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New Challenges for the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
New Challenges for the White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2013/07/24
Channel: Berkley Center
White House Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
White House Office of Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2010/12/08
Channel: urbanawareness
Job Creation Through Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships
Job Creation Through Faith-based & Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2011/09/23
Channel: The Obama White House
Obama on the Office of Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Obama on the Office of Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2009/02/05
Channel: RH Reality Check RHRC
Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2010/12/04
Channel: Gill Wallace Hope
The Honorable Joshua DuBois, The White Office House of Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
The Honorable Joshua DuBois, The White Office House of Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2011/11/16
Channel: RumiForum
President Barack Obama says he will establish a White House office of faith-based initiatives that w
President Barack Obama says he will establish a White House office of faith-based initiatives that w
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: AP Archive
Father
Father's Day Information Moment with Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships - HUD - 5/4/12
Published: 2012/05/04
Channel: HUDchannel
Joshua Du Bois: Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Joshua Du Bois: Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: Root Cause
President
President's Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2010/04/26
Channel: NFLGonline
Having Faith in Joshua DuBois - CBN.com
Having Faith in Joshua DuBois - CBN.com
Published: 2009/08/27
Channel: The Official 700 Club
Obama Announces Faith-based Initiative
Obama Announces Faith-based Initiative
Published: 2009/02/05
Channel: Associated Press
Obama Appoints Transgender Person to Advisory Council on Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Obama Appoints Transgender Person to Advisory Council on Faith Based and Neighborhood Partnerships
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Anthony Brian Logan
Jannah Scott - President Obama
Jannah Scott - President Obama's Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnerships Initiative
Published: 2011/07/29
Channel: RumiForum
Faith, Race & Justice in America: From Obama to Trump, Joshua DuBois
Faith, Race & Justice in America: From Obama to Trump, Joshua DuBois
Published: 2017/02/16
Channel: Dartmouth
Obama on Faith Based Office
Obama on Faith Based Office
Published: 2009/02/05
Channel: Karen Brooks
Faith Complex: Jacqueline Salmon on White House Faith-Based Initiatives (PART ONE)
Faith Complex: Jacqueline Salmon on White House Faith-Based Initiatives (PART ONE)
Published: 2009/11/19
Channel: Berkley Center
.@fordschool - Joshua DuBois: Faith, the White House, and the Public Square
.@fordschool - Joshua DuBois: Faith, the White House, and the Public Square
Published: 2013/12/20
Channel: Ford School
Bush: Faith-based Initiative Helps Heal
Bush: Faith-based Initiative Helps Heal
Published: 2008/01/29
Channel: Associated Press
Faith Complex: Jacqueline Salmon on White House Faith-Based Initiatives (PART THREE)
Faith Complex: Jacqueline Salmon on White House Faith-Based Initiatives (PART THREE)
Published: 2009/11/19
Channel: Berkley Center
Barack Obama on Faith Based Initiatives
Barack Obama on Faith Based Initiatives
Published: 2008/10/29
Channel: GLASSBOOTHdotORG
White House Official on Interfaith Service Effort
White House Official on Interfaith Service Effort
Published: 2011/08/22
Channel: Brian Kaylor
Executive Session of the White House Faith-Based Initiative
Executive Session of the White House Faith-Based Initiative
Published: 2014/08/05
Channel: Sagamore Institute
Faith Based Initiatives
Faith Based Initiatives
Published: 2007/03/10
Channel: Godlesspanther
Rev. Lynn on Faith Based Initiatives
Rev. Lynn on Faith Based Initiatives
Published: 2008/07/02
Channel: audotorg
White House Hangout: Combating Human Trafficking
White House Hangout: Combating Human Trafficking
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: The Obama White House
Joshua DuBois on "The President
Joshua DuBois on "The President's Devotional"
Published: 2013/12/03
Channel: AL DÍA News Media
Barack Obama faith based initiative proposal
Barack Obama faith based initiative proposal
Published: 2008/07/03
Channel: AntiConformist911
Government Funding and Faith-Based Initiatives
Government Funding and Faith-Based Initiatives
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: Faith Sorenson
The President
The President's Faith-Based and Community Initiatives: A Quiet Revolution in Addressing Need
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Berkley Center
Faith Based Initiatives for Offender Reentry
Faith Based Initiatives for Offender Reentry
Published: 2012/11/27
Channel: lensipes
Constitution Subcommittee Hearing on  Faith-Based Initiatives
Constitution Subcommittee Hearing on Faith-Based Initiatives
Published: 2010/11/18
Channel: RepBobbyScott
Internet Solutions Seminar - Phila_Host Mayor
Internet Solutions Seminar - Phila_Host Mayor's Office of Faith-based Initiatives
Published: 2013/06/04
Channel: Broderick Byers
1. Faith-based Initiatives and Charitable Choice
1. Faith-based Initiatives and Charitable Choice
Published: 2010/01/15
Channel: NCASVideo
White House Faith Based Director Joshua DuBois speaks at the Great Gathering
White House Faith Based Director Joshua DuBois speaks at the Great Gathering
Published: 2010/03/03
Channel: GreatGathering
Re: Faith Based Initiatives
Re: Faith Based Initiatives
Published: 2007/03/08
Channel: ultramutt
President Obama at the White House Diwali Event - 2011
President Obama at the White House Diwali Event - 2011
Published: 2011/10/29
Channel: KhushDC Board
#5mRF: Protecting Our Right of Conscience
#5mRF: Protecting Our Right of Conscience
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: Newseum
Faith Based Initiative
Faith Based Initiative
Published: 2008/06/04
Channel: Eric Patton
Faith Based Initiative
Faith Based Initiative
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: cbcctv
KeithO on Obama
KeithO on Obama's Plan to Expand Bush's Faith-Based Programs
Published: 2008/07/03
Channel: keithmsnbcer
Why Churches Say No: The Challenges Faith-Based Initiatives Pose to Religion and Family
Why Churches Say No: The Challenges Faith-Based Initiatives Pose to Religion and Family
Published: 2012/07/16
Channel: EmorySchoolofLaw
Faith Based Initiative Launch Secretary Kerry
Faith Based Initiative Launch Secretary Kerry
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: Michael Jerryson
Faith Based Initiative/Social Service Research Part 2
Faith Based Initiative/Social Service Research Part 2
Published: 2008/11/11
Channel: Bob Wineburg
Ben Sanders Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnership
Ben Sanders Faith-based and Neighborhood Partnership
Published: 2014/01/16
Channel: Glenn Barth
Office of "Faith-Based" initiatives
Office of "Faith-Based" initiatives
Published: 2007/11/25
Channel: FreeThought2007
Faith Based
Faith Based
Published: 2007/03/12
Channel: AtCenterNetwork
CWA Goes To The White House
CWA Goes To The White House
Published: 2009/03/18
Channel: RightWingWatchdotorg
A Christian in the White House (part 2 of 2)
A Christian in the White House (part 2 of 2)
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: Jason Reynolds
Green is GOOD.  Faith Based Initiative to merge with EPA.  Partinership Government with the Church.
Green is GOOD. Faith Based Initiative to merge with EPA. Partinership Government with the Church.
Published: 2010/05/19
Channel: ilovpolitics1
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Former White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives building on Jackson Place in Washington, D.C.

