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Franjo Tuđman Airport Zagreb
Međunarodna zračna luka Franjo Tuđman Zagreb
Zagrebinternationalairportlogo.png
Zagreb Airport New Terminal.jpg
Summary
Airport type Public/Military
Operator MZLZ d.d., Aéroports de Paris
Serves Zagreb, Croatia
Location Velika Gorica
Hub for
Elevation AMSL 353 ft / 108 m
Coordinates 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889Coordinates: 45°44′35″N 016°04′08″E / 45.74306°N 16.06889°E / 45.74306; 16.06889
Website zagreb-airport.hr
Map
LDZA is located in Croatia
LDZA
LDZA
Location in Croatia
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
05/23 3,252 10,669 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (2017)
Number of Passengers 3,092,047 Increase 11,8%
Aircraft movements 41,585 Increase 1,9%
revenue €158.2 million[1] Increase 2.1%
net income €5.12 million[1] Increase 312%
number of employees 1,024 Increase 0.5%
Economic impact $0.8 billion

Franjo Tuđman Airport, also known as Zagreb Airport (IATA: ZAG, ICAO: LDZA), is the largest and busiest international airport in Croatia. In 2017 it handled around 3.1 million passengers and some 12,000 tons of cargo.

Named after Franjo Tuđman (1922–1999), the first President of Croatia, the airport is located some 10 km (6.2 mi) south-east of Zagreb Central Station[2] at Velika Gorica. It is the hub for the Croatian flag carrier Croatia Airlines as well as Trade Air. A base of the Croatian Air Force is located within the airport complex, in barracks called "Colonel Marko Živković". An administrative centre of the Croatian Air Traffic Control is also situated on the grounds of the airport.

The airport was awarded to the ZAIC consortium (Zagreb Airport International Company) in a 30-year concession under the terms of a contract signed by the Government of Croatia with the aforementioned. The contract includes the financing, designing and construction of a new passenger terminal which was completed in March 2017. For the purpose of managing the airport ZAIC registered a company called MZLZ d.d. (Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb d.d.) that is now the operator of the Airport.

History[edit]

The history of Zagreb civil aviation began in 1909 when the first airfield was built close to the western city neighbourhood (city district) of Črnomerec.[citation needed]

With the creation of the first Yugoslav flag carrier Aeroput in 1927 the airport was relocated to the Borongaj airfield in 1928 which began serving the ever-growing number of passengers on 15 February of that year.[citation needed] Although several European airliners connected the city it was mostly Aeroput which connected Zagreb to major destinations across Europe and thus significantly increased traffic at Zagreb in the period preceding the Second World War.

Following Word War II commercial services were moved to a former military airbase near the village of Lučko south-west of the city in 1947. JAT Yugoslav Airlines took the role of Aeroput and made Zagreb its second hub. At its peak in 1959 Lučko served 167,000 passengers.

New terminal of the Franjo Tudjman Airport

The current location of the airport at Pleso in the south-east of Lučko opened in 1962 with a 2,500 m (8,200 ft) long runway and 1,000 m2 (11,000 sq ft) terminal. By 1966 Zagreb Airport got a new 5,000 m2 (54,000 sq ft) state-of-the-art passenger terminal. The runway capacity was lengthened to its current 3,252 m (10,669 ft) in 1974.

In the 1980s Zagreb Airport was the second largest in Yugoslavia by passenger and aircraft movements. Yugoslav flag-carrier JAT maintained a hub in Zagreb and connected the city to numerous destinations including New York, Chicago, Toronto which inevitably had a major impact on air traffic at Zagreb during that period.

Following an increase in passenger numbers and the necessity to upgrade its infrastructure the airport installed a CAT-IIIb instrument landing system (ILS) in 2004.

In 2008 a new VIP terminal was added and the terminal extended for extra amenities, restaurants and bars. The terminal was expanded to 15,500 m2 (167,000 sq ft)[3]

By 2010 the old terminal has been nearing its maximum annual capacity. That year the passenger terminal received a major face lift in the course of which a viewing platform with a bar was added.

