Happy Thoughts, Happy Life: How to be happy in today's world and keys to finding happiness in everyday life.
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Compilatie verschillende komfo
Compilatie verschillende komfo's. Compilation of different komfo.
DATE: 2014/06/15::
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WINTI
WINTI'E
DATE: 2015/03/18::
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Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
DATE: 2012/07/25::
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WInti in Amsterdam
WInti in Amsterdam
DATE: 2014/08/17::
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Winti – deel 4 slot (namens Exotische Reizen Suriname)
Winti – deel 4 slot (namens Exotische Reizen Suriname)
DATE: 2014/08/25::
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Black harmony en Untold winti show
Black harmony en Untold winti show
DATE: 2013/06/24::
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Winti Cultuur TMKS
Winti Cultuur TMKS
DATE: 2012/09/12::
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MASTER SIRIUS POKU : PA SIRI WINTI PRISIRI
MASTER SIRIUS POKU : PA SIRI WINTI PRISIRI
DATE: 2015/01/23::
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KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
DATE: 2012/12/11::
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SHENZO ft. ANIMAL - WINTI CITY 2 (OFFICIAL HD VIDEO)
SHENZO ft. ANIMAL - WINTI CITY 2 (OFFICIAL HD VIDEO)
DATE: 2012/10/14::
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Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
DATE: 2012/07/26::
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Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
DATE: 2008/11/25::
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Akil Sghir - Ana Winti Ayla Wahda - Live 2015
Akil Sghir - Ana Winti Ayla Wahda - Live 2015
DATE: 2015/04/21::
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Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
DATE: 2013/02/13::
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Powisi Band - Goron Winti Doro (Aisa)
Powisi Band - Goron Winti Doro (Aisa)
DATE: 2014/02/25::
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Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
DATE: 2014/03/17::
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Akil Sghir - Ana Winti Ayla Wahda - Live 2015 By Fethi BarceLone
Akil Sghir - Ana Winti Ayla Wahda - Live 2015 By Fethi BarceLone
DATE: 2015/03/29::
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Animal Feat Shenzo Winti City am Start - HD
Animal Feat Shenzo Winti City am Start - HD
DATE: 2009/12/30::
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Winti & Kemet _ live stanvaste radio
Winti & Kemet _ live stanvaste radio
DATE: 2014/10/05::
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Winti Handball Camp 2014
Winti Handball Camp 2014
DATE: 2014/05/12::
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Winti-Akro am Soul of Gym 2013
Winti-Akro am Soul of Gym 2013
DATE: 2013/02/04::
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Papa winti 1
Papa winti 1
DATE: 2009/10/08::
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Se7en - meets Biga - Ala den ingi (winti)
Se7en - meets Biga - Ala den ingi (winti)
DATE: 2011/04/05::
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Wan Tra Winti-Chantal Romeo
Wan Tra Winti-Chantal Romeo
DATE: 2013/08/09::
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asago adyida kompe winti sranang
asago adyida kompe winti sranang
DATE: 2012/02/28::
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GORREST FUMP FT HEROISCHIN VON KL NACH WINTI
GORREST FUMP FT HEROISCHIN VON KL NACH WINTI
DATE: 2014/07/29::
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Winti-Cup Promo Video
Winti-Cup Promo Video
DATE: 2012/12/17::
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Sabakoe - Gron winti
Sabakoe - Gron winti
DATE: 2010/04/16::
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Madjawsu 30-08-2014 Winti anga den jongwan
Madjawsu 30-08-2014 Winti anga den jongwan
DATE: 2014/09/03::
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Beni
Beni's HouseBand Live winti prey 12juli 2014
DATE: 2014/07/18::
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zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
DATE: 2011/10/26::
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Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
DATE: 2012/07/18::
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Se7en - Mi na bus
Se7en - Mi na bus' ingi (winti)
DATE: 2011/04/05::
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Sangrafu - Di Dong Dede (Pa Winti)
Sangrafu - Di Dong Dede (Pa Winti)
DATE: 2012/07/25::
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7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
DATE: 2011/09/27::
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Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
DATE: 2009/11/09::
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Madjawsu 20-09-2014 Naam gebruik binnen de Winti Religie
Madjawsu 20-09-2014 Naam gebruik binnen de Winti Religie
DATE: 2014/09/24::
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Wizard 101 Winti end Boss Teil 1
Wizard 101 Winti end Boss Teil 1
DATE: 2014/07/08::
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DanceART 7CrossRoads Winti Maess 2014
DanceART 7CrossRoads Winti Maess 2014
DATE: 2014/11/30::
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Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
DATE: 2012/07/18::
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Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
DATE: 2011/02/13::
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2014 RRC DAMO an der Winti-Mäss
2014 RRC DAMO an der Winti-Mäss
DATE: 2014/11/27::
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Winti Janbe
Winti Janbe
DATE: 2015/01/19::
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Ana Winti Ayla Wahda 2015
Ana Winti Ayla Wahda 2015
DATE: 2015/04/14::
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Madjawsu 19 04 2014 Winti geneeskunde VS Westerse geneeskunde
Madjawsu 19 04 2014 Winti geneeskunde VS Westerse geneeskunde
DATE: 2014/08/05::
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Winti-CUP 2014 - Simea und Pascal vom Rock
Winti-CUP 2014 - Simea und Pascal vom Rock'n'Roll Club Bern- Buchsi
DATE: 2014/11/09::
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Madjawsu 16 08 2014 Winti Profeten & Black awareness
Madjawsu 16 08 2014 Winti Profeten & Black awareness
DATE: 2014/08/18::
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Boogie & The Exmo Stars - mamaisa winti no 1
Boogie & The Exmo Stars - mamaisa winti no 1
DATE: 2011/09/01::
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Sanne&Sanne Winti
Sanne&Sanne Winti
DATE: 2012/03/03::
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Original  WINTI JUNGLE KAUWNA by Ballet National Du Benin - Live at Roakeldais WARFFUM -  2014
Original WINTI JUNGLE KAUWNA by Ballet National Du Benin - Live at Roakeldais WARFFUM - 2014
DATE: 2014/06/29::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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For the Swiss city locally known by this name, see Winterthur.

