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I Am William E. Harbour
I Am William E. Harbour
Published: 2016/05/30
Channel: Florbengorben
President Mason
President Mason's Historic Interview With Original Freedom Rider, Bro. DR. William Harbour
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Phi Beta Sigma
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Closer - The Chainsmokers (ft. Halsey) (William Singe Cover)
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: William Singe
THE POWER OF STUDENTS~ FREEDOM RIDERS~ PT2
THE POWER OF STUDENTS~ FREEDOM RIDERS~ PT2
Published: 2011/03/18
Channel: Dann S. Finklea
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Trawler William Of Ladram Leaving Torbay October 5th 2016
Published: 2016/10/05
Channel: TelsWeb
Ed Sheeran - Nancy Mulligan [Official Audio]
Ed Sheeran - Nancy Mulligan [Official Audio]
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Ed Sheeran
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. - Centennial Moments: Honorable William E. Stanley, Jr.
Phi Beta Sigma Fraternity, Inc. - Centennial Moments: Honorable William E. Stanley, Jr.
Published: 2014/07/03
Channel: Phi Beta Sigma
Honest Trailers - Pearl Harbor
Honest Trailers - Pearl Harbor
Published: 2016/01/12
Channel: Screen Junkies
MY TAKE ON.   HARBOUR  LIGHTS!     RECORDED.,  5-7-2015!
MY TAKE ON. HARBOUR LIGHTS! RECORDED., 5-7-2015!
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: William E
Pearl Harbor (2001) Official Trailer #1 - Ben Affleck Movie HD
Pearl Harbor (2001) Official Trailer #1 - Ben Affleck Movie HD
Published: 2013/01/26
Channel: Movieclips Trailer Vault
J. William Harbour, M.D.  discusses ocular oncology and intraocular tumors
J. William Harbour, M.D. discusses ocular oncology and intraocular tumors
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Bascom Palmer Eye Institute
PEARL HARBOR [2001] Scene: "Loving you kept me alive."
PEARL HARBOR [2001] Scene: "Loving you kept me alive."
Published: 2015/05/10
Channel: John Maverick
Harbour chill.
Harbour chill.
Published: 2015/08/21
Channel: Don Ma
Battle 360 Episode 1 - "Call to Duty"
Battle 360 Episode 1 - "Call to Duty"
Published: 2013/03/10
Channel: Jack Striker
The Ridgetown on Port Credit Marina - Aerial View
The Ridgetown on Port Credit Marina - Aerial View
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: fly4image
William Fichtner in "Pearl Harbor" (2001)
William Fichtner in "Pearl Harbor" (2001)
Published: 2010/07/20
Channel: 1nv4510nf4n
Collateral Beauty Official Trailer 1 (2016) - Will Smith Movie
Collateral Beauty Official Trailer 1 (2016) - Will Smith Movie
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Movieclips Trailers
Fallout 4 - Far Harbor - Institute Reclaims synths of Acadia
Fallout 4 - Far Harbor - Institute Reclaims synths of Acadia
Published: 2016/05/18
Channel: GRZ NGT
Lakeshore Ship Mississauga, FPV , Dji Naza Quadcopter
Lakeshore Ship Mississauga, FPV , Dji Naza Quadcopter
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: Dr. Drones Media
Murder She Wrote-
Murder She Wrote- 'A Story To Die For' (Feature Length Episode 2000)
Published: 2014/01/10
Channel: MrScottwetherill
A Haunting, Harrowing, Gloriously Moving Recollection of a Life on the American Margin (1999)
A Haunting, Harrowing, Gloriously Moving Recollection of a Life on the American Margin (1999)
Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Remember This
1996 WHO MURDERED THE CIA CHIEF? William E. Colby: E 14 Intelligence Service of Norway
1996 WHO MURDERED THE CIA CHIEF? William E. Colby: E 14 Intelligence Service of Norway
Published: 2013/05/27
Channel: oslotoday
Was it Wrong to Drop the Atom Bomb on Japan?
Was it Wrong to Drop the Atom Bomb on Japan?
Published: 2014/09/08
Channel: PragerU
The First American Shots Of WW1 - Guam And The Cormoran I THE GREAT WAR Special
The First American Shots Of WW1 - Guam And The Cormoran I THE GREAT WAR Special
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: The Great War
Siegfried Langgaard - Piano Concerto No.1 in E-minor (1885)
Siegfried Langgaard - Piano Concerto No.1 in E-minor (1885)
