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देश का सबसे बेबस राष्ट्रपति | Political Kisse
देश का सबसे बेबस राष्ट्रपति | Political Kisse
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: The Lallantop
Documentary on Giani Zail Singh, 7th President of India: Part 1
Documentary on Giani Zail Singh, 7th President of India: Part 1
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Media Manch Jalandhar
Interview with Giani Zail Singh
Interview with Giani Zail Singh's Daughter Dr Gurdeep Kaur on 1984 sikh riots
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: PTC News
GS 28 07 82 NEW PRESIDENT SINGH SWEARING IN
GS 28 07 82 NEW PRESIDENT SINGH SWEARING IN
Published: 2015/07/30
Channel: AP Archive
Giani zail singh the destroyer
Giani zail singh the destroyer
Published: 2016/06/03
Channel: Harkirat Singh
Rare picture of Giani Zail Singh, the 7th President of India
Rare picture of Giani Zail Singh, the 7th President of India
Published: 2013/06/15
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Raaz by jail singh shiv khori Ransoo
Raaz by jail singh shiv khori Ransoo
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Jail Singh
Giani Zail Singh College , Bathinda | Gurmat Event | Bhai Sarabjit Singh Dhunda
Giani Zail Singh College , Bathinda | Gurmat Event | Bhai Sarabjit Singh Dhunda
Published: 2017/03/29
Channel: SikhWorldLive
Zail Singh
Zail Singh
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Audiopedia
Strike by Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering Students
Strike by Giani Zail Singh College of Engineering Students
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: Greater Punjab
President Of India Giani Zail Singh Giving Award To Pramod Soni
President Of India Giani Zail Singh Giving Award To Pramod Soni
Published: 2012/12/08
Channel: pramod soni
Indira Gandhi Giani Jail Singh Visit Golden Temple After Operation Blue star 1984
Indira Gandhi Giani Jail Singh Visit Golden Temple After Operation Blue star 1984
Published: 2016/09/26
Channel: Indian Entertainment And Top News Channel
Rajiv Gandhi did not revice President
Rajiv Gandhi did not revice President's calls in '84 riots: Zail Singh's press secretary
Published: 2014/01/30
Channel: ABP NEWS
Guruji Gobind Sharma Talking About Mounts On Our Palm & His Experience With Giani Zail Singh.:).
Guruji Gobind Sharma Talking About Mounts On Our Palm & His Experience With Giani Zail Singh.:).
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: Vedant Sharmaa
gyani zail singh colledge hostel 2 by gaurav ghai civil2k9
gyani zail singh colledge hostel 2 by gaurav ghai civil2k9
Published: 2010/02/10
Channel: GAURAV GHAI
Documentary on Giani Zail Singh, 7th President of India: Part 2
Documentary on Giani Zail Singh, 7th President of India: Part 2
Published: 2016/09/08
Channel: Media Manch Jalandhar
Govt. ignored pleas for help: Zail Singh
Govt. ignored pleas for help: Zail Singh's daughter
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: Headlines Today
Giani Zail Singh College
Giani Zail Singh College
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: Antaragni IIT Kanpur
STRIKE ON GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE BATHINDA  share with your friends
STRIKE ON GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE BATHINDA share with your friends
Published: 2017/04/17
Channel: funny slash
Seminar on Nirmale, Sewapanthi, Udaasi Sampardai Aug-2011: Sant Zail Singh Jee (Shastri)
Seminar on Nirmale, Sewapanthi, Udaasi Sampardai Aug-2011: Sant Zail Singh Jee (Shastri)
Published: 2012/07/07
Channel: Jawaddi Taksal
Pradhanmantri - Pradhanmantri Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
Pradhanmantri - Pradhanmantri Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
Published: 2013/11/10
Channel: ABP NEWS
FULL DIWAN | Sarabjeet Singh Dhunda | Giani Zail Singh Engineering College Bathinda
FULL DIWAN | Sarabjeet Singh Dhunda | Giani Zail Singh Engineering College Bathinda
Published: 2017/03/10
Channel: Geetampreet Singh
giani zail singhs family buisness
giani zail singhs family buisness
Published: 2010/11/27
Channel: Firtu Tv
Kadu Kategi 84 | President Giani Zail singh Version
Kadu Kategi 84 | President Giani Zail singh Version
Published: 2014/02/03
Channel: PTC News
Bhangra by student from Gaini zail singh college on Mechanical Farewell 2k13#Dil de Rajje#sadda Alla
Bhangra by student from Gaini zail singh college on Mechanical Farewell 2k13#Dil de Rajje#sadda Alla
Published: 2017/04/23
Channel: Harish Attri
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE - EVOLUTION
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE - EVOLUTION
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: SIDDHARTH MANOHAR
Gyani zail singh youth fest first place gold medal
