Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Native Americans - Making a Wigwam
Native Americans - Making a Wigwam
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Susan Ardalan
Wild SideTV-The Wigwam Project
Wild SideTV-The Wigwam Project
Published: 2013/03/28
Channel: Wild Side TV
Bob Dylan   Wigwam
Bob Dylan Wigwam
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: Swieberd Picasso
Caravelli - Wigwam.wmv
Caravelli - Wigwam.wmv
Published: 2010/07/01
Channel: cappy00000
Starting a fire in a winter wigwam
Starting a fire in a winter wigwam
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Lawrence Mann
Wigwam - Live at Liisankadun studio - Helsinki, 1976 (Remastered)
Wigwam - Live at Liisankadun studio - Helsinki, 1976 (Remastered)
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: Bruno S.
Arizona
Arizona's WIGWAM MOTEL - The real life Cozy Cone & A Route 66 Landmark
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: JustinScarred
Ancient Native American Homes
Ancient Native American Homes
Published: 2014/10/27
Channel: Phenomenal Travel Videos
Nuclear Depth Charge: Operation Wigwam Nuclear Test 1955 DOE, USAF Lookout Mountain
Nuclear Depth Charge: Operation Wigwam Nuclear Test 1955 DOE, USAF Lookout Mountain
Published: 2015/01/22
Channel: Jeff Quitney
Wigwam Preparation
Wigwam Preparation
Published: 2011/04/29
Channel: IAISMuseum
Shelter- Wigwam Tour
Shelter- Wigwam Tour
Published: 2012/04/26
Channel: PilgrimsBushcraft
Wigwam - Grass for Blades
Wigwam - Grass for Blades
Published: 2010/12/18
Channel: ThomasAnthonyJokela
Building a Wigwam (Time Lapse)
Building a Wigwam (Time Lapse)
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Historic Huguenot Street
Wigwam - Being (Full Album) 1974
Wigwam - Being (Full Album) 1974
Published: 2015/11/23
Channel: Eric De Rosa
Wigwam Construction
Wigwam Construction
Published: 2011/04/29
Channel: IAISMuseum
I
I'll never stay in these Wigwams again...
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: JustinScarred
Cat Stevens - I Want To Live In A Wigwam
Cat Stevens - I Want To Live In A Wigwam
Published: 2008/10/11
Channel: Lucastevens
WigWam - WigWam
WigWam - WigWam
Published: 2006/12/22
Channel: DharmaRecordsUK
THE MAGNETIC SOUND - WIGWAM
THE MAGNETIC SOUND - WIGWAM
Published: 2010/09/01
Channel: N2010R
WigWam-Hard To Be A Rock
WigWam-Hard To Be A Rock'N'Roller
Published: 2008/08/19
Channel: DannyOvGy2kaii8
Ojibwe Birchbark Wigwam
Ojibwe Birchbark Wigwam
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Michael Loukinen
WIGWAM - Luulosairas
WIGWAM - Luulosairas
Published: 2010/06/26
Channel: Kryptorful
Wigwam: Kite (live on TV 1974)
Wigwam: Kite (live on TV 1974)
Published: 2008/12/25
Channel: makikoti47
Bob Dylan Vinyl 45
Bob Dylan Vinyl 45 'Wigwam'
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: Hot Wax Vinyl 45's
WIGWAM - HARD N
WIGWAM - HARD N' HORNY (1969) | FULL ALBUM
Published: 2014/11/02
Channel: 70MA60
Bob Dylan - Wigwam
Bob Dylan - Wigwam
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: Paulina Klonowska
Wigwam - Missing you
Wigwam - Missing you
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: David Wabasse
Wigwam - Freddie are you ready
Wigwam - Freddie are you ready
Published: 2009/01/24
Channel: Mybbex
WIGWAM - FAIRYPORT (1971) | FULL ALBUM
WIGWAM - FAIRYPORT (1971) | FULL ALBUM
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: 70MA60
Wigwam Construction Animation
Wigwam Construction Animation
Published: 2011/04/14
Channel: Hudson Museum
Beady Eye - Wigwam
Beady Eye - Wigwam
Published: 2011/02/24
Channel: BeadyEyeRecords
The Magnetic Sounds-Wigwam (Tema da Borboleta)
The Magnetic Sounds-Wigwam (Tema da Borboleta)
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: Josi
Barry Dana-Wigwam
Barry Dana-Wigwam
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Hudson Museum
How to Build a Wigwam
How to Build a Wigwam
Published: 2010/06/30
Channel: Howcast
Wigwam - Tombstone Valentine (Full Album)
Wigwam - Tombstone Valentine (Full Album)
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Eric De Rosa
Wigwam - Must Be The Devil (1969)
Wigwam - Must Be The Devil (1969)
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: Timo Lieri
Wigwam ~ Crystal Ball
Wigwam ~ Crystal Ball
Published: 2012/06/18
Channel: welamanda
Wigwam - Dark Album (1977)
Wigwam - Dark Album (1977)
Published: 2009/10/24
Channel: PhonographEizo
Wigwam - Pop Liisa Volume 3 (Full Album)
Wigwam - Pop Liisa Volume 3 (Full Album)
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: Eric De Rosa
Wigwam: Titans wheel
Wigwam: Titans wheel
Published: 2009/05/13
Channel: Ugslap
Pieter Post - Seizoen 9 - Afdeling Speciale Pakketjes - Aflevering 2 - De Wigwam
Pieter Post - Seizoen 9 - Afdeling Speciale Pakketjes - Aflevering 2 - De Wigwam
Published: 2016/04/27
Channel: Xander Stokkers
Mary Lee "THE WIGWAM SONG" Sons of the Pioneers SONG OF NEVADA 1944
Mary Lee "THE WIGWAM SONG" Sons of the Pioneers SONG OF NEVADA 1944
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: CowboyandtheSenorita
Bushcraft - Wigwam Construction at The Woodsman School
Bushcraft - Wigwam Construction at The Woodsman School
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: The Woodsman School and Guide Service
Wigwam - Colossus
Wigwam - Colossus
Published: 2007/04/20
Channel: emerni
GLAMPING WIGWAM HOLIDAYS 4 U.wmv
GLAMPING WIGWAM HOLIDAYS 4 U.wmv
Published: 2011/08/17
Channel: WIGWAMLADY
WIGWAM-Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose (Full Album-Lyrics)
WIGWAM-Lucky Golden Stripes and Starpose (Full Album-Lyrics)
Published: 2017/10/13
Channel: Joke Torwill
Wigwam - Let the World Ramble On
Wigwam - Let the World Ramble On
Published: 2014/02/22
Channel: Flah Kitchen
Wigwam - Tombstone Valentine
Wigwam - Tombstone Valentine
Published: 2008/11/29
Channel: MadeInFinland76
Wigwam - Nuclear Nightclub
Wigwam - Nuclear Nightclub
Published: 2008/12/21
Channel: MadeInFinland76
REFLEXÃO: Wigwam - Bob Dylan
REFLEXÃO: Wigwam - Bob Dylan
Published: 2010/01/16
Channel: SPLSP
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Apache wickiup, by Edward S. Curtis, 1903
Apache wickiup

