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PANDAMONIUM  1. Welcome to Wolong : English Language
PANDAMONIUM 1. Welcome to Wolong : English Language
Published: 2014/08/14
Channel: Jedapar
Pandas at the Wolong National Nature Reserve
Pandas at the Wolong National Nature Reserve
Published: 2013/12/10
Channel: Share the Love 'n' Stuff
The keeper at Wolong National Nature Reserve shows you how to clean a panda cub
The keeper at Wolong National Nature Reserve shows you how to clean a panda cub
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: People's Daily, China
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve (Dr. Susan A. Mainka)
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve (Dr. Susan A. Mainka)
Published: 2014/12/01
Channel: Jedapar
Baby Pandas in Wolong Panda Reserve, China
Baby Pandas in Wolong Panda Reserve, China
Published: 2012/03/12
Channel: RLee
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang  ... (UNESCO/NHK)
Sichuan Giant Panda Sanctuaries - Wolong, Mt Siguniang ... (UNESCO/NHK)
Published: 2013/11/05
Channel: UNESCO
Wolong National Nature Reserve
Wolong National Nature Reserve
Published: 2015/12/02
Channel: Audiopedia
Wolong Panda Center
Wolong Panda Center's Uniform: A Panda Costume!
Published: 2016/02/02
Channel: Animal Planet
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda breaks bamboo with his head.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda breaks bamboo with his head.
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: i stalk pandas
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve (Dr. Susan A. Mainka)
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve (Dr. Susan A. Mainka)
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: relyks smith
Wolong National Nature Reserve - After Sunday brunch.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - After Sunday brunch.
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: i stalk pandas
Getting to feed a Panda at the Wolong Panda Base in China!
Getting to feed a Panda at the Wolong Panda Base in China!
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Jonathan Manriquez
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve & Pandas in The Wild
Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve & Pandas in The Wild
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Caeml Acideo
Wild Giant Panda Twins Spotted in China’s Wolong Nature Reserve
Wild Giant Panda Twins Spotted in China’s Wolong Nature Reserve
Published: 2015/10/31
Channel: CCTV+
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda sliding down the hill in the snow
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda sliding down the hill in the snow
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Great seat
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Great seat
Published: 2016/04/26
Channel: i stalk pandas
Baby pandas at Wolong Nature Reserve
Baby pandas at Wolong Nature Reserve
Published: 2008/06/22
Channel: Rick LoBello
Gail visits Wolong Kindergarden Pandas
Gail visits Wolong Kindergarden Pandas
Published: 2009/07/22
Channel: ghagopian9
PANDAMONIUM 5 Tales End   English Language & Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve
PANDAMONIUM 5 Tales End English Language & Pandas Wolong National Nature Reserve
Published: 2016/06/26
Channel: Caeml Acideo
Keeper wears panda costume to interact with cubs to protect them from human attachment
Keeper wears panda costume to interact with cubs to protect them from human attachment
Published: 2017/07/23
Channel: People's Daily, China
BABY PANDA AT WOLONG NATURE RESERVE CHINA
BABY PANDA AT WOLONG NATURE RESERVE CHINA
Published: 2008/09/03
Channel: Colin Buck
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda in reverse.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda in reverse.
Published: 2016/06/13
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Saturday exercise
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Saturday exercise
Published: 2016/08/09
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda air boxing.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda air boxing.
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Labor Day weekend be like...
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Labor Day weekend be like...
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: i stalk pandas
Rescued Wild Giant Panda "Wolong II" Released Back Into The Wild
Rescued Wild Giant Panda "Wolong II" Released Back Into The Wild
Published: 2015/04/30
Channel: iPanda
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins slide down tree
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins slide down tree
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve
Wolong National Nature Reserve
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - I know. I
Wolong National Nature Reserve - I know. I'm adorable.
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Eating makes pandas tired. For a minute.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Eating makes pandas tired. For a minute.
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda rolls
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda rolls
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda snow rolls
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda snow rolls
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran doing laps
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran doing laps
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: i stalk pandas
Pandas at Wolong National Natural Reserve, Sichuan
Pandas at Wolong National Natural Reserve, Sichuan
Published: 2012/05/16
Channel: Travel China Guide
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran posing like a star
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran posing like a star
Published: 2016/04/23
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda floor routine
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda floor routine
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Tongue out!
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Tongue out!
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Getting my comfy on.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Getting my comfy on.
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins playing in the pool
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins playing in the pool
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins in action
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda twins in action
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda playing with his tail
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda playing with his tail
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Panda Reserve - Jobstop
Panda Reserve - Jobstop
Published: 2013/11/21
Channel: Jobstop Belgium
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran playing in the snow
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda Yi Ran playing in the snow
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Bamboo buffet!
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Bamboo buffet!
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda in training
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda in training
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda rolls right into tree
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda rolls right into tree
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda sneak attack
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda sneak attack
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: i stalk pandas
Giant panda keeper in panda costume interacts with cubs
Giant panda keeper in panda costume interacts with cubs
Published: 2017/07/28
Channel: CGTN
Wolong National Nature Reserve - The obvious way to get that itch.
Wolong National Nature Reserve - The obvious way to get that itch.
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: i stalk pandas
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda climbing down the tree
Wolong National Nature Reserve - Panda climbing down the tree
Published: 2016/04/22
Channel: i stalk pandas
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Wolong National Nature Reserve
Panda Cub from Wolong, Sichuan, China.JPG
Panda cub at the panda breeding centre of Wolong Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Wolong National Nature Reserve
Map showing the location of Wolong National Nature Reserve
Location Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China
Nearest city Chengdu
Coordinates 31°01′N 103°06′E / 31.02°N 103.10°E / 31.02; 103.10[1]Coordinates: 31°01′N 103°06′E / 31.02°N 103.10°E / 31.02; 103.10[1]
Area c. 2,000 km2 (770 sq mi)
Established 1963

