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Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: MiniZoo
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Jamraptor
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Rapator2
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: XCLASSGAMING
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: The Carno King
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: 阿貓
Review 67: Papo Tupuxuara
Review 67: Papo Tupuxuara
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Our Best Moments
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Wm KEEFER
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Nanuqsaurus hoglundi
Nanuqsaurus hoglundi
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: LegitEliminator
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Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Published: 2014/04/22
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Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Published: 2012/04/06
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Gigantspinosaurus vs Szenchuanosaurus
Gigantspinosaurus vs Szenchuanosaurus
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Sebastian Reyna Rivas
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Theropods of 2009
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Channel: Rapator2
Review 79: CollectA Deluxe Moropus
Review 79: CollectA Deluxe Moropus
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
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Channel: Christopher Chui
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Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Thomas Hilliard
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Estos son mis Tyrannosaurus emplumados (CollectA) #010 y #011 — #AbrilVideosMil
Estos son mis Tyrannosaurus emplumados (CollectA) #010 y #011 — #AbrilVideosMil
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Vary Ingweion
Ancient Reptile Tribute Four: Tyrannosaurus Rex / Tyrannosaurid - Dinosaur.
Ancient Reptile Tribute Four: Tyrannosaurus Rex / Tyrannosaurid - Dinosaur.
Published: 2011/07/25
Channel: EdenCinematics
Rudolph The Trike SP 6STARS,Nasutoceratops,Pterodaustro - Tiny Dino World #34
Rudolph The Trike SP 6STARS,Nasutoceratops,Pterodaustro - Tiny Dino World #34
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: Bogdan DinoGamer
Dacentrurus Deluxe 1:40 (Collecta)
Dacentrurus Deluxe 1:40 (Collecta)
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Eu coleciono dinossauros
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
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Published: 2015/08/09
Channel: GreyGhostSr
CollectA Deluxe / Dacentrurus - Review #75 (german)
CollectA Deluxe / Dacentrurus - Review #75 (german)
Published: 2016/08/27
Channel: Kathrins Dinoversum
Review 147: CollectA Excalibosaurus
Review 147: CollectA Excalibosaurus
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Schleich Mini Shetty Horses 2015
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Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: MiniZoo
Review 49: Carnegie Miragaia
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CollectA 2016 Models Thoughts and Opinions (Part 2)
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Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)
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Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Youtube Utahraptor
Balaur bondoc / Stocky dragon
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Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: The Sarcastic Raptor
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Published: 2014/06/15
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Daxiatitan - CollectA
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Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Dinosaurs Galore
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The Tyrannosaurid Pack I: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Nanotyrannus, Gorgosaurus, and Yutyrannus
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Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
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Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
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Published: 2017/09/24
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Review 107: CollectA 1:40 Scale Beishanlong
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Review 65: CollectA Medusaceratops
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Xiongguanlong
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 112 Ma
Skeleton of Xiongguanlong baimoensis.JPG
Mounted skeleton cast
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Tyrannoraptora
Superfamily: Tyrannosauroidea
Genus: Xiongguanlong
Li et al., 2010
Type species
Xiongguanlong baimoensis
Li et al., 2010

Xiongguanlong is a genus of tyrannosauroid dinosaur that lived in the Early Cretaceous of what is now China. The type species is X. baimoensis, described online in 2009 by a group of researchers from China and the United States, and formally published in January 2010. The genus name refers to the city of Jiayuguan, a city in northwestern China. The specific name is derived from bai mo, "white ghost", after the "white ghost castle", a rock formation near the fossil site. The fossils include a skull, vertebrae, a right ilium and the right femur. The rocks it was found in are from the Aptian to Albian stages of the Cretaceous, between 125 and 100 million years ago.[1]

Description[edit]

Size compared to a human

Xiongguanlong was a bipedal animal which balanced its body with a long tail, like most other theropods. It was intermediate in size between earlier tyrannosauroids from the Barremian and later tyrannosaurids from the Late Cretaceous, such as Tyrannosaurus, and has been estimated to weigh about 300 kilograms (660 lb). The vertebrae were more robust than in other basal tyrannosauroids, possibly to better support a big skull.[2] The skull had a long muzzle resembling that of Alioramus.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Artist's impression
Diagram of known elements

The describers concluded that Xiongguanlong split off from the main branch of the Tyrannosauroidea before Appalachiosaurus, being the sister taxon of a clade consisting of Appalachiosaurus and the Tyrannosauridae. It has been found to be closely related to Alectrosaurus.[3]

Below is a cladogram by Loewen et al. in 2013 including most tyrannosauroid species.[3]

Tyrannosauroidea
Proceratosauridae


Proceratosaurus bradleyi



Kileskus aristotocus



Guanlong wucaii





Sinotyrannus kazuoensis




Juratyrant langhami



Stokesosaurus clevelandi







Dilong paradoxus




Eotyrannus lengi




Bagaraatan ostromi




Raptorex kriegsteini




Dryptosaurus aquilunguis





Alectrosaurus olseni



Xiongguanlong baimoensis





Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis





Alioramus altai



Alioramus remotus




Tyrannosauridae











See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Li, Daqing; Norell, Mark A.; Gao, Ke-Qin; Smith, Nathan D.; Makovicky, Peter J. (2010). "A longirostrine tyrannosauroid from the Early Cretaceous of China". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 277 (1679): 183–190. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0249. PMC 2842666Freely accessible. PMID 19386654. 
  2. ^ Livescience: ”T. Rex Relative Fills Evolutionary Gap”, 22-4-2009.
  3. ^ a b Loewen, M.A.; Irmis, R.B.; Sertich, J.J.W.; Currie, P. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2013). Evans, David C, ed. "Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans". PLoS ONE. 8 (11): e79420. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079420. PMC 3819173Freely accessible. PMID 24223179. 

External links[edit]


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