The White House Office of Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships,[1] formerly the White House Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives (OFBCI) is an office within the White House Office that is part of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.

Under George W. Bush[edit]

OFBCI was established by President George W. Bush through an executive order[2] on January 29, 2001, representing one of the key domestic policies of Bush's campaign promise of "compassionate conservatism." The initiative sought to strengthen faith-based and community organizations and expand their capacity to provide federally funded social services, with the idea having been that these groups were well-situated to meet the needs of local individuals. As Texas governor, Bush had used the "Charitable Choice" provisions of the 1996 welfare reform (which allowed "faith-based" entities to compete for government contracts to deliver social services) to support the work of faith-based groups in Texas. Critical in social services (e.g., community services with health care financing) is the overall effort and effect of combined budgets and finance in these areas representing established religions in the US.

The office was briefly led by Don Willett, an aide from Bush's tenure as governor of Texas who was later appointed a justice on the Supreme Court of Texas. The first person named as director of the OFBCI was John DiIulio, a University of Pennsylvania political science professor. DiIulio later left the office and became a critic of the Bush administration.

Critics of the OFBCI, including Americans United for Separation of Church and State and the American Civil Liberties Union, assert that it violated the Establishment Clause by using tax money to fund religion. They also argued that faith-based initiatives were used as part of electoral strategies to yield more votes for Bush and the GOP.

For fiscal year 2005, more than $2.2 billion in competitive social service grants were awarded to faith-based organizations. Between fiscal years 2003 and 2005, the total dollar amount of all grants awarded to FBOs increased by 21 percent (GAO 2006:43[3]). The majority of these grants were distributed through state agencies to local organizations in the form of formula grants (GAO 2006:17[3]).

Establishment clause issues[edit]

Faith-based organizations are eligible to participate in federally administered social service programs to the same degree as any other group, although certain restrictions on FBOs that accept government funding have been created by the White House to avoid violations of the Establishment Clause.

  • They may not use direct government funds to support inherently religious activities such as prayer, worship, religious instruction, or proselytization.
  • Any inherently religious activities that the organizations may offer must be offered separately in time or location from services that receive federal assistance.
  • FBOs cannot discriminate on the basis of religion when providing services (GAO 2006:13[3]).

