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Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Tribute to Xiongguanlong
Published: 2009/09/23
Channel: Rapator2
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2015/06/19
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Nasutoceratops, Xiongguanlong and Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: MiniZoo
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Xiongguanlong - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Collecta Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: XCLASSGAMING
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
MDF-Australovenator vs Xiongguanlong
Published: 2012/09/27
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
CollectA Xiongguanlong Review
Published: 2016/07/11
Channel: Jamraptor
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
OBM - Dinosaur - Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/12/30
Channel: Our Best Moments
Dinofiles #1 : Nasutoceratops titusi
Dinofiles #1 : Nasutoceratops titusi
Published: 2013/11/07
Channel: Dinofiles
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Review 66: CollectA Xiongguanlong
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: Wm KEEFER
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Review 91: CollectA Rajasaurus
Published: 2016/01/28
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 62: CollectA Daxiatitan
Review 62: CollectA Daxiatitan
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Review 103: CollectA Mercuriceratops
Published: 2016/04/25
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Theropods of 2009
Theropods of 2009
Published: 2009/10/16
Channel: Rapator2
CollectA 2016 Prehistoric Animals Part II
CollectA 2016 Prehistoric Animals Part II
Published: 2016/04/08
Channel: MiniZoo
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Published: 2014/04/22
Channel: Lanzendorf Sci Viz
Review 124: CollectA Lythronax
Review 124: CollectA Lythronax
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Tyrannosauroid Tribute
Published: 2012/04/06
Channel: CKprimeval07
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Review 71: Jurassic World Minis
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Daeodon, Moropus and Guidraco
Collecta 2015 Dinosaurs - Daeodon, Moropus and Guidraco
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: MiniZoo
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
MDF-Zunityrannus vs Irritator
Published: 2012/09/26
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Prehistoric Island Ep4 Down By the Sea
Published: 2014/08/18
Channel: Thomas Hilliard
Xiaotingia - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Xiaotingia - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
Review 105: CollectA Metriacanthosaurus
Review 105: CollectA Metriacanthosaurus
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
PPBA Nasutoceratops vs Lythronax
PPBA Nasutoceratops vs Lythronax
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Parasaurolophus 67
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
Pastor Chui: A Statistical Baraminological Analysis of Tyrannosauriodia Yielding the First Dino Hol
Published: 2014/12/03
Channel: Christopher Chui
CAW Dinosaur Discussion Ep. 74: - CollectA Prehistoric Figures 2017
CAW Dinosaur Discussion Ep. 74: - CollectA Prehistoric Figures 2017
Published: 2016/11/26
Channel: CAWCarcharo34
Review 58: Safari Ltd Nasutoceratops
Review 58: Safari Ltd Nasutoceratops
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
sarcosuchus vs utahraptor
sarcosuchus vs utahraptor
Published: 2015/07/25
Channel: Mine Fire
Review 79: CollectA Deluxe Moropus
Review 79: CollectA Deluxe Moropus
Published: 2015/10/02
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
The Tyrannosaurid Pack I: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Nanotyrannus, Gorgosaurus, and Yutyrannus
The Tyrannosaurid Pack I: Tyrannosaurus Rex, Nanotyrannus, Gorgosaurus, and Yutyrannus
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: DinoCoat the Gaming Tyrannosaur
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)(WERSJA UAKTUALNIONA)
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)(WERSJA UAKTUALNIONA)
Published: 2017/02/06
Channel: Raptor _Z_Youtube'a
Olorotitan - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Olorotitan - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Wiz Science™
CollectA Therizinosaurus
CollectA Therizinosaurus
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: Jeff Green
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)
RECENZJA COLLECTA#2 DAXIATITAN(DAXIATYTAN)
Published: 2017/02/05
Channel: Raptor _Z_Youtube'a
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
CollectA 2015 Dinosaurs Exclusive Look #1
Published: 2014/10/31
Channel: JurassicCollectables
Bambiraptor
Bambiraptor
Published: 2016/05/31
Channel: Carla Peak
CAW Dinosaur Discussion Ep. 45: - CollectA Dinosaur Figures 2016
CAW Dinosaur Discussion Ep. 45: - CollectA Dinosaur Figures 2016
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: CAWCarcharo34
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals - Pliosaurus and Temnodontosaurus Platyodon, Birthing
CollectA 2015 Prehistoric Animals - Pliosaurus and Temnodontosaurus Platyodon, Birthing
Published: 2015/02/23
Channel: MiniZoo
CollectA 2016 Models Thoughts and Opinions (Part 2)
CollectA 2016 Models Thoughts and Opinions (Part 2)
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: Matthew The Dinosaur King
Prehistoric Bedroom-Series 1-Episode 1-The T.V
Prehistoric Bedroom-Series 1-Episode 1-The T.V
Published: 2016/03/05
Channel: XCLASSGAMING
Nasutoceratops - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Nasutoceratops - Video Learning - WizScience.com
Published: 2015/08/05
Channel: Wiz Science™
MDF-Dilophosaurus vs Stegosaurus
MDF-Dilophosaurus vs Stegosaurus
Published: 2012/09/29
Channel: CeratosaurRevolution
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Appalachiosaurus Tribute
Published: 2014/06/08
Channel: LegitEliminator
Pivot Art: Appalachiosaurus vs Angatuerama.wmv
Pivot Art: Appalachiosaurus vs Angatuerama.wmv
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: Gigacerato458
Daxiatitan binglingi of Legends of Giant Dinosaurs 2013
Daxiatitan binglingi of Legends of Giant Dinosaurs 2013
Published: 2013/11/23
Channel: Cox Tang
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Dinosuar Unboxing #1-(Collecta Unboxing)
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: TheDinosaurTaylor
Australovenator vs Tyrannosaurus rex
Australovenator vs Tyrannosaurus rex
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Titra Diane Gainey Hamilton
CollectA Neovenator
CollectA Neovenator
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Dino-Raptor
CollectA Mapusaurus Reveiw (part 1)
CollectA Mapusaurus Reveiw (part 1)
Published: 2014/04/28
Channel: Jamraptor
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Xiongguanlong
Temporal range: Early Cretaceous, 112 Ma
Skeleton of Xiongguanlong baimoensis.JPG
Mounted skeleton cast
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Clade: Dinosauria
Order: Saurischia
Suborder: Theropoda
Clade: Tyrannoraptora
Superfamily: Tyrannosauroidea
Genus: Xiongguanlong
Li et al., 2010
Type species
Xiongguanlong baimoensis
Li et al., 2010

