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1
Yard with Lunatics-Ali Burghoffer
Yard with Lunatics-Ali Burghoffer
::2014/03/18::
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2
JULY 24TH 2010--BACK YARD LUNATICS!!
JULY 24TH 2010--BACK YARD LUNATICS!!
::2010/07/26::
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The lunatics have taken over the asylum-Collide
The lunatics have taken over the asylum-Collide
::2010/06/29::
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greek pro wrestling match golden faction vs the lunatics
greek pro wrestling match golden faction vs the lunatics
::2014/11/11::
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Fun Boy 3 - The Lunatics (Have Taken Over the Asylum) 1981
::2011/01/04::
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Nelly - Ride Wit Me ft. St. Lunatics.mp4
::2011/05/12::
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Miley, Katy & Lil Wayne are Lunatics for "Blood Moon" Eclipse - Trending 10 (04/15/14)
Miley, Katy & Lil Wayne are Lunatics for "Blood Moon" Eclipse - Trending 10 (04/15/14)
::2014/04/16::
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st. lunatics - summer in the city
st. lunatics - summer in the city
::2013/04/21::
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Colonel Elliot & the Lunatics - Approaching Earth
Colonel Elliot & the Lunatics - Approaching Earth
::2011/08/13::
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T.L.C.(Tables,Lunatics & Chains) Part 1
T.L.C.(Tables,Lunatics & Chains) Part 1
::2014/06/13::
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Future Lunatics
::2014/03/05::
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Assassin
Assassin's Creed Brotherhood - Raging Lunatics on Assassinate (10k)
::2011/11/14::
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wrestling lunatics
wrestling lunatics
::2008/03/15::
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14
Fly Away - NELLY (Longest Yard)
Fly Away - NELLY (Longest Yard)
::2008/04/08::
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15
Luna & The Lunatics - One and Only
Luna & The Lunatics - One and Only
::2013/10/11::
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16
Crazy Psycho Nutcase Lunatic  Neighbor Becky
Crazy Psycho Nutcase Lunatic Neighbor Becky
::2009/01/14::
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Unexpected Bear in My Yard Gets Harrassed by 3 Dogs then Chased by Bird
Unexpected Bear in My Yard Gets Harrassed by 3 Dogs then Chased by Bird
::2013/06/16::
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LUNATICS! CP 9774 in Chesterton, IN 8/18/14
::2014/08/18::
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19
The Longest Yard Hits
The Longest Yard Hits
::2008/01/31::
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20
Bare knuckle raving lunatics goin at it hard!!
Bare knuckle raving lunatics goin at it hard!!
::2012/05/08::
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21
Fun Boy Three - The lunatics have taken over the asylum
Fun Boy Three - The lunatics have taken over the asylum
::2011/10/16::
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22
The Vulcans / Colonel Elliott & The Lunatics - Vulcan-ised / Telstar - CD
The Vulcans / Colonel Elliott & The Lunatics - Vulcan-ised / Telstar - CD
::2014/01/31::
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23
Nelly-Here Comes the Boom (The Longest Yard)
Nelly-Here Comes the Boom (The Longest Yard)
::2008/02/09::
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24
Nelly Feat. St. Lunatics - Ghetto [ www.TBOHipHop.net ].wmv
Nelly Feat. St. Lunatics - Ghetto [ www.TBOHipHop.net ].wmv
::2011/12/31::
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25
nelly   Boom the longest yard
nelly Boom the longest yard
::2012/05/03::
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26
Binghamton Zombie Walk (Lunatics I say!)
