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1
Black harmony en Untold winti show
Black harmony en Untold winti show
::2013/06/24::
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2
Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
::2012/07/18::
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3
Powisi Band - Goron Winti Doro (Aisa)
Powisi Band - Goron Winti Doro (Aisa)
::2014/02/25::
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4
Compilatie verschillende komfo
Compilatie verschillende komfo's. Compilation of different komfo.
::2014/06/15::
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5
Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
::2012/07/26::
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6
Obia a bangi      ( Man Fu Mi Kondre )
Obia a bangi ( Man Fu Mi Kondre )
::2013/11/13::
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7
Sangrafu - Di Dong Dede (Pa Winti)
Sangrafu - Di Dong Dede (Pa Winti)
::2012/07/25::
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8
SHENZO ft. ANIMAL - WINTI CITY 2 (OFFICIAL HD VIDEO)
SHENZO ft. ANIMAL - WINTI CITY 2 (OFFICIAL HD VIDEO)
::2012/10/14::
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9
asago adyida kompe winti sranang
asago adyida kompe winti sranang
::2012/02/29::
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10
zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
::2011/10/26::
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11
Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
::2012/07/25::
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12
Winti-Cup Promo Video
Winti-Cup Promo Video
::2012/12/17::
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13
Boogie & The Exmo Stars - mamaisa winti no 1
Boogie & The Exmo Stars - mamaisa winti no 1
::2011/09/01::
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14
Sranang Culturu na wi Culturu.mp4
Sranang Culturu na wi Culturu.mp4
::2010/10/24::
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15
Animal Feat Shenzo Winti City am Start - HD
Animal Feat Shenzo Winti City am Start - HD
::2009/12/31::
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16
Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
::2008/11/26::
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17
Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
::2009/11/09::
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18
Papa winti 1
Papa winti 1
::2009/10/09::
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19
Sabakoe - Gron winti
Sabakoe - Gron winti
::2010/04/16::
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20
Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
::2014/03/17::
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21
Mir Sind Winti | AMOK -swiss- (feat. Gschpänli)
Mir Sind Winti | AMOK -swiss- (feat. Gschpänli)
::2010/08/31::
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22
Wan Tra Winti-Chantal Romeo
Wan Tra Winti-Chantal Romeo
::2013/08/09::
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23
Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
::2011/02/13::
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24
Winti Examen
Winti Examen
::2009/07/23::
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25
Winti-Akro am Soul of Gym 2013
Winti-Akro am Soul of Gym 2013
::2013/02/04::
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26
Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
::2013/02/13::
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27
GORREST FUMP FT. HEROISCHIN | VON KL NACH WINTI
GORREST FUMP FT. HEROISCHIN | VON KL NACH WINTI
::2014/02/06::
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28
Se7en - Mi na bus
Se7en - Mi na bus' ingi (winti)
::2011/04/05::
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29
STICHTING KWAKU KRIORO
STICHTING KWAKU KRIORO
::2013/07/26::
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30
Highlights BSC Jona-Winti Panthers
Highlights BSC Jona-Winti Panthers
::2012/07/02::
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31
Grosser Jubel in der Winti Arena nach Nati-Sieg über Ecuador
Grosser Jubel in der Winti Arena nach Nati-Sieg über Ecuador
::2014/06/16::
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32
Honduras - Schweiz 25. Juni 2014 / Nationalhymne in der Winti Arena
Honduras - Schweiz 25. Juni 2014 / Nationalhymne in der Winti Arena
::2014/06/26::
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33
ShenZo feat. Animal -  WINTI CITY THE SLAYT
ShenZo feat. Animal - WINTI CITY THE SLAYT
::2010/01/29::
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34
Se7en - meets Biga - Ala den ingi (winti)
Se7en - meets Biga - Ala den ingi (winti)
::2011/04/05::
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35
Winti Cultuur TMKS
Winti Cultuur TMKS
::2012/09/12::
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36
Anne Goedhart - Abo Nuwe Nuwe / Lale Tata Dwayni (Pa Winti)
Anne Goedhart - Abo Nuwe Nuwe / Lale Tata Dwayni (Pa Winti)
::2012/07/18::
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37
ana winti wizmane twile.mp4
ana winti wizmane twile.mp4
::2010/01/13::
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38
7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
::2013/04/08::
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39
winti never changes
winti never changes
::2007/11/25::
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40
Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
::2012/07/18::
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41
Winti Panthers Best of 2012
Winti Panthers Best of 2012
::2012/09/30::
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42
Winti Handball Camp 2014
Winti Handball Camp 2014
::2014/05/12::
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43
RADIO TOP: Die Schweiz steht im Achtelfinale und die Winti-Arena bebt!
RADIO TOP: Die Schweiz steht im Achtelfinale und die Winti-Arena bebt!
::2014/06/26::
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44
KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
::2012/12/11::
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45
Original  WINTI JUNGLE KAUWNA by Ballet National Du Benin - Live at Roakeldais WARFFUM -  2014
Original WINTI JUNGLE KAUWNA by Ballet National Du Benin - Live at Roakeldais WARFFUM - 2014
::2014/06/29::
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46
Winti-Cup René & Stephie Akro Final
Winti-Cup René & Stephie Akro Final
::2013/06/10::
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47
Winti-Cup Momo und Mimi
Winti-Cup Momo und Mimi
::2013/06/10::
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48
Winti-Cup Julian & Noemi Final
Winti-Cup Julian & Noemi Final
::2013/06/10::
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49
Winti.flv
Winti.flv
::2010/11/26::
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50
Winti-Cup René Stephie Fusstechnik Final
Winti-Cup René Stephie Fusstechnik Final
::2013/06/10::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
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For the Swiss city locally known by this name, see Winterthur.
Kwakwabangi, an attribute used in winti dances
Attribute used by winti priests

