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Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: MiniZoo
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
Nanotyrannus vs Xiongguanlong
Nanotyrannus vs Xiongguanlong
Published: 2017/12/30
Channel: FunnyDinosaur Comedian
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Rapator2
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: XCLASSGAMING
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Jamraptor
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: The Carno King
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Published: 2017/12/31
Channel: TheGreat DinoRanger
Попробуйте выжить в древнем постапокалиптическом мире!
Попробуйте выжить в древнем постапокалиптическом мире!
Published: 2018/01/08
Channel: Ranmak
Siats - The New Mega-predatory Dinosaur
Siats - The New Mega-predatory Dinosaur
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: Untamed Science
Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Fluid Torvosaurus test
Fluid Torvosaurus test
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: Kostas 2405
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: CKprimeval07
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Our Best Moments
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Daxiatitan review
Daxiatitan review
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Nollan Beckert
Theropods of 2009
Theropods of 2009
Published: 2009/10/16
Channel: Rapator2
Review #26 CollectA Daxiatitan
Review #26 CollectA Daxiatitan
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Camosaurus
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Youtube Utahraptor
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
REBOR Ceratosaurus Unboxing
REBOR Ceratosaurus Unboxing
Published: 2015/05/30
Channel: MiniZoo
Review 49: Carnegie Miragaia
Review 49: Carnegie Miragaia
Published: 2014/11/20
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: JurassicCollectables
Richoraptor beast vs velociraptor
Richoraptor beast vs velociraptor
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: stegmo123 sharky
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Thomas Hilliard
Dino-Reviews: Acrocanthosaurus by CollectA
Dino-Reviews: Acrocanthosaurus by CollectA
Published: 2015/11/08
Channel: BionicleSaurus
Top 10 best dinosaur models of 2017
Top 10 best dinosaur models of 2017
Published: 2017/12/25
Channel: DinoToyBlog
Review #49 CollectA Utahceratops
Review #49 CollectA Utahceratops
Published: 2016/12/12
Channel: Camosaurus
The Tyrannosaurid Pack I: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Nanotyrannus, Gorgosaurus, and Yutyrannus
The Tyrannosaurid Pack I: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Nanotyrannus, Gorgosaurus, and Yutyrannus
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: DinoCoat the Gaming Tyrannosaur
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals Part 4 PLUS Baobab Tree
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals Part 4 PLUS Baobab Tree
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: MiniZoo
MCFT - Australovenator vs Ceratosaurus
MCFT - Australovenator vs Ceratosaurus
Published: 2015/12/28
Channel: ApexxxSpino
Balaur bondoc / Stocky dragon
Balaur bondoc / Stocky dragon
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: The Sarcastic Raptor
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Appalachiosaurus
Appalachiosaurus
Published: 2010/09/07
Channel: Brian Sullivan
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: TheDinosaurTaylor
Everything Dinosaur Unboxing 25
Everything Dinosaur Unboxing 25
Published: 2017/09/19
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: 阿貓
CollectA 2016 Prehistoric Animals Part II
CollectA 2016 Prehistoric Animals Part II
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: MiniZoo
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
3 New DINOSAURS from CollectA 2017
3 New DINOSAURS from CollectA 2017
Published: 2016/11/04
Channel: Carcharo Dude
Jurassic World 2.0 "Capítulo 25 - El Nasutoceratops" por Tony
Jurassic World 2.0 "Capítulo 25 - El Nasutoceratops" por Tony
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: Tony
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: LegitEliminator
2010 Dinosaurs by Procon CollectA
2010 Dinosaurs by Procon CollectA
Published: 2010/08/11
Channel: DansDinosaurs
Opening and review of the collecta diabloceratops
Opening and review of the collecta diabloceratops
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: SaurianCollectables
appalachiosaurus roar
appalachiosaurus roar
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: shane duncan
Zuolong tribute
Zuolong tribute
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Pteranodon Sternbergi
Spinosauradae Aegyptaiactus vs Tyrannosauradae Rex- war of the families
Spinosauradae Aegyptaiactus vs Tyrannosauradae Rex- war of the families
Published: 2011/01/25
Channel: XxPivotDudexX1
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Xiongguanlong
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 112 Ma
Skeleton of Xiongguanlong baimoensis.JPG
Mounted skeleton cast
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Tyrannoraptora
Superfamily: Tyrannosauroidea
Genus: Xiongguanlong
Li et al., 2010
Type species
Xiongguanlong baimoensis
Li et al., 2010

Xiongguanlong ("Grand Pass dragon") is a genus of tyrannosauroid dinosaur that lived in the Early Cretaceous of what is now China. The type species is X. baimoensis, described online in 2009 by a group of researchers from China and the United States, and formally published in January 2010. The genus name refers to the city of Jiayuguan, a city in northwestern China. The specific name is derived from bai mo, "white ghost", after the "white ghost castle", a rock formation near the fossil site. The fossils include a skull, vertebrae, a right ilium and the right femur. The rocks it was found in are from the Aptian to Albian stages of the Cretaceous, between 125 and 100 million years ago.[1]

Description[edit]

Size compared to a human

Xiongguanlong was a bipedal animal which balanced its body with a long tail, like most other theropods. It was intermediate in size between earlier tyrannosauroids from the Barremian and later tyrannosaurids from the Late Cretaceous, such as Tyrannosaurus, and has been estimated to weigh about 300 kilograms (660 lb). The vertebrae were more robust than in other basal tyrannosauroids, possibly to better support a big skull.[2] The skull had a long muzzle resembling that of Alioramus.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Artist's impression
Diagram of known elements

The describers concluded that Xiongguanlong split off from the main branch of the Tyrannosauroidea before Appalachiosaurus, being the sister taxon of a clade consisting of Appalachiosaurus and the Tyrannosauridae. It has been found to be closely related to Alectrosaurus.[3]

Below is a cladogram by Loewen et al. in 2013 including most tyrannosauroid species.[3]

Tyrannosauroidea
Proceratosauridae


Proceratosaurus bradleyi



Kileskus aristotocus



Guanlong wucaii





Sinotyrannus kazuoensis




Juratyrant langhami



Stokesosaurus clevelandi







Dilong paradoxus




Eotyrannus lengi




Bagaraatan ostromi




Raptorex kriegsteini




Dryptosaurus aquilunguis





Alectrosaurus olseni



Xiongguanlong baimoensis





Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis





Alioramus altai



Alioramus remotus




Tyrannosauridae











See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Li, Daqing; Norell, Mark A.; Gao, Ke-Qin; Smith, Nathan D.; Makovicky, Peter J. (2010). "A longirostrine tyrannosauroid from the Early Cretaceous of China". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 277 (1679): 183–190. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0249. PMC 2842666Freely accessible. PMID 19386654. 
  2. ^ Livescience: ”T. Rex Relative Fills Evolutionary Gap”, 22-4-2009.
  3. ^ a b Loewen, M.A.; Irmis, R.B.; Sertich, J.J.W.; Currie, P. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2013). Evans, David C, ed. "Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans". PLoS ONE. 8 (11): e79420. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079420. PMC 3819173Freely accessible. PMID 24223179. 

External links[edit]


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