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1
Interview with Giani Zail Singh
Interview with Giani Zail Singh's Daughter Dr Gurdeep Kaur on 1984 sikh riots
::2014/02/03::
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2
President Of India Giani Zail Singh Giving Award To Pramod Soni
President Of India Giani Zail Singh Giving Award To Pramod Soni
::2012/12/07::
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3
SOS 2/4/14 Part.1 Dr. A Singh on Gyani Zail Singh
SOS 2/4/14 Part.1 Dr. A Singh on Gyani Zail Singh's Daughter's Justification of His Role in 1984
::2014/02/05::
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4
Rare picture of Giani Zail Singh, the 7th President of India
Rare picture of Giani Zail Singh, the 7th President of India
::2013/06/15::
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5
Rajiv Gandhi did not revice President
Rajiv Gandhi did not revice President's calls in '84 riots: Zail Singh's press secretary
::2014/01/29::
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6
Giani Zail Singh College
Giani Zail Singh College
::2014/06/20::
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7
Pradhanmantri - Pradhanmantri Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
Pradhanmantri - Pradhanmantri Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
::2013/11/10::
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8
Giyani Zail Singh and Acharya Muni Susheel Kumar on Maulana Ali (AS)
Giyani Zail Singh and Acharya Muni Susheel Kumar on Maulana Ali (AS)
::2014/03/22::
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9
Kadu Kategi 84 | President Giani Zail singh Version
Kadu Kategi 84 | President Giani Zail singh Version
::2014/02/03::
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10
Live performance at Punjab Technical University Giani Zail Singh Campus Bathinda Punjab
Live performance at Punjab Technical University Giani Zail Singh Campus Bathinda Punjab
::2013/04/27::
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11
nukkad by giani zail singh college of engineering and technology students
nukkad by giani zail singh college of engineering and technology students
::2014/09/16::
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12
Govt. ignored pleas for help: Zail Singh
Govt. ignored pleas for help: Zail Singh's daughter
::2014/02/03::
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13
GIANI  ZAIL  SINGH  COLLEG  CLASS  ROOMS  PART  -1
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEG CLASS ROOMS PART -1
::2011/08/30::
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14
GIANI ZAIL SINGH CAMPUS - EVOLUTION
GIANI ZAIL SINGH CAMPUS - EVOLUTION
::2014/05/29::
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15
Seminar on Nirmale, Sewapanthi, Udaasi Sampardai Aug-2011: Sant Zail Singh Jee (Shastri)
Seminar on Nirmale, Sewapanthi, Udaasi Sampardai Aug-2011: Sant Zail Singh Jee (Shastri)
::2012/07/07::
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16
giyani zail singh ki barsi manai
giyani zail singh ki barsi manai
::2013/08/03::
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17
GIANI  ZAIL  SINGH  COLLEG  CLASS  ROOMS  PART-4
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEG CLASS ROOMS PART-4
::2011/08/30::
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18
1984 True Story | Tarlochan Singh | Former Press Secretary | Giani Jail Singh |President of India |
1984 True Story | Tarlochan Singh | Former Press Secretary | Giani Jail Singh |President of India |
::2014/01/30::
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19
GIANI  ZAIL  SINGH  COLLEG  CLASS  ROOMS  PART-3
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEG CLASS ROOMS PART-3
::2011/08/30::
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20
gyani zail singh colledge hostel 2 by gaurav ghai civil2k9
gyani zail singh colledge hostel 2 by gaurav ghai civil2k9
::2010/02/09::
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21
Guru Gobind Singh Marg - Anandpur Sahib to Damdama Sahib a Journey...
Guru Gobind Singh Marg - Anandpur Sahib to Damdama Sahib a Journey...
::2011/10/26::
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22
Hariphool Gosainwal honoured by president of india giani zail singh ji
Hariphool Gosainwal honoured by president of india giani zail singh ji
::2012/09/26::
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23
GIANI  ZAIL  SINGH  COLLEG  CLASS  ROOMS  PART-2
GIANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEG CLASS ROOMS PART-2
::2011/08/30::
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24
gain zail singh
gain zail singh
::2011/12/20::
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25
BHAGRA OF GYANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEDGE IN 2009
BHAGRA OF GYANI ZAIL SINGH COLLEDGE IN 2009
::2010/06/19::
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26
national level fest at kanpur preparation by giani zail singh team
national level fest at kanpur preparation by giani zail singh team