Winti is the Afro-Surinamese traditional religion that resulted from the syncretization of the religious beliefs and practices of slaves brought to Suriname from west Africa. Similar religious developments can be seen elsewhere in the Americas and the Caribbean (e.g. in Brazil's Candomblé, Cuba's Santería, Haiti's Vodou, Trinidad and Tobago's Orisha, etc.). The term 'Winti' literally means wind, because in the belief of the practitioners, just like the wind the spirits are omnipresent.

The foundation of Winti is the belief in a creator God called Anana Kedyaman Kedyanpon, the believe in pantheons of gods or spirits called Winti and the veneration of the ancestors. The term Winti was originally only the name of the gods or spirits but nowadays is used to refer to this religion in general.

Winti may further be described according to C. Wooding (a Winti expert) as:

"...an Afro American religion, within which the belief in personified supernatural beings occupies a central position. These personified supernatural beings can take possession of a human person, switch off their consciousness, as it were, and thereby reveal things concerning the past, present and future as well as cause and/or heal illnesses of a supernatural nature." (C. WOODING, Winti: een Afro Amerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname (Meppel: 1972)

Another Winti expert (H.J.M. Stephen, 1985) describes Winti as:

"...primarily a religion, which means that respect for the divine, worship and prayer are central. In addition, it has a strong magical aspect, which often has been emphasized too one-sidedly and unfairly. Magic involves the influence of earthly events by supernatural means."

History of Winti[edit]

During slavery members of various West African tribes were brought to Suriname. They came from kingdoms that had certain religious aspects in common, like the belief in a supreme god who lives far away from the people, leaving the world to gods who are less powerful than him, the belief in an immortal human soul and the related ancestor worship.

