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What is Workers World Party? - Larry Holmes
What is Workers World Party? - Larry Holmes
Published: 2012/03/19
Channel: Workers World Party
Hope in the Belly of the Beast
Hope in the Belly of the Beast
Published: 2017/11/05
Channel: Workers World Party
Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party Presidential Candidate
Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party Presidential Candidate
Published: 2016/04/06
Channel: Berta Joubert-Ceci
Imani Henry, Workers World Party
Imani Henry, Workers World Party
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Workers World Party
History of Workers World Party, Part 1
History of Workers World Party, Part 1
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: Wwp Archives
Caleb Maupin at the Workers World Party 2014 National Conference
Caleb Maupin at the Workers World Party 2014 National Conference
Published: 2015/03/25
Channel: Caleb Maupin
Workers World Party at the Cleveland RNC
Workers World Party at the Cleveland RNC
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Workers World Party
Preparing for the Coming Struggle
Preparing for the Coming Struggle
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World concept of Class
Workers World concept of Class
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Workers World Party
On The Revolutionary Road - John Parker
On The Revolutionary Road - John Parker
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: Workers World Party
N  Loan Tran, Closing Workers World Party Conference
N Loan Tran, Closing Workers World Party Conference
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World Party at LGBTQ Pride, NYC 2017
Workers World Party at LGBTQ Pride, NYC 2017
Published: 2017/07/08
Channel: Workers World Party
Andy Koch - Joining A Revolutionary Party
Andy Koch - Joining A Revolutionary Party
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World Party: OAS stay out of Venezuela.
Workers World Party: OAS stay out of Venezuela.
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: Embajada de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela en la República de Polonia
Communist Opposes Gun Control
Communist Opposes Gun Control
Published: 2013/01/31
Channel: Caleb Maupin
Fred Goldstein Workers World Party Secretariat
Fred Goldstein Workers World Party Secretariat
Published: 2015/12/31
Channel: Workers World Party
Why I Joined Workers World Party
Why I Joined Workers World Party
Published: 2017/12/10
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World Party May Day 2017
Workers World Party May Day 2017
Published: 2017/05/03
Channel: Greg B
Workers World Party
Workers World Party's History of Struggle for LGBTQ Liberation
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Taryn Fivek, NY Branch Workers World Party
Taryn Fivek, NY Branch Workers World Party
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World Party Conference
Workers World Party Conference
Published: 2014/10/29
Channel: PeoplesVideo
Womens Question and Workers World Party
Womens Question and Workers World Party
Published: 2012/08/21
Channel: Workers World Party
Monica Moorehead 2016 Pres  Candidate Workers World Party
Monica Moorehead 2016 Pres Candidate Workers World Party
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Workers World Party
Dinae Anderson - How I Met Workers World Party
Dinae Anderson - How I Met Workers World Party
Published: 2012/12/19
Channel: Workers World Party
Workers World Party and FIST Youth in D.C.
Workers World Party and FIST Youth in D.C.
Published: 2009/01/19
Channel: Caleb Maupin
Devin Cole, Member, Workers World Party
Devin Cole, Member, Workers World Party
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Larry Holmes, 1st Secretary, Workers World Party
Larry Holmes, 1st Secretary, Workers World Party
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Workers World Party
Larry Holmes, 1st Secretary Workers World Party
Larry Holmes, 1st Secretary Workers World Party
Published: 2017/02/27
Channel: Workers World Party
Приветствие конференции Workers World Party
