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20 - 1 - Word Senses and Word Relations-NLP-Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
20 - 1 - Word Senses and Word Relations-NLP-Dan Jurafsky & Chris Manning
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: OpenCourseOnline
What is WORD-SENSE DISAMBIGUATION? What does WORD-SENSE DISAMBIGUATION mean?
What is WORD-SENSE DISAMBIGUATION? What does WORD-SENSE DISAMBIGUATION mean?
Published: 2017/01/26
Channel: The Audiopedia
Word Sense Disambiguation - Natural Language Processing | Michigan
Word Sense Disambiguation - Natural Language Processing | Michigan
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Video Tutorials - All in One
Mod-01 Lec-34 Word Sense Disambiguation: Supervised and Unsupervised methods
Mod-01 Lec-34 Word Sense Disambiguation: Supervised and Unsupervised methods
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Adjusting sense representations for knowledge-based word sense disambiguation
Adjusting sense representations for knowledge-based word sense disambiguation
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: ФКН ВШЭ
10 words in English that don
10 words in English that don't make sense! Hmmm...
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: EnglishLessons4U - Learn English with Ronnie! [engVid]
8 German Words that MAKE NO SENSE
8 German Words that MAKE NO SENSE
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Wanted Adventure
Word Sense Relations: Synonyms
Word Sense Relations: Synonyms
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: English Cake
SEM112 - Sense
SEM112 - Sense
Published: 2013/03/19
Channel: The Virtual Linguistics Campus
Word Sense Induction and Disambiguation at Powerset [1/2]
Word Sense Induction and Disambiguation at Powerset [1/2]
Published: 2016/09/06
Channel: Microsoft Research
Mod-01 Lec-29 Wordnet and Word Sense Disambiguation
Mod-01 Lec-29 Wordnet and Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Word Sense For Readers B1
Word Sense For Readers B1
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: YDS Publishing
Word Sense Disambiguation
Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2013/12/08
Channel: Asma Kausar
LİSE - Word Sense For Readers
LİSE - Word Sense For Readers
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: YDS Publishing
Sense8 | "I Hate That Word"  Faggot Scene [HQ] Season 2
Sense8 | "I Hate That Word" Faggot Scene [HQ] Season 2
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Victor Palacio
The True Sense of the Word
The True Sense of the Word
Published: 2013/01/16
Channel: Duke O'Smiley
Presentation on Word Sense Disambiguation Algorithm
Presentation on Word Sense Disambiguation Algorithm
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: manit parikh
An improved approach to Word Sense Disambiguation
An improved approach to Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2014/05/28
Channel: pradeep sachdeva
Mod-01 Lec-33 Word Sense Disambiguation; Overlap Based Method; Supervised Method
Mod-01 Lec-33 Word Sense Disambiguation; Overlap Based Method; Supervised Method
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Sense relations
Sense relations
Published: 2013/08/18
Channel: Martin Hilpert
Learn How to Sign the Word Sense
Learn How to Sign the Word Sense
Published: 2015/08/25
Channel: ASL Teaching Resources
Elaborate demonstration of Word Sense Disambiguation
Elaborate demonstration of Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2013/03/19
Channel: Varun Mittal
Word Sense For Readers A2
Word Sense For Readers A2
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: YDS Publishing
Graph-based word sense disambiguation
Graph-based word sense disambiguation
Published: 2012/03/07
Channel: Tristan Miller
Unsupervised Word Sense Disambiguation with Images and Videos, Seyed Kamyar Seyed Ghasemipour
Unsupervised Word Sense Disambiguation with Images and Videos, Seyed Kamyar Seyed Ghasemipour
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: UofTCompSci
Rapid Construction of Supervised Word Sense Disambiguation System for Lesser-resourced Languages
Rapid Construction of Supervised Word Sense Disambiguation System for Lesser-resourced Languages
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Mohammad Nasiruddin
Ant Colony Algorithm For Word Sense Disambiguation
Ant Colony Algorithm For Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: Andon Tchechmedjiev
research paper on word sense disambiguation
research paper on word sense disambiguation
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Борислав Матвеев
A Word Sense Disambiguation Technique For Sinhala
A Word Sense Disambiguation Technique For Sinhala
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: CSE UOM
CS224u - Distributed word representations: word-sense disambiguation
CS224u - Distributed word representations: word-sense disambiguation
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: Chris Potts
Topic Modeling and Word Sense Disambiguation on the ...
Topic Modeling and Word Sense Disambiguation on the ...
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: UA - Universitat d'Alacant / Universidad de Alicante
Funny - The True Sense Of The Word
Funny - The True Sense Of The Word
Published: 2013/03/17
Channel: Edward Spencer
changing the word sense of bootstrapped concepts
changing the word sense of bootstrapped concepts
Published: 2011/02/09
Channel: blankchristoph
Mod-01 Lec-35 Word Sense Disambiguation: Semi - Supervised and Unsupervised method
Mod-01 Lec-35 Word Sense Disambiguation: Semi - Supervised and Unsupervised method
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Mod-01 Lec-32 Word Sense Disambiguation
Mod-01 Lec-32 Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Mod-01 Lec-30 Wordnet and Word Sense Disambiguation(contd...)
Mod-01 Lec-30 Wordnet and Word Sense Disambiguation(contd...)
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
Word Sense - FaceTime with the Content Guy 12-15-2016
Word Sense - FaceTime with the Content Guy 12-15-2016
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Kevin Coupe
Word-sense disambiguation
Word-sense disambiguation
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Search Engine
Mod-01 Lec-31 Wordnet; Metonymy and Word Sense Disambiguation
Mod-01 Lec-31 Wordnet; Metonymy and Word Sense Disambiguation
Published: 2012/07/03
Channel: nptelhrd
文献紹介:Word relatives in context for word sense disambiguation
文献紹介:Word relatives in context for word sense disambiguation
Published: 2014/04/24
Channel: 長岡技術科学大学 自然言語処理研究室
Download New Perspectives on Computational and Cognitive Strategies for Word Sense Disambiguation Sp
Download New Perspectives on Computational and Cognitive Strategies for Word Sense Disambiguation Sp
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: D. Alwon
Word Sense Disambiguation on neweraHPC Distributed System
Word Sense Disambiguation on neweraHPC Distributed System
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: Varun Mittal
Word Sense Disambiguation: Man & Machine
Word Sense Disambiguation: Man & Machine
Published: 2014/07/10
Channel: Adam Kapelner
Unit 3: Word Sense Relations
Unit 3: Word Sense Relations
Published: 2013/01/02
Channel: Language is Life اللغة حياة
4. Biblical Hermeneutics: Word Sense & Grammatical Interpretation - Phil Fernandes, PhD
4. Biblical Hermeneutics: Word Sense & Grammatical Interpretation - Phil Fernandes, PhD
Published: 2014/05/10
Channel: Theology, Philosophy and Science
Lord Funny - The True Sense Of The Word
Lord Funny - The True Sense Of The Word
Published: 2008/06/24
Channel: IsDePanInMe
Look at how this girl rap(does her words sense)
Look at how this girl rap(does her words sense)
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: tywonda lassiter
word sense cluster projects
word sense cluster projects
Published: 2016/06/14
Channel: PHD Projects
Word Sense Wednesday Tip
Word Sense Wednesday Tip
Published: 2009/04/21
Channel: Ali Bierman
Peter Meyer: Aligning word senses and more
Peter Meyer: Aligning word senses and more
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: eLex conference
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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In linguistics, a word sense is one of the meanings of a word (some words have multiple meanings, some words have only one meaning). For example, a dictionary may have over 50 different senses of the word "play", each of these having a different meaning based on the context of the word's usage in a sentence, as follows:

