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Watra bubu (winti)
Watra bubu (winti)
Published: 2015/11/30
Channel: Gilbert Pique
AYDIN - aflevering 1 -Winti, Okomfo fu kondre.
AYDIN - aflevering 1 -Winti, Okomfo fu kondre.
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: New Media Platform
(DUTCH) God And Afro-Surinamese Winti religion | God en de Afro-Surinaamse Winti-religie
(DUTCH) God And Afro-Surinamese Winti religion | God en de Afro-Surinaamse Winti-religie
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Samantha Pollack
De vodu-winti deel 1
De vodu-winti deel 1
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Agansu Gingetongo
Winti bribi in Suriname : verslag van Cherman Homoet en camera Albert Helstone
Winti bribi in Suriname : verslag van Cherman Homoet en camera Albert Helstone
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: cherman homoet
Adjaini bubu (winti)
Adjaini bubu (winti)
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: Gilbert Pique
Mir Sind Winti | AMOK -swiss- (feat. Gschpänli)
Mir Sind Winti | AMOK -swiss- (feat. Gschpänli)
Published: 2010/08/31
Channel: MikeMusig
Winti religie de Akra en de Yeye
Winti religie de Akra en de Yeye
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Agansu Gingetongo
A DAY IN MY LIFE | WINTI
A DAY IN MY LIFE | WINTI
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Winti
VIDEO Bigs Bigaman ( Winti Obia 1 Juli Keti Koti Oostenpark 2017) Fotograaf Bigs Bigaman )
VIDEO Bigs Bigaman ( Winti Obia 1 Juli Keti Koti Oostenpark 2017) Fotograaf Bigs Bigaman )
Published: 2017/07/02
Channel: Bigs Bigaman
Black harmony en Untold winti show
Black harmony en Untold winti show
Published: 2013/06/24
Channel: Black Harmony
Winti – deel 4 slot (namens Exotische Reizen Suriname)
Winti – deel 4 slot (namens Exotische Reizen Suriname)
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Stephen Brug
Naks Wan Rutu- INGI winti on stage
Naks Wan Rutu- INGI winti on stage
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: yspol serquino
Winti & Kemet
Winti & Kemet
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: Grapevine Publications
Winti kruderi 21 februari 2016
Winti kruderi 21 februari 2016
Published: 2016/02/24
Channel: Dutch Caribbean Media & e-knowledge
asago adyida kompe winti sranang
asago adyida kompe winti sranang
Published: 2012/02/29
Channel: lientje26
Winti Spinners
Winti Spinners
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: jokeevaluator
Black Harmony Winti zaken
Black Harmony Winti zaken
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Surinam Vocals
Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
Straatreportage: Wat is WINTI?
Published: 2014/03/17
Channel: Innerviewer Network
Kaaiman Winti/ Crockedile trans
Kaaiman Winti/ Crockedile trans
Published: 2015/09/13
Channel: yspol serquino
Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
Anne Goedhart - Aysa Mama / Mi Na Goron Winti
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: KondreSranan
Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
Sangrafu - Agama Vodu (Pa Winti)
Published: 2012/07/25
Channel: KondreSranan
Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
Stimofo - Ai Sa Gron Winti
Published: 2012/07/26
Channel: KondreSranan
Suriname 1955, Wan Kowru Winti ( Een Koude Wind) deel 1
Suriname 1955, Wan Kowru Winti ( Een Koude Wind) deel 1
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Liveon1
STIMOFO WINTI GROPU I JULI KETI KOTI 2016 ( VIDEO 3 van de 4)
STIMOFO WINTI GROPU I JULI KETI KOTI 2016 ( VIDEO 3 van de 4)
Published: 2016/07/27
Channel: Bigs Bigaman
Sangrafu - W
Sangrafu - W'e Kar Adyida Winti
Published: 2012/07/26
Channel: KondreSranan