Приветствие конференции Workers World Party
Published: 2016/11/11
Channel: Дмитрий Зыков
Fred Goldstein, Secretariat Workers World Party
Fred Goldstein, Secretariat Workers World Party
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Workers World Party
P.4 Workers World Party and Labor Struggles - Gavrielle Gemma
P.4 Workers World Party and Labor Struggles - Gavrielle Gemma
Published: 2012/02/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Teresa Gutierrez, Secretariat, Workers World Party on Venezuela and the Trump Administration
Teresa Gutierrez, Secretariat, Workers World Party on Venezuela and the Trump Administration
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Workers World Party
Building Workers World Party - Jerry Goldberg
Building Workers World Party - Jerry Goldberg
Published: 2013/01/08
Channel: Workers World Party
Come to the Workers World Party Conference video 2013
Come to the Workers World Party Conference video 2013
Published: 2013/11/09
Channel: PeoplesVideo
Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party and International Action Center
Monica Moorehead, Workers World Party and International Action Center
Published: 2011/12/17
Channel: PeoplesVideo
The Palestinian Question and Workers World Party
The Palestinian Question and Workers World Party
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Workers World Party
Garrett Dicembre, new member, Workers World Party
Garrett Dicembre, new member, Workers World Party
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Workers World Party
Larry Holmes General Secretary Workers World Party
Larry Holmes General Secretary Workers World Party
Published: 2015/12/05
Channel: Workers World Party
Larry Holmes Closing, Workers World Party Conference
Larry Holmes Closing, Workers World Party Conference
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Workers World Party
World Workers Party
World Workers Party
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Sophia Rane
Final Summation, Larry Holmes, First Secretary WWP
Final Summation, Larry Holmes, First Secretary WWP
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
NO to Imperialist War on Syria, DPRK!
NO to Imperialist War on Syria, DPRK!
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Workers World Party
FIST Youth, Workers World Party, Protesting the War on Gaza
FIST Youth, Workers World Party, Protesting the War on Gaza
Published: 2009/01/20
Channel: Imanway1
Workers World Party - Detroit MI: Kevin Carey - Revolutionary Activist - 12/29/2012
Workers World Party - Detroit MI: Kevin Carey - Revolutionary Activist - 12/29/2012
Published: 2013/10/03
Channel: MacSpeaking
Workers World Party Class Series on Zionism
Workers World Party Class Series on Zionism
Published: 2013/03/03
Channel: WorkersWorldDetroit
40th Anniversary of Workers World Party   Andrea
40th Anniversary of Workers World Party Andrea
Published: 2010/12/28
Channel: SassyLass924
FIST Youth, Workers World Party, Protesting the War on Gaza
FIST Youth, Workers World Party, Protesting the War on Gaza
Published: 2009/01/19
Channel: Caleb Maupin
P.2 Workers World Party and Labor Struggles - Gavrielle Gemma
P.2 Workers World Party and Labor Struggles - Gavrielle Gemma
Published: 2012/02/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Lee, Baltimore Branch on Workers World Party and the Struggle Against Gentrification
Lee, Baltimore Branch on Workers World Party and the Struggle Against Gentrification
Published: 2017/11/25
Channel: Workers World Party
Teresa Gutierrez, Secretariat Workers World Party, Coordinator May 1st Coalition
Teresa Gutierrez, Secretariat Workers World Party, Coordinator May 1st Coalition
Published: 2013/11/24
Channel: Workers World Party
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Workers World Party
First Secretary Larry Holmes
Founded 1959; 58 years ago (1959)
Headquarters 147 W. 24th St. 2nd Fl. New York, NY 10011
Newspaper Workers World
Youth wing Fight Imperialism, Stand Together (FIST)
Ideology Marxism–Leninism
Communism
Proletarian internationalism
Political position Far-left
Colors      Red
Website
www.workers.org