After the 'abolition' of slavery in 1863, a ten-year period of economic slavery followed known as 'De Periode van Staatstoezicht' (the period of State Supervision). The period of State Supervison ended in 1873 and was followed by a very long period of mental and cultural slavery. The 'former' slaves and their descendants were forced to convert to Christianity and for nearly 100 years (1874–1971) practicing Winti was forbidden by law. They were also forced to speak Dutch, education in their own language 'Sranan Tongo' was forbidden and children were not allowed to speak Sranan Tongo in school. If children did speak Sranan Tongo, they were forced to wash their mouth with soap.

The soul[edit]

In Winti it is believed that a human being has three spiritual aspects, the Dyodyo, Kra and Yorka. Through these aspects human beings are integrated into the supernatural world. The Dyodyo are the supernatural parents who protect their children and may be higher or lower gods. They received the pure soul, the Kra, from Anana and give that to a child. The Kra and Dyodyo determine your reason and mentality, while the biological parents provide blood and the physical body. Yorka, the other spiritual part, absorbs the life experiences. After the death of the physical body, the Kra goes back to the Dyodyo and the Yorka goes to the realm of the dead.

The pantheons[edit]

There are four (4) Pantheons or groups.

  • 1. The Earth pantheon with the Earth gods or Gron Winti.
  • 2. The Water Pantheon with Water spirits (gods) or Watra Winti.
  • 3. The Forest Pantheon with the Forest Spirits (gods) or Busi Gado's.
  • 4. The Sky Pantheon with the Sky Gods or the Tapu Winti.

Certain groups of maroons also distinguish a fifth pantheon, the realm of the death.

The Earth pantheon[edit]

The Winti of the Earth pantheon are called. Goron (ground, earth) Gados (gods).

The Goron Gadus are:

  • Aisa

Also called Mama Aisa, Wanaisa or Awanaisa. She is the mother of gods. The mother of Africa (Mama fu Nengre Kondre). She is Mother Earth, the head of the Winti of the Earth.

  • Loko (He is the husband of Aisa. Lives in a Loko Tree.)
  • Leba (the god or spirit of the crossroads, in other African or African-American religions known as Legba or Papa Legba)
  • Fodu
  • Luangu
  • Goron-Ingi

The water pantheon[edit]

This pantheon contains the spirits of the water, the so-called Watra-Wenu. This pantheon also contains the Watramama, in other African or African-American religions known as Mami Wata or Yemaya.

  • Watra Ingi
  • Watra Kromanti

The forest pantheon[edit]

Included in the forest pantheon of the Winti religion are Ampuku (also known as Apuku) which are anthropomorphic forest, or bush, spirit. Ampuku are said to resemble tall black men. An Ampuku can possess people (both men and women) and can also pass itself off as another spirit.[1] Ampuku can also be water spirits, and are known in such cases as Watra Ampuku.[2]

  • Busi Ingi
  • Ampuku
  • Kantasi
  • Adumankama

The sky pantheon[edit]

This pantheon contains the spirits of the sky, the so-called Tapu Kromanti.

  • Opete or Tata Ananka Yaw
  • Sofia-Bada
  • Awese
  • Aladi
  • Gisri
  • Tando
  • Gebry
  • Adjaini

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (1979). Nieuwe West-Indische gids. 53–55. Nijhoff. p. 14. 
  2. ^ Wim Hoogbergen (2008). Out of Slavery: A Surinamese Roots History. LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster. p. 215. ISBN 9783825881122. 
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1972). Winti: een Afroamerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname; een cultureelhistorische analyse van de religieuze verschijnselen in de Para. Meppel: Krips.
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1984) Geesten genezen. Ethnopsychiatrie als nieuwe richting binnen de Nederlandse antropologie. Groningen: Konstapel.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1983). Winti, Afro-Surinaamse religie en magische rituelen in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M (1986). De macht van de Fodoe-winti: Fodoe-rituelen in de winti-kultus in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1986). Lexicon van de Winti-kultuur. Naar een beter begrip van de Winti-kultuur. Z.pl.: De West.

External links[edit]

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