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Who are the People of the Wind River Reservation?
Who are the People of the Wind River Reservation?
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Wyoming PBS
16 Year Old Girl Missing From Wind River Reservation
16 Year Old Girl Missing From Wind River Reservation
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: KTWONews
The Wind River Indian Reservation & Fremont County
The Wind River Indian Reservation & Fremont County
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Wyoming PBS
U.S.: Gangs on Tribal Lands | The New York Times
U.S.: Gangs on Tribal Lands | The New York Times
Published: 2009/12/14
Channel: The New York Times
Day 1 Going Back Home: Wind River Reservation
Day 1 Going Back Home: Wind River Reservation
Published: 2015/05/04
Channel: IIFM
Tribal Government on the Wind River Reservation
Tribal Government on the Wind River Reservation
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Wyoming PBS
Wind River | Behind the Scenes Interviews
Wind River | Behind the Scenes Interviews
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: MovieTickets.com
Eclipse from Drone on Wind River Indian Reservation
Eclipse from Drone on Wind River Indian Reservation
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Dave Pellar
Wind River Shootout Scene 2017
Wind River Shootout Scene 2017
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: Sameer Matrix
Wind River Wins 2A West Regional Tournament
Wind River Wins 2A West Regional Tournament
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: County10News
Wind River: Sit Down with the Stars feat. Jackie Iadonisi – Regal Cinemas [HD]
Wind River: Sit Down with the Stars feat. Jackie Iadonisi – Regal Cinemas [HD]
Published: 2017/08/01
Channel: Regal Movies
Wind River Indian Reservation driving through the canyon
Wind River Indian Reservation driving through the canyon
Published: 2015/05/29
Channel: Karen Wright
Wind River Indian Reservationz Original Dark $ide.
Wind River Indian Reservationz Original Dark $ide.
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: TKO 2 da Dark$ide. W.R. Rep'n!!
'Wind River' brings awareness to missing and abused Native American women
Published: 2017/09/14
Channel: 12 News
Wind River Reservation: Childhood Memories - Main Street, Wyoming
Wind River Reservation: Childhood Memories - Main Street, Wyoming
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Wyoming PBS
Wind River Reservation Tour .wmv
Wind River Reservation Tour .wmv
Published: 2010/03/25
Channel: Wind River Country
WIND RIVER - Truth
WIND RIVER - Truth
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: The Weinstein Company
Wyoming Wind River Pass
Wyoming Wind River Pass
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Daniel A. Waitzman
Wind River Indian Reservation, WY 13AUG2017 (Vigilante Drones)
Wind River Indian Reservation, WY 13AUG2017 (Vigilante Drones)
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: David Daly
Wind River Indian reservation, Wyoming
Wind River Indian reservation, Wyoming
Published: 2016/09/01
Channel: Arise Tv Official
Shoshone Tribe Indian dance in Lander, WY (Wind River Indian Reservation)
Shoshone Tribe Indian dance in Lander, WY (Wind River Indian Reservation)
Published: 2012/02/19
Channel: wwwmauitouchcom
Wind River Canyon, Wyoming North to South
Wind River Canyon, Wyoming North to South
Published: 2017/02/17
Channel: Guy in WY
Wind River Bison Release
Wind River Bison Release
Published: 2017/11/02
Channel: National Wildlife
Reservation Education
Reservation Education
Published: 2013/10/09
Channel: Wyoming PBS
Ghost girl on the wind river rez