Wolong National Nature Reserve (simplified Chinese: 卧龙自然保护区; traditional Chinese: 臥龍自然保護區; pinyin: Wòlóng Zìránbǎohùqū) is a protected area located in Wenchuan County, Sichuan Province, People's Republic of China. Established in 1963 with an initial size of about 20,000 hectares, the reserve was further expanded in 1975, covering an area of about 200,000 hectares in the Qionglai Mountains region. There are over 4,000 different species recorded in the reserve.[2] According to China's Third National Giant Panda Survey, Wolong National Nature Reserve houses about 150 wild individuals of highly endangered giant pandas. The reserve is also a home to many other endangered species including: snow leopards, red pandas, golden monkeys, white-lipped deer and many precious plants. Before the devastating 2008 Wenchuan earthquake Wolong got up to 200,000 visitors every year.[3][4] Its area is superseded by the Wolong Special Administrative Region.

Background[edit]

In June 1980, the China Conservation and Research Center for the Giant Panda was established at Wolong with the efforts of both World Wildlife Fund (WWF) and the Chinese government. To this date, researchers have conducted many breeding research projects on giant pandas and have successfully bred 66 panda cubs.[2]

Location[edit]

Lilium regale, a local native flower

A mountain stream runs through the Wolong Valley (where the reserve is); the stream is heavily armoured with boulders and smaller rounded stones. Stream waters are rather alkaline with pH levels in the range of 8.91. (Hogan, 2007) Water quality turbidity is quite high due to extensive sand and gravel mining in stream.[5]

According to a 2001 research by Dr. Jianguo Liu of Michigan State University, the rate of destruction is higher after the reserve's creation than before its creation.[6] Using NASA's satellite images and records of population, Liu's research team concluded that due to tourism and the increase in local population, the reserve is facing an unprecedented threat. "Tourists don't think they have an impact on panda habitat, but indirectly each visitor has some impact," Liu said. "We don't see ourselves as a destructive force, but we are."[7]

Fauna[edit]

The giant panda is the most famous species of the reserve. Other typical larger Carnivora are North-Chinese leopards, Ussuri dholes, Asian black bears, Asiatic golden cats, red pandas, hog badgers and yellow-throated martens. Hooved mammals are represented by Sichuan takins, wild boar, musk deer, mainland serows, Chinese gorals, tufted deer and sambar deer. Other noticeable mammals include golden snub-nosed monkeys, Tibetan macaques, complex-toothed flying squirrels, bamboo rats, and porcupines.[8] Because the reserve comprises different altitudes, it includes tropical and temperate climate zones and harbors species typically for the tropics, like clouded leopards and sambar deer as well as species from temperate regions, like white-lipped deer, snow leopards and Turkestan lynxes.[9]

