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::2007/10/25::
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::2014/04/17::
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Perfection of wisdom in Buddhism
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Awakened Awareness by Ajahn Sumedho, Wisdom of Buddha
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Discovering Buddhism   Wisdom of Emptiness
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Intuitive Awareness by Ajahn Sumedho, Wisdom of Buddha
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Self Esteem by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Wisdom of Buddha
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Strengthen Conviction by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Wisdom of Buddha
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::2014/04/13::
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Equanimity, by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Buddha
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::2014/04/28::
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Reflecting on Consciousness by Ajahn Sumedho, Wisdom of Buddha
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Buddhism : The Wisdom of Compassion and Awakening vol.2
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Strenghening Mindfulness by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Wisdom of Buddha
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Suffering Should be Welcomed by Ajahn Sumedho, Wisdom of Buddha
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wisdom from buddhism
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Buddhism Wisdom 佛教智慧  HH 17th Karmapa on Inner Wealth A5
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Buddhism : The Wisdom of Compassion and Awakening vol.8
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Concentration, by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Buddha
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Buddhism Wisdom 佛教智慧  HH 17th Karmapa on Inner Wealth A2
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Being an Emotional Wreck by Ajahn Sumedho, Wisdom of Buddha
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Quotes Of Perfect Wisdom - Meditation Music - Buddhism
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::2012/03/29::
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::2009/12/13::
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Buddhism : Wisdom of Compassion and Awakening (9-9) by Ven. Wu Ling
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::2011/05/15::
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Buddhism Wisdom 佛教智慧 HH 17th Karmapa on Inner Wealth A3
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Women of Wisdom in Tibetan Buddhism:Ven.Dhyani on Yeshe Tsoygal
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::2009/06/03::
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10-12《Buddhism : Wisdom of Compassion and Awakening (9 Parts)》by Ven. Wu Ling
10-12《Buddhism : Wisdom of Compassion and Awakening (9 Parts)》by Ven. Wu Ling
::2011/05/20::
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[Buddhism for Peace of Mind] Rapture, by Thanissaro Bhikkhu, Buddha
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Buddhist
Perfections
 
10 pāramī
dāna
sīla
nekkhamma
paññā
viriya
khanti
sacca
adhiṭṭhāna
mettā
upekkhā
   
 6 pāramitā 
dāna
sīla
kṣānti
vīrya
dhyāna
prajñā
 
Colored items are in both lists.
Mañjuśrī, the bodhisattva of wisdom. China, 9th-10th century

Paññā (Pāli) or prajñā (Sanskrit: प्रज्ञा), "wisdom", is insight in the true nature of reality, namely dukkha, non-self and impermanence, and emptiness.

Etymology[edit]

Prajñā is often translated as "wisdom", but is closer in meaning to "insight", "discriminating knowledge", or "intuitive apprehension".[1]

  • jñā can be translated as "consciousness", "knowledge", or "understanding."[web 1]
  • Pra is an intensifier which could be translated as "higher", "greater", "supreme" or "premium",[web 2] or "being born or springing up",[2] referring to a spontaneous type of knowing.[2]

Understanding in the Buddhist traditions[edit]

Paññā is the fourth virtue of ten Theravāda pāramitās, and the sixth of the six Mahāyāna pāramitās.

Theravada Buddhism[edit]

In the Pāli Canon, paññā is concentrated insight into the three characteristics of all things, namely impermanence, suffering and no-self, and the four noble truths.

In the 5th-century exegetical work Visuddhimagga, one of the most revered books in Theravada Buddhism, Buddhaghoṣa states that the function of paññā is "to abolish the darkness of delusion".[3]

Mahāyāna Buddhism[edit]

In Mahayana Buddhism, the importance of prajna was stressed in combination with karuna, compassion. It took a central place in the Prajñā-pāramitā Sutras, such as the Heart Sutra. Prajna is spoken of as the principal means of attaining nirvāna, through its revelation of the true nature of all things as emptiness.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Keown 2003, p. 218.
  2. ^ a b Loy 1997, p. 136.
  3. ^ Buddhaghosa & Ñāṇamoli 1999, p. 437.

Sources[edit]

Published sources[edit]

  • Buddhaghosa; Bhikkhu Ñāṇamoli (1999), The Path of Purification: Visuddhimagga, Buddhist Publication Society, ISBN 1-928706-00-2 
  • Keown, Damien (2003), A Dictionary of Buddhism, Oxford University Press 
  • Loy, David (1997), Nonduality. A Study in Comparative Philosophy, Humanity Books 
  • Nyanaponika Thera; Bhikkhu Bodhi (1999), Numerical Discourses of the Buddha: An Anthology of Suttas from the Anguttara Nikaya, Altamira Press, ISBN 0-7425-0405-0 
  • Rhys Davids, T. W.; Stede, William (1921–25), The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary, Pali Text Society 

Web-sources[edit]

  1. ^ See, e.g., Monier-Williams (1899), "jña," p. 425 (retrieved 14 Aug. 2012 from "Cologne U." at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/scans/MWScan/MWScanpdf/mw0425-jehila.pdf).
  2. ^ See, e.g., Monier-Williams (1899), "prā," p. 652 (retrieved 14 Aug. 2012 from "Cologne U." at http://www.sanskrit-lexicon.uni-koeln.de/cgi-bin/monier/serveimg.pl?file=/scans/MWScan/MWScanjpg/mw0659-prajalpana.jpg)

External links[edit]

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