Binghamton Zombie Walk (Lunatics I say!)
::2010/10/03::
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Very Funny & Crazy Pigs Run Around like Complete Lunatics Barking like Dogs LOL
Very Funny & Crazy Pigs Run Around like Complete Lunatics Barking like Dogs LOL
::2013/09/04::
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28
RAVING!!...lunatics - OMG!arj
RAVING!!...lunatics - OMG!arj
::2012/03/17::
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29
"X Spot" Short Film by The St. Lunatics
"X Spot" Short Film by The St. Lunatics
::2012/08/08::
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30
Delta Alpha Omega LAMBDA LUNATICS Probate
Delta Alpha Omega LAMBDA LUNATICS Probate
::2008/11/25::
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31
Longwood vs. Liberty -- Lunatic Style
Longwood vs. Liberty -- Lunatic Style
::2013/03/23::
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32
Nelly - Here Comes the Boom (Soundtrack The Longest Yard)
Nelly - Here Comes the Boom (Soundtrack The Longest Yard)
::2013/01/19::
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33
Longest Yard- Nelly here comes the Boom
Longest Yard- Nelly here comes the Boom
::2008/09/09::
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34
Neville Staple   Pick It Up & Lunatics
Neville Staple Pick It Up & Lunatics
::2012/12/27::
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35
nelly - here comes the boom (longest yard)
nelly - here comes the boom (longest yard)
::2008/10/04::
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36
Longest Yard music video
Longest Yard music video
::2008/06/08::
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37
Fun Boy Three - The Farm Yard Connection (With Lyrics)  (1983)
Fun Boy Three - The Farm Yard Connection (With Lyrics) (1983)
::2011/05/14::
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38
Nelly - Fly Away Lyric
Nelly - Fly Away Lyric
::2009/09/18::
Play Video
39
The Lunatics Live In South Central L.A
The Lunatics Live In South Central L.A
::2013/06/04::
Play Video
40
Boom! - Nelly (Longest Yard Soundtrack)
Boom! - Nelly (Longest Yard Soundtrack)
::2011/08/18::
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41
Nelly-Here Comes The Boom(The longest yard)
Nelly-Here Comes The Boom(The longest yard)
::2009/09/27::
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42
Vulcans - Back A Yard
Vulcans - Back A Yard
::2010/08/17::
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43
DUB LUNATICS DARK MOON DARK DREAM (OCT 2013)
DUB LUNATICS DARK MOON DARK DREAM (OCT 2013)
::2013/10/08::
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44
Nelly Here Comes The BOOM, THE LONGEST YARD SOUNDTRACK
Nelly Here Comes The BOOM, THE LONGEST YARD SOUNDTRACK
::2009/04/12::
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45
water gun battle of Lunatics
water gun battle of Lunatics
::2013/03/25::
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46
MSNBC: Obama
MSNBC: Obama's Navy Yard Speech Was Shocking and Stunning
::2013/09/18::
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47
Blade of Terror - Maze of Lunatics (live2006)
Blade of Terror - Maze of Lunatics (live2006)
::2007/02/09::
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48
School of Roc Winter Showcase - Kentucky Buffet vs Bitter Lunatics
School of Roc Winter Showcase - Kentucky Buffet vs Bitter Lunatics
::2011/12/23::
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49
Nelly - errtime  (Official Music Video)
Nelly - errtime (Official Music Video)
::2010/09/25::
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50
LUNATICS BBQ KEITH SWITCHMAN
LUNATICS BBQ KEITH SWITCHMAN
::2007/09/26::
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Yard with Lunatics
Courtyard with Lunatics by Goya 1794.jpg
Artist Francisco Goya
Year c. 1794
Type oil-on-tinplate
Dimensions 32.7 cm × 43.8 cm (12.9 in × 17.2 in)
Location Meadows Museum, Dallas, Texas

