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Yard with Lunatics-Ali Burghoffer
Yard with Lunatics-Ali Burghoffer
Published: 2014/03/18
Channel: Alexandra Burghoffer
Fred Frith with Jason Hoopes & Jordan Glenn - Yard with Lunatics
Fred Frith with Jason Hoopes & Jordan Glenn - Yard with Lunatics
Published: 2017/02/20
Channel: ZapFra
The lunatics have taken over the asylum-Collide
The lunatics have taken over the asylum-Collide
Published: 2010/06/29
Channel: Jennifer Bradley
Nelly - E.I.
Nelly - E.I.
Published: 2009/10/08
Channel: NellyVEVO
Goya
Goya's Corral de Locos - A Tiny Painting with Tons of Meaning
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: mar1na1993
Traitors and Lunatics - Intellectual Froglegs
Traitors and Lunatics - Intellectual Froglegs
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: JoeDanMedia
4 Most INSANE & Notorious MENTAL Asylums Ever
4 Most INSANE & Notorious MENTAL Asylums Ever
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Scary Mysteries
The
The 'burbs (6/10) Movie CLIP - The Femur (1989) HD
Published: 2011/06/16
Channel: Movieclips
Here Comes The Boom - Nelly
Here Comes The Boom - Nelly
Published: 2008/02/16
Channel: Frankqc93
Nelly ft lunatics Tip Drill + 18!!! REACTION
Nelly ft lunatics Tip Drill + 18!!! REACTION
Published: 2017/06/18
Channel: The Man LB
Get Big line dance by Debra Thomas of Jesmove2
Get Big line dance by Debra Thomas of Jesmove2
Published: 2016/08/21
Channel: Debra Thomas
Nelly - Lie (Feat. St. Lunatics)
Nelly - Lie (Feat. St. Lunatics)
Published: 2017/02/11
Channel: Will Common
Unexpected Bear in My Yard Gets Harrassed by 3 Dogs then Chased by Bird
Unexpected Bear in My Yard Gets Harrassed by 3 Dogs then Chased by Bird
Published: 2013/06/16
Channel: littlebean87
Nelly feat  St  Lunatics   E I  The Tip Drill Remix
Nelly feat St Lunatics E I The Tip Drill Remix
Published: 2015/01/12
Channel: A O
Lunatics are in my front garden
Lunatics are in my front garden
Published: 2014/06/05
Channel: Wood Lozenger
JULY 24TH 2010--BACK YARD LUNATICS!!
JULY 24TH 2010--BACK YARD LUNATICS!!
Published: 2010/07/27
Channel: MICHELLE GALATI
Lunatics On Broadway by Astrokatz
Lunatics On Broadway by Astrokatz
Published: 2017/05/08
Channel: Nicholas McKeever
Kathy_Supove_plays_Mechanized_Cock_Fight_Multiple_Inmates_Yard_of_Lunatics
Kathy_Supove_plays_Mechanized_Cock_Fight_Multiple_Inmates_Yard_of_Lunatics
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: Rocco Di Pietro
Lunatics on grass 002
Lunatics on grass 002
Published: 2007/07/24
Channel: grasscarver
The Potential Lunatics - Bundle of Skin and Hormones [Official Music Video]
The Potential Lunatics - Bundle of Skin and Hormones [Official Music Video]
Published: 2014/10/04
Channel: Shibby Pictures
The Vulcans - Back A Yard
The Vulcans - Back A Yard
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: TheRickynow
Fun Boy Three - The Lunatics Have Taken Over The Asylum (1981) (HD)
Fun Boy Three - The Lunatics Have Taken Over The Asylum (1981) (HD)
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: MadFranko008
Fun Boy 3 - The Lunatics (Have Taken Over the Asylum) 1981
Fun Boy 3 - The Lunatics (Have Taken Over the Asylum) 1981
Published: 2011/01/05
Channel: memorylane1980s
Fun Boy Three - The Farmyard Connection
Fun Boy Three - The Farmyard Connection
Published: 2010/01/08
Channel: fred166
BACKYARD BASEBALL RAP (The Making Of)
BACKYARD BASEBALL RAP (The Making Of)
Published: 2017/01/10
Channel: charliewinsmore
Nelly: Luven Me [W/ LYRICS]
Nelly: Luven Me [W/ LYRICS]
Published: 2010/07/28