Gyani zail singh youth fest first place gold medal
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Sukhjinder Singh
Best Malwai gidha Giani zail singh Bathinda (tranumm 2016)
Best Malwai gidha Giani zail singh Bathinda (tranumm 2016)
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Jeevan Kumar
Bhangra gzs 2k16 (1 year)
Bhangra gzs 2k16 (1 year)
Published: 2016/10/15
Channel: Manpreet singh
SOS 7/10/15 P.3 Dr.A Singh: President Zail Singh Honors Soldiers Responsible for June 84 Ghallughara
SOS 7/10/15 P.3 Dr.A Singh: President Zail Singh Honors Soldiers Responsible for June 84 Ghallughara
Published: 2015/07/12
Channel: TV84Channel
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE  (ANCHORING )
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEGE (ANCHORING )
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Prabhjot Singh Sandhu
Giani Zail singh 100 th birthday celebrated in Faridkot
Giani Zail singh 100 th birthday celebrated in Faridkot
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Jagat Sewak Web TV
pillow fight hostel buddies giani zail singh ccet bathinda
pillow fight hostel buddies giani zail singh ccet bathinda
Published: 2017/01/12
Channel: Vishu Verma
Boliyaan maharaja ranjit singh university giani zail singh college
Boliyaan maharaja ranjit singh university giani zail singh college
Published: 2016/10/23
Channel: Ashwani sunariya
YAAR ANMULLE GIANI ZAIL SINGH ENGG. COLLEGE BATHINDA..
YAAR ANMULLE GIANI ZAIL SINGH ENGG. COLLEGE BATHINDA..
Published: 2017/05/23
Channel: harman boxer
Birth centenary celebrations of Giani Zail Singh
Birth centenary celebrations of Giani Zail Singh
Published: 2016/05/06
Channel: Daily World
national level fest at kanpur preparation by giani zail singh team
national level fest at kanpur preparation by giani zail singh team
Published: 2011/05/25
Channel: harsh7718
Giani zail Singh 2K16 cse fresher party by anand kumar
Giani zail Singh 2K16 cse fresher party by anand kumar
Published: 2016/12/19
Channel: ANAND KUMAR
Zara Sa ( Rock version Cover) - The DeZire Headlining at Giani Zail SIngh Campus Bathinda
Zara Sa ( Rock version Cover) - The DeZire Headlining at Giani Zail SIngh Campus Bathinda
Published: 2016/05/10
Channel: TheDeZire5
nukkad by giani zail singh college of engineering and technology students
nukkad by giani zail singh college of engineering and technology students
Published: 2014/09/16
Channel: Peeyush Kumar
MRSPTU CBCS Grading System
MRSPTU CBCS Grading System
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Maharaja Ranjit Singh Punjab Technical University
SlideShow-Hon’ble PRESIDENT PAYS HOMAGE TO GIANI ZAIL SINGH -edweepNews
SlideShow-Hon’ble PRESIDENT PAYS HOMAGE TO GIANI ZAIL SINGH -edweepNews
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: edweepNews
gain zail singh
gain zail singh
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: Vicky singh
Giani Zail Singh Nagar People Facing Heavy Difficulties | Hamdard TV |
Giani Zail Singh Nagar People Facing Heavy Difficulties | Hamdard TV |
Published: 2016/06/17
Channel: Hamdard Tv
SlideShow-Hon’ble PRESIDENT PAYS HOMAGE TO GIANI ZAIL SINGH -edweepNews
SlideShow-Hon’ble PRESIDENT PAYS HOMAGE TO GIANI ZAIL SINGH -edweepNews
Published: 2015/05/05
Channel: yenyesar globalmedias
Akali sarkar da Ropar Zail Singh Nagar da VIKAS(1)
Akali sarkar da Ropar Zail Singh Nagar da VIKAS(1)
Published: 2017/01/27
Channel: Balwant Singh Saroa
Seminar at Giani Zail Singh, Punjab Technical University Campus
Seminar at Giani Zail Singh, Punjab Technical University Campus
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: Raj Kaushal
Bhangra 2k13 Gzs
Bhangra 2k13 Gzs
Published: 2015/04/13
Channel: Harish Attri
Live performance at Punjab Technical University Giani Zail Singh Campus Bathinda Punjab
Live performance at Punjab Technical University Giani Zail Singh Campus Bathinda Punjab
Published: 2013/04/27
Channel: GURJEET SINGH CHAUHAN
my frnd Jail singh rajouri..From shiv khori ransoo..
my frnd Jail singh rajouri..From shiv khori ransoo..
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: lucky thakur
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Zail Singh
Giani Zail Singh (cropped).jpg
7th President of India
In office
25 July 1982 – 25 July 1987
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Vice President Mohammad Hidayatullah
R. Venkataraman
Preceded by Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
14 January 1980 – 22 June 1982
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Yashwantrao Chavan
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
12 March 1983 – 6 September 1986
Preceded by Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
Personal details
Born Gyani Zail Singh
ਗਿਆਨੀ ਜ਼ੈਲ ਸਿੰਘ