Ghost girl on the wind river rez
Published: 2012/07/27
Channel: Takini Bell
Wind River Trailer 2017 Movie - Official
Wind River Trailer 2017 Movie - Official
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Stream Movie Trailers
Wind River Trailer #1 (2017) | Movieclips Trailers
Wind River Trailer #1 (2017) | Movieclips Trailers
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: Movieclips Trailers
Fremont County Gangs
Fremont County Gangs
Published: 2008/06/13
Channel: CherylLee1
Wind River - Featurette
Wind River - Featurette
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Adidas Wilson
Wind River Dancers: As seen on Wyoming Signatures
Wind River Dancers: As seen on Wyoming Signatures
Published: 2011/02/04
Channel: Wyoming Videos
Wind River Review
Wind River Review
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: John Campea
Wild Land Fires on the Wind River Reservation
Wild Land Fires on the Wind River Reservation
Published: 2010/08/04
Channel: VFNewsStories
Bison Release Ceremony - Fremont County, Wyoming - Wind River Indian Reservation
Bison Release Ceremony - Fremont County, Wyoming - Wind River Indian Reservation
Published: 2017/10/21
Channel: Aaron Baldes
Who Are the Northern Arapaho?
Who Are the Northern Arapaho?
Published: 2016/11/03
Channel: Wyoming PBS
Wind River Hotel & Casino Gift Shop with Native American Comedy by 1491
Wind River Hotel & Casino Gift Shop with Native American Comedy by 1491
Published: 2015/09/08
Channel: Wind River Hotel & Casino
Wind River Casino Ad
Wind River Casino Ad
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wind River Hotel & Casino
mystery lingers reservation deaths
mystery lingers reservation deaths
Published: 2010/01/24
Channel: fdlfdcom
Flood Prep on the Wind River Reservation
Flood Prep on the Wind River Reservation
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: KTWONews
A Fish Story on the Wind
A Fish Story on the Wind
Published: 2014/02/18
Channel: Wind River Canyon Whitewater
Wind River Reservation 2
Wind River Reservation 2
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: tsyitee12
Powwow in Wyoming
Powwow in Wyoming's Wind River Country
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Wind River Country
Gambling for the Future: The Northern Arapaho and Indian Gaming in Wyoming
Gambling for the Future: The Northern Arapaho and Indian Gaming in Wyoming
Published: 2011/08/23
Channel: Wyoming Film Office
Wind River Casino: Building Community
Wind River Casino: Building Community
Published: 2011/01/14
Channel: WLMTV
WillowWay at the Wind River Reservation
WillowWay at the Wind River Reservation
Published: 2011/02/25
Channel: Philip Wegener
WindRiver Reservation Mission Trip July 2009
WindRiver Reservation Mission Trip July 2009
Published: 2009/09/02
Channel: GodsGraceCC
Wind River Reservation Mission 2016 - Everything Skit
Wind River Reservation Mission 2016 - Everything Skit
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Charis Sang
Wind River Mission Trip 2013
Wind River Mission Trip 2013
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: Jeremy Krekula
Masquerade time wind River Rez 2k15
Masquerade time wind River Rez 2k15
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: bdgrcreek
TERO Training on the Wind River Indian Reservation
TERO Training on the Wind River Indian Reservation
Published: 2008/03/30
Channel: CherylLee1
SUNSET ON  THE WINDRIVER INDIAN RESERVATION
SUNSET ON THE WINDRIVER INDIAN RESERVATION
Published: 2008/07/13
Channel: Wyomings Windriver Countrykid
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Location of the Wind River Indian Reservation in Wyoming