On 12 April 2012 the ZAIC (Aeroports de Paris) consortium received a 30-year concession for the airport from the Government of Croatia. The concession includes financing, designing and constructing a new passenger terminal. The construction of a brand new 70,000 m2 (750,000 sq ft) terminal facility designed by Neidhardt architects of Zagreb and carried out by Bouygues Bâtiment International in partnership with Viadukt began on 18 December 2013 with the aim to replace the old terminal. It now has an initial annual capacity of 5.5 million passengers in the first phase and was officially completed in October 2016. The official inauguration of the terminal was on 28 March 2017. ZAIC now operates the entire airport for 30 years including the runways, the current passenger terminal, the cargo terminal, car parks and all future property developments. The concession contract involves a total investment of around €324m (£259m): €236 million for the design and construction of the new terminal and €88 million for operation of all airport infrastructure for the entire period of the concession.[4]

Terminal[edit]

Departures area

The current terminal building was opened to the public on 28 March 2017.[5] It stretches over 65.800 square metres on three levels featuring three baggage carousels, 8 air bridges, 9 security checkpoints, 30 check-in desks, 23 passport control booths and a car park with the capacity of 1.100 vehicles. Furthermore the new apron has three remote stands next to the terminal, while 23 stands at the old passenger building are also used during the peak season. Each of the aircraft parking positions at the facility includes a visual docking guidance system which gives information to a pilot on how to park their aircraft. The terminal itself features a large 600 square metre duty-free shop operated by Aelia, 16 cafés, bars, restaurants and snack bars.

Enough space has been left for 30 additional check-in counters and 2 baggage carousels to be added once the new terminal reaches its current maximum capacity of 5 million passengers. Further extensions envisaged along the thirty-year concession period will potentially see expanding current apron from present 100 000sqm to 300 000sqm and terminal capacity increased to eight million through gradual expansion of the terminal in four Phase 2 expansions.[6][7][8]

Airlines and destinations[edit]

Passenger[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
Aegean Airlines Seasonal: Athens (begins 14 May 2018)[9]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo
Air Canada Rouge Seasonal: Toronto–Pearson (begins 3 June 2018)[10]
Air France Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Air Serbia Belgrade
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau (begins 30 May 2018),[11] Toronto–Pearson
Austrian Airlines Vienna
British Airways London–Heathrow
Brussels Airlines Seasonal: Brussels
Croatia Airlines Amsterdam, Barcelona, Brussels, Copenhagen, Dubrovnik, Frankfurt, Lisbon, London–Heathrow, Mostar (begins 3 May 2018)[12], Munich, Paris–Charles de Gaulle, Pula, Rome–Fiumicino, Sarajevo, Skopje, Split, Vienna, Zadar, Zürich
Seasonal: Athens, Bucharest, Brač, Dublin (begins 3 May 2018),[13] Düsseldorf, Helsinki, Milan–Malpensa, Oslo–Gardermoen, Prague, Rijeka, Saint Petersburg, Stockholm–Arlanda, Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Czech Airlines Seasonal: Prague
El Al Seasonal: Tel Aviv–Ben Gurion
Emirates Dubai–International[14]
Eurowings Berlin–Tegel, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Hamburg
Iberia Seasonal: Madrid
KLM Amsterdam
Korean Air Seasonal charter: Seoul-Incheon
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich
Norwegian Air Shuttle Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda
Qatar Airways Doha
Silver Air Seasonal: Lošinj (begins 25 June 2018)[15]
Tailwind Airlines Seasonal charter: Antalya[16]
Swiss International Air Lines Seasonal: Zürich
Trade Air Osijek
Turkish Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk
Vueling Seasonal: Barcelona

Cargo[edit]

AirlinesDestinations
DHL Aviation Bologna, Cologne/Bonn, Leipzig, Milan, Ostrava, Venice
Emirates SkyCargo Dubai-International
MNG Airlines Istanbul–Atatürk, Paris–Charles de Gaulle
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha

Ground transportation[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Airport is connected with city center of Zagreb by bus route number 290 operated by Zagrebački Električni Tramvaj.[17]

Statistics[edit]

Traffic[edit]