2008 earthquake[edit]

Many giant panda houses were broken in the 2008 Sichuan earthquake

The region, including the Panda Research Center, was largely devastated on May 12, 2008, by a catastrophic earthquake, though the captive giant pandas were initially reported to be safe.[10][11] Immediately after the quake, officials were unable to contact the reserve.[12] PRC’s Foreign Ministry later said that a group of 31 British tourists visiting the Wolong panda reserve in the quake-hit area returned safe and uninjured to the provincial capital. The well-being of an even greater number of pandas in the neighbouring panda reserves initially remained unknown. Five security guards at the reserve were killed by the earthquake.[13] Six pandas escaped after their enclosures were damaged. By May 20, two pandas at the reserve were found to be injured, while the search continued for another two adult pandas that went missing after the quake.[14] By May 28, 2008, one panda was still missing,[15] nine-year-old Mao Mao, a mother of five at the breeding centre. She was discovered on Monday, June 9, her body crushed by a wall in her enclosure.[16] Panda keepers and other workers placed her remains in a small wooden crate and buried her outside the breeding centre.

For the time being the giant pandas have been relocated to the Bifengxia Panda Base, which is also managed by the China Panda Protection and Research Center.[17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Shaumari Wildlife Reserve". protectedplanet.net. 
  2. ^ a b About Wolong, Wolong National Natural Reserve.
  3. ^ Liu, Wei; Vogt, Christine A.; Luo, Junyan; He, Guangming; Frank, Kenneth A.; Liu, Jianguo (2012-04-25). "Drivers and Socioeconomic Impacts of Tourism Participation in Protected Areas". PLOS ONE. 7 (4): e35420. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0035420. ISSN 1932-6203. PMC 3338832Freely accessible. PMID 22558149. 
  4. ^ Liu, Wei; Vogt, Christine A.; Lupi, Frank; He, Guangming; Ouyang, Zhiyun; Liu, Jianguo (2016-02-01). "Evolution of tourism in a flagship protected area of China". Journal of Sustainable Tourism. 24 (2): 203–226. doi:10.1080/09669582.2015.1071380. ISSN 0966-9582. 
  5. ^ Hogan, C.M., Lumina Tech, Environmental analysis of the Wolong National Nature Reserve (2007)
  6. ^ Liu, Jianuo, Marc Linderman, Zhiyun Ouyang, Li An, Jian Yang, and Hemin Zhang. "Ecological Degradation in Protected Areas: The Case of Wolong Nature Reserve for Giant Pandas." Science 292.5514 (2001): 98-101. Web. 18 Feb. 2016.
  7. ^ (April 6, 2001) Endangered Pandas Not Safe in Chinese Nature Reserve, Environment News Service.
  8. ^ Kenneth G. Johnson, Wang Wei, Donald G. Reid and Hu Jinchu: Food Habits of Asiatic Leopards (Panthera pardus fusea) in Wolong Reserve, Sichuan, China. Journal of Mammalogy. Vol. 74, No. 3 (Aug., 1993), pp. 646-650.
  9. ^ William Riley, Laura Riley: Nature´s Strongholds. The World´s Great Wildlife Reserves. Princeton University Press, 2005. ISBN 0-691-12219-9
  10. ^ (May 14, 2008). Pandas International.
  11. ^ (May 13, 2008). Pandas 'safe' at park after quake.
  12. ^ "Report: Rare giant pandas at Chinese breeding center safe after quake". International Herald Tribune. 2008-05-13. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  13. ^ Liu, Melinda (2008-05-21). "Animal Instinct". Newsweek. China Earthquake. Archived from the original on 2008-06-14. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  14. ^ "Two pandas missing in China quake region". UPI. 2008-05-20. Retrieved 2008-05-20. 
  15. ^ Associated Press (2008-05-29). "Panda reserve mulls moving after quake damage". CNN. Archived from the original on 2008-06-01. Retrieved 2008-05-29. 
  16. ^ Yan, Yangtze (2008-06-10). "One panda confirmed dead in China quake". Window of China. Xinhua News Agency. Retrieved 2008-06-10. 
  17. ^ "Wolong National Natural Reserve". TravelChinaGuide.com. 

External links[edit]

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