Yard with Lunatics (Spanish: Corral de locos) is a small oil-on-tinplate painting completed by the Spanish artist Francisco Goya between 1793 and 1794. Goya said that the painting was informed by scenes of institutions he witnessed as a youth in Zaragoza.[1] Yard with Lunatics was painted around the time when Goya’s deafness and fear of mental illness were developing and he was increasingly complaining of his health. A contemporary diagnosis read, "the noises in his head and deafness aren’t improving, yet his vision is much better and he is back in control of his balance."

Though Goya had to that point been preoccupied with commissioned portraits of royalty and noblemen, this work is one of a dozen small-scale, dark images he produced independently. Uncommissioned, it was one of the first of Goya's mid-1790s cabinet paintings, in which his earlier search for ideal beauty gave way to an examination of the relationship between naturalism and fantasy that would preoccupy him for the rest of his career.[2] He was undergoing a nervous breakdown and entering prolonged physical illness,[3] and admitted that the series was created to reflect his own self-doubt, anxiety and fear that he himself was going mad.[4] Goya wrote that the works served "to occupy my imagination, tormented as it is by contemplation of my sufferings." The series, he said, consisted of pictures which "normally find no place in commissioned works."[5]

To art historian Arthur Danto, Yard with Lunatics marks a point in Goya's career where he moves from "a world in which there are no shadows to one in which there is no light".[5] The work is often compared to more mature but equally bleak Madhouse of 1812-19. It has been described as a "somber vision of human bodies without human reason",[6] as one of Goya's "deeply disturbing visions of sadism and suffering",[7] and a work that marks his progression from a commissioned portraitists to an artist that pursued only his bleak and pitiless view of humanity.

Some historians speculate that Goya's symptoms may indicate prolonged viral encephalitis; and the mixture of tinnitus, imbalance and progressive deafness may be symptoms of Ménière's disease. Others claim that he was suffering from mental illness. However, these attempts at post-humous diagnosis are purely, and only, speculative and hypothetical. Goya's diagnosis remains unknown. What is known, is that he lived in fear of insanity, and projected his fears and despair into his work.

Set in a Lunatic asylum, Yard with Lunatics was painted at a time when such institutions were, according to art critic Robert Hughes, no more than "holes in the social surface, small dumps into which the psychotic could be thrown without the smallest attempt to discover, classify, or treat the nature of their illness."[8] Goya's yard is overwhelmingly stark, showing shackled inmates enclosed by high walls and a heavy stone arch. Inmates fight and grin idiotically or huddle in despair, all bathed in an oppressive grey and green light, guarded by a single man. The work stands as a horrifying and imaginary vision of loneliness, fear and social alienation, a departure from the rather more superficial treatment of mental illness in the works of earlier artists such as Hogarth.

In a 1794 letter to his friend Bernardo de Yriarte, he wrote that the painting shows "a yard with lunatics, and two of them fighting completely naked while their warder beats them, and others in sacks; (it is a scene I witnessed at Zaragoza)".[9] It is usually read as an indictment of the widespread punitive treatment of the insane, who were confined with criminals, put in iron manacles, and routinely subjected to physical punishment,[10] in ground sealed by masonry blocks and iron gate. Here the patients are variously staring, sitting, posturing, wrestling, grimacing or disciplining themselves. The top of the canvas vanishes with sunlight, emphasizing the nightmarish scene below. Since one of the essential goals of the enlightenment was to reform the prisons and asylums, a subject found in the writings of Voltaire and others, the condemnation of brutality towards prisoners, whether criminal or insane, was a subject of many of Goya’s later paintings.

The painting had been absent from public view since a private sale in 1922; today it is housed in the Meadows Museum in Dallas, having been donated by Algur H. Meadows in 1967.[11]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Hilton, Tim. "Something wicked this way comes: Two shows, one of small works by Goya, the other a series of religious paintings by Francisco de Zurbaran, reveal Spain's darkest artists in a new light". The Independent, 20 March 1994. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  2. ^ Schulz, Andrew. "The Expressive Body in Goya's Saint Francis Borgia at the Deathbed of an Impenitent". The Art Bulletin, 80.4 1998.
  3. ^ It is not known why Goya became sick, theories range from polio to syphilis or lead poisoning. Yet he survived until eighty-two years.
  4. ^ Hughes, Robert. "The unflinching eye". The Guardian, 4 October, 2003. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  5. ^ a b Danto, Arthur. "Shock of the Old: Arthur C. Danto on Three Goya Biographies". Artforum International, March 2004
  6. ^ Hagen & Hagen, 31
  7. ^ Melikian, Souren. "New View of Goya:His Small Paintings". New York Times, 23 April, 1994. Retrieved 30 January, 2010.
  8. ^ Hughes, 139
  9. ^ Kromm, Jane. The art of frenzy. 2002, page 194
  10. ^ Hughes, 139
  11. ^ "Yard with Madmen", Meadows Museum Collection Highlights, retrieved 2010-03-27 

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

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