Traffic at Zagreb Airport[18]
Year Passengers Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements Aircraft Movements%
Change
Cargo (tonnes) Cargo %
Change
2000 1,149,830 n/a n/a n/a 7,388 n/a
2001 1,185,471 3.1Increase n/a n/a 7,791 5.5Increase
2002 1,203,436 1.5Increase n/a n/a 7,347 5.7Decrease
2003 1,314,652 9.2Increase n/a n/a 8,608 17.2Increase
2004 1,408,206 7.1Increase n/a n/a 8,899 3.4Increase
2005 1,551,519 10.2Increase 37,484 n/a 12,492 40.4Increase
2006 1,728,414 11.4Increase 40,884 9.1Increase 10,393 16.8Decrease
2007 1,992,455 15.2Increase 43,250 5.8Increase 12,564 20.9Increase
2008 2,192,453 10.0Increase 44,542 3.0Increase 12,697 1.1Increase
2009 2,062,242 5.9 Decrease 40,684 8.7Decrease 10,065 20.7Decrease
2010 2,071,561 0.5 Increase 39,812 2.1Decrease 8,156 19.0Decrease
2011 2,319,098 11.9Increase 42,360 6.4Increase 8,012 1.8Decrease
2012 2,342,309 1.0Increase 39,084 7.8Decrease 8,133 1.5Increase
2013 2,300,231 1.8Decrease 36,874 5.6Decrease 7,699 5.3Decrease
2014 2,430,971 5.6Increase 38,348 4.0Increase 8,855 15.0Increase
2015 2,587,798 6.4Increase 39,854 3.9Increase 9,225 4.2Increase
2016 2,766,087 6.9Increase 40,796 2.4Increase 10,074 9.2Increase
2017 3,092,047 11.8Increase 41,585 1.9Increase 11,719 16.3Increase
2018 (01.01. - 31.03.) 585,576 13.5Increase 8,8874 4.3Increase 3,228 47.7Increase
Traffic at Zagreb Airport in 2016/2017 by month[18]
Month Passengers 2017 Passengers 2018 Passenger %
Change
Aircraft Movements 2017 Aircraft Movements 2018 Aircraft Movements %
Change
Cargo (tonnes) 2017 Cargo (tonnes) 2018 Cargo %
Change
January 168,788 191,276 13.3Increase 2,798 3,039 8.6Increase 753 983 41.4Increase
February 154,679 170,658 10.3Increase 2,570 2,692 4.8Increase 843 1,045 63.3Increase
March 192,533 223,642 16.2Increase 3,144 3,143 0.03Decrease 950 1,200 41.0Increase
April 240,168 3,296 792
May 268,847 3,752 866
June 310,927 3,934 807
July 351,532 4,161 1,146
August 347,663 4,138 1,160
September 330,855 3,937 1,237
October 297,682 3.865 1.195
November 222.697 3.078 1.109
December 205,682 2,912 1,169

Busiest routes[edit]

Busiest routes at Zagreb Airport
City Airport(s) Weekly Departures
(Summer 2018)
Airlines
Germany Frankfurt Frankfurt Airport 35 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa
Croatia Dubrovnik Dubrovnik Airport 34 Croatia Airlines
Austria Vienna Schwechat Airport 33 Austrian Airlines, Croatia Airlines
Croatia Split Split Airport 33 Croatia Airlines
Germany Munich Franz Josef Strauss Airport 28 Croatia Airlines, Lufthansa Regional
Switzerland Zürich Zürich Airport 17 Croatia Airlines, Swiss Global Air Lines
Belgium Brussels Brussels Airport 16 Brussels Airlines, Croatia Airlines
France Paris Charles de Gaulle Airport 14 Air France, Croatia Airlines
Netherlands Amsterdam Schiphol Airport 14 Croatia Airlines, KLM
Qatar Doha Hamad International Airport 14 Qatar Airways
Turkey Istanbul Atatürk Airport 14 Turkish Airlines
Spain Madrid Adolfo Suárez Madrid–Barajas Airport 14 Turkish Airlines
Poland Warsaw Warsaw Chopin Airport 14 LOT Polish Airlines
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo Sarajevo Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
Croatia Zadar Zadar Airport 13 Croatia Airlines
Croatia Pula Pula Airport 13 Croatia Airlines (via Zadar)
Republic of Macedonia Skopje Skopje Airport 12 Croatia Airlines
Serbia Belgrade Belgrade Nikola Tesla Airport 12 Air Serbia
Czech Republic Prague Václav Havel Airport 11 Croatia Airlines, Czech Airlines
United Kingdom London Heathrow Airport 9 British Airways, Croatia Airlines
Denmark Copenhagen Copenhagen Airport 9 Croatia Airlines, Norwegian Air Shuttle
Italy Rome Leonardo da Vinci–Fiumicino Airport 9 Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik twice weekly and Split 6 times per week)
Greece Athens Athens International Airport 9 Croatia Airlines (via Dubrovnik 6 times per week), Aegean Airlines (direct service)
United Arab Emirates Dubai Dubai International Airport 7 Emirates
Russia Moscow Sheremetyevo International Airport 7 Aeroflot
Source: Zagreb Airport[19]