Xiongguanlong is a genus of tyrannosauroid dinosaur that lived in the Early Cretaceous of what is now China. The type species is X. baimoensis, described online in 2009 by a group of researchers from China and the United States, and formally published in January 2010. The genus name refers to the city of Jiayuguan, a city in northwestern China. The specific name is derived from bai mo, "white ghost", after the "white ghost castle", a rock formation near the fossil site. The fossils include a skull, vertebrae, a right ilium and the right femur. The rocks it was found in are from the Aptian to Albian stages of the Cretaceous, between 125 and 100 million years ago.[1]

Description[edit]

Size compared to a human

Xiongguanlong was a bipedal animal which balanced its body with a long tail, like most other theropods. It was intermediate in size between earlier tyrannosauroids from the Barremian and later tyrannosaurids from the Late Cretaceous, such as Tyrannosaurus, and has been estimated to weigh about 300 kilograms (660 lb). The vertebrae were more robust than in other basal tyrannosauroids, possibly to better support a big skull.[2] The skull had a long muzzle resembling that of Alioramus.[1]

Phylogeny[edit]

Artist's impression
Diagram of known elements

The describers concluded that Xiongguanlong split off from the main branch of the Tyrannosauroidea before Appalachiosaurus, being the sister taxon of a clade consisting of Appalachiosaurus and the Tyrannosauridae. It has been found to be closely related to Alectrosaurus.[3]

Below is a cladogram by Loewen et al. in 2013 including most tyrannosauroid species.[3]

Tyrannosauroidea
Proceratosauridae


Proceratosaurus bradleyi



Kileskus aristotocus



Guanlong wucaii





Sinotyrannus kazuoensis




Juratyrant langhami



Stokesosaurus clevelandi







Dilong paradoxus




Eotyrannus lengi




Bagaraatan ostromi




Raptorex kriegsteini




Dryptosaurus aquilunguis





Alectrosaurus olseni



Xiongguanlong baimoensis





Appalachiosaurus montgomeriensis





Alioramus altai



Alioramus remotus




Tyrannosauridae











See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Li, Daqing; Norell, Mark A.; Gao, Ke-Qin; Smith, Nathan D.; Makovicky, Peter J. (2010). "A longirostrine tyrannosauroid from the Early Cretaceous of China". Proceedings of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences. 277 (1679): 183–190. PMC 2842666Freely accessible. PMID 19386654. doi:10.1098/rspb.2009.0249. 
  2. ^ Livescience: ”T. Rex Relative Fills Evolutionary Gap”, 22-4-2009.
  3. ^ a b Loewen, M.A.; Irmis, R.B.; Sertich, J.J.W.; Currie, P. J.; Sampson, S. D. (2013). Evans, David C, ed. "Tyrant Dinosaur Evolution Tracks the Rise and Fall of Late Cretaceous Oceans". PLoS ONE. 8 (11): e79420. PMC 3819173Freely accessible. PMID 24223179. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0079420. 

External links[edit]


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