A wigwam, wickiup or wetu is a domed dwelling formerly used by certain Native American and First Nations tribes, and still used for ceremonial purposes. The term wickiup is generally used to label these kinds of dwellings in the Southwestern United States and Western United States, while wigwam is usually applied to these structures in the Northeastern United States and Canada. Wetu is the Wampanoag term for a wigwam dwelling. These terms can refer to many distinct types of Native American structures regardless of location or cultural group. The wigwam is not to be confused with the Native Plains tipi, which has a very different construction, structure, and use.

Structure[edit]

Paiute wickiup

The domed, round shelter was used by numerous Native American cultures. The curved surfaces make it an ideal shelter for all kinds of conditions. These structures are formed with a frame of arched poles, most often wooden, which are covered with some sort of roofing material. Details of construction vary with the culture and local availability of materials. Some of the roofing materials used include grass, brush, bark, rushes, mats, reeds, hides or cloth. Men built the wigwams and the women put on the coverings.[citation needed]

Dakota-style tipis and Ojibwe wigwam, White Earth, Minnesota, 1928
Ojibwe wigwam, from an 1846 painting by Paul Kane

Wigwams were most often seasonal structures although the term is applied to rounded and conical structures built by Native American groups that were more permanent. Wigwams usually take longer to put up than tipis and their frames are usually not portable like a tipi.

A typical wigwam in the Northeast had a curved surface which can hold up against the worst weather. Young green tree saplings of just about any type of wood, ten to fifteen feet long, were cut down and bent. While the saplings were being bent, a circle was drawn on the ground. The diameter of the circle varied from ten to sixteen feet. The bent saplings were then placed over the drawn circle, using the tallest saplings in the middle and the shorter ones on the outside. The saplings formed arches all in one direction on the circle. The next set of saplings were used to wrap around the wigwam to give the shelter support. When the two sets of saplings were finally tied together, the sides and roof were placed on it. The sides of the wigwam were usually bark stripped from trees. The male of the family was responsible for the framing of the wigwam.

Mary Rowlandson uses the term Wigwam in reference to the dwelling places of the Native Americans that she stayed with while in their captivity during King Philip's War in 1675. The term wigwam has remained in common English usage as a synonym for any "Indian house"; however this usage is incorrect as there are known differences between the wigwam and the tipi within the Native American community.