Winti is an Afro-Surinamese traditional religion that originated in South America and developed in the Dutch Empire; this resulted in the syncretization of the religious beliefs and practices of Akan slaves with Christianity and Indigenous American beliefs.

The foundation of Winti based on three principles: the belief in the supreme creator called Anana Kedyaman Kedyanpon; the belief in a pantheon of spirits called Winti; and the veneration of the ancestors. There is also a belief in Ampuku (also known as Apuku) which are anthropomorphic forest spirits. An Ampuku can possess people (both men and women) and can also pass itself off as another spirit.[1] Ampuku can also be water spirits, and are known in such cases as Watra Ampuku.[2]

Description of Winti[edit]

Winti is described according to C. Wooding (a Winti expert) as:

"...an Afro American religion, within which the belief in personified supernatural beings occupies a central position. These personified supernatural beings can take possession of a human person, switch off their consciousness, as it were, and thereby reveal things concerning the past, present and future as well as cause and/or heal illnesses of a supernatural nature." (C. WOODING, Winti: een Afro Amerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname (Meppel: 1972)

Another Winti expert (H.J.M. Stephen, 1985) describes Winti as:

"...primarily a religion, which means that respect for the divine, worship and prayer are central. In addition, it has a strong magical aspect, which often has been emphasized too one-sidedly and unfairly. Magic involves the influence of earthly events by supernatural means."

History of Winti[edit]

During slavery, members of various West African tribes were brought to Suriname. They came from kingdoms that had certain religious aspects in common, like the belief in a supreme creator God who lives far away from the people, leaving the world to gods or spirits who are less powerful than him, and the belief in an immortal human soul and the related ancestor worship.

After the abolition of slavery in 1863, a ten-year period of economic slavery followed known as 'De Periode van Staatstoezicht' (the period of State Supervision). The period of State Supervison ended in 1873 and was followed by a very long period of mental and cultural slavery. The former slaves and their descendants were forced to convert to Christianity and for nearly 100 years (1874–1971) practicing Winti was forbidden by law. They were also forced to speak Dutch, education in their own language 'Sranan Tongo' was forbidden, and children were not allowed to speak Sranan Tongo in schools.

The soul[edit]

It is believed that a human being has three spiritual aspects, the Dyodyo, Kra, and Yorka. Through these aspects human beings are integrated into the supernatural world. The Dyodyo are the supernatural parents who protect their children and may be higher or lower spirits. They received the pure soul, the Kra, from Anana and give that to a child. The Kra and Dyodyo determine your reason and mentality, while the biological parents provide blood and the physical body. Yorka, the other spiritual part, absorbs the life experiences. After the death of the physical body, the Kra goes back to the Dyodyo and the Yorka goes to the realm of the dead.

Pantheons[edit]

There are four Pantheons or groups.

  • 1. The Earth pantheon with the Goron Winti.
  • 2. The Water Pantheon with Watra Winti.
  • 3. The Forest Pantheon with Busi Winti.
  • 4. The Sky Pantheon with Tapu Winti.

Certain groups of maroons also distinguish a fifth pantheon, the realm of the death.

The Earth pantheon[edit]

  • Aisa
  • Loko
  • Leba
  • Fodu
  • Luangu
  • Goron-Ingi

The water pantheon[edit]

  • Watra Ingi
  • Watra Kromanti

The forest pantheon[edit]

  • Busi Ingi
  • Ampuku
  • Kantasi
  • Adumankama

The sky pantheon[edit]

  • Opete or Tata Ananka Yaw
  • Sofia-Bada
  • Awese
  • Aladi
  • Gisri
  • Tando
  • Gebry
  • Adjaini

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (1979). Nieuwe West-Indische gids. 53–55. Nijhoff. p. 14. 
  2. ^ Wim Hoogbergen (2008). Out of Slavery: A Surinamese Roots History. LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster. p. 215. ISBN 9783825881122. 
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1972). Winti: een Afroamerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname; een cultureelhistorische analyse van de religieuze verschijnselen in de Para. Meppel: Krips.
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1984) Geesten genezen. Ethnopsychiatrie als nieuwe richting binnen de Nederlandse antropologie. Groningen: Konstapel.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1983). Winti, Afro-Surinaamse religie en magische rituelen in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M (1986). De macht van de Fodoe-winti: Fodoe-rituelen in de winti-kultus in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1986). Lexicon van de Winti-kultuur. Naar een beter begrip van de Winti-kultuur. Z.pl.: De West.

External links[edit]

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