Published: 2013/11/03
Channel: KuhlauDilfeng2
Stranger Things Cast: Acceptance Speech | 23rd Annual SAG Awards | TBS
Stranger Things Cast: Acceptance Speech | 23rd Annual SAG Awards | TBS
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: TBS
William H. Macy Acceptance Speech | 23rd SAG Awards
William H. Macy Acceptance Speech | 23rd SAG Awards
Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: SAG Awards
Ice Skating Rink and the William E. Urschel Pavilion | Indiana Dunes Country
Ice Skating Rink and the William E. Urschel Pavilion | Indiana Dunes Country
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: Indiana Dunes Visitor Center
Why We Are Afraid, A 1400 Year Secret, by Dr Bill Warner
Why We Are Afraid, A 1400 Year Secret, by Dr Bill Warner
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: Tin Ship Productions
Grace Kelly Royal Wedding (1956)
Grace Kelly Royal Wedding (1956)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
David Harbour
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Published: 2017/01/30
Channel: Carbonated.TV
Halo 2 Anniversary Soundtrack - Full Album (iTunes OST)
Halo 2 Anniversary Soundtrack - Full Album (iTunes OST)
Published: 2015/05/23
Channel: Haven
Din and Tonics a cappella tribute to John Williams | Harvard University Commencement 2017
Din and Tonics a cappella tribute to John Williams | Harvard University Commencement 2017
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Harvard University
Safe Harbour Act
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Published: 2008/07/20
Channel: sallieandmary
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All the Hong Kong Hidden Logos & WINNER Announcement!
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: We Fancy
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Melanie Martinez - Alphabet Boy (Official Video)
Published: 2016/06/02
Channel: melanie martinez
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LeToya Luckett - Back 2 Life
Published: 2017/01/10
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Pearl Harbour | Nerdologia 192
Pearl Harbour | Nerdologia 192
Published: 2016/12/06
Channel: Nerdologia
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Sia - Never Give Up (from the Lion Soundtrack) [Lyric Video]
Published: 2017/01/03
Channel: Sia
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CBC News Special: Will & Kate and The Kids arrive in Canada
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: CBC News
Homeless to Harvard Full Movie
Homeless to Harvard Full Movie
Published: 2013/12/26
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Love and Happiness: An Obama Celebration
Love and Happiness: An Obama Celebration
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: The Obama White House
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2CELLOS - Game of Thrones [OFFICIAL VIDEO]
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Amsterdam Harbour march
Published: 2015/07/12
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Stranger Things 2 | Super Bowl 2017 Ad | Netflix
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405 Harbour Pt Apt 103 Virginia Beach VA 23451 - Robin DiBuono
Published: 2017/01/29
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DPTV. William. Afro-House Dance. Wavey times T25 e
DPTV. William. Afro-House Dance. Wavey times T25 e
Published: 2012/03/29
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Harbour Island Real Estate @ Eleuthera, Bahamas
Harbour Island Real Estate @ Eleuthera, Bahamas
Published: 2014/04/15
Channel: HG Christie
Sydney harbour 1
Sydney harbour 1
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: William Law
William speaks French & Kate cheers up Prince George : THE ROYALS ARRIVE IN CANADA
William speaks French & Kate cheers up Prince George : THE ROYALS ARRIVE IN CANADA
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Celebrity WotNot
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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William E. Harbour
Born Piedmont, Alabama
Residence Atlanta, Georgia
Known for Civil right activist