::2011/05/25::
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27
Student of gaini zail singh colleage sings a song
Student of gaini zail singh colleage sings a song
::2013/03/16::
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28
Guruji Gobind Sharma Talking About Mounts On Our Palm & His Experience With Giani Zail Singh.:).
Guruji Gobind Sharma Talking About Mounts On Our Palm & His Experience With Giani Zail Singh.:).
::2014/03/25::
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29
SOS 08 22 2013 Part 3 Dr. Amarjit Singh on  Is Dal Khalsa ,Gyani Zail Singh Sponsored Organisation ?
SOS 08 22 2013 Part 3 Dr. Amarjit Singh on Is Dal Khalsa ,Gyani Zail Singh Sponsored Organisation ?
::2013/08/23::
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30
Malwai Gidha
Malwai Gidha
::2014/07/30::
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31
Delhi
Delhi '84 riots was sponsored : Tarlochan Singh
::2014/01/30::
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32
Pradhanmantri - Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
Pradhanmantri - Episode 14: Operation Blue Star and the assassination of Indira Gandhi
::2013/10/13::
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33
Dal Khalsa
Dal Khalsa's Satnam Singh VS Kuldip Nayar & His Lies Against Dal Khalsa
::2012/07/13::
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34
Sahi Samajh Sahi dagar
Sahi Samajh Sahi dagar
::2014/08/26::
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35
Murda Ghar Full Hindi Movies | Shakti Kapoor | Jyoti Ranaa | Horror Movies | Bollywood Movies
Murda Ghar Full Hindi Movies | Shakti Kapoor | Jyoti Ranaa | Horror Movies | Bollywood Movies
::2014/05/19::
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36
Acharya Tulsi historical clips 01
Acharya Tulsi historical clips 01
::2010/06/20::
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37
BHANGRA BY PTUGZS CAMPUS BATHINDA GOLD MEDALIST AT SATURNALIA
BHANGRA BY PTUGZS CAMPUS BATHINDA GOLD MEDALIST AT SATURNALIA' 12 THAPAR (*MONTY*)
::2012/04/15::
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38
Peace
Peace
::2013/07/03::
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39
Olympian Avneet Kaur Sidhu PPS  inaugurating 20 Athletic meet of PTU GZSEC Bathinda
Olympian Avneet Kaur Sidhu PPS inaugurating 20 Athletic meet of PTU GZSEC Bathinda
::2013/02/26::
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40
Saiyaan - Jatin Singla
Saiyaan - Jatin Singla
::2013/03/16::
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41
Sri Ma Anandamayi seen in 4 miscellaneous short videos taken in 1981
Sri Ma Anandamayi seen in 4 miscellaneous short videos taken in 1981
::2009/07/02::
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42
SOS 08 16 2013 Part 4 Dr. Amarjit Singh on Nehru Dynasty
SOS 08 16 2013 Part 4 Dr. Amarjit Singh on Nehru Dynasty's Sycophant Breed - Zail Singhs & Jaswals
::2013/08/19::
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43
GZS Bhangra(thappar).wmv
GZS Bhangra(thappar).wmv
::2012/04/16::
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44
Bhangra GZSCET 2k8
Bhangra GZSCET 2k8
::2009/11/23::
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45
" Dracula" | Full Hindi Dubbed Action/Horror Movie | Priya Rao | Kiran Kumar | Mohan Joshi
" Dracula" | Full Hindi Dubbed Action/Horror Movie | Priya Rao | Kiran Kumar | Mohan Joshi
::2014/10/14::
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46
Jawa 1965 Yezdi 1987 Punjab
Jawa 1965 Yezdi 1987 Punjab
::2014/06/10::
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tera nankana ....
tera nankana ....
::2009/09/04::
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48
A Day in History: Napolean Bonaparte died in 1821
A Day in History: Napolean Bonaparte died in 1821
::2014/05/04::
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49
Sankaran Namboothiri Video Part 5
Sankaran Namboothiri Video Part 5
::2014/10/20::
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Bollywood Song Compilation - Johra Bai
Bollywood Song Compilation - Johra Bai
::2012/02/01::
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Zail Singh
Giani Zail Singh1.jpg
7th President of India
In office
25 July 1982 – 25 July 1987
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Rajiv Gandhi
Vice President Mohammad Hidayatullah
R. Venkataraman
Preceded by Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
Minister of Home Affairs
In office
14 January 1980 – 22 June 1982
Prime Minister Indira Gandhi
Preceded by Yashwantrao Chavan
Succeeded by R. Venkataraman
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
In office
12 March 1983 – 6 September 1986
Preceded by Fidel Castro
Succeeded by Robert Mugabe
Personal details
Born (1916-05-05)5 May 1916
Sandhwan, Punjab, British India
Died 25 December 1994(1994-12-25) (aged 78)
Chandigarh, India
Political party Indian National Congress
Alma mater Shaheed Sikh Missionary College
Religion Sikhism