During the American revolution the term wigwam was used by British soldiers to describe a wide variety of makeshift structures.[1]

Wickiups of the West[edit]

Wickiups were used by different indigenous peoples of the Great Basin, Southwest, and Pacific Coast. They were single room, dome-shaped dwellings, with a great deal of variation in size, shape, and materials.

The Acjachemen, an indigenous people of California, built cone-shaped huts made of willow branches covered with brush or mats made of tule leaves. Known as Kiichas, the temporary shelters were utilized for sleeping or as refuge in cases of inclement weather. When a dwelling reached the end of its practical life it was simply burned, and a replacement erected in its place in about a day's time.

Below is a description of Chiricahua wickiups recorded by anthropologist Morris Opler:

The home in which the family lives is made by the men and is ordinarily a circular, dome-shaped brush dwelling, with the floor at ground level. It is eight feet high at the center and approximately seven feet in diameter. To build it, long fresh poles of oak or willow are driven into the ground or placed in holes made with a digging stick. These poles, which form the framework, are arranged at one-foot intervals and are bound together at the top with yucca-leaf strands. Over them a thatching of bundles of big bluestem grass or bear grass is tied, shingle style, with yucca strings. A smoke hole opens above a central fireplace. A hide, suspended at the entrance, is fixed on a cross-beam so that it may be swung forward or backward. The doorway may face in any direction. For waterproofing, pieces of hide are thrown over the outer hatching, and in rainy weather, if a fire is not needed, even the smoke hole is covered. In warm, dry weather much of the outer roofing HI is stripped off. It takes approximately three days to erect a sturdy dwelling of this type. These houses are "warm and comfortable even though there is a big snow." The interior is lined with brush and grass beds over which robes are spread.... [2]

The woman not only makes the furnishings of the home but is responsible for the construction, maintenance, and repair of the dwelling itself and for the arrangement of everything in it. She provides the grass and brush beds and replaces them when they become too old and dry.... However, formerly "they had no permanent homes, so they didn't bother with cleaning." The dome-shaped dwelling or wickiup, the usual home type for all the Chiricahua bands, has already been described.... Said a Central Chiricahua informant:

Both the teepee and the oval-shaped house were used when I was a boy. The oval hut was covered with hide and was the best house. The more well-to-do had this kind. The teepee type was just made of brush. It had a place for a fire in the center. It was just thrown together. Both types were common even before my time....

A house form that departed from the more common dome-shaped variety is recorded for the Southern Chiricahua as well:

When we settled down, we used the wickiup; when we were moving around a great deal, we used this other kind...[3]

"Wigwam" in different Algonquian languages[edit]

The English word wigwam derives from Eastern Abenaki wigwom, from Proto-Algonquian *wi·kiwa·ʔmi.[4][5] Other Algonquian languages have similar names for the structure:

wickiup:

  • wiikiyaapi in Fox
  • mekewāp in Cree (with the indefinite prefix m- instead of the definite third-person prefix w-)
  • mīciwāhp in Montagnais (with the indefinite prefix m- instead of the definite third-person prefix w-)
  • wikiop in Menominee
  • wekeab in Saki

Use of similar dwellings elsewhere today[edit]

Somali Aqal lodge

Near identical constructions, called aqal, are used by today's nomadic Somali People as well as the Afar people on the Horn of Africa. Pieces of old clothing or plastic sheet, woven mats (traditionally made of grass), or whatever material is available will be used to cover the aqal's roof. Similar domed tents are also used by the Bushmen and Nama people and other indigenous peoples in Southern Africa.

In Britain, similar structures known as bender tents are built quickly and cheaply by New Age travellers, using poles from the woods (often hazel) and plastic tarpaulins.

Yaranga has similar shape, but have internal yoronga-room inside the dome.

See also[edit]

  • Bender tent
  • Sweat lodge—a ceremonial sauna that is often built in the wigwam style
  • Tipi—another type of Native American dwelling
  • Hogan (hooghan in Navajo)—a dwelling that uses earth in its construction
  • Quiggly hole or kekuli or Kickwillie hole—a type of pit-house common in the Northwest Plateau of North America

References[edit]

  1. ^ For a complete description, see "We are now ... properly ... enwigwamed." British Soldiers and Brush Huts, 1776–1781, John U. Rees, 2003 (originally published in the Military Collector & Historian, volume 55, number 2 (Summer 2003), 89-96.
  2. ^ Opler: 22–23
  3. ^ Opler: 385386
  4. ^ "wigwam". Merriam-Webster Dictionary. 
  5. ^ "wigwam". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House. 

Bibliography[edit]

  • Opler, Morris E. (1941). An Apache life-way: The economic, social, and religious institutions of the Chiricahua Indians. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press. (Reprinted in 1962, Chicago: University of Chicago Press; 1965, New York: Cooper Square Publishers; 1965, Chicago: University of Chicago Press; & 1994, Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, ISBN 0-8032-8610-4).

External links[edit]

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license