Workers World Party (WWP) is a revolutionary Marxist–Leninist communist party in the United States,[1] founded in 1959 by a group led by Sam Marcy of the Socialist Workers Party (SWP).[2] Marcy and his followers split from the United States SWP in 1958 over a series of long-standing differences, among them Marcy's group's support for Henry A. Wallace's Progressive Party in 1948, the positive view they held of the Chinese Revolution led by Mao Zedong, and their defense of the 1956 Soviet intervention in Hungary, all of which the SWP opposed.

WWP describes itself as a party that has, since its founding, "supported the struggles of all oppressed peoples". It has recognized the right of nations to self-determination, including the nationally oppressed peoples inside the United States. It supports affirmative action as necessary in the fight for equality. WWP opposes all forms of racism and religious bigotry. The Workers World Party and its affiliate Youth Against War and Fascism (YAWF) were noted for their consistent defense of the Black Panthers, the Weather Underground, Vietnam Veterans Against the War, and the Puerto Rican Independence movement. Workers World Party was also an early advocate of gay rights, and remains especially active in this area.

The WWP has published Workers World newspaper since 1959, and it has been a weekly since 1974.

History[edit]

The origins of the WWP go back to the Global Class War Tendency, led by Sam Marcy and Vincent Copeland, within the Socialist Workers Party. This group crystallized during the 1948 presidential election when they urged the SWP to back Henry Wallace's Progressive Party campaign, rather than field their own candidates. Throughout the 1950s the Global Class War Tendency expressed positions at odds with official SWP policy, categorizing the Korean War as a class, rather than imperialist, conflict; support of the People's Republic of China as a workers' state, if not necessarily supporting the Mao Zedong leadership; and supporting the suppression of the Hungarian Revolution by the Soviet Union in 1956.[3]

The Global Class War Tendency left the SWP in early 1959. Although they would later abandon Trotskyism, in their International Workers Day issue (#3) of their new periodical, the group proclaimed "We are THE Trotskyists. We stand 100% with all the principled positions of Leon Trotsky, the most revolutionary communist since Lenin". The nascent group appears to have organized as the Workers World Party by February 1960.[4] At its inception the WWP was concentrated among the working class in Buffalo, Youngstown, Seattle and New York. A youth organization, first known as the Anti-Fascist Youth Committee, and later as Youth Against War and Fascism (YAWF), was created in April 1962.[5]

From the beginning the WWP and YAWF concentrated their energies on street demonstrations. Early campaigns focused on support of Patrice Lumumba, opposition to the House Un-American Activities Committee, and against racial discrimination in housing. They conducted the first protest against American involvement in Vietnam on August 2, 1962.[6] Their opposition to the war also included the tactics of "draft resistance" and "GI resistance". After organizing demonstrations at Fort Sill, Oklahoma in support of a soldier being tried for possessing anti-war literature, they founded the American Servicemen's Union, intended to be a mass organization of American soldiers. However, the group was completely dominated by the WWP and YAWF.[7]

During the late 1960s and 1970s the Party threw itself into protests for a number of other causes, including "defen[se] of the heroic black uprisings in Watts, Newark, Detroit, Harlem" and women's liberation. During the Attica Prison riot the rioters requested a YAWF member, Tom Soto, to present their grievances for them. The WWP was most successful in organizing demonstrations in support of desegregation "busing" in the Boston schools in 1975. Nearly 30,000 people attended the Boston March Against Racism, which they had organized. Also during the 1970s they attempted to begin work inside organized labor, but apparently were not very successful.[8]

In 1980 the WWP began to participate in electoral politics, naming a presidential ticket, as well as candidates for New York Senate, congressional and state legislature seats. In California they ran their candidate, Deidre Griswold, for in the primary for the Peace and Freedom Party nomination. They came in last with 1,232 votes out of 9,092. In 1984 the WWP supported Jesse Jackson's bid for the Democratic nomination, but when he lost in the primaries they nominated their own presidential ticket, along with a handful of congressional and legislative nominees.[9]

Activities and organizational structure[edit]

Members staffing a WWP information booth at Occupy Wall Street, October 2011

The WWP has organized, directed or participated in many coalition organizations for various causes, typically anti-imperialist in nature. The International Action Center, which counts many WWP members as leading activists, founded the Act Now to Stop War and End Racism (ANSWER) coalition shortly after the September 11 attacks in 2001, and has run both the All People's Congress (APC) and the International Action Center (IAC) for many years. The APC and the IAC in particular share a large degree of overlap in their memberships with cadre in the WWP. In 2004, a youth group close to the WWP called Fight Imperialism Stand Together (FIST) was founded.[citation needed]

The WWP has participated in presidential election campaigns since the 1980 election, though its effectiveness in this area is limited as it has not been able to get on the ballots of many states. The Party also has run some campaigns for other offices. One of the most successful was in 1990, when Susan Farquhar got on the ballot as a US Senate candidate in Michigan and received 1.3% of the vote. However, the party's best result was in the 1992 Ohio US Senate election, when the WWP candidate received 6.7% of the vote, running against a Democrat and a Republican.[10]

WWP and North Korea[edit]

The WWP has maintained a position of support for the government of North Korea. Through its Vietnam-era front organization, the American Servicemen's Union (ASU), the party endorsed a 1971 statement of support for that government. The statement was read on North Korea's international radio station by visiting ASU delegate Andy Stapp.[11] In 1994, Sam Marcy sent a letter to Kim Jong-il expressing his condolences on behalf of the WWP with the passing of his father Kim Il-sung, calling him a great leader and comrade in the international communist movement.[12] Its more recent front groups, IAC and (formerly) International ANSWER, have also demonstrated in support of North Korea.[13]

