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1
World Anti-Doping Agency - The Doping Control Process for Athletes
World Anti-Doping Agency - The Doping Control Process for Athletes
::2009/10/30::
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2
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Who Are We, What We Do
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Who Are We, What We Do
::2010/08/15::
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3
What is the World Anti-Doping Agency?
What is the World Anti-Doping Agency?
::2012/04/20::
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4
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Short Film "9 79 secs"
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Short Film "9 79 secs"
::2010/08/15::
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5
Level the Playing Field - World Anti-Doping Agency
Level the Playing Field - World Anti-Doping Agency
::2012/02/06::
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6
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Anti Doping Administration & Management System (ADAMS)
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Anti Doping Administration & Management System (ADAMS)
::2010/08/15::
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7
WADA Doping Control Video
WADA Doping Control Video
::2009/10/21::
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8
World Anti-Doping Agency delegation arrives in Jamaica
World Anti-Doping Agency delegation arrives in Jamaica
::2013/10/30::
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9
World Anti-Doping Agency : David Howman
World Anti-Doping Agency : David Howman
::2013/02/05::
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10
'Anti-doping agency has own intelligence, Interpol helps track drug trafficking' - IOC VP
::2014/02/10::
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11
How is the World Anti-Doping Agency preparing for the Olympics?
How is the World Anti-Doping Agency preparing for the Olympics?
::2012/04/23::
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12
ADAMS Antidoping
ADAMS Antidoping
::2009/07/07::
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13
CSR Minute: GlaxoSmithKline Joins World Anti-Doping Agency for London 2012 Olympic Campaign
CSR Minute: GlaxoSmithKline Joins World Anti-Doping Agency for London 2012 Olympic Campaign
::2011/07/13::
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14
RANJITH MAHEWSARI HADN
RANJITH MAHEWSARI HADN'T USED STEROIDS- WORLD ANTI-DOPING AGENCY
::2014/05/04::
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15
Behind the Headlines  World Anti-Doping Agency Raises THC Limits
Behind the Headlines World Anti-Doping Agency Raises THC Limits
::2013/05/14::
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16
Craig Reedie set to become next president of World Anti-Doping Agency
Craig Reedie set to become next president of World Anti-Doping Agency
::2013/08/09::
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2013 Cannes Cyber Young Lions: World Anti-Doping Agency — Play True
2013 Cannes Cyber Young Lions: World Anti-Doping Agency — Play True
::2013/06/20::
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World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - The importance of Social Science Research by Dr Roger C  Rees
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - The importance of Social Science Research by Dr Roger C Rees
::2010/08/15::
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World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - President  John Fahey - Anti Doping through Education, Detection
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Anti Doping through Education, Detection
::2010/08/15::
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20
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Signs agreement with Interpol World
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - Signs agreement with Interpol World
::2010/08/15::
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World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Making a difference against Doping
World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Making a difference against Doping
::2010/08/15::
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Tunisia planning to regain confidence of World Anti-Doping Agency
Tunisia planning to regain confidence of World Anti-Doping Agency
::2013/05/16::
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23
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey addressing MACROC
World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey addressing MACROC
::2010/08/15::
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World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Doping Threatens Public Health
World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Doping Threatens Public Health
::2010/08/15::
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World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Restore the True Spirit of Sport
World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey - Restore the True Spirit of Sport
::2010/08/15::
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World Anti-Doping Agency.wmv
World Anti-Doping Agency.wmv
::2012/04/22::
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World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey -Testimonial
World Anti Doping Agency (WADA) - President John Fahey -Testimonial
::2010/08/15::
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28
World sport leaders meet to decide future of anti-doping battle
World sport leaders meet to decide future of anti-doping battle
::2013/11/12::
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29
Thompson slams anti-doping agency
Thompson slams anti-doping agency
::2012/11/01::
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30
Say No! To Doping
Say No! To Doping
::2012/02/01::
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31
Anti-Doping Authorities Adopt Stricter Rules
Anti-Doping Authorities Adopt Stricter Rules
::2013/11/15::
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32
David Howman, "Current Challenges and Issues for Anti-Doping"
David Howman, "Current Challenges and Issues for Anti-Doping"
::2014/04/16::
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ANTI DOPING GLOBAL CHIEF IN KENYA
ANTI DOPING GLOBAL CHIEF IN KENYA
::2012/10/12::
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34
University of Windsor Anti-Doping Discussion
University of Windsor Anti-Doping Discussion
::2014/03/13::
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35
FIFA calls for anti-doping overhaul
FIFA calls for anti-doping overhaul
::2013/12/01::
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SA wants to be known as anti-doping authority
SA wants to be known as anti-doping authority
::2013/06/27::
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37
Medidas anti-doping para los deportistas
Medidas anti-doping para los deportistas
::2010/09/08::
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38
Praise for Russian anti-doping efforts
Praise for Russian anti-doping efforts
::2014/02/06::
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39
King
King's to run anti-doping facility for London 2012
::2011/03/08::
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Husein Al Haddad supports anti-doping activities
Husein Al Haddad supports anti-doping activities
::2013/11/14::
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41
Anti-Doping In Sports Video - Million Dollar Guarantee
Anti-Doping In Sports Video - Million Dollar Guarantee
::2009/09/16::
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Anti-Doping officials visit Jamaica
Anti-Doping officials visit Jamaica
::2013/10/30::
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Marco Aurelio Klein on anti-doping in Brazil
Marco Aurelio Klein on anti-doping in Brazil
::2013/11/14::
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World Doping Agency Probing Jamaica
World Doping Agency Probing Jamaica
::2013/10/14::
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Scientific Director Dr. Richard Budgett - Time for action -New Anti-Doping Code
Scientific Director Dr. Richard Budgett - Time for action -New Anti-Doping Code
::2013/11/29::
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46
Play the Game 2013:
Play the Game 2013: 'Opening session' and 'Anti-doping in crisis'
::2013/11/29::
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47
WADA Gives Kenya More Time To Table Doping Report
WADA Gives Kenya More Time To Table Doping Report
::2014/02/11::
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Rogge seeks new anti-doping ban
Rogge seeks new anti-doping ban
::2012/11/27::
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Sports Doping
Sports Doping
::2014/06/17::
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U.S. Anti-Doping Agency Sochi 2014 Standard Education Presentation
U.S. Anti-Doping Agency Sochi 2014 Standard Education Presentation
::2013/10/18::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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World Anti-Doping Agency
WADA logo.jpg
Motto Play True
Formation November 10, 1999; 14 years ago (1999-11-10)
Type non profit
Purpose Anti-sports doping
Headquarters Montreal, Quebec
Location
Coordinates 45°30′03″N 73°33′43″W / 45.500933°N 73.561846°W / 45.500933; -73.561846Coordinates: 45°30′03″N 73°33′43″W / 45.500933°N 73.561846°W / 45.500933; -73.561846
Region served International
Official language English, French
President Craig Reedie
Affiliations International Olympic Committee
Website www.wada-ama.org/en/

