Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
YAMAS • Israeli Special Forces • Israeli Border Police
YAMAS • Israeli Special Forces • Israeli Border Police
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: MILITARY CHANNEL
Israeli Special Forces - MISTARAVIM (YAMAS Unit) ימ"ס מסתערבים
Israeli Special Forces - MISTARAVIM (YAMAS Unit) ימ"ס מסתערבים
Published: 2011/06/26
Channel: MrIlanKudlis
#1 - The 5 Yamas  - Eight limbs of Yoga
#1 - The 5 Yamas - Eight limbs of Yoga
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: Ekhart Yoga
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS part 1/5
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS part 1/5
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: Tompa531
Mista
Mista'arvim YAMAS Unit ЯМАС Мистааравим Израиль מסתערבים בפעולות עלומות
Published: 2016/02/12
Channel: divy deeping
Perasmian Yayasan Makrifatullah Sedunia (YAMAS) Di Take
Perasmian Yayasan Makrifatullah Sedunia (YAMAS) Di Take's Mansion, Jakarta. Indonesia.
Published: 2015/11/02
Channel: farhan4u2c
Israeli Special Forces (YAMAS) Magav
Israeli Special Forces (YAMAS) Magav
Published: 2009/06/22
Channel: xart5 xart5
Najat Tazi 2010 - Walah Yamas MadaSamahagh.
Najat Tazi 2010 - Walah Yamas MadaSamahagh.
Published: 2011/12/02
Channel: masin1020
YAMAS MISTARAVIM Southern Unit In Action! (New reportage) ימ"ס דרום בפעולה
YAMAS MISTARAVIM Southern Unit In Action! (New reportage) ימ"ס דרום בפעולה
Published: 2013/06/10
Channel: MrIlanKudlis
Undercover Israel Border Police Unit - "YAMAS" (ENGLISH SUBS)
Undercover Israel Border Police Unit - "YAMAS" (ENGLISH SUBS)
Published: 2013/09/03
Channel: ISRAEL
Yamas
Yamas
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: GoldenTagachi
Asma othmani - Yama Lasmar Douni | أسماء عثماني -  يما لسمر دوني   #Tounes_alwen
Asma othmani - Yama Lasmar Douni | أسماء عثماني - يما لسمر دوني #Tounes_alwen
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Asma Othmani Official
'Average Andy' with World Sumo Champion Yama
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: TheEllenShow
Ital - Yamas
Ital - Yamas
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: TheCrkotina
Yamas - Promo video - live
Yamas - Promo video - live
Published: 2012/07/15
Channel: reggaesin
Hacking Robando Contraseñas Gmail Facebook(yamas ataque man in the middel)
Hacking Robando Contraseñas Gmail Facebook(yamas ataque man in the middel)
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: Bruno Rovira
Yama Samhili Lmektoub dani [ Mehdi Maroune ] 2017 ياما سمحيلي لمكتوب داني
Yama Samhili Lmektoub dani [ Mehdi Maroune ] 2017 ياما سمحيلي لمكتوب داني
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: Cheb Mehdi Sghir
hackear con yamas wifislax
hackear con yamas wifislax
Published: 2015/11/22
Channel: manu sc
The Yamas and Niyamas - Exploring Yoga
The Yamas and Niyamas - Exploring Yoga's Ethical Practice
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Wise Living Tools
Yoga Special Series | Yama: The Code of Conduct
Yoga Special Series | Yama: The Code of Conduct
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Gurumaa Ashram
Gojira Yama
Gojira Yama's Messengers
Published: 2011/02/10
Channel: Velozzitify0
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS: Extras
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS: Extras
Published: 2011/09/30
Channel: Tompa531
Como Hackear un FACEBOOK en YAMAS 2016
Como Hackear un FACEBOOK en YAMAS 2016
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: metalconcer vera
Music Rif 2018 - Yamas Nzafzafi اجمل اغنية للأحرار الريف الام ناصر الزفزافي
Music Rif 2018 - Yamas Nzafzafi اجمل اغنية للأحرار الريف الام ناصر الزفزافي
Published: 2017/08/28
Channel: Cd Rif
Aidan vs. Sumo Yama
Aidan vs. Sumo Yama
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jennpaolone
