1
Zacharie Cloutier
Zacharie Cloutier 'pon pon el dedito en el boton'
DATE: 2009/01/30::
2
Zacharie Cloutier - l
Zacharie Cloutier - l'avocat
DATE: 2013/06/08::
3
Bebe Zacharie Cloutier hablando con papa - 2 meses
Bebe Zacharie Cloutier hablando con papa - 2 meses
DATE: 2008/07/21::
4
Zacharie chante
Zacharie chante 'Do re mi...' - Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2009/10/16::
5
Zacharie Cloutier se voltea boca abajo
Zacharie Cloutier se voltea boca abajo
DATE: 2008/07/26::
6
Zacharie Cloutier en la tina - dans le bain
Zacharie Cloutier en la tina - dans le bain
DATE: 2009/12/19::
7
Zacharie Cloutier en Colombie 5 de 15
Zacharie Cloutier en Colombie 5 de 15
DATE: 2009/04/18::
8
Zacharie Cloutier   volleyball
Zacharie Cloutier volleyball
DATE: 2014/09/30::
9
Waka waka - spectacle de musique Zacharie Cloutier
Waka waka - spectacle de musique Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2013/06/21::
10
La risa de Zacharie - Parte 2 (un año después) - Zacharie Cloutier
La risa de Zacharie - Parte 2 (un año después) - Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2009/08/11::
11
Zacharie Cloutier baila Tutaina tuturuma
Zacharie Cloutier baila Tutaina tuturuma
DATE: 2009/12/19::
12
Zacharie Cloutier y su cuarto
Zacharie Cloutier y su cuarto
DATE: 2008/07/21::
13
Zacharie Cloutier
Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2008/07/11::
14
Zacharie Cloutier - graduation maternelle 1 de 3
Zacharie Cloutier - graduation maternelle 1 de 3
DATE: 2014/06/17::
15
Fiesta de navidad - guarderia de Zacharie Cloutier
Fiesta de navidad - guarderia de Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2009/12/19::
16
Zacharie Cloutier en Colombie 10 de 15
Zacharie Cloutier en Colombie 10 de 15
DATE: 2009/04/19::
17
Zacharie Cloutier se despierta pateando la cuna
Zacharie Cloutier se despierta pateando la cuna
DATE: 2008/08/18::
18
Zac joue au coucou tout seul! Zac juega al escodido solito - Zacharie Cloutier
Zac joue au coucou tout seul! Zac juega al escodido solito - Zacharie Cloutier
DATE: 2008/12/11::
19
My famous relatives part 1
My famous relatives part 1
DATE: 2014/03/19::
20
Haut les mains - Spectacle de musique
Haut les mains - Spectacle de musique
DATE: 2013/06/21::
21
Salsa man - spectacle de musique
Salsa man - spectacle de musique
DATE: 2013/06/21::
22
Jun 13, 2014
Jun 13, 2014
DATE: 2014/06/13::
23
Bonne fête zacharie
Bonne fête zacharie
DATE: 2010/10/25::
24
Zacharie dans le metro
Zacharie dans le metro
DATE: 2007/04/17::
25
La Playa Hollywood Beach, Florida
La Playa Hollywood Beach, Florida
DATE: 2008/09/07::
26
Des ronds dans l
Des ronds dans l'eau (cover)
DATE: 2014/02/28::
27
Zachary Cloutier first stroller ride thru Brooklyn
Zachary Cloutier first stroller ride thru Brooklyn
DATE: 2008/04/28::
28
Comme une Terre Altérée - Sebastien Demrey
Comme une Terre Altérée - Sebastien Demrey
DATE: 2015/05/04::
29
SHANA 14 MOIS A LA PISCINE
SHANA 14 MOIS A LA PISCINE
DATE: 2008/06/18::
30
COKE IS HOPE 2009.MOV
COKE IS HOPE 2009.MOV
DATE: 2009/12/19::
31
Así se prepara la espectacular coreografía navideña.
Así se prepara la espectacular coreografía navideña.
DATE: 2011/12/09::
32
Paul Criner 5 balls endurance
Paul Criner 5 balls endurance
DATE: 2009/03/25::
33
Éponge
Éponge
DATE: 2009/07/14::
34
kakaki royet
kakaki royet
DATE: 2010/03/04::
35
le bain
le bain
DATE: 2008/03/10::
36
poupouille dans sa piscine
poupouille dans sa piscine
DATE: 2009/07/16::
37
Valentino Cortes, Bebe 2 meses
Valentino Cortes, Bebe 2 meses
DATE: 2008/08/30::
38
mi bebe  parandose de 8 meses
mi bebe parandose de 8 meses
DATE: 2011/01/09::
39
012_Argeles - A la piscine avec maman.mp4
012_Argeles - A la piscine avec maman.mp4
DATE: 2010/05/31::
40
Spectacle a travis a la garderie
Spectacle a travis a la garderie
DATE: 2014/06/22::
41
MARCO BERLUSCONI RESPONDE A LOS PERIODISTAS
MARCO BERLUSCONI RESPONDE A LOS PERIODISTAS
DATE: 2008/10/26::
42
Anette  empezando a hablar 12 12 12
Anette empezando a hablar 12 12 12
DATE: 2012/12/13::
43
Kylian dans le bain
Kylian dans le bain
DATE: 2008/03/13::
44
WP 20120630 191430Z
WP 20120630 191430Z
DATE: 2012/07/11::
45
mi bebe nadando em el bano
mi bebe nadando em el bano
DATE: 2009/12/23::
46
José Luis en la tina
José Luis en la tina
DATE: 2006/11/28::
47
Leo Bebe Balbuseando
Leo Bebe Balbuseando
DATE: 2009/09/28::
48
Mélissa
Mélissa's own trials :)
DATE: 2009/01/18::
49
kisses from Mama
kisses from Mama
DATE: 2008/05/16::
50
Pon o dedo no  nariz. Canción infantil
Pon o dedo no nariz. Canción infantil
DATE: 2015/01/06::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Zacharie Cloutier
Born c. 1590
Saint-Jean-Baptiste de Mortagne-au-Perche, France
Died September 17, 1677 (aged 85 or 86)
Château-Richer, New France
Occupation carpenter, colonist
Spouse(s) Xainte Dupont
Children Zacharie
Jean
Xainte
Anne
Charles
Louise
Parent(s) Denis Cloutier and Renée Brière