The World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA; French: Agence mondiale antidopage) is an independent foundation created through a collective initiative led by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). It was set up on November 10, 1999 in Lausanne, Switzerland, as a result of what was called the "Declaration of Lausanne",[1] to promote, coordinate and monitor the fight against drugs in sport. Since 2002, the organization's headquarters have been located in Montreal, Quebec, Canada. The Lausanne office became the regional office for Europe. Other regional offices have been established in Africa, Asia/Oceania and Latin America. WADA is responsible for the World Anti-Doping Code, adopted by more than 600 sports organizations, including international sports federations, national anti-doping organizations, the IOC, and the International Paralympic Committee. As of 2014, its president is Sir Craig Reedie.[2]

Initially funded by the International Olympic Committee, WADA now receives half of its budgetary requirements from them, with the other half coming from various governments throughout the world. Its governing bodies are also composed in equal parts by representatives from the sporting movement (including athletes) and governments of the world. The agency's key activities include scientific research, education, development of anti-doping capacities and monitoring of the World Anti-Doping Code.

World Anti-Doping Code[edit]

The Code is a document aiming to harmonize anti-doping regulations in all sports and countries. It embodies an annual list of prohibited substances and methods that sportspersons are not allowed to take or use.

In 2004, the World Anti-Doping Code was implemented by sports organizations prior to the Olympic Games in Athens, Greece. In November 2007, more than 600 sports organizations (international sports federations, national anti-doping organizations, the International Olympic Committee, the International Paralympic Committee, and a number of professional leagues in various countries of the world) unanimously adopted a revised Code at the Third World Conference on Doping in Sport, to take effect on 1 January 2009.

In 2013, further amendments to the Code were approved, doubling the sanction for a first offence where intentional doping is established, but allowing for more lenient sanctions for inadvertent rule violations or for athletes co-operating with anti-doping agencies. The updated code was scheduled to take effect on 1 January 2015.[3][4]

Council of Europe Anti-Doping Convention[edit]

The Anti-Doping Convention of the Council of Europe in Strasbourg was opened for signature on 16 December 1989 as the first multilateral legal standard in this field. It has been signed by 48 states including the Council of Europe and non-member states Australia, Belarus, Canada and Tunisia. The Convention is open for signature by other non-European states. It does not claim to create a universal model of anti-doping, but sets a certain number of common standards and regulations requiring Parties to adopt legislative, financial, technical, educational and other measures. In this sense the Convention strives for the same general aims as WADA, without being directly linked to it.