Wind River Indian Reservation is an Indian reservation made for the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho Native American tribes in the central western portion of the U.S. state of Wyoming. It is the seventh-largest Indian reservation by area in the United States, encompassing a land area of 3,473.272 sq mi (8,995.733 km²), or land and water area of 3,532.010 sq mi (9,147.864 km²). The reservation constitutes just over one-third of Fremont County and over one-fifth of Hot Springs County.[1]

The reservation is located in the Wind River Basin and is surrounded by the Wind River Mountain Range, Owl Creek Mountains, and the Absaroka Mountains. The 2000 census reported a population of 40,237 inhabitants. The largest town is Riverton, Wyoming. Tribal headquarters are located at Fort Washakie. The Shoshone Rose Casino (Eastern Shoshone) and the Wind River Casino, Little Wind Casino, and 789 Smoke Shop & Casino (all Northern Arapaho) are the only casinos in Wyoming.

History[edit]

The Wind River Indian Reservation was established by the United States for the Eastern Shoshone Indians in 1868, restricting them from their formerly vast territory. Camp Augur, a military post with troops, was established at the present site of Lander on June 28, 1869. In 1870 the name was changed to Camp Brown and in 1871, the post was moved to the current site of Fort Washakie. The name was changed to honor the Shoshone Chief Washakie in 1878 and the fort continued to serve as a military post until the US abandoned it in 1909.[2] By that time, a community had developed around the fort.

A government school and hospital operated for many years east of Fort Washakie; Arapaho children were sent here to board during the school year. St. Michael's at Ethete was constructed in 1917–1920. The village of Arapahoe was originally established as a US sub-agency to distribute rations to the Arapaho. At one time it also operated a large trading post. In 1906 a portion of the reservation was ceded to white settlement and Riverton developed on some of this land. Under the Dawes Act, communal land was allotted to individual households. Many Arapaho names were anglicized at the time. Irrigation was constructed to support farming and ranching in the arid region. The Arapaho constructed a flour mill near Fort Washakie.[2]

Mid-20th century to present[edit]

Of the population in 2011, 3,737 were Shoshone and 8,177 were Arapaho. 1,880,000 acres of Tribal Land with 180,387 acres of Wilderness area,[3][4] compared to the population in 2000, 6,728 (28.9%) were Native Americans (full or part) and of them 54% were Arapaho and 30% Shoshone. Of the Native American population, 22% spoke a language other than English at home. Sacagawea, a woman guide with the Lewis and Clark Expedition of 1804-1806, was later interred here. Her son Jean Baptiste Charbonneau, who was a child on the expedition, has a memorial stone in Fort Washakie but was interred in Danner, Oregon.

In the early 21st century, the media reported severe problems of poverty and unemployment, resulting in associated crime and a high rate of drug abuse.[5] In 2013 the Business Insider produced a photo scrapbook and indicated locals refer to different streets by infamously violent American locations such as Compton near Los Angeles.[6]

At that time the reservation was experiencing a methampetamine crisis that has since been significantly reduced, even while addiction continues to be a problem. Other residents say the Wind River Indian Reservation is a more hopeful place than is often portrayed in press reports.[7] The tribes have re-established populations of big game, such as moose, elk, mule deer, whitetail deer, bighorn sheep and pronghorn antelope, and have passed hunting regulations to conserve these species.[8]

In November 2016 the Shoshone introduced ten bison to the reservation, the beginning of what is planned as a 1000-head herd. They were the first bison to be seen on the Wind River Reservation since 1885. Area suited as buffalo habitat is estimated at 700,000 acres on the west side and another 500,000 acres on the north of the reservation.[8]

Representation in other media[edit]

  • PBS aired the documentary film Chiefs, filmed from 2000-2001 by Daniel Junge about the members of the successful high school basketball team on the Wind River Reservation.

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2000 Census, U.S. Census Bureau
  2. ^ a b Eastern Shoshone Tribal Culture
  3. ^ "2011/2012 Fishing Regulations, Shoshone and Arapaho Tribes, Wind River Indian Reservation Wyoming" (Press release). Fish and Game Department, Wind River Indian Reservation, Fort Washakie, Wyoming. Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  4. ^ "Wind River Fish & Game - Home". Retrieved February 24, 2012. 
  5. ^ Johnson, Robert. "Here's What Life Is Like On The Notorious Wind River Indian Reservation". Business Insider. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  6. ^ Johnson, Robert. "Here's What Life Is Like On The Notorious Wind River Indian Reservation". Business Insider. Retrieved 21 February 2013. 
  7. ^ "The reservation reacts to new, troubling press coverage". WyoFile. Retrieved 2017-09-19. 
  8. ^ a b https://indiancountrymedianetwork.com/news/environment/wind-river-reservation-receives-first-bison-since-1885/ Indian Country Today, 31 December 2016

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 43°16′51″N 108°48′55″W / 43.28083°N 108.81528°W / 43.28083; -108.81528

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