Channel: percyrmiller
Whitechapel: Suspects, Lunatics and a Leather Apron
Whitechapel: Suspects, Lunatics and a Leather Apron
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: Apocalypse Events
Nelly Feat. Jung Tru & King Jacob - Errtime (HQ / Dirty)
Nelly Feat. Jung Tru & King Jacob - Errtime (HQ / Dirty)
Published: 2011/03/14
Channel: HQmvideo
Nelly- Luven Me {With Lyrics In Description}
Nelly- Luven Me {With Lyrics In Description}
Published: 2009/01/17
Channel: jaysoncole314
Winter X-Games Tignes 2012 - Snowmobile Demo - Lunatics
Winter X-Games Tignes 2012 - Snowmobile Demo - Lunatics
Published: 2012/03/18
Channel: IIISeisPaquetesIII
2016 BackYard Haunted house day time walkthrough
2016 BackYard Haunted house day time walkthrough
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: FoxHill Asylum Haunted House
The shine poets prophets and lunatics
The shine poets prophets and lunatics
Published: 2011/12/09
Channel: ifyourskint
Get Big Line Dance
Get Big Line Dance
Published: 2016/10/03
Channel: JandJSoulfulSteps
COLONEL ELLIOTT & THE LUNATICS - Guns Of The Martian Giants
COLONEL ELLIOTT & THE LUNATICS - Guns Of The Martian Giants
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: The Lisbonians
Delta Alpha Omega LAMBDA LUNATICS Probate
Delta Alpha Omega LAMBDA LUNATICS Probate
Published: 2008/11/26
Channel: jlimones
Nelly: Luven Me
Nelly: Luven Me
Published: 2006/09/24
Channel: wett1ger
The Longest Yard Flooded Pitch Song
The Longest Yard Flooded Pitch Song
Published: 2010/03/01
Channel: MoDeRnWaRfArEvIdZ
st. lunatics - summer in the city
st. lunatics - summer in the city
Published: 2013/04/21
Channel: kr zuluaga
Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel Walkthrough Part 5 - LUNATICS!! With...JETPACKS!!
Borderlands: The Pre-Sequel Walkthrough Part 5 - LUNATICS!! With...JETPACKS!!
Published: 2014/10/19
Channel: Hypercore Ripper
Boston Terrier enjoys Bubbles
Boston Terrier enjoys Bubbles
Published: 2016/04/24
Channel: Ross whitby
Nelly - Fly Away
Nelly - Fly Away
Published: 2009/06/17
Channel: greenKevn27
Nelly. Fly Away Longest Yard Soundtrack.
Nelly. Fly Away Longest Yard Soundtrack.
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: BossDollar260
The Vulcans / Colonel Elliott & The Lunatics - Vulcan-ised / Telstar - CD
The Vulcans / Colonel Elliott & The Lunatics - Vulcan-ised / Telstar - CD
Published: 2014/01/31
Channel: DowntownVibesRon
RAVING!!...lunatics - OMG!arj
RAVING!!...lunatics - OMG!arj
Published: 2012/03/17
Channel: OMGarj
STRAWBERRY ALARM CLOCK - INCENSE AND PEPPERMINTS (Live w/lyrics)
STRAWBERRY ALARM CLOCK - INCENSE AND PEPPERMINTS (Live w/lyrics)
Published: 2008/10/13
Channel: luckysmusic
Rush - Intro
Rush - Intro
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Walter White
Lunatics Vs TKS! Tight Krumping Souljaz @YoTv
Lunatics Vs TKS! Tight Krumping Souljaz @YoTv's Battle Stations SABC1
Published: 2014/10/14
Channel: vincent Muzi
Colonel Elliot & the Lunatics - Approaching Earth
Colonel Elliot & the Lunatics - Approaching Earth
Published: 2011/08/13
Channel: Willian Y.L.
Lumidee vs  Fatman Scoop   Dance Original 2014 Mix
Lumidee vs Fatman Scoop Dance Original 2014 Mix
Published: 2014/02/19
Channel: ernesto emini
Team Lunatics boxing :D
Team Lunatics boxing :D
Published: 2012/04/21
Channel: B1GBirrD
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Yard with Lunatics
Courtyard with Lunatics by Goya 1794.jpg
Artist Francisco Goya
Year c. 1794
Type oil-on-tinplate
Dimensions 32.7 cm × 43.8 cm (12.9 in × 17.2 in)
Location Meadows Museum, Dallas, Texas