The main objective of the Convention is to promote the national and international harmonization of the measures to be taken against doping. Furthermore the Convention describes the mission of the Monitoring Group set up in order to monitor its implementation and periodically re-examine the list of prohibited substances and methods which can be found in an annex to the main text. An additional protocol to the Convention entered into force on 1 April 2004 with the aim of ensuring the mutual recognition of anti-doping controls and of reinforcing the implementation of the Convention using a binding control system.

UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport[edit]

Given that many governments cannot be legally bound by a non-governmental document such as the World Anti-Doping Code, they are implementing it by individually ratifying the UNESCO International Convention against Doping in Sport, the first global international treaty against doping in sport, which was unanimously adopted by 191 governments at the UNESCO General Conference in October 2005 and came into force in February 2007. As of June 2013, 174 states have ratified the Convention, setting a UNESCO record in terms of speed.

The UNESCO Convention is a practical and legally binding tool enabling governments to align domestic policy with the World Anti-Doping Code, thus harmonizing the rules governing anti-doping in sport. It formalizes governments' commitment to the fight against doping in sport, including by facilitating doping controls and supporting national testing programs; encouraging the establishment of "best practice" in the labelling, marketing, and distribution of products that might contain prohibited substances; withholding financial support from those who engage in or support doping; taking measures against manufacturing and trafficking; encouraging the establishment of codes of conduct for professions relating to sport and anti-doping; and funding education and research.

Criticism[edit]

Statistical validity[edit]

Professor Donald A. Berry has argued that the closed systems used by anti-doping agencies do not allow statistical validation of the tests.[5] This argument was seconded by an accompanying editorial in the journal Nature (August 7, 2008).[6] The anti-doping community and scientists familiar with anti-doping work rejected these arguments. On October 30, 2008, Nature (Vol 455) published a Letter from WADA to the Editor countering Berry's article.[7]

Whereabouts controversy[edit]

The current anti-doping code revised the Whereabouts system in place since 2004, now requiring athletes to select one hour per day, seven days a week to be available for no-notice drugs tests.[8]

This has led to a legal challenge from Sporta, the Belgian sports union, arguing that the system violates Article 8 of the European Convention on Human Rights.[9]

FIFPro is also preparing a challenge based on data protection and employment law.[9]

A significant number of sports organizations, governments, athletes, and other individuals and organizations have expressed support for the new Whereabouts requirements. The International Association of Athletics Federations[10] and UK Sport[11] are two of the most vocal supporters of this rule. Both FIFA and UEFA have criticized the system citing privacy concerns,[12] as has the BCCI.[13]

WADA has also published a Q&A explaining the rationale for the change.[14]

It was revealed in May 2011 that the National Football League, which had previously resisted more stringent drug testing may allow WADA to conduct its drug tests instead of doing it in house. This could lead the way to testing for HGH, which had previously been without testing in professional American football.[15] However, as of September 2013, cooperation was stalemated because "blood-testing for human growth hormone in the NFL had been delayed by the players' union, who had tried 'every possible way to avoid testing'".[16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Staff (February 4, 1999). "Lausanne Declaration on Doping in Sport". sportunterricht.de,. 
  2. ^ Executive Committee at WADA official website, June 2014
  3. ^ "Drugs in sport: Wada doubles doping ban in new code". BBC Sport. 2013-11-15. Retrieved 2014-01-21. 
  4. ^ 2015 World Anti-Doping Code - Final Draft WADA. Retrieved 21 January 2014.
  5. ^ Berry DA (August 2008). "The science of doping". Nature 454 (7205): 692–3. doi:10.1038/454692a. PMID 18685682.  Full access is restricted to subscribers
  6. ^ "A level playing field?". Nature 454 (7205): 667. August 2008. doi:10.1038/454667a. PMID 18685647. 
  7. ^ Doping: world agency sets standards to promote fair play Nature, 30 October 2008, p.1176. Full access is restricted to subscribers
  8. ^ "Athletes air issues over testing". BBC News. 16 February 2009. 
  9. ^ a b Slater, Matt (22 January 2009). "Legal threat to anti-doping code". BBC News. 
  10. ^ IAAF opinion on "new" whereabouts requirements
  11. ^ Whereabouts at UK Anti-Doping, 2014
  12. ^ News.BBC.co.uk[dead link]
  13. ^ Hindu.com[dead link]
  14. ^ WADA Q&A on Whereabouts
  15. ^ WADA to test NFL[dead link]
  16. ^ Ingle, Sean "NFL faces battle with Wada over transparency of drug-testing" The Guardian, 28 September 2013

External links[edit]

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