( Paññā Pāli) or ( prajñā Sanskrit) "wisdom", is insight in the true nature of reality, namely primarily anicca (impermanence), dukkha (dissatisfaction or suffering), anattā (non-self) and śūnyatā (emptiness).
Etymology [ edit ]
Prajñā is often translated as "wisdom", but is closer in meaning to "insight", "discriminating knowledge", or "intuitive apprehension".
jñā can be translated as "consciousness", "knowledge", or "understanding." [web 1]
Pra is an intensifier which could be translated as "higher", "greater", "supreme" or "premium", or "being born or springing up", referring to a spontaneous type of knowing. [web 2]
Understanding in the Buddhist traditions [ edit ]
Paññā is the fourth virtue of ten Theravāda , and the sixth of the six Mahāyāna pāramitās . pāramitās
Theravada Buddhism [ edit ]
Pāli Canon, paññā is concentrated insight into the three characteristics of all things, namely impermanence, suffering and no-self, and the four noble truths.
In the 5th-century exegetical work
, one of the most revered books in Theravada Buddhism, Visuddhimagga Buddhaghoṣa states that the function of paññā is "to abolish the darkness of delusion".
Mahāyāna Buddhism [ edit ]
In Mahayana Buddhism, the importance of prajna was stressed in combination with
karuna, compassion. It took a central place in the , such as the Prajñā-pāramitā Sutras Heart Sutra. Prajna is spoken of as the principal means of attaining nirvāna, through its revelation of the true nature of all things as emptiness.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Sources [ edit ]
Published sources [ edit ]
Buddhaghosa; Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli (1999), The Path of Purification: Visuddhimagga, Buddhist Publication Society, ISBN 1-928706-00-2
Keown, Damien (2003), A Dictionary of Buddhism, Oxford University Press
Loy, David (1997), Nonduality. A Study in Comparative Philosophy, Humanity Books
Nyanaponika Thera; Bhikkhu Bodhi (1999), Numerical Discourses of the Buddha: An Anthology of Suttas from the Anguttara Nikaya, Altamira Press, ISBN 0-7425-0405-0
Rhys Davids, T. W.; Stede, William (1921–25), , Pali Text Society The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary
Web-sources [ edit ]
External links [ edit ]