Yard with Lunatics (Spanish: Corral de locos) is a small oil-on-tinplate painting completed by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya between 1793 and 1794. Goya said that the painting was informed by scenes of institutions he witnessed as a youth in Zaragoza.[1] Yard with Lunatics was painted around the time when Goya’s deafness and fear of mental illness were developing and he was increasingly complaining of his health. A contemporary diagnosis read, "the noises in his head and deafness aren’t improving, yet his vision is much better and he is back in control of his balance."

Though Goya had to that point been preoccupied with commissioned portraits of royalty and noblemen, this work is one of a dozen small-scale, dark images he produced independently. Uncommissioned, it was one of the first of Goya's mid-1790s cabinet paintings, in which his earlier search for ideal beauty gave way to an examination of the relationship between naturalism and fantasy that would preoccupy him for the rest of his career.[2] He was undergoing a nervous breakdown and entering prolonged physical illness,[3] and admitted that the series was created to reflect his own self-doubt, anxiety and fear that he himself was going mad.[4] Goya wrote that the works served "to occupy my imagination, tormented as it is by contemplation of my sufferings." The series, he said, consisted of pictures which "normally find no place in commissioned works."[5]

To art historian Arthur Danto, Yard with Lunatics marks a point in Goya's career where he moves from "a world in which there are no shadows to one in which there is no light".[5] The work is often compared to more mature but equally bleak Madhouse of 1812-19. It has been described as a "somber vision of human bodies without human reason",[6] as one of Goya's "deeply disturbing visions of sadism and suffering",[7] and a work that marks his progression from a commissioned portraitist to an artist that pursued only his bleak and pitiless view of humanity.

Some historians speculate that Goya's symptoms may indicate prolonged viral encephalitis; and the mixture of tinnitus, imbalance and progressive deafness may be symptoms of Ménière's disease. Others claim that he was suffering from mental illness. However, these attempts at posthumous diagnosis are purely, and only, speculative and hypothetical. Goya's diagnosis remains unknown. What is known, is that he lived in fear of insanity, and projected his fears and despair into his work.

Set in a Lunatic asylum, Yard with Lunatics was painted at a time when such institutions were, according to art critic Robert Hughes, no more than "holes in the social surface, small dumps into which the psychotic could be thrown without the smallest attempt to discover, classify, or treat the nature of their illness."[8] Goya's yard is overwhelmingly stark, showing shackled inmates enclosed by high walls and a heavy stone arch. Inmates fight and grin idiotically or huddle in despair, all bathed in an oppressive grey and green light, guarded by a single man. The work stands as a horrifying and imaginary vision of loneliness, fear and social alienation, a departure from the rather more superficial treatment of mental illness in the works of earlier artists such as Hogarth.

In a 1794 letter to his friend Bernardo de Yriarte, he wrote that the painting shows "a yard with lunatics, and two of them fighting completely naked while their warder beats them, and others in sacks; (it is a scene I witnessed at Zaragoza)".[9] It is usually read as an indictment of the widespread punitive treatment of the insane, who were confined with criminals, put in iron manacles, and routinely subjected to physical punishment,[10] in ground sealed by masonry blocks and iron gate. Here the patients are variously staring, sitting, posturing, wrestling, grimacing or disciplining themselves. The top of the canvas vanishes with sunlight, emphasizing the nightmarish scene below. Since one of the essential goals of the enlightenment was to reform the prisons and asylums, a subject found in the writings of Voltaire and others, the condemnation of brutality towards prisoners, whether criminal or insane, was a subject of many of Goya’s later paintings.

The painting had been absent from public view since a private sale in 1922; today it is housed in the Meadows Museum in Dallas, having been donated by Algur H. Meadows in 1967.[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hilton, Tim. "Something wicked this way comes: Two shows, one of small works by Goya, the other a series of religious paintings by Francisco de Zurbaran, reveal Spain's darkest artists in a new light". The Independent, 20 March 1994. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  2. ^ Schulz, Andrew. "The Expressive Body in Goya's Saint Francis Borgia at the Deathbed of an Impenitent". The Art Bulletin, 80.4 1998.
  3. ^ It is not known why Goya became sick, theories range from polio to syphilis or lead poisoning. Yet he survived until eighty-two years.
  4. ^ Hughes, Robert. "The unflinching eye". The Guardian, 4 October, 2003. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  5. ^ a b Danto, Arthur. "Shock of the Old: Arthur C. Danto on Three Goya Biographies". Artforum International, March 2004
  6. ^ Hagen & Hagen, 31
  7. ^ Melikian, Souren. "New View of Goya:His Small Paintings". New York Times, 23 April, 1994. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  8. ^ Hughes, 139
  9. ^ Kromm, Jane. The art of frenzy. 2002, page 194
  10. ^ Hughes, 139
  11. ^ "Yard with Madmen", Meadows Museum Collection Highlights, retrieved 2010-03-27 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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