Zacharie Cloutier (c. 1590 – September 17, 1677) was a French carpenter who, in 1634, immigrated to New France in the first wave of the Percheron Immigration from the former province of Perche, to an area that, today, is part of Quebec, Canada. He settled in Beauport and founded one of the foremost families of Quebec.[1]

Early life[edit]

Many sources state that Zacharie Cloutier was born about 1590 in the parish of Saint-Jean-Baptiste, Mortagne-au-Perche, France.[2] Cloutier was one of several children of Denis Cloutier and his first wife Renée Brière.[3]

The notary Mathurin Roussel of Mortagne called Cloutier the "family peacemaker," describing how Cloutier helped his father and brother solve a dispute involving inheritance.[4] In the parish of his birth, Cloutier wedded Xainte (aka Sainte) Dupont, on July 18, 1616.[2][5][6] Xainte had been born around 1595 in Mortagne[2] to Paul-Michel and Perrine Dupont, and was the widow of Michel Lermusier.[7]

In 1619 Henri II de Montmorency purchased the New France colony from his brother-in-law Henry II of Bourbon. Included amongst the laborers hired to assist Samuel de Champlain in “inhabiting, clearing, cultivating and planting” New France were the names of Zacharie and his father Denis. This group was not a group of settlers, but a group of laborers, who would return to France once their work had been completed. Several years later, however, Cloutier returned to Canada to help establish a new settlement at Beauport.[4]

Life in New France[edit]

Cloutier was one of the first Frenchmen recruited by Robert Giffard de Moncel to expand the colony of New France by settling the Beauport area near Quebec City. Cloutier arrived in 1634 (at the age of about 44)[5] and either arrived with or was soon followed by his family. This was an important addition to the colony's population which numbered about 100 prior to his arrival. Cloutier worked with fellow immigrant Jean Guyon du Buisson to construct Giffard's manor house (the oldest house in Canada) and other colonial buildings.

Cloutier and Guyon resisted for several years paying the fealty and homage owed to Giffard under the Seigneurial system of New France until the Governor of New France explicitly ordered them to do so. This was one of the first disputes against transplanting Old World hierarchy to the New World that would carry through the centuries even past the time of the British conquest.[8]

In 1652 Cloutier received a grant of land from Governor Jean de Lauzon in Château-Richer, Quebec. The land on which Cloutier lived in Beauport was known as La Clouterie (or La Cloutièrerie). In 1670 Nicolas Dupont de Neuville purchased this land from Cloutier. This action resulted in disagreements between Cloutier, his neighbor, Jean Guyon, and Giffard, his Seigneur, resulting in the Cloutier family's relocation to Château-Richer.[9]

Zacharie Cloutier died on September 17, 1677[10][11] at the age of about 87. His wife died three years later on July 13, 1680 and was buried with her husband in Château-Richer.[2][8][12]

Children[edit]

Together Zacharie and Xainte had six children, one of whom died in childhood.[6] The marriage of his daughter Anne to Robert Drouin is the oldest recorded marriage in Canada. In 1636 when her marriage contract was drawn, Anne was merely ten years of age. The religious sacrament of marriage was not performed until a year later on July 12, 1637. However, according to the contract drawn the year prior, the couple would only be allowed non-conjugal visits for the next two years.[13]

Name Birth Death Notes
Zacharie August 16, 1617 February 3, 1708 Married Madeleine Emard on April 4, 1648 in La Rochelle.[2][5]
Jean May 13, 1620 October 16, 1690 Married (1) Jeanne Duval, evidently prior to 1634 in France.
Married (2) Marie Martin on January 21, 1648 in Quebec.[2][5]
Xainte (aka Sainte) November 1, 1622 September 19, 1632 Died at nearly 10 yrs old in France.[5]
Anne January 19, 1626 February 3, 1648 Married Robert Drouin (officially) on July 12, 1637 in Quebec.[2][5]
Charles May 3, 1629 June 5, 1709 Married Louise Morin on April 20, 1659 in Quebec.[2][5]
Marie-Louise March 18, 1632 June 22, 1699 Married (1) François Marguerie on October 26, 1645 in Quebec.[2][5]
Married (2) Jean Migneault dit Châtillon on November 10, 1648 in Quebec.
Married (3) Jean Matthieu on February 3, 1684 in Quebec.