We went to see the play Romeo and Juliet at the theater.

The coach devised a great play that put the visiting team on the defensive.

The children went out to play in the park.

In each sentence we associate a different meaning of the word "play" based on hints the rest of the sentence gives us.

People and computers, as they read words, must use a process called word-sense disambiguation[1][2] to find the correct meaning of a word. This process uses context to narrow the possible senses down to the probable ones. The context includes such things as the ideas conveyed by adjacent words and nearby phrases, the known or probable purpose and register of the conversation or document, and the orientation (time and place) implied or expressed. The disambiguation is thus context-sensitive.

A word sense may correspond to either a seme (the smallest unit of meaning) or a sememe (the next larger unit of meaning), and polysemy is the property of having multiple semes or sememes and thus multiple senses.

Relations between senses[edit]

Often the senses of a word are related to each other within a semantic field. A common pattern is that one sense is broader and another narrower. This is often the case in technical jargon, where the target audience uses a narrower sense of a word that a general audience would tend to take in its broader sense. For example, in casual use "orthography" will often be glossed for a lay audience as "spelling", but in linguistic usage "orthography" (comprising spelling, casing, spacing, hyphenation, and other punctuation) is a hypernym of "spelling". Besides jargon, however, the pattern is common even in general vocabulary. Examples are the variation in senses of the term "wood wool" and in those of the word "bean". This pattern entails that natural language can often lack explicitness about hyponymy and hypernymy. Much more than programming languages do, it relies on context instead of explicitness; meaning is implicit within a context. Common examples are as follows:

  • The word "diabetes" without further specification usually refers to diabetes mellitus.
  • The word "angina" without further specification usually refers to angina pectoris.
  • The word "tuberculosis" without further specification usually refers to pulmonary tuberculosis.
  • The word "emphysema" without further specification usually refers to pulmonary emphysema.
  • The word "cervix" without further specification usually refers to the uterine cervix.

Usage labels of "sensu" plus a qualifier, such as "sensu stricto" ("in the strict sense") or "sensu lato" ("in the broad sense") are sometimes used to clarify what is meant by a text.

Related terms[edit]

Polysemy differs from homonymy, where two different words (lexemes) happen to have the same spelling and pronunciation.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ N. Ide and J. Véronis (1998). "Word Sense Disambiguation: The State of the Art" (PDF). Computational Linguistics. 24: 1–40. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2006-01-06. 
  2. ^ R. Navigli. Word Sense Disambiguation: A Survey, ACM Computing Surveys, 41(2), 2009, pp. 1-69.

External links[edit]


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