(1916-05-05)5 May 1916
Sandhwan, Punjab Province, British India (now Punjab, India)
Died 25 December 1994(1994-12-25) (aged 78)
Chandigarh, Punjab, India
Nationality Indian
Political party Indian National Congress
Spouse(s) Pardhan Kaur (1919-2002)[1]
Children 1 son, 3 daughters[1]
Alma mater Shaheed Sikh Missionary College

Gyani Zail Singh (Punjabi: ਜ਼ੈਲ ਸਿੰਘ, About this sound pronunciation ; 5 May 1916 – 25 December 1994) was the 7th President of India, serving from 1982 to 1987. Prior to his presidency, he was a politician with the Indian National Congress party, and had held several ministerial posts in the Union Cabinet, including that of Home Minister.

His presidency was marked by Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.[2] He died of injuries in 1994 after a car accident.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Sandhwan, Faridkot district on 5 May 1916 to Kishan Singh. He was a Sikh by religion, was given the title of Gyani, as he was educated and learned about Guru Granth Sahib at Shaheed Sikh Missionary College in Amritsar.[3]

State Politics (1947-1971)[edit]

In 1947, with the reorganization of India along secular lines, he opposed Harindar Singh, ruler of Faridkot State and was incarcerated and tortured for five years.[4] He was called on to be the Revenue Minister of the recently formed Patiala and East Punjab States Union, under Chief Minister Gian Singh Rarewala in 1949 and later became Minister of Agriculture in 1951. From 1956 to 1962, he was a member of the Rajya Sabha.[citation needed]

Chief Minister of Punjab (1972-77)[edit]

Zail Singh was elected as a Congress Chief Minister of Punjab in 1972.[5] He arranged massive religious gatherings, started public functions with a traditional Sikh prayer, inaugurated a highway named after Guru Gobind Singh, and named a township after the Guru's son.[6] He created a lifelong pension scheme for the freedom fighters of the state. He repatriated the remains of Udham Singh from London, armaments and articles belonging to Guru Gobind Singh.