Under Barack Obama[edit]

President Barack Obama greets and thanks members of the President's Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships during a drop by in the Roosevelt Room of the White House, March 9, 2010.

President Barack Obama renamed the office[4] and appointed Joshua DuBois as its head. He also established an advisory council for the office. The Advisory Council is composed of religious and secular leaders and scholars from different backgrounds. Each member of the Council is appointed to a one-year term. The members of the Council[5] include:

According to ABC News, the office would seek "to expand the role of this office as it relates to policy issues where religious and local leaders can be effective. DuBois will coordinate with faith-based and community organizations on social service outreach and will work to utilize these organizations' efforts to advance the administration's policies, with a primary focus on poverty."[7]

Controversies[edit]

  • The separation of church and state was noted as one of major issues with the Faith-Based Initiatives laws. Critics have claimed that millions in government grants have gone to ministries operated by political supporters of the Bush administration, or have been given to minority pastors who recently committed their support.[8][9][10][11][12]
  • In June, 2006, U.S. District Judge Robert W. Pratt ruled that a faith based-program called InnerChange at a Newton, Iowa prison, operated by Charles Colson's Prison Fellowship Ministries, unconstitutionally used tax money for a religious program that gave special privileges to inmates who accepted its evangelical Christian teachings and terms. "For all practical purposes," Judge Pratt said, "the state has literally established an Evangelical Christian congregation within the walls of one of its penal institutions, giving the leaders of that congregation, i.e., InnerChange employees, authority to control the spiritual, emotional, and physical lives of hundreds of Iowa inmates."[13] [See Americans United v. Prison Fellowship Ministries, 2006 U.S. Dist. LEXIS 36970, June 2, 2006]
  • On June 25, 2007, the U.S. Supreme Court ruled 5-4 in Hein v. Freedom From Religion Foundation that executive orders may not be challenged on Establishment Clause grounds by individuals whose sole claim to legal standing is that they are taxpayers. Both of President Bush's court appointees, John G. Roberts and Samuel Alito, sided with the majority.
  • The second head of the department, Jim Towey, in a session of "Ask the Whitehouse" dated November 26, 2003, stated in regard to a question about pagan faith-based organizations:

    "I haven't run into a pagan faith-based group yet, much less a pagan group that cares for the poor! Once you make it clear to any applicant that public money must go to public purposes and can't be used to promote ideology, the fringe groups lose interest. Helping the poor is tough work and only those with loving hearts seem drawn to it."[14]

    Pagans reacted angrily to the label "fringe group", the suggestion that pagans are uncompassionate, the idea that they would apply for funding only to promote ideology, and the exclusion of pagan organizations implicit in the statement.[15]
  • Catholic League President William A. Donohue protested against the nomination of Harry Knox, a former director of Human Rights Campaign and gay rights activist, arguing that he has been dishonest and intolerant. Knox has condemned the positions of Catholic clergy on the issues of contraception and gay ordination.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ ""This is my hope. This is my prayer."". 5 February 2009. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  2. ^ "President Bush Attends Office of Faith-Based and Community Initiatives' National Conference" (Press release). The White House. June 26, 2008. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  3. ^ a b c "Faith-Based and Community Initiative: Improvements in Monitoring Grantees and Measuring Performance Could Enhance Accountability" (PDF). United States Government Accountability Office (GAO). June 2006. 
  4. ^ Executive Order of Feb. 5, 2009
  5. ^ President Obama Announces Additional Members of Advisory Council on Faith-Based and Neighborhood Partnerships. April 6, 2009.
  6. ^ "President Obama Announces More Key Administration Posts". 26 July 2012. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  7. ^ ABC News: Obama Names 26-Year-Old Director of Faith-Based Office. Feb. 5, 2009.
  8. ^ The Washington Post, October 3, 2002, re Pat Robertson;
  9. ^ The New York Times, May 3, 2005, re Rev. Luis Cortez; David D. Kirkpatrick
  10. ^ The New York Times, March 30, 2006, re Bishop Sedgwick Daniels
  11. ^ Los Angeles Times, January 18, 2005, re Rev. Herb Lusk, Bishop Harold Ray
  12. ^ PBS.org Bill Moyer’s Now transcript, September 26, 2004 re Faith Partners
  13. ^ Henriques, Diana B.; Andrew Lehren (December 10, 2006). "Religion for Captive Audiences, With Taxpayers Footing the Bill". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-06-30. 
  14. ^ "Director, Office of Faith Based and Community Initiatives, Jim Towey Hosts Ask the White House". georgewbush-whitehouse.archives.gov. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  15. ^ "White House Aide Angers Pagans; Towey Suggests Groups Lack Concern for the Poor". 8 December 2003. Retrieved 21 September 2017. 
  16. ^ "Catholic League statement". Retrieved 21 September 2017. 

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