trouwerij van Reggio en Elisabeth de Jong volgens de winti religie (deel 3)
trouwerij van Reggio en Elisabeth de Jong volgens de winti religie (deel 3)
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: Reggio de jong
Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
Winti neti voor breed publiek in Amsterdam
Published: 2009/11/09
Channel: caribiana
Winti Spinners 2
Winti Spinners 2
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: jokeevaluator
Papa winti 1
Papa winti 1
Published: 2009/10/09
Channel: Suriname Maroons
De vodu-winti deel 2 Aisa-vodu- Loko-vodo
De vodu-winti deel 2 Aisa-vodu- Loko-vodo
Published: 2016/05/09
Channel: Agansu Gingetongo
Winti Music-aisa nyang faro ashan su
Winti Music-aisa nyang faro ashan su
Published: 2017/05/28
Channel: The Resurrection Of Andrew Apollos
zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
zo:RAYMANN - Groeten uit Paramaribo / Winti
Published: 2011/10/26
Channel: menatworktvproduktie
Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
Naks Wan Rutu Tapu Kromanti (Winti) dance
Published: 2008/11/26
Channel: moneyvillage
7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
7sibti Rou7ik Winti Chkoun
Published: 2011/09/27
Channel: Rafrafi2011
Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
Anne Goedhart - Liba Mama / Makaya Bobo (Pa Winti)
Published: 2012/07/18
Channel: KondreSranan
KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
KodyoKrioro-Pa winti
Published: 2012/12/11
Channel: KodyoKrioro
EURO WINNERS CUP 17 | WINTI PANTHERS 0-10 SC BRAGA
EURO WINNERS CUP 17 | WINTI PANTHERS 0-10 SC BRAGA
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: SC Braga
Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
Phumaso & Smack - Das isch halt Winti
Published: 2011/02/13
Channel: 8DeeNow8
Winti Wintin Pierre-Qui cherche trouve 1
Winti Wintin Pierre-Qui cherche trouve 1
Published: 2014/01/18
Channel: CoteDivoireMakingof
MoestaDJO krijgt Winti
MoestaDJO krijgt Winti
Published: 2012/07/25
Channel: Andre Bottse
YUM SABI: "Wintileer" Wat zegt Winti over Bonuman en Dresiman Nr. 1
YUM SABI: "Wintileer" Wat zegt Winti over Bonuman en Dresiman Nr. 1
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: YUM' SABI
trouwerij van Reggio en Elisabeth de Jong volgens de winti religie (deel 2)
trouwerij van Reggio en Elisabeth de Jong volgens de winti religie (deel 2)
Published: 2015/12/15
Channel: Reggio de jong
Winti Fäger
Winti Fäger
Published: 2009/07/21
Channel: CHcocktailCH
Leba winti. De Leba maakt de weg vrij voor iedereen!!!
Leba winti. De Leba maakt de weg vrij voor iedereen!!!
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Agansu Gingetongo
Getuigenis van een zr die bevrijd is van de winti ( afgoderij)
Getuigenis van een zr die bevrijd is van de winti ( afgoderij)
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: Guno Nelom
Se7en - meets Biga - Apuku gado (winti)
Se7en - meets Biga - Apuku gado (winti)
Published: 2011/04/05
Channel: se7engewoon
Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
Naks Kaseko Loco - Grong Winti We Dasi
Published: 2013/02/13
Channel: KondreSranan
LIRENZO CLAVER - #VLOG14 JE KRIJGT WINTI?
LIRENZO CLAVER - #VLOG14 JE KRIJGT WINTI?
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: LIRENZO CLAVER
1en1is3 Winti wai lanti pai dvd12 Suriname
1en1is3 Winti wai lanti pai dvd12 Suriname
Published: 2015/06/27
Channel: Doksa TV Suriname
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Winti is an Afro-Surinamese traditional religion that originated in South America and developed in the Dutch Empire; this resulted in the syncretization of the religious beliefs and practices of Akan slaves with Christianity and Indigenous American beliefs.

