush administration. Rahm Emanuel left the House of Representatives to become Barack Obama's chief of staff and subsequently became mayor of Chicago. Jack Lew, President Obama's fourth chief of staff, was later appointed Secretary of the Treasury.

Role[edit]

Chief of Staff Jack Watson (1980–81) meets with President Carter.

Chris Whipple, author of The Gatekeepers: How the White House Chiefs of Staff Define Every Presidency, loosely describes the role of a White House chief of staff through his interview with former President Barack Obama: "During the last days of his presidency, Barack Obama observed: 'One of the things I've learned is that the big breakthroughs are typically the result of a lot of grunt work—just a whole lot of blocking and tackling.' Grunt work is what chiefs of staff do."[6]

The responsibilities of the chief of staff are both managerial and advisory and can include the following:

  • Select key White House staff and supervise them;
  • Structure the White House staff system;
  • Control the flow of people into the Oval Office;
  • Manage the flow of information;
  • Protect the interests of the president;
  • Negotiate with Congress, other members of the executive branch, and extra-governmental political groups to implement the president's agenda; and
  • Advise the president on various issues, including telling the president what he does not want to hear.[6]

Richard Nixon's first chief of staff, H. R. Haldeman, garnered a reputation in Washington for the iron hand he wielded in the position—famously referring to himself as "the president's son-of-a-bitch", he was a rigid gatekeeper who would frequently meet with administration officials in place of the president, then report himself to Nixon on the officials' talking points. Journalist Bob Woodward, in his books All the President's Men and The Secret Man, wrote that many of his sources, including the famous Deep Throat, displayed a genuine fear of Haldeman.[7][8]

In popular culture[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Trump names Gen. John Kelly as chief of staff, Priebus out". Politico. Retrieved 28 July 2017. 
  2. ^ "New Quarters". Time. 1934-12-17. Retrieved 2008-05-08. 
  3. ^ "An Appointment". Time. 1923-08-20. Retrieved 2009-05-09. 
  4. ^ "Hamilton Jordan, Carter's Right Hand, Dies at 63". The New York Times. 21 May 2008. Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  5. ^ "The Presidency and the Political System". Retrieved 7 March 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Whipple, Chris. (2017). The Gatekeepers: How the White House Chiefs of Staff Define Every Presidency. New York: Crown Publishing Group.
  7. ^ Woodward, Bob, and Bernstein, Carl. (1974) All the President's Men. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-21781-5
  8. ^ Woodward, Bob. (2005). The Secret Man. New York: Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-7432-8715-0

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