Anatoli And Marianto - Yamas
Anatoli And Marianto - Yamas
Published: 2015/09/14
Channel: Marianto sTube
Faycel Sghir ft Khéiro Japoni / Yama Smhili / Live 2016
Faycel Sghir ft Khéiro Japoni / Yama Smhili / Live 2016
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Faycel Sghir - فيصل الصغير
Portikal.Net Yama İndirme ve Yama Kurulumu (2017)
Portikal.Net Yama İndirme ve Yama Kurulumu (2017)
Published: 2017/02/19
Channel: Portikal Net
Grupa Yamas
Grupa Yamas
Published: 2014/10/22
Channel: VIB Studio
1/2 Yama and Niyama of Yoga | A Foundation for Enlightenment
1/2 Yama and Niyama of Yoga | A Foundation for Enlightenment
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: Ryan Kurczak
Yamas and Niyamas
Yamas and Niyamas
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Ananda India Online
Hatim Ammor - Yama (EXCLUSIVE Music Video) | (حاتم عمور - يامّا (فيديو كليب حصري
Hatim Ammor - Yama (EXCLUSIVE Music Video) | (حاتم عمور - يامّا (فيديو كليب حصري
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Hatim Ammor l حاتم عمور
O que são Yamas e Niyamas?
O que são Yamas e Niyamas?
Published: 2014/10/21
Channel: Pri Leite Yoga
Aprendiendo Juntos WIFISLAX 11 YAMAS Men in the middle
Aprendiendo Juntos WIFISLAX 11 YAMAS Men in the middle
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: Horacio Vernal
Senego TV: Toute la vérité sur l
Senego TV: Toute la vérité sur l'agression sexuelle sur Yama Guissé
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Senego.com
Yamas and Niyamas / Overview
Yamas and Niyamas / Overview
Published: 2009/06/26
Channel: OWBB
YAMA :: the 1st Limb of the Ashtanga Yoga Path
YAMA :: the 1st Limb of the Ashtanga Yoga Path
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: Anita Goa
Sumo Champion Yama vs 8 year old boy
Sumo Champion Yama vs 8 year old boy
Published: 2016/04/17
Channel: HopDolo
Big Hero 6 Hiro vs Yama
Big Hero 6 Hiro vs Yama
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: Vs and Many More
The Yama & Niyama Song
The Yama & Niyama Song
Published: 2012/12/04
Channel: Tom Gillette
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS part 3/5
Elite World Cops - Israeli YAMAS part 3/5
Published: 2011/06/07
Channel: Tompa531
यम बुद्ध बाकसमा आउँदा पिताको हालत यस्तो, काठमाण्डौमा रुवाबासी - Yama Buddha
यम बुद्ध बाकसमा आउँदा पिताको हालत यस्तो, काठमाण्डौमा रुवाबासी - Yama Buddha
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Thuloparda TV
आमा बाबुलाइ रुवाएर यम बुद्ध किन मरे? Yama Buddha story - cremated at pashupati
आमा बाबुलाइ रुवाएर यम बुद्ध किन मरे? Yama Buddha story - cremated at pashupati
Published: 2017/01/29
Channel: Anand Nepal
Yama Buddha Khatra last album
Yama Buddha Khatra last album
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: Bishal Adhikari
7.18 YAMA NOTLARI// META KARAKTERLERİ
7.18 YAMA NOTLARI// META KARAKTERLERİ
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: Cihad Kiriş
Unknown Facts About Yama Dharmaraja And His Kingdom|యముడి గురించి మీకు తెలియని నిజాలు|With Subtitles
Unknown Facts About Yama Dharmaraja And His Kingdom|యముడి గురించి మీకు తెలియని నిజాలు|With Subtitles
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Planet Leaf
Anchor Training by Yama Buddha
Anchor Training by Yama Buddha
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Pattern Breakers
Yama Buddha - Yo Prasanga |Official Music Video|
Yama Buddha - Yo Prasanga |Official Music Video|
Published: 2014/09/04
Channel: Yama Buddha
Champa Chameli | 2071-08-22 | Yama Buddha
Champa Chameli | 2071-08-22 | Yama Buddha
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: For See Network
Yamas & Niyamas Explained: Satya
Yamas & Niyamas Explained: Satya
Published: 2016/01/04
Channel: Seattle Yoga News
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

Yamas (Sanskrit: यम), and its complement, Niyamas, represent a series of "right living" or ethical rules within Hinduism and Yoga. They are a form of moral imperatives, commandments, rules or goals. The Yamas are the "don't do these" list of self-restraints, typically representing commitments that affect one's relations with others and self.[1] The complementary Niyamas represent the "do these" list of observances, and together Yamas and Niyamas are personal obligations to live well.[1]

The earliest mention of the word Yamas is in the Rigveda, and over fifty texts of Hinduism, from its various traditions, discuss Yamas.[2] Patañjali lists five yamas in his Yoga Sūtras. Ten yamas are codified as "the restraints" in numerous Hindu texts including Yajnavalkya Smriti in verse 3.313,[3] the Śāṇḍilya and Vārāha Upanishads, the Hatha Yoga Pradipika by Svātmārāma,[4] and the Tirumantiram of Tirumular.[5][6]

The most often mentioned Yamas are – Ahimsa (non-violence), Satya (non-falsehood, truthfulness), Asteya (non-stealing), Mitahara (non-excess in food, moderation in food), Kșhamā (non-agitation about suffering, forgiveness), Dayā (non-prejudgment, compassion) are among the widely discussed Yamas.[2] The Yamas apply broadly and include self-restraints in one's actions, words and thoughts.[7]

Etymology and meaning[edit]

The earliest mention of Yamas is found in the Hindu scripture Rigveda, such as in verse 5.61.2.[3][8] The word in the Rigveda means a "rein, curb", the act of checking or curbing, restraining such as by a charioteer or a driver.[3] The term evolves into a moral restraint and ethical duty in the Upanishads, the Dharmasutras, the Mahabharata and numerous later texts, where it means self-control, voluntary and inner-directed forbearance.[3][9]

Yamas is the Sanskrit word for "restraint," states Stephen Sturgess, particularly "from actions, words, or thoughts that may cause harm".[10]

Five Yamas[edit]

The five yamas listed by Patañjali in Yogasūtra 2.30 are:[11]

  1. Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा): Nonviolence, non-harming other living beings by mind(मन), action(क्रुती), voice(वचन).

मराठी मध्ये सांगायचे झाले तर मन, कर्म, वचन यांने कोणत्याही जिवीत प्राण्याला हानी न पोहचवणे.act[12]

  1. Satya (सत्य): truthfulness, non-falsehood[12][13]
  2. Asteya (अस्तेय): non-stealing[12][14]
  3. Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य): chastity,[13] marital fidelity or sexual restraint[15]
  4. Aparigraha (अपरिग्रहः): non-avarice,[12] non-possessiveness[13]

Ten Yamas[edit]

The ten yamas listed by Śāṇḍilya Upanishad,[16] as well as by Svātmārāma are:[4][17][18]

  1. Ahiṃsā (अहिंसा): Nonviolence
  2. Satya (सत्य): truthfulness
  3. Asteya (अस्तेय): not stealing
  4. Brahmacharya (ब्रह्मचर्य): chastity,[13] marital fidelity or sexual restraint[15]
  5. Kṣamā (क्षमा): forgiveness[19]
  6. Dhṛti (धृति): fortitude
  7. Dayā (दया): compassion[19]
  8. Ārjava (आर्जव): non-hypocrisy, sincerity[20]
  9. Mitāhāra (मिताहार): measured diet
  10. Śauca (शौच): purity, cleanliness

Other numbers of Yamas[edit]

At least sixty (60) ancient and medieval era Indian texts are known so far that discuss Yamas.[2] Most are in Sanskrit, but some are in regional Indian languages. Of the sixty, the lists in eleven of these texts are similar, but not the same, as that of Patanjali's.[2] Other texts list between 1 and 10 Yamas, however 10 is the most common.[2]

The order of listed yamas, the names and nature of each yamas, as well as the relative emphasis vary between the texts. Some texts use the reverse of Niyamas in other texts, as Yamas; for example, Vairagya (dispassion from hedonism, somewhat reverse of the niyama Tapas) is described in verse 33 of Trishikhi Brahmana Upanishad in its list for Yamas.[2] Many texts substitute one or more different concepts in their list of Yamas. For example, in the ten Yamas listed by Yatidharma Sangraha, Akrodha (non-anger) is included as a Yamas.[2] Ahirbudhnya Samhita in verse 31.19 and Darshana Upanishad in verses 1.14-15 include Dayā as a Yamas, and explain it as the ethical restraint of not jumping to conclusions, being compassionate to every being and considering suffering of others as one's own.[21] In verse 31.21, Ahirbudhnya Samhita includes Kșhamā as the virtue of forgiveness and restraint from continued agitation from wrong others have done.[2] Mahakala Samhita in verses II.11.723 through II.11.738[22] lists many of the 10 Yamas above, but explains why it is a virtue in a different way. For example, the text explains Dayā (or Dayaa) is an ethical precept and the restraint from too much and too little emotions. It suggests Dayā reflects one's inner state, is the expression of kindness towards kin, friend, stranger and even a hostile person, and that one must remain good and kind no matter what the circumstances. This view for the Yamas of Dayā is shared in Shandilya Upanishad and Jabala Darshana Upanishad.[2][23] Atri Samhita in verse 48, lists Anrshamsya (आनृशंस्य)[24] as the restraint from cruelty to any living being by one's actions, words or in thoughts. Shivayoga Dipika in verse 2.9 substitutes Sunrta for Satya, defining Sunrta as "sweet and true speech".[2]

Ahimsa, Satya, Asteya, Mitahara, Kșhamā, Dayā are among the widely discussed Yamas ethical concepts by majority of these texts.[2]

Related concepts[edit]

Yamas are related to Niyamas in ancient and medieval era Indian texts. The former are restraints (the "don'ts") of virtuous life, while the latter are observances (the "dos").

Some texts such as the Hatha Yoga Pradipika use the classification flexibly, where yamas (restraints, the "don'ts") are understood as reverse of niyamas (positive attitudes, behaviors, the "dos"). For example, Ahimsa and Mitahara are called as yama as well as niyama in verses 17 and 40 of Book 1. In verse 1.40, Hatha Yoga Pradipika calls Ahimsa (non-violence and non-injuring anyone by one's actions, words or in thoughts) as the highest virtuous habit, Mitahara (moderation in one's eating and drinking habits) as the best personal restraint, and Siddhasana as the foremost of Asanas.[25]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Judith Lasater (1998), Beginning the Journey, Yoga Journal, Nov-Dec Issue, pages 42-48
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k SV Bharti (2001), Yoga Sutras of Patanjali: With the Exposition of Vyasa, Motilal Banarsidas, ISBN 978-8120818255, Appendix I, pages 672-680
  3. ^ a b c d Monier Monier-Williams, Sanskrit English Dictionary with Etymology, Oxford University Press, Entry for Yama, page 846
  4. ^ a b Svātmārāma; Pancham Sinh (1997). The Hatha Yoga Pradipika (5 ed.). Forgotten Books. p. 14. ISBN 9781605066370. अथ यम-नियमाः अहिंसा सत्यमस्तेयं बरह्यछर्यम कश्हमा धृतिः दयार्जवं मिताहारः शौछम छैव यमा दश १७ 
  5. ^ Ramaswami, Sŕivatsa (2001). Yoga for the three stages of life. Inner Traditions / Bear & Company. p. 229. ISBN 9780892818204. 
  6. ^ Devanand, G. K. Teaching of Yoga. APH Publishing. p. 45. ISBN 9788131301722. Yama is a "moral restraint" or rule for living virtuously. Ten yamas are codified in numerous scriptures, including the Hatha Yoga Pradeepika compiled by Yogi Swatmarama, while Patanjali lists five yamas and five niyamas (disciplines) in the Yoga Sutra. 
  7. ^ Debra Weiss (2006), Ahimsa: Nonviolence from a Yoga Perspective, Fellowship, Vol. 72, Issue 1-2, page 25
  8. ^ Sanskrit: क्व वोऽश्वाः क्वाभीशवः कथं शेक कथा यय । पृष्ठे सदो नसोर्यमः ॥२॥ (ऋग्वेद: सूक्तं ५.६१ Rigveda, Wikisource
  9. ^ Michael Palmer and Stanley Burgess (2012), The Wiley-Blackwell Companion to Religion and Social Justice, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN 978-1405195478, page 114
  10. ^ Sturgess, Stephen (2014). Yoga Meditation: Still Your Mind and Awaken Your Inner Spirit. Oxford, UK: Watkins Publishing Limited. pp. 18–19. ISBN 978-1-78028-644-0. 
  11. ^ Āgāśe, K. S. (1904). Pātañjalayogasūtrāṇi. Puṇe: Ānandāśrama. p. 102. 
  12. ^ a b c d James Lochtefeld, "Yama (2)", The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Hinduism, Vol. 2: N–Z, Rosen Publishing. ISBN 9780823931798, page 777
  13. ^ a b c d Arti Dhand (2002), The dharma of ethics, the ethics of dharma: Quizzing the ideals of Hinduism, Journal of Religious Ethics, 30(3), pages 347-372
  14. ^ Roger S. Gottlieb (2006). The Oxford Handbook of Religion and Ecology. Oxford University Press. p. 149. ISBN 978-0-19-972769-8. 
  15. ^ a b [a] Louise Taylor (2001), A Woman's Book of Yoga, Tuttle, ISBN 978-0804818292, page 3;
    [b]Jeffrey Long (2009), Jainism: An Introduction, IB Tauris, ISBN 978-1845116262, page 109; Quote: The fourth vow - brahmacarya - means for laypersons, marital fidelity and pre-marital celibacy; for ascetics, it means absolute celibacy; John Cort explains, "Brahmacharya involves having sex only with one's spouse, as well as the avoidance of ardent gazing or lewd gestures (...) - Quoted by Long, ibid, page 101
  16. ^ KN Aiyar (1914), Thirty Minor Upanishads, Kessinger Publishing, ISBN 978-1164026419, Chapter 22, pages 173-176
  17. ^ Lorenzen, David (1972). The Kāpālikas and Kālāmukhas. University of California Press. pp. 186–190. ISBN 978-0520018426. 
  18. ^ Subramuniya (2003). Merging with Śiva: Hinduism's contemporary metaphysics. Himalayan Academy Publications. p. 155. ISBN 9780945497998. Retrieved 6 April 2009. 
  19. ^ a b Stuart Sovatsky (1998), Words from the Soul: Time East/West Spirituality and Psychotherapeutic Narrative, State University of New York, ISBN 978-0791439494, page 21
  20. ^ J Sinha, Indian Psychology, p. 142, at Google Books, Volume 2, Motilal Banarsidas, OCLC 1211693, page 142
  21. ^ Jean Varenne and Coltman Derek (1977), University Of Chicago Press, ISBN 978-0226851167, pages 197-202
  22. ^ Mahakala Samhita Government of India Archives (in Sanskrit), see pages 302 to 304 of the document
  23. ^ K. V. Gajendragadkar (2007), Neo-upanishadic Philosophy, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, University of California Archives, OCLC 1555808
  24. ^ AnRzaMsya Sanskrit-English Dictionary, Koeln University, Germany
  25. ^ Original:
    यमेष्व् इव मिताहारम् अहिंसा नियमेष्व् इव ।
    मुख्यं सर्वासनेष्व् एकं सिद्धाः सिद्धासनं विदुः ॥४०॥
    Note: The verse number is different in different translations, in some this verse is 1.38, in others 1.40; Sanskrit and English translation source: Hatha Yoga Pradipika Brahmananda, Adyar Library Series, Madras

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license