William E. Harbour is an American civil rights activist who participated in the Freedom Rides. He was one of several youth activists involved in the latter actions, along with John Lewis, William Barbee, Paul Brooks, Charles Butler, Allen Cason, Catherine Burks, and Lucretia Collins.[1]

Early life and education[edit]

Harbour was born into a black family in Piedmont, Alabama. His father was a cotton mill worker at the Standard Coosa Thatcher mill and the owner of the OK Barbershop — Piedmont’s only black barbershop —, while his mother worked as a cook to local white families.[2]

Although his father hoped that he would take over the barbershop, Harbour was determined to become the first person in his family to attend college.[1][2] Following a rejection by Jackson State University in 1960, he was able to fulfill this dream upon admission to Tennessee State University the following year.[2][3]

Civil Rights activism[edit]

Rustin Young Ryan Farmer Lewis.jpg

Soon after arriving in Tennessee, Harbour joined the Student Central Committee of the Nashville Christian Leadership Council at the behest of John Lewis,[2] a fellow activist and close friend (the two had met on a bus ride to a rally in Rock Hill, South Carolina).[1] While at the university, he participated in numerous acts of civil disobedience, including "sit-in, stand-in, picketing and marching activities as a function of the civil rights movement."[4] His activism brought him to Rock Hill, SC where he served jail time with other students imprisoned after a lunch counter sit-in.[5]

Out of a large number of volunteers, Harbour was one of only a few selected to take part in the first Freedom Rides; other participants included seven blacks — John Lewis, William Barbee, Paul Brooks, Charles Butler, Allen Cason Jr., Catherine Burks and Lucretia Collins —, and two whites — James Zwerg and Salynn McCollum.[1] Harbour’s involvement led to him being arrested twice in rapid succession. The first arrest occurred in Montgomery at the tail end of a Nashville (17 May) – Montgomery (21 May) Freedom Ride. The second arrest occurred on 28 May 1961 at the end of a Nashville (via Memphis) – Jackson, Mississippi Freedom Ride, and resulted in Harbour being imprisoned for 30 days.[6]

In Montgomery, Harbour was the first activist to exit the bus as it arrived at the Montgomery Greyhound Bus Station — and thus the first to encounter the waiting mob. Although he survived the resultant riot (and subsequent imprisonment in Jackson), upon return to Tennessee he and 14 other students were expelled from Tennessee State University due to their involvement in the civil rights movement.[5]

While Harbour’s difficulties were far from unique, the pattern of "brutality and jail terms" which he and his fellow activists encountered not only strengthened the Freedom Riders’ resolve, but also increased publicity and motivated others to join them.[7]

After the Freedom Ride[edit]

Following his expulsion from Tennessee State University, Harbour’s mother advised him against returning to Piedmont due to fear for his safety.[2] Consequently, from 1961 to 1966 he made only "one brief visit" home.[5]

In late 1961, Harbour was reinstated to Tennessee State University. After a short stint as a Georgia school teacher,[2][6] and a period of involvement in the "War on Poverty" under President Johnson,[3] he became a federal civil servant "specializing in U.S. Army base closings".[5]

Currently a resident of Atlanta, Georgia, Harbour remains "an active alumnus" of Tennessee State University. The Atlanta Alumni Association sponsors a scholarship named in his honor, The William E. Harbour Academic Scholarship.[2][4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Arsenault, Raymond. Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. Oxford UP, 2006. Print. 102, 185
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Burkhalter, Eddie (2011-05-11), Freedom Rider/Piedmont man reflects on his place in civil rights history, The Anniston Star, retrieved 2013-06-15 
  3. ^ a b Johnson, Laura (2011-08-09), Freedom Rider Bill Harbour speaks at JSU summer graduation, The Anniston Star, retrieved 2013-06-15 
  4. ^ a b Freedom Riders, Tennessee State University, 2008, retrieved 2013-06-15 
  5. ^ a b c d Freedom Riders, PBS, retrieved 2013-06-15 
  6. ^ a b Harbour, William E., Civil Rights Digital Library, 2012-11-22, retrieved 2013-06-15 
  7. ^ The Freedom Rides, CORE — Congress of Racial Equality, 2011, retrieved 2013-06-15 

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