Gyani Zail Singh (About this sound pronunciation ; 5 May 1916 – 25 December 1994) was the seventh President of India, serving from 1982 to 1987. Prior to his presidency, he was a politician with the Indian National Congress party, and had held several ministerial posts in the Union Cabinet, including that of Home Minister.

His presidency was marked by Operation Blue Star, the assassination of Indira Gandhi, and the 1984 anti-Sikh riots.[1] He died of injuries in 1994 after a car accident.

Early life[edit]

He was born in Sandhwan, Faridkot district on 5 May 1916 to Kishan Singh. He was a Sikh by religion, was given the title of Gyani, as he was educated and learned about Guru Granth Sahib at Shaheed Sikh Missionary College in Amritsar. However, he did not have formal secular education.[2]

State Politics (1947-1971)[edit]

In 1947, with the reorganization of India along secular lines, he opposed Harindar Singh, ruler of Faridkot State and was incarcerated and tortured for five years.[3] He was called on to be the Revenue Minister of the recently formed Patiala and East Punjab States Union, under Chief Minister Gian Singh Rarewala in 1949 and later became Minister of Agriculture in 1951. From 1956 to 1962, he was a member of the Rajya Sabha.[citation needed]

Chief Minister of Punjab (1972-77)[edit]

Zail Singh was elected as a Congress Chief Minister of Punjab in 1972.[4] He arranged massive religious gatherings, started public functions with a traditional Sikh prayer, inaugurated a highway named after Guru Gobind Singh, and named a township after the Guru's son.[5] He created a lifelong pension scheme for the freedom fighters of the state. He repatriated the remains of Udham Singh from London, armaments and articles belonging to Guru Gobind Singh.

Central Government[edit]

In 1980, Zail Singh was elected to the 7th Lok Sabha, and appointed to join Indira Gandhi's cabinet as Minister of Home Affairs.[1] He patronised Bindranwale and twice helped stall action against him on murder charges by disposing in the parliament about his non-involvement. [6]

President of India[edit]

In 1982 he was unanimously nominated to serve as the President. Nonetheless, some in the media felt that the president had been chosen for being an Indira loyalist rather than an eminent person. “If my leader had said I should pick up a broom and be a sweeper, I would have done that. She chose me to be President,”[7] Singh was quoted to have said after his election. He took the oath of office on 25 July 1982.

He served beside Gandhi, and protocol dictated that he should be briefed every week by her on the affairs of the state. The day before Operation Blue Star, he met with Gandhi for more than an hour, but she omitted even sharing a word about her plan.[8] Following the operation he was pressured to resign from his post by Sikhs. He decided against resignation fearing to aggravate the situation on advice from Yogi Bhajan. He was subsequently called before the Akal Takhat to apologize and explain his inaction at the desecration of the Harimandir Sahib and killing of innocent Sikhs. Indira Gandhi was assassinated in 1984, and he appointed Rajiv Gandhi as Prime Minister.[9]

Latter Term[edit]

His remaining term was full of controversies on account of his soured relations with prime minister Rajiv Gandhi. During this time, he ensured that the prime minister adhered to protocols and forced him to remove KK Tewary, a congress MP who alleged on the floor of the Lok Sabha that the president had sheltered terrorists in the Rashtrapati Bhawan.[10]

Singh used a pocket veto to refuse assent to the "Indian Post Office (Amendment) Bill" in 1986 to show his opposition to the bill. The bill was later withdrawn by the V. P. Singh Government in 1990.[11]

Injury and death[edit]

On 29 November 1994, Zail Singh was involved in a serious vehicle accident near Kiratpur Sahib in Ropar District on his way to the Anandpur Sahib. He later died at the Post Graduate Institute, Chandigarh on 25 December 1994 and was cremated at the Raj Ghat Memorial near Old Delhi.[12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Zail Singh, 78, First Sikh To Hold India's Presidency". The New York Times. 1994-12-26. Retrieved 2011-26-10.
  2. ^ "Zail Singh." Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica Inc., 2011. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/545853/Zail-Singh>.
  3. ^ A.C. Aurora, “Punjab Riyasti Praja Mandal”, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, ed. Harbans Singh, Vol. III, Patiala, India, Punjabi University, 1997, p. 278.
  4. ^ Sangat Singh, The Sikhs in History, New Delhi, Uncommon Books, 1999, pp. 350-54; Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, pp. 315-17.
  5. ^ Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 355.
  6. ^ http://caravanmagazine.in/reportage/shattered-dome
  7. ^ 10 stories that changed in our lifetime. India Today. 2008-12-19. Retrieved 2011-26-10. http://indiatoday.intoday.in/site/Story/23077/10+stories+that+changed+in+our+lifetime.html?complete=1
  8. ^ Khushwant Singh, A History of the Sikhs, Volume II: 1839-2004, New Delhi, Oxford University Press, 2004, p. 359-60.
  9. ^ Harjot Singh, “Zail Singh, Gyani”, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, ed. Harbans Singh, Vol. IV, Patiala, India, Punjabi University, 1997, pp. 456-57.
  10. ^ "Presidential Years of Zail Singh". outlook india. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  11. ^ "Show Of Dissent". India Today. Retrieved 13 June 2012. 
  12. ^ Harjot Singh, “Zail Singh, Gyani”, The Encyclopedia of Sikhism, ed. Harbans Singh, Vol. IV, Patiala, India, Punjabi University, 1997, p. 457.
Political offices
Preceded by
Yashwantrao Chavan
Minister of Home Affairs
1980–1982
Succeeded by
Ramaswamy Venkataraman
Preceded by
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy
President of India
1982–1987
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Fidel Castro
Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement
1983–1986
Succeeded by
Robert Mugabe
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