|William H. Thompkins|
October 3, 1872|
Paterson, New Jersey
|Died||September 24, 1916(aged 43)|
|Place of burial||San Francisco National Cemetery,
San Francisco, California
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Army|
|Unit||Troop G, 10th Cavalry Regiment|
*Battle of Tayacoba
|Awards||Medal of Honor|
William H. Thompkins (October 3, 1872 – September 24, 1916) was a Buffalo Soldier in the United States Army and a recipient of America's highest military decoration—the Medal of Honor—for his actions in the Spanish-American War.
Thompkins joined the Army from his birth city of Paterson, New Jersey, and by June 30, 1898 was serving as a Private in Troop G of the 10th Cavalry Regiment. On that day, American forces aboard the USS Florida[disambiguation needed] near Tayacoba, Cuba, dispatched a small landing party to provide reconnaissance on Spanish outposts in the area. The party was discovered by Spanish scouts and came under heavy fire; their boats were sunk by enemy cannon fire, leaving them stranded on shore.
The men aboard the Florida launched several rescue attempts; the first four were forced to retreat under heavy fire. The fifth attempt, manned by Thompkins and three other Privates of the 10th Cavalry (Dennis Bell, Fitz Lee, and George H. Wanton), launched at night and successfully found and rescued the surviving members of the landing party. One year later, on June 23, 1899, all four rescuers were awarded the Medal of Honor for their actions in what had come to be known as the Battle of Tayacoba.
Private Thompkins's official Medal of Honor citation reads:
Voluntarily went ashore in the face of the enemy and aided in the rescue of his wounded comrades; this after several previous attempts at rescue had been frustrated.
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