Busiest airlines[edit]

Rank Carrier Passengers 2017
1 Croatia Croatia Airlines 1,708,502
2 Germany Lufthansa 253,843
3 Austria Austrian Airlines 145,525
4 Germany Germanwings 135,720
5 Qatar Qatar Airways 134,630
6 Turkey Turkish Airlines 132,656
7 United Arab Emirates Emirates 106,442
8 United Kingdom British Airways 71,347
9 Netherlands KLM 58,435
10 France Air France 58,240
10 United Nations All others 286,707
Source: Zagreb Airport[19]
Rank Carrier Weekly departures
(Summer 2017)
Number of
destinations
1 Croatia Croatia Airlines 272 31
2 Germany Lufthansa 28 2
3 Austria Austrian Airlines 20 1
4 Germany Eurowings 15 4
5 Turkey Turkish Airlines 14 1
6 Qatar Qatar Airlines 14 1
7 Poland LOT Polish Airlines 10 1
8 Serbia Air Serbia 10 1
9 United Arab Emirates Emirates 7 1
10 United Kingdom British Airways 7 1
11 France Air France 7 1
12 Russia Aeroflot 7 1
13 Czech Republic Czech Airlines 7 1
14 Netherlands KLM Royal Dutch Airlines 7 1
15 Croatia Trade Air 6 1
Source: Zagreb Airport[19]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b https://www.vecernji.hr/biznis/sedam-zracnih-luka-zaradilo-je-lani-cak-215-5-milijuna-kuna-1178399
  2. ^ a b "EUROCONTROL – The European AIS Database: Introduction to EAD Basic – Home". Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  3. ^ "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb – Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Archived from the original on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  4. ^ Vlada Republika Hrvatska Potpisan Ugovor O Koncesiji za izgradnju Archived 1 July 2012 at the Wayback Machine. (In Croatian) 11 April 2012
  5. ^ http://hrcak.srce.hr/file/126124
  6. ^ https://hajdasdoncic.hr/2017/03/18/nesto-pregovorima-s-francuzima-nizozemskoj-bolesti-gospodinu-petitu-bacanju-papira-vremenu-travnja-2012-godine-do-prosinca-2013-godine/
  7. ^ http://www.zagreb-airport.hr/business/newsroom/press-releases/grand-opening-of-the-new-passenger-terminal-of-franjo-tudjman-airport/272
  8. ^ http://www.airport-technology.com/projects/new-terminal-zagreb-international-airport
  9. ^ "Aegean Airlines outlines new Athens routes in S18". Routesonline. Retrieved 2017-10-10. 
  10. ^ "Air Canada Expands its Global Network". Air Canada. Retrieved 2017-09-28. 
  11. ^ https://www.airtransat.com
  12. ^ "Croatia Airlines plans Mostar service resumption in May 2018". Routesonline. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 23 February 2018. 
  13. ^ "Croatia Airlines resumes Ireland service in S18". Routesonline. 2 February 2018. Retrieved 2 February 2018. 
  14. ^ "Emirates to Launch Daily Flights to Croatia". emirates.com. Retrieved 12 January 2017. 
  15. ^ "Flights to the Croatian Island of Losinj". SilverAirTravels. Retrieved 2018-03-05. 
  16. ^ "New Flights to Antalya". Avioradar.hr. Retrieved 2018-03-16. 
  17. ^ "How to get from Zagreb Airport". Retrieved 15 March 2018. 
  18. ^ a b "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb – Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Archived from the original on 25 February 2015. Retrieved 3 June 2015. 
  19. ^ a b c "Međunarodna zračna luka Zagreb | Zagreb International Airport – Naslovna". Zagreb-airport.hr. Retrieved 20 May 2016. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Zagreb Airport at Wikimedia Commons

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