Controversy[edit]

When the WWP was playing a role in organizing anti-war protests before the invasion of Iraq in 2003, many newspapers and TV shows attacked the WWP specifically for supporting the Iraqi dictator, Saddam Hussein.[14][15][16]

Splits[edit]

In 1968 the WWP absorbed a small faction of the Spartacist League that had worked with it in the Coalition for an Anti-Imperialist Movement called the Revolutionary Communist League (Internationalist). This group left the WWP in 1971 as the New York Revolutionary Committee. The NYRC's newspaper provided rare details about the internal functioning of the group that have subsequently been used by scholars as a primary source. The NYRC later reconsitituted as the Revolutionary Communist League (Internationalist).[17]

In 2004, the WWP suffered its most serious split when the San Francisco branch and some other members left to form the Party for Socialism and Liberation.[18][not in citation given]

Caleb Maupin a prominent member of WWP who had been publicly representing the party as well as its various front groups like the International Action Center, and been the main representative of WWP within the Occupy Wall Street protests, ceased to be a member in 2015. The details of his departure have not yet been made public by either Maupin or WWP. Maupin is now a reporter for the TV network RT, having previously worked with PressTV. Speaking to leftist students at Rutgers University in October of 2016, Maupin castigated the protests against Donald Trump which WWP was devoting its energies and funds to organizing, and while not directly criticizing the party, and called for a more populist approach to socialist politics. [19]

Presidential tickets[edit]

Year President Alternate in
some states
Vice-President Votes Notes
1980 Deirdre Griswold Gavrielle Holmes 13,213
1984 Larry Holmes Gavrielle Holmes Gloria La Riva 17,983 Larry Holmes received 15,327, Gavrielle Holmes received 2,656
1988 7,846
1992 Gloria La Riva Larry Holmes 181
1996 Monica Moorehead Gloria La Riva 29,083
2000 4,795
2004 John Parker Teresa Gutierrez 1,646 Includes 265 votes on the Liberty Union Party line in Vermont
2008 endorsed Cynthia McKinney endorsed Rosa Clemente 161,797 No nominee of their own, endorsed the Green Party of the United States
2016 Monica Moorehead Lamont Lilly 4,173

[20]

Notable members[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "What is WWP?". Workers World Party website. Retrieved November 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "Selected Works of Sam Marcy". Workers World. Retrieved October 2, 2008. 
  3. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 911.
  4. ^ Alexander 1973, p. 554.
  5. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 912.
  6. ^ Klehr, Harvey (1988) Far Left of Center
  7. ^ Alexander 1991, pp. 912-913.
  8. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 913.
  9. ^ Alexander 1991, p. 914.
  10. ^ "Vote for U.S. Senate". Ballot Access News. January 1, 2003. Retrieved September 22, 2008. 
  11. ^ "Workers World Party and Its Front Organizations" (April 1974) US House Committee on Internal Security
  12. ^ Marcy, Sam (July 21, 1994). "Kim Il Sung - Anti-imperialist fighter, socialist hero". 
  13. ^ Carlson, Peter (15 Dec 2002). "The Crusader: Ramsey Clark Was LBJ's Attorney General. Now He's Busy Denouncing U.S. 'War Crimes' in Places Like Iraq, N. Korea. How Did That Happen?". The Washington Post. 
  14. ^ Cooper, Marc (September 29, 2002). "A Smart Peace Movement is MIA". Los Angeles Times. 
  15. ^ Gitlin, Todd (October 14, 2002). "Who Will Lead?". Mother Jones magazine. 
  16. ^ Corn, David (November 1, 2002). "Behind the Placards: The odd and troubling origins of today's antiwar movement". LA Weekly. 
  17. ^ Alexander 1991, pp. 913, 941-3, 1049.
  18. ^ "Socialism and Liberation magazine is changing". pslweb.org. Retrieved August 26, 2016. 
  19. ^ "Lets Dare To Win! - Caleb Maupin at Rutgers University". youtube.com. Retrieved Novemeber 30th, 2017.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  20. ^ "Election Results (1984–present)". Federal Elections Commission.   "Election Results (1980)". Office of the Clerk of the U. S. House of Representatives. 
  21. ^ "Caleb T. Maupin". workers.org. Retrieved 29 October 2016. 

Sources[edit]

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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