Central Government[edit]

In 1980, Zail Singh was elected to the 7th Lok Sabha, and appointed to join Indira Gandhi's cabinet as Minister of Home Affairs.[2]

President of India[edit]

In 1982 he was unanimously nominated to serve as the President. Nonetheless, some in the media felt that the President had been chosen for being an Indira loyalist rather than an eminent person. "If my leader had said I should pick up a broom and be a sweeper, I would have done that. She chose me to be President,"[7] Singh was quoted to have said after his election. He took the oath of office on 25 July 1982. He was the first Sikh to hold the office.

He served beside Gandhi, and protocol dictated that he should be briefed every week by her on the affairs of the state. On 31 May 1984, The day before Operation Blue Star, he met with Gandhi for more than an hour, but she omitted even sharing a word about her plan.[8] Following the operation he was pressured to resign from his post by Sikhs. He decided against resignation fearing to aggravate the situation on advice from Yogi Bhajan. He was subsequently called before the Akal Takhat to apologize and explain his inaction at the desecration of the Harimandir Sahib and killing of innocent Sikhs. Indira Gandhi was assassinated on 31 October in the same year, and he appointed her elder son Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister.[9]

Latter Term[edit]

Singh used a pocket veto to refuse assent to the "Indian Post Office (Amendment) Bill" in 1986 to show his opposition to the bill. The bill was later withdrawn by the V. P. Singh Government in 1990.[10]

Death and Commemoration[edit]

On 29 November 1994, Zail Singh suffered multiple injuries following a motor accident near Kiratpur Sahib in Ropar district when a truck driving down the wrong side of the road hit the car he was travelling in.[11][12] Singh died in Chandigarh where he had been undergoing treatment on Christmas Day in 1994, aged 78.[13][14] The Government of India announced seven days of official mourning following his death.[14] He was cremated at the Raj Ghat Memorial in Delhi.[15] He is survived by his two daughters. He was also survived by his wife, who outlived him for seven years, finally dying on 12 May 2002.

A commemorative postage stamp was issued by India's Department of Posts on the occasion of Singh's first death anniversary in 1995.[16][17]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Hazarika, Sanjoy (1994-12-26). "Zail Singh, 78, First Sikh To Hold India's Presidency". New York Times. Retrieved 2015-08-23. 
  2. ^ a b "Zail Singh, 78, First Sikh To Hold India's Presidency". The New York Times. 1994-12-26. Retrieved 2011-26-10.
  3. ^ "Zail Singh." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 26 Oct. 2011.<http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/545853/Zail-Singh>.
  4. ^ A.C. Aurora, "Punjab Riyasti Praja Mandal", The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, ed. Harbans Singh, Vol. III, Patiala, India, Punjabi University, 1997, p. 278.
  5. ^ Sangat Singh, The Sikhs in History, New Delhi, Uncommon Books, 1999, pp. 350-54; Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, pp. 315-17.
  6. ^ Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 355.
  7. ^ 10 stories that changed in our lifetime. India Today. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2011-26-10. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/site/Story/23077/10+stories+that+changed+in+our+lifetime.html?complete=1
  8. ^ Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 359-60.
  9. ^ Harjot Singh, "Zail Singh, Gyani", The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, ed. Harbans Singh, Vol. IV, Patiala, India, Punjabi University, 1997, pp. 456-57.
  10. ^ "Show Of Dissent". India Today. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "Zail Singh's death: RI for truck driver". The Hindu. December 7, 2000. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  12. ^ "Giani Zail Singh’s widow dead". The Tribune. May 12, 2002. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  13. ^ "Zail Singh dies after crash". The Washington Post. December 26, 1994. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  14. ^ a b "Zail Singh dies after car crash". Independent. 26 December 1994. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  15. ^ "Giani Zail Singh: 13 facts you should know about the only Sikh President of India". India Today. May 5, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2016. 
  16. ^ "Presidents of India on Indian Stamps". Retrieved September 19, 2016. 
  17. ^ "1st Death Anniversary of Giani Zail Singh". Indian Philately. Retrieved September 19, 2016. 

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Yashwantrao Chavan
Minister of Home Affairs
1980–1982
Succeeded by
Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Preceded by
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
President of India
1982–1987
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Neelam Sanjeeva Reddy
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
1983–1986
Succeeded by
R. Venkataraman

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