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Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: MiniZoo
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Rapator2
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Jamraptor
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: XCLASSGAMING
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Review #2 (CollectA XiongGuanlong)
Published: 2017/07/29
Channel: The Carno King
Review 124: CollectA Lythronax
Review 124: CollectA Lythronax
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 65: CollectA Medusaceratops
Review 65: CollectA Medusaceratops
Published: 2015/06/16
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 107: CollectA 1:40 Scale Beishanlong
Review 107: CollectA 1:40 Scale Beishanlong
Published: 2016/05/04
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: CKprimeval07
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Wm KEEFER
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Our Best Moments
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Lanzendorf Sci Viz
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
香港科學館恐龍展 2014 Part 1
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: 阿貓
Review 62: CollectA Daxiatitan
Review 62: CollectA Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 147: CollectA Excalibosaurus
Review 147: CollectA Excalibosaurus
Published: 2017/05/31
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Theropods of 2009
Theropods of 2009
Published: 2009/10/16
Channel: Rapator2
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Thomas Hilliard
Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
Review 63: CollectA Nasutoceratops
Published: 2015/05/12
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
BRS3 Appalachiosaurus Vs Nasutoceratops
BRS3 Appalachiosaurus Vs Nasutoceratops
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Sebastian Reyna Rivas
Dinosaur model unboxing number two - Papo, CollectA Deluxe and CollectA
Dinosaur model unboxing number two - Papo, CollectA Deluxe and CollectA
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Dino Joe's Dinosaur Model Blog
Review #26 CollectA Daxiatitan
Review #26 CollectA Daxiatitan
Published: 2016/08/20
Channel: Camosaurus
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Christopher Chui
Review 67: Papo Tupuxuara
Review 67: Papo Tupuxuara
Published: 2015/06/26
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Review 72: CollectA Agustinia
Published: 2015/08/16
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: JurassicCollectables
DIENONYCHUS TRIBUTE
DIENONYCHUS TRIBUTE
Published: 2009/09/17
Channel: pokepower7000
Daxiatitan - CollectA
Daxiatitan - CollectA
Published: 2015/12/23
Channel: Dinosaurs Galore
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals Part 4 PLUS Baobab Tree
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals Part 4 PLUS Baobab Tree
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: MiniZoo
Rugops: Dinosaur of the Day
Rugops: Dinosaur of the Day
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: I Know Dino
Daxiatitan binglingi of Legends of Giant Dinosaurs 2013
Daxiatitan binglingi of Legends of Giant Dinosaurs 2013
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Cox Tang
Raptorex Tribute
Raptorex Tribute
Published: 2009/12/27
Channel: dinox3raptor
MDF-New Extra Dinosaurs
MDF-New Extra Dinosaurs
Published: 2012/09/28
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Mo
Mo' Tetradrammas
Published: 2009/05/31
Channel: Noodleydoo
MDF-Dilophosaurus vs Stegosaurus
MDF-Dilophosaurus vs Stegosaurus
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: TheDinosaurTaylor
Schleich Mini Shetty Horses 2015
Schleich Mini Shetty Horses 2015
Published: 2015/02/02
Channel: MiniZoo
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals - Pliosaurus and Temnodontosaurus Platyodon, Birthing
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals - Pliosaurus and Temnodontosaurus Platyodon, Birthing
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: MiniZoo
appalachiosaurus roar
appalachiosaurus roar
Published: 2013/06/17
Channel: shane duncan
MDF-Edmontosaurus vs Shaochilong
MDF-Edmontosaurus vs Shaochilong
Published: 2012/09/25
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
MDF-Majungatholus vs Heterodontosaurus
MDF-Majungatholus vs Heterodontosaurus
Published: 2012/09/20
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Appalachiosaurus
Appalachiosaurus
Published: 2010/09/07
Channel: Brian Sullivan
Parksosaurus - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Parksosaurus - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/08/05
Channel: Wiz Science™
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: LegitEliminator
Dinosaurs figures
Dinosaurs figures
Published: 2015/08/24
Channel: Lost Legacy | Second channel
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Xiongguanlong
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 112 Ma
Skeleton of Xiongguanlong baimoensis.JPG
Mounted skeleton cast
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Tyrannoraptora
Superfamily: Tyrannosauroidea
Genus: Xiongguanlong
Li et al., 2010
Type species
Xiongguanlong baimoensis
Li et al., 2010

Xiongguanlong is a genus of tyrannosauroid dinosaur that lived in the Early Cretaceous of what is now China. The type species is X. baimoensis, described online in 2009 by a group of researchers from China and the United States, and formally published in January 2010. The genus name refers to the city of Jiayuguan, a city in northwestern China. The specific name is derived from bai mo, "white ghost", after the "white ghost castle", a rock formation near the fossil site. The fossils include a skull, vertebrae, a right ilium and the right femur. The rocks it was found in are from the Aptian to Albian stages of the Cretaceous, between 125 and 100 million years ago.[1]

Description[edit]

Size compared to a human

Xiongguanlong was a bipedal animal which balanced its body with a long tail, like most other theropods. It was intermediate in size between earlier tyrannosauroids from the Barremian and later tyrannosaurids from the Late Cretaceous, such as Tyrannosaurus, and has been estimated to weigh about 300 kilograms (660 lb). The vertebrae were more robust than in other basal tyrannosauroids, possibly to better support a big skull.[2] The skull had a long muzzle resembling that of Alioramus.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Artist's impression
Diagram of known elements

The describers concluded that Xiongguanlong split off from the main branch of the Tyrannosauroidea before Appalachiosaurus, being the sister taxon of a clade consisting of Appalachiosaurus and the Tyrannosauridae. It has been found to be closely related to Alectrosaurus.[3]

Below is a cladogram by Loewen et al. in 2013 including most tyrannosauroid species.[3]

Tyrannosauroidea
Proceratosauridae


Proceratosaurus bradleyi



Kileskus aristotocus



Guanlong wucaii





Sinotyrannus kazuoensis




Juratyrant langhami



Stokesosaurus clevelandi







Dilong paradoxus




Eotyrannus lengi




Bagaraatan ostromi




Raptorex kriegsteini




Dryptosaurus aquilunguis





Alectrosaurus olseni



Xiongguanlong baimoensis





Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis





Alioramus altai



Alioramus remotus




Tyrannosauridae











See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Li, Daqing; Norell, Mark A.; Gao, Ke-Qin; Smith, Nathan D.; Makovicky, Peter J. (2010). "A longirostrine tyrannosauroid from the Early Cretaceous of China". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 277 (1679): 183–190. PMC 2842666Freely accessible. PMID 19386654. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0249. 
  2. ^ Livescience: ”T. Rex Relative Fills Evolutionary Gap”, 22-4-2009.
  3. ^ a b Loewen, M.A.; Irmis, R.B.; Sertich, J.J.W.; Currie, P. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2013). Evans, David C, ed. "Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans". PLoS ONE. 8 (11): e79420. PMC 3819173Freely accessible. PMID 24223179. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079420. 

External links[edit]


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