The foundation of Winti based on three principles: the belief in the supreme creator called Anana Kedyaman Kedyanpon; the belief in a pantheon of spirits called Winti; and the veneration of the ancestors. There is also a belief in Ampuku (also known as Apuku) which are anthropomorphic forest spirits. An Ampuku can possess people (both men and women) and can also pass itself off as another spirit.[1] Ampuku can also be water spirits, and are known in such cases as Watra Ampuku.[2]

Description of Winti[edit]

Winti is described according to C. Wooding (a Winti expert) as:

"...an Afro American religion, within which the belief in personified supernatural beings occupies a central position. These personified supernatural beings can take possession of a human person, switch off their consciousness, as it were, and thereby reveal things concerning the past, present and future as well as cause and/or heal illnesses of a supernatural nature." (C. WOODING, Winti: een Afro Amerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname (Meppel: 1972)

Another Winti expert (H.J.M. Stephen, 1985) describes Winti as:

"...primarily a religion, which means that respect for the divine, worship and prayer are central. In addition, it has a strong magical aspect, which often has been emphasized too one-sidedly and unfairly. Magic involves the influence of earthly events by supernatural means."

History of Winti[edit]

During slavery, members of various West African tribes were brought to Suriname. They came from kingdoms that had certain religious aspects in common, like the belief in a supreme creator God who lives far away from the people, leaving the world to gods or spirits who are less powerful than him, and the belief in an immortal human soul and the related ancestor worship.

After the abolition of slavery in 1863, a ten-year period of economic slavery followed known as 'De Periode van Staatstoezicht' (the period of State Supervision). The period of state supervision ended in 1873 and was followed by a very long period of mental and cultural slavery. The former slaves and their descendants were forced to convert to Christianity and for nearly 100 years (1874–1971) practicing Winti was forbidden by law. They were also forced to speak Dutch, education in their own language 'Sranan Tongo' was forbidden, and children were not allowed to speak Sranan Tongo in schools.

The soul[edit]

It is believed that a human being has three spiritual aspects, the Dyodyo, Kra, and Yorka. Through these aspects human beings are integrated into the supernatural world. The Dyodyo are the supernatural parents who protect their children and may be higher or lower spirits. They received the pure soul, the Kra, from Anana and give that to a child. The Kra and Dyodyo determine your reason and mentality, while the biological parents provide blood and the physical body. Yorka, the other spiritual part, absorbs the life experiences. After the death of the physical body, the Kra goes back to the Dyodyo and the Yorka goes to the realm of the dead.

Pantheons[edit]

There are four Pantheons or groups.

  • 1. The Earth pantheon with the Goron Winti.
  • 2. The Water Pantheon with Watra Winti.
  • 3. The Forest Pantheon with Busi Winti.
  • 4. The Sky Pantheon with Tapu Winti.

Certain groups of maroons also distinguish a fifth pantheon, the realm of the death.

The Earth pantheon[edit]

  • Aisa
  • Loko
  • Leba
  • Fodu
  • Luangu
  • Goron-Ingi

The water pantheon[edit]

  • Watra Ingi
  • Watra Kromanti

The forest pantheon[edit]

  • Busi Ingi
  • Ampuku
  • Kantasi
  • Adumankama

The sky pantheon[edit]

  • Opete or Tata Ananka Yaw
  • Sofia-Bada
  • Awese
  • Aladi
  • Gisri
  • Tando
  • Gebry
  • Adjaini

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rijksuniversiteit te Utrecht Center for Latin American and Caribbean Studies (1979). Nieuwe West-Indische gids. 53–55. Nijhoff. p. 14. 
  2. ^ Wim Hoogbergen (2008). Out of Slavery: A Surinamese Roots History. LIT Verlag Berlin-Hamburg-Münster. p. 215. ISBN 9783825881122. 
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1972). Winti: een Afroamerikaanse godsdienst in Suriname; een cultureelhistorische analyse van de religieuze verschijnselen in de Para. Meppel: Krips.
  • Wooding, Ch.J. (1984) Geesten genezen. Ethnopsychiatrie als nieuwe richting binnen de Nederlandse antropologie. Groningen: Konstapel.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1983). Winti, Afro-Surinaamse religie en magische rituelen in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M (1986). De macht van de Fodoe-winti: Fodoe-rituelen in de winti-kultus in Suriname en Nederland. Amsterdam: Karnak.
  • Stephen, H.J.M. (1986). Lexicon van de Winti-kultuur. Naar een beter begrip van de Winti-kultuur. Z.pl.: De West.

External links[edit]

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