Notable descendants[edit]

Zacharie Cloutier is the common ancestor of the Cloutiers of North America, some with spelling variations.[14] By 1800, Cloutier had 10,850 French-Canadian descendants, the most of any Quebec colonist, according to marriage records studied by the Historical Demography Research Program of the Université de Montréal.[15]

Cloutier is a common ancestor of:[16][17][18]

Ancestry[edit]

Little is known about the Cloutier ancestors. Most genealogists agree that Zacharie Cloutier was the grandson of Nicolas Cloutier of Perche[citation needed]. The most common variation of the surname is Cloustier. Most sources state the surname was originally given to a person who crafted and sold nails, coming from the Latin word "clavus" meaning nail ("clou" in French). Some descendants of Cloutier who immigrated to the United States from Canada changed their surnames to Nailer in this respect.[citation needed]

Honours[edit]

In 1972, a house originally built and lived in by Cloutier was reconstructed and named a provincial heritage site.

In 1984, a monument was erected in Beauport (which has since been merged into Quebec City as of 2002) to commemorate the 350th anniversary of Cloutier's arrival.

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ "Percheron Immigration". Marjorie Lizotte. December 2009. Retrieved 25 January 2014. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Charbonneau, Hubert; Jacques Légaré; Bertrand Desjardins. "Répertoire des Unions (Directory of Unions)" (PAY SITE). Programme de Recherche en Démographie Historique (PRDH) (Research Program in Historical Demography) (in English and French). Montreal: University of Montreal. Retrieved 29 October 2014. 
  3. ^ Lemieux, Louis-Guy (2006). Grandes Familles du Québec (EBOOK). Google Books (in French) (Quebec City: Les éditions du Septentrion). p. 145. Retrieved 29 October 2014. Translated from French: It all started in Saint-Jean of Mortagne, in Perche. Zacharie was born around 1590. He is the son of Denis Cloutier, probably a carpenter like his son will become, and Renee Briere. We know that he had several brothers and sisters but we do not know the exact number since the first register of Saint-Jean of Mortagne is dated in 1600. 
  4. ^ a b Mark Rabideau (August 29, 2009). "Zacharie Cloutier". Many Roads. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h Jetté, René (2003). Dictionnaire Généalogique des Familles du Québec (PRINT) (in French). Montreal: Presses de l'Université de Montréal. ISBN 978-2-89105-815-5. 
  6. ^ a b Lemieux, Louis-Guy (2006). Grandes Familles du Québec (EBOOK). Google Books (in French) (Quebec City: Les éditions du Septentrion). p. 145. Retrieved 29 October 2014. Translated from French: On July 18, 1616, Zacharie married Xainte Dupont, widow of Michel Lermusier, in Saint-Jean of Mortagne. From their union are born six children, five of whom will be accompanying them to New France. The sixth child died at a young age. 
  7. ^ "Genealogie of Zacharie Cloutier". 
  8. ^ a b J-Roger Cloutier. "ZACHARIE CLOUTIER and SAINTE DUPONT, Generation 1" (PDF). Histoire des Cloutiers. Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  9. ^ Honorius Provost. "Dictionary of Canadian Biography Online". Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Québec, registres paroissiaux catholiques, 1621-1979" (DIGITAL IMAGE (2ND ENTRY FROM BOTTOM OF PAGE)). FamilySearch.org (in French). Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. September 18, 1677. p. 141. Retrieved 4 November 2014. Translated from French: The year of Our Lord, one thousand six hundred seventy-seven; the seventeenth of September has died Zacharie Cloustier, after having received the holy sacraments of Eucharist and extreme unction; he was buried in the cemetery of the Church of Our Lady of the Visitation the eighteenth of the same month. 
  11. ^ "Québec, registres paroissiaux catholiques, 1621-1979" (DIGITAL IMAGE). FamilySearch.org (in French). Utah: The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. p. 116. Retrieved 4 November 2014. Image is an officially transcribed version in French of the original record. 
  12. ^ "A Summary of the Cloutier - Clutchey Genealogy". Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  13. ^ "ANNE CLOUTIER". 
  14. ^ "Clouthier Family Crest and Name History". Retrieved October 29, 2014. 
  15. ^ "The Pioneers". 
  16. ^ Hillary, Meet Your New Cousins: Angelina and Madonna - Angelina Jolie, Hillary Rodham Clinton, Madonna : People.com
  17. ^ "Zacharie Cloutier". 
  18. ^ "Bloodlines of Descent from Zacharie Cloutier". 
  19. ^ "Genealogy Louis-Stephen St-Laurent". Genealogy of Canada. Retrieved 6 January 2